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/* SPARC-specific values for a.out files
Copyright (C) 2001-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor, Boston,
MA 02110-1301, USA. */
/* Some systems, e.g., AIX, may have defined this in header files already
included. */
#define TARGET_PAGE_SIZE 0x2000 /* 8K. aka NBPG in <sys/param.h> */
/* Note that some SPARCs have 4K pages, some 8K, some others. */
#define SEG_SIZE_SUN3 0x20000 /* Resolution of r/w protection hw */
#define TEXT_START_ADDR TARGET_PAGE_SIZE /* Location 0 is not accessible */
#define N_HEADER_IN_TEXT(x) 1
/* Non-default definitions of the accessor macros... */
/* Segment size varies on Sun-3 versus Sun-4. */
N_MACHTYPE(x) == M_68020? SEG_SIZE_SUN3: \
/* Guess? */ TARGET_PAGE_SIZE)
/* Virtual Address of text segment from the a.out file. For OMAGIC,
(almost always "unlinked .o's" these days), should be zero.
Sun added a kludge so that shared libraries linked ZMAGIC get
an address of zero if a_entry (!!!) is lower than the otherwise
expected text address. These kludges have gotta go!
For linked files, should reflect reality if we know it. */
#define N_SHARED_LIB(x) ((x)->a_entry < TEXT_START_ADDR \
&& (x)->a_text >= EXEC_BYTES_SIZE)
/* This differs from the version in aout64.h (which we override by defining
it here) only for NMAGIC (we return TEXT_START_ADDR+EXEC_BYTES_SIZE;
they return 0). */
#define N_TXTADDR(x) \
(N_MAGIC(x)==OMAGIC? 0 \
: (N_MAGIC(x) == ZMAGIC && (x)->a_entry < TEXT_START_ADDR)? 0 \
/* When a file is linked against a shared library on SunOS 4, the
dynamic bit in the exec header is set, and the first symbol in the
symbol table is __DYNAMIC. Its value is the address of the
following structure. */
struct external_sun4_dynamic
/* The version number of the structure. SunOS 4.1.x creates files
with version number 3, which is what this structure is based on.
According to gdb, version 2 is similar. I believe that version 2
used a different type of procedure linkage table, and there may
have been other differences. */
bfd_byte ld_version[4];
/* The virtual address of a 28 byte structure used in debugging.
The contents are filled in at run time by */
bfd_byte ldd[4];
/* The virtual address of another structure with information about
how to relocate the executable at run time. */
bfd_byte ld[4];
/* The size of the debugging structure pointed to by the debugger
field of __DYNAMIC. */
/* The structure pointed to by the linker field of __DYNAMIC. As far
as I can tell, most of the addresses in this structure are offsets
within the file, but some are actually virtual addresses. */
struct internal_sun4_dynamic_link
/* Linked list of loaded objects. This is filled in at runtime by and probably by dlopen. */
unsigned long ld_loaded;
/* The address of the list of names of shared objects which must be
included at runtime. Each entry in the list is 16 bytes: the 4
byte address of the string naming the object (e.g., for -lc this
is "c"); 4 bytes of flags--the high bit is whether to search for
the object using the library path; the 2 byte major version
number; the 2 byte minor version number; the 4 byte address of
the next entry in the list (zero if this is the last entry). The
version numbers seem to only be non-zero when doing library
searching. */
unsigned long ld_need;
/* The address of the path to search for the shared objects which
must be included. This points to a string in PATH format which
is generated from the -L arguments to the linker. According to
the man page, implicitly adds ${LD_LIBRARY_PATH} to the
beginning of this string and /lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib to the
end. The string is terminated by a null byte. This field is
zero if there is no additional path. */
unsigned long ld_rules;
/* The address of the global offset table. This appears to be a
virtual address, not a file offset. The first entry in the
global offset table seems to be the virtual address of the
sun4_dynamic structure (the same value as the __DYNAMIC symbol).
The global offset table is used for PIC code to hold the
addresses of variables. A dynamically linked file which does not
itself contain PIC code has a four byte global offset table. */
unsigned long ld_got;
/* The address of the procedure linkage table. This appears to be a
virtual address, not a file offset.
On a SPARC, the table is composed of 12 byte entries, each of
which consists of three instructions. The first entry is
sethi %hi(0),%g1
jmp %g1
These instructions are changed by into a jump directly into itself. Each subsequent entry is
save %sp, -96, %sp
call <address of first entry in procedure linkage table>
<reloc_number | 0x01000000>
The reloc_number is the number of the reloc to use to resolve
this entry. The reloc will be a JMP_SLOT reloc against some
symbol that is not defined in this object file but should be
defined in a shared object (if it is not, will report a
runtime error and exit). The constant 0x010000000 turns the
reloc number into a sethi of %g0, which does nothing since %g0 is
hardwired to zero.
When one of these entries is executed, it winds up calling into looks at the reloc number, available via the return
address, to determine which entry this is. It then looks at the
reloc and patches up the entry in the table into a sethi and jmp
to the real address followed by a nop. This means that the reloc
lookup only has to happen once, and it also means that the
relocation only needs to be done if the function is actually
called. The relocation is expensive because must look up
the symbol by name.
The size of the procedure linkage table is given by the ld_plt_sz
field. */
unsigned long ld_plt;
/* The address of the relocs. These are in the same format as
ordinary relocs. Symbol index numbers refer to the symbols
pointed to by ld_stab. I think the only way to determine the
number of relocs is to assume that all the bytes from ld_rel to
ld_hash contain reloc entries. */
unsigned long ld_rel;
/* The address of a hash table of symbols. The hash table has
roughly the same number of entries as there are dynamic symbols;
I think the only way to get the exact size is to assume that
every byte from ld_hash to ld_stab is devoted to the hash table.
Each entry in the hash table is eight bytes. The first four
bytes are a symbol index into the dynamic symbols. The second
four bytes are the index of the next hash table entry in the
bucket. The ld_buckets field gives the number of buckets, say B.
The first B entries in the hash table each start a bucket which
is chained through the second four bytes of each entry. A value
of zero ends the chain.
The hash function is simply
h = 0;
while (*string != '\0')
h = (h << 1) + *string++;
h &= 0x7fffffff;
To look up a symbol, compute the hash value of the name. Take
the modulos of hash value and the number of buckets. Start at
that entry in the hash table. See if the symbol (from the first
four bytes of the hash table entry) has the name you are looking
for. If not, use the chain field (the second four bytes of the
hash table entry) to move on to the next entry in this bucket.
If the chain field is zero you have reached the end of the
bucket, and the symbol is not in the hash table. */
unsigned long ld_hash;
/* The address of the symbol table. This is a list of
external_nlist structures. The string indices are relative to
the ld_symbols field. I think the only way to determine the
number of symbols is to assume that all the bytes between ld_stab
and ld_symbols are external_nlist structures. */
unsigned long ld_stab;
/* I don't know what this is for. It seems to always be zero. */
unsigned long ld_stab_hash;
/* The number of buckets in the hash table. */
unsigned long ld_buckets;
/* The address of the symbol string table. The first string in this
string table need not be the empty string. */
unsigned long ld_symbols;
/* The size in bytes of the symbol string table. */
unsigned long ld_symb_size;
/* The size in bytes of the text segment. */
unsigned long ld_text;
/* The size in bytes of the procedure linkage table. */
unsigned long ld_plt_sz;
/* The external form of the structure. */
struct external_sun4_dynamic_link
bfd_byte ld_loaded[4];
bfd_byte ld_need[4];
bfd_byte ld_rules[4];
bfd_byte ld_got[4];
bfd_byte ld_plt[4];
bfd_byte ld_rel[4];
bfd_byte ld_hash[4];
bfd_byte ld_stab[4];
bfd_byte ld_stab_hash[4];
bfd_byte ld_buckets[4];
bfd_byte ld_symbols[4];
bfd_byte ld_symb_size[4];
bfd_byte ld_text[4];
bfd_byte ld_plt_sz[4];