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/* Program and address space management, for GDB, the GNU debugger.
Copyright (C) 2009-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GDB.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <>. */
#include "target.h"
#include "gdb_bfd.h"
#include "gdbsupport/gdb_vecs.h"
#include "registry.h"
#include "solist.h"
#include "gdbsupport/next-iterator.h"
#include "gdbsupport/safe-iterator.h"
#include <list>
#include <vector>
struct target_ops;
struct bfd;
struct objfile;
struct inferior;
struct exec;
struct address_space;
struct program_space_data;
struct address_space_data;
struct so_list;
typedef std::list<std::shared_ptr<objfile>> objfile_list;
/* An iterator that wraps an iterator over std::shared_ptr<objfile>,
and dereferences the returned object. This is useful for iterating
over a list of shared pointers and returning raw pointers -- which
helped avoid touching a lot of code when changing how objfiles are
managed. */
class unwrapping_objfile_iterator
typedef unwrapping_objfile_iterator self_type;
typedef typename ::objfile *value_type;
typedef typename ::objfile &reference;
typedef typename ::objfile **pointer;
typedef typename objfile_list::iterator::iterator_category iterator_category;
typedef typename objfile_list::iterator::difference_type difference_type;
unwrapping_objfile_iterator (objfile_list::iterator iter)
: m_iter (std::move (iter))
objfile *operator* () const
return m_iter->get ();
unwrapping_objfile_iterator operator++ ()
return *this;
bool operator!= (const unwrapping_objfile_iterator &other) const
return m_iter != other.m_iter;
/* The underlying iterator. */
objfile_list::iterator m_iter;
/* A range that returns unwrapping_objfile_iterators. */
using unwrapping_objfile_range = iterator_range<unwrapping_objfile_iterator>;
/* A program space represents a symbolic view of an address space.
Roughly speaking, it holds all the data associated with a
non-running-yet program (main executable, main symbols), and when
an inferior is running and is bound to it, includes the list of its
mapped in shared libraries.
In the traditional debugging scenario, there's a 1-1 correspondence
among program spaces, inferiors and address spaces, like so:
pspace1 (prog1) <--> inf1(pid1) <--> aspace1
In the case of debugging more than one traditional unix process or
program, we still have:
| pspace1 (prog1) | inf1(pid1) | aspace1 |
| pspace2 (prog1) | no inf yet | aspace2 |
| pspace3 (prog2) | inf2(pid2) | aspace3 |
In the former example, if inf1 forks (and GDB stays attached to
both processes), the new child will have its own program and
address spaces. Like so:
| pspace1 (prog1) | inf1(pid1) | aspace1 |
| pspace2 (prog1) | inf2(pid2) | aspace2 |
However, had inf1 from the latter case vforked instead, it would
share the program and address spaces with its parent, until it
execs or exits, like so:
| pspace1 (prog1) | inf1(pid1) | aspace1 |
| | inf2(pid2) | |
When the vfork child execs, it is finally given new program and
address spaces.
| pspace1 (prog1) | inf1(pid1) | aspace1 |
| pspace2 (prog1) | inf2(pid2) | aspace2 |
There are targets where the OS (if any) doesn't provide memory
management or VM protection, where all inferiors share the same
address space --- e.g. uClinux. GDB models this by having all
inferiors share the same address space, but, giving each its own
program space, like so:
| pspace1 (prog1) | inf1(pid1) | |
|-----------------+------------+ |
| pspace2 (prog1) | inf2(pid2) | aspace1 |
|-----------------+------------+ |
| pspace3 (prog2) | inf3(pid3) | |
The address space sharing matters for run control and breakpoints
management. E.g., did we just hit a known breakpoint that we need
to step over? Is this breakpoint a duplicate of this other one, or
do I need to insert a trap?
Then, there are targets where all symbols look the same for all
inferiors, although each has its own address space, as e.g.,
Ericsson DICOS. In such case, the model is:
| | inf1(pid1) | aspace1 |
| +------------+---------|
| pspace | inf2(pid2) | aspace2 |
| +------------+---------|
| | inf3(pid3) | aspace3 |
Note however, that the DICOS debug API takes care of making GDB
believe that breakpoints are "global". That is, although each
process does have its own private copy of data symbols (just like a
bunch of forks), to the breakpoints module, all processes share a
single address space, so all breakpoints set at the same address
are duplicates of each other, even breakpoints set in the data
space (e.g., call dummy breakpoints placed on stack). This allows
a simplification in the spaces implementation: we avoid caring for
a many-many links between address and program spaces. Either
there's a single address space bound to the program space
(traditional unix/uClinux), or, in the DICOS case, the address
space bound to the program space is mostly ignored. */
/* The program space structure. */
struct program_space
/* Constructs a new empty program space, binds it to ASPACE, and
adds it to the program space list. */
explicit program_space (address_space *aspace);
/* Releases a program space, and all its contents (shared libraries,
objfiles, and any other references to the program space in other
modules). It is an internal error to call this when the program
space is the current program space, since there should always be
a program space. */
~program_space ();
using objfiles_range = unwrapping_objfile_range;
/* Return an iterable object that can be used to iterate over all
objfiles. The basic use is in a foreach, like:
for (objfile *objf : pspace->objfiles ()) { ... } */
objfiles_range objfiles ()
return objfiles_range
(unwrapping_objfile_iterator (objfiles_list.begin ()),
unwrapping_objfile_iterator (objfiles_list.end ()));
using objfiles_safe_range = basic_safe_range<objfiles_range>;
/* An iterable object that can be used to iterate over all objfiles.
The basic use is in a foreach, like:
for (objfile *objf : pspace->objfiles_safe ()) { ... }
This variant uses a basic_safe_iterator so that objfiles can be
deleted during iteration. */
objfiles_safe_range objfiles_safe ()
return objfiles_safe_range
(unwrapping_objfile_iterator (objfiles_list.begin ()),
unwrapping_objfile_iterator (objfiles_list.end ())));
/* Add OBJFILE to the list of objfiles, putting it just before
BEFORE. If BEFORE is nullptr, it will go at the end of the
list. */
void add_objfile (std::shared_ptr<objfile> &&objfile,
struct objfile *before);
/* Remove OBJFILE from the list of objfiles. */
void remove_objfile (struct objfile *objfile);
/* Return true if there is more than one object file loaded; false
otherwise. */
bool multi_objfile_p () const
return objfiles_list.size () > 1;
/* Free all the objfiles associated with this program space. */
void free_all_objfiles ();
/* Return a range adapter for iterating over all the solibs in this
program space. Use it like:
for (so_list *so : pspace->solibs ()) { ... } */
so_list_range solibs () const
{ return so_list_range (this->so_list); }
/* Close and clear exec_bfd. If we end up with no target sections
to read memory from, this unpushes the exec_ops target. */
void exec_close ();
/* Return the exec BFD for this program space. */
bfd *exec_bfd () const
return ebfd.get ();
/* Set the exec BFD for this program space to ABFD. */
void set_exec_bfd (gdb_bfd_ref_ptr &&abfd)
ebfd = std::move (abfd);
/* Reset saved solib data at the start of an solib event. This lets
us properly collect the data when calling solib_add, so it can then
later be printed. */
void clear_solib_cache ();
/* Returns true iff there's no inferior bound to this program
space. */
bool empty ();
/* Remove all target sections owned by OWNER. */
void remove_target_sections (void *owner);
/* Add the sections array defined by SECTIONS to the
current set of target sections. */
void add_target_sections (void *owner,
const target_section_table &sections);
/* Add the sections of OBJFILE to the current set of target
sections. They are given OBJFILE as the "owner". */
void add_target_sections (struct objfile *objfile);
/* Clear all target sections from M_TARGET_SECTIONS table. */
void clear_target_sections ()
m_target_sections.clear ();
/* Return a reference to the M_TARGET_SECTIONS table. */
target_section_table &target_sections ()
return m_target_sections;
/* Unique ID number. */
int num = 0;
/* The main executable loaded into this program space. This is
managed by the exec target. */
/* The BFD handle for the main executable. */
gdb_bfd_ref_ptr ebfd;
/* The last-modified time, from when the exec was brought in. */
long ebfd_mtime = 0;
/* Similar to bfd_get_filename (exec_bfd) but in original form given
by user, without symbolic links and pathname resolved. It is not
NULL iff EBFD is not NULL. */
gdb::unique_xmalloc_ptr<char> exec_filename;
/* Binary file diddling handle for the core file. */
gdb_bfd_ref_ptr cbfd;
/* The address space attached to this program space. More than one
program space may be bound to the same address space. In the
traditional unix-like debugging scenario, this will usually
match the address space bound to the inferior, and is mostly
used by the breakpoints module for address matches. If the
target shares a program space for all inferiors and breakpoints
are global, then this field is ignored (we don't currently
support inferiors sharing a program space if the target doesn't
make breakpoints global). */
struct address_space *aspace = NULL;
/* True if this program space's section offsets don't yet represent
the final offsets of the "live" address space (that is, the
section addresses still require the relocation offsets to be
applied, and hence we can't trust the section addresses for
anything that pokes at live memory). E.g., for qOffsets
targets, or for PIE executables, until we connect and ask the
target for the final relocation offsets, the symbols we've used
to set breakpoints point at the wrong addresses. */
int executing_startup = 0;
/* True if no breakpoints should be inserted in this program
space. */
int breakpoints_not_allowed = 0;
/* The object file that the main symbol table was loaded from
(e.g. the argument to the "symbol-file" or "file" command). */
struct objfile *symfile_object_file = NULL;
/* All known objfiles are kept in a linked list. */
std::list<std::shared_ptr<objfile>> objfiles_list;
/* List of shared objects mapped into this space. Managed by
solib.c. */
struct so_list *so_list = NULL;
/* Number of calls to solib_add. */
unsigned int solib_add_generation = 0;
/* When an solib is added, it is also added to this vector. This
is so we can properly report solib changes to the user. */
std::vector<struct so_list *> added_solibs;
/* When an solib is removed, its name is added to this vector.
This is so we can properly report solib changes to the user. */
std::vector<std::string> deleted_solibs;
/* Per pspace data-pointers required by other GDB modules. */
/* The set of target sections matching the sections mapped into
this program space. Managed by both exec_ops and solib.c. */
target_section_table m_target_sections;
/* An address space. It is used for comparing if
pspaces/inferior/threads see the same address space and for
associating caches to each address space. */
struct address_space
int num;
/* Per aspace data-pointers required by other GDB modules. */
/* The list of all program spaces. There's always at least one. */
extern std::vector<struct program_space *>program_spaces;
/* The current program space. This is always non-null. */
extern struct program_space *current_program_space;
/* Copies program space SRC to DEST. Copies the main executable file,
and the main symbol file. Returns DEST. */
extern struct program_space *clone_program_space (struct program_space *dest,
struct program_space *src);
/* Sets PSPACE as the current program space. This is usually used
instead of set_current_space_and_thread when the current
thread/inferior is not important for the operations that follow.
E.g., when accessing the raw symbol tables. If memory access is
required, then you should use switch_to_program_space_and_thread.
Otherwise, it is the caller's responsibility to make sure that the
currently selected inferior/thread matches the selected program
space. */
extern void set_current_program_space (struct program_space *pspace);
/* Save/restore the current program space. */
class scoped_restore_current_program_space
scoped_restore_current_program_space ()
: m_saved_pspace (current_program_space)
~scoped_restore_current_program_space ()
{ set_current_program_space (m_saved_pspace); }
DISABLE_COPY_AND_ASSIGN (scoped_restore_current_program_space);
program_space *m_saved_pspace;
/* Create a new address space object, and add it to the list. */
extern struct address_space *new_address_space (void);
/* Maybe create a new address space object, and add it to the list, or
return a pointer to an existing address space, in case inferiors
share an address space. */
extern struct address_space *maybe_new_address_space (void);
/* Returns the integer address space id of ASPACE. */
extern int address_space_num (struct address_space *aspace);
/* Update all program spaces matching to address spaces. The user may
have created several program spaces, and loaded executables into
them before connecting to the target interface that will create the
inferiors. All that happens before GDB has a chance to know if the
inferiors will share an address space or not. Call this after
having connected to the target interface and having fetched the
target description, to fixup the program/address spaces
mappings. */
extern void update_address_spaces (void);
/* Keep a registry of per-pspace data-pointers required by other GDB
modules. */
DECLARE_REGISTRY (program_space);
/* Keep a registry of per-aspace data-pointers required by other GDB
modules. */
DECLARE_REGISTRY (address_space);