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@c Copyright 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997
@c Free Software Foundation, Inc.
@c This is part of the GAS manual.
@c For copying conditions, see the file as.texinfo.
@node SH-Dependent
@chapter Hitachi SH Dependent Features
@cindex SH support
* SH Options:: Options
* SH Syntax:: Syntax
* SH Floating Point:: Floating Point
* SH Directives:: SH Machine Directives
* SH Opcodes:: Opcodes
@end menu
@node SH Options
@section Options
@cindex SH options (none)
@cindex options, SH (none)
@code{@value{AS}} has no additional command-line options for the Hitachi
SH family.
@node SH Syntax
@section Syntax
* SH-Chars:: Special Characters
* SH-Regs:: Register Names
* SH-Addressing:: Addressing Modes
@end menu
@node SH-Chars
@subsection Special Characters
@cindex line comment character, SH
@cindex SH line comment character
@samp{!} is the line comment character.
@cindex line separator, SH
@cindex statement separator, SH
@cindex SH line separator
You can use @samp{;} instead of a newline to separate statements.
@cindex symbol names, @samp{$} in
@cindex @code{$} in symbol names
Since @samp{$} has no special meaning, you may use it in symbol names.
@node SH-Regs
@subsection Register Names
@cindex SH registers
@cindex registers, SH
You can use the predefined symbols @samp{r0}, @samp{r1}, @samp{r2},
@samp{r3}, @samp{r4}, @samp{r5}, @samp{r6}, @samp{r7}, @samp{r8},
@samp{r9}, @samp{r10}, @samp{r11}, @samp{r12}, @samp{r13}, @samp{r14},
and @samp{r15} to refer to the SH registers.
The SH also has these control registers:
@table @code
@item pr
procedure register (holds return address)
@item pc
program counter
@item mach
@itemx macl
high and low multiply accumulator registers
@item sr
status register
@item gbr
global base register
@item vbr
vector base register (for interrupt vectors)
@end table
@node SH-Addressing
@subsection Addressing Modes
@cindex addressing modes, SH
@cindex SH addressing modes
@code{@value{AS}} understands the following addressing modes for the SH.
@code{R@var{n}} in the following refers to any of the numbered
registers, but @emph{not} the control registers.
@table @code
@item R@var{n}
Register direct
@item @@R@var{n}
Register indirect
@item @@-R@var{n}
Register indirect with pre-decrement
@item @@R@var{n}+
Register indirect with post-increment
@item @@(@var{disp}, R@var{n})
Register indirect with displacement
@item @@(R0, R@var{n})
Register indexed
@item @@(@var{disp}, GBR)
@code{GBR} offset
@item @@(R0, GBR)
GBR indexed
@item @var{addr}
@itemx @@(@var{disp}, PC)
PC relative address (for branch or for addressing memory). The
@code{@value{AS}} implementation allows you to use the simpler form
@var{addr} anywhere a PC relative address is called for; the alternate
form is supported for compatibility with other assemblers.
@item #@var{imm}
Immediate data
@end table
@node SH Floating Point
@section Floating Point
@cindex floating point, SH (@sc{ieee})
@cindex SH floating point (@sc{ieee})
The SH family has no hardware floating point, but the @code{.float}
directive generates @sc{ieee} floating-point numbers for compatibility
with other development tools.
@node SH Directives
@section SH Machine Directives
@cindex SH machine directives
@cindex machine directives, SH
@cindex @code{uaword} directive, SH
@cindex @code{ualong} directive, SH
@table @code
@item uaword
@itemx ualong
@code{@value{AS}} will issue a warning when a misaligned @code{.word} or
@code{.long} directive is used. You may use @code{.uaword} or
@code{.ualong} to indicate that the value is intentionally misaligned.
@end table
@node SH Opcodes
@section Opcodes
@cindex SH opcode summary
@cindex opcode summary, SH
@cindex mnemonics, SH
@cindex instruction summary, SH
For detailed information on the SH machine instruction set, see
@cite{SH-Microcomputer User's Manual} (Hitachi Micro Systems, Inc.).
@code{@value{AS}} implements all the standard SH opcodes. No additional
pseudo-instructions are needed on this family. Note, however, that
because @code{@value{AS}} supports a simpler form of PC-relative
addressing, you may simply write (for example)
mov.l bar,r0
@end example
where other assemblers might require an explicit displacement to
@code{bar} from the program counter:
mov.l @@(@var{disp}, PC)
@end example
@ifset SMALL
@c this table, due to the multi-col faking and hardcoded order, looks silly
@c except in smallbook. See comments below "@set SMALL" near top of this file.
Here is a summary of SH opcodes:
Rn @r{a numbered register}
Rm @r{another numbered register}
#imm @r{immediate data}
disp @r{displacement}
disp8 @r{8-bit displacement}
disp12 @r{12-bit displacement}
add #imm,Rn lds.l @@Rn+,PR
add Rm,Rn mac.w @@Rm+,@@Rn+
addc Rm,Rn mov #imm,Rn
addv Rm,Rn mov Rm,Rn
and #imm,R0 mov.b Rm,@@(R0,Rn)
and Rm,Rn mov.b Rm,@@-Rn
and.b #imm,@@(R0,GBR) mov.b Rm,@@Rn
bf disp8 mov.b @@(disp,Rm),R0
bra disp12 mov.b @@(disp,GBR),R0
bsr disp12 mov.b @@(R0,Rm),Rn
bt disp8 mov.b @@Rm+,Rn
clrmac mov.b @@Rm,Rn
clrt mov.b R0,@@(disp,Rm)
cmp/eq #imm,R0 mov.b R0,@@(disp,GBR)
cmp/eq Rm,Rn mov.l Rm,@@(disp,Rn)
cmp/ge Rm,Rn mov.l Rm,@@(R0,Rn)
cmp/gt Rm,Rn mov.l Rm,@@-Rn
cmp/hi Rm,Rn mov.l Rm,@@Rn
cmp/hs Rm,Rn mov.l @@(disp,Rn),Rm
cmp/pl Rn mov.l @@(disp,GBR),R0
cmp/pz Rn mov.l @@(disp,PC),Rn
cmp/str Rm,Rn mov.l @@(R0,Rm),Rn
div0s Rm,Rn mov.l @@Rm+,Rn
div0u mov.l @@Rm,Rn
div1 Rm,Rn mov.l R0,@@(disp,GBR)
exts.b Rm,Rn mov.w Rm,@@(R0,Rn)
exts.w Rm,Rn mov.w Rm,@@-Rn
extu.b Rm,Rn mov.w Rm,@@Rn
extu.w Rm,Rn mov.w @@(disp,Rm),R0
jmp @@Rn mov.w @@(disp,GBR),R0
jsr @@Rn mov.w @@(disp,PC),Rn
ldc Rn,GBR mov.w @@(R0,Rm),Rn
ldc Rn,SR mov.w @@Rm+,Rn
ldc Rn,VBR mov.w @@Rm,Rn
ldc.l @@Rn+,GBR mov.w R0,@@(disp,Rm)
ldc.l @@Rn+,SR mov.w R0,@@(disp,GBR)
ldc.l @@Rn+,VBR mova @@(disp,PC),R0
lds Rn,MACH movt Rn
lds Rn,MACL muls Rm,Rn
lds Rn,PR mulu Rm,Rn
lds.l @@Rn+,MACH neg Rm,Rn
lds.l @@Rn+,MACL negc Rm,Rn
nop stc VBR,Rn
not Rm,Rn stc.l GBR,@@-Rn
or #imm,R0 stc.l SR,@@-Rn
or Rm,Rn stc.l VBR,@@-Rn
or.b #imm,@@(R0,GBR) sts MACH,Rn
rotcl Rn sts MACL,Rn
rotcr Rn sts PR,Rn
rotl Rn sts.l MACH,@@-Rn
rotr Rn sts.l MACL,@@-Rn
rte sts.l PR,@@-Rn
rts sub Rm,Rn
sett subc Rm,Rn
shal Rn subv Rm,Rn
shar Rn swap.b Rm,Rn
shll Rn swap.w Rm,Rn
shll16 Rn tas.b @@Rn
shll2 Rn trapa #imm
shll8 Rn tst #imm,R0
shlr Rn tst Rm,Rn
shlr16 Rn tst.b #imm,@@(R0,GBR)
shlr2 Rn xor #imm,R0
shlr8 Rn xor Rm,Rn
sleep xor.b #imm,@@(R0,GBR)
stc GBR,Rn xtrct Rm,Rn
stc SR,Rn
@end smallexample
@end ifset
@ifset Hitachi-all
@ifclear GENERIC
@end ifclear
@end ifset