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/* BFD backend for CRIS a.out binaries.
Copyright 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Axis Communications AB.
Written by Hans-Peter Nilsson.
This file is part of BFD, the Binary File Descriptor library.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */
/* See info in the file PORTING for documentation of these macros and
functions. Beware; some of the information there is outdated. */
#define N_HEADER_IN_TEXT(x) 0
#define BYTES_IN_WORD 4
#define N_TXTOFF(x) 32
/* Without reading symbols to get the text start symbol, there is no way
to know where the text segment starts in an a.out file. Defaulting to
anything as constant as TEXT_START_ADDR is bad. But we can guess from
the entry point, which is usually within the first 64k of the text
segment. We also assume here that the text segment is 64k-aligned.
FIXME: It is also wrong to assume that data and bss follow immediately
after text, but with those, we don't have any choice besides reading
symbol info, and luckily there's no pressing need for correctness for
those vma:s at this time. */
#define N_TXTADDR(x) ((x).a_entry & ~0xffff)
/* If you change this to 4, you can not link to an address N*4+2. */
#define SEGMENT_SIZE 2
/* For some reason, if the a.out file has Z_MAGIC, then
adata(abfd).exec_bytes_size is not used, but rather
adata(abfd).zmagic_disk_block_size, even though the exec_header is
*not* included in the text segment. A simple workaround is to
#define ZMAGIC_DISK_BLOCK_SIZE, which is used if defined; otherwise
TARGET_PAGE_SIZE is used. */
/* It seems odd at first to set a page-size this low, but gives greater
freedom in where things can be linked. The drawback is that you have
to set alignment and padding in linker scripts. */
#define TARGETNAME "a.out-cris"
/* N_SHARED_LIB gets this reasonable default as of 1999-07-12, but we
have to work with 2.9.1. Note that N_SHARED_LIB is used in a
SUN-specific context, not applicable to CRIS. */
#define N_SHARED_LIB(x) 0
/* The definition here seems not used; just provided as a convention. */
#define DEFAULT_ARCH bfd_arch_cris
/* ??? Spacing might be essential for the parameters in this macro.
Do Not Change. */
#define MY(OP) CAT (cris_aout_,OP)
#define NAME(x,y) CAT3(cris_aout,_32_,y)
#include "bfd.h"
/* Version 1 of the header. */
#define MY_exec_hdr_flags 1
#define MY_write_object_contents MY(write_object_contents)
static boolean MY(write_object_contents) PARAMS ((bfd *));
/* Forward this, so we can use a pointer to it in PARAMS. */
struct reloc_ext_external;
#define MY_swap_ext_reloc_out MY(swap_ext_reloc_out)
static void MY(swap_ext_reloc_out) PARAMS ((bfd *, arelent *,
struct reloc_ext_external *));
#define MY_swap_ext_reloc_in MY(swap_ext_reloc_in)
static void MY(swap_ext_reloc_in) PARAMS ((bfd *, struct
reloc_ext_external *,
arelent *, asymbol **,
#define MY_set_sizes MY(set_sizes)
static boolean MY(set_sizes) PARAMS ((bfd *));
/* To set back reloc_size to ext, we make MY(set_sizes) be called
through this construct. Note that MY_set_arch_mach is only called
through SET_ARCH_MACH. The default bfd_default_set_arch_mach will
not call set_sizes. */
#define MY_set_arch_mach NAME (aout, set_arch_mach)
/* These macros describe the binary layout of the reloc information we
use in a file. */
#ifndef MY_get_section_contents
#define MY_get_section_contents aout_32_get_section_contents
/* Include generic functions (some are overridden above). */
#include "aout32.c"
#include "aout-target.h"
/* We need our own version to set header flags. */
static boolean
MY(write_object_contents) (abfd)
bfd *abfd;
struct external_exec exec_bytes;
struct internal_exec *execp = exec_hdr (abfd);
/* We set the reloc type to RELOC_EXT_SIZE, although setting it at all
seems unnecessary when inspecting as and ld behavior (not an
exhaustive inspection). The default write_object_contents
definition sets RELOC_EXT_SIZE, so we follow suite and set it too. */
obj_reloc_entry_size (abfd) = RELOC_EXT_SIZE;
/* Setting N_SET_MACHTYPE and using N_SET_FLAGS is not performed by
the default definition. */
if (bfd_get_arch(abfd) == bfd_arch_cris)
N_SET_FLAGS (*execp, aout_backend_info (abfd)->exec_hdr_flags);
WRITE_HEADERS (abfd, execp);
return true;
/* We need our own for these reasons:
- Assert that a normal 8, 16 or 32 reloc is output.
- Fix what seems to be a weak-bug (perhaps there for valid reasons). */
static void
MY(swap_ext_reloc_out) (abfd, g, natptr)
bfd *abfd;
arelent *g;
struct reloc_ext_external *natptr;
int r_index;
int r_extern;
unsigned int r_type;
unsigned int r_addend;
asymbol *sym = *(g->sym_ptr_ptr);
asection *output_section = sym->section->output_section;
PUT_WORD (abfd, g->address, natptr->r_address);
r_type = (unsigned int) g->howto->type;
r_addend = g->addend;
if ((sym->flags & BSF_SECTION_SYM) != 0)
r_addend += (*(g->sym_ptr_ptr))->section->output_section->vma;
/* If this relocation is relative to a symbol then set the
r_index to the symbols index, and the r_extern bit.
Absolute symbols can come in in two ways, either as an offset
from the abs section, or as a symbol which has an abs value.
check for that here. */
if (bfd_is_abs_section (bfd_get_section (sym)))
r_extern = 0;
r_index = N_ABS;
else if ((sym->flags & BSF_SECTION_SYM) == 0)
if (bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (sym))
/* Remember to check for weak symbols; they count as global. */
|| (sym->flags & (BSF_GLOBAL | BSF_WEAK)) != 0)
r_extern = 1;
r_extern = 0;
r_index = (*(g->sym_ptr_ptr))->KEEPIT;
/* Just an ordinary section. */
r_extern = 0;
r_index = output_section->target_index;
/* The relocation type is the same as the canonical ones, but only
the first 3 are used: RELOC_8, RELOC_16, RELOC_32.
We may change this later, but assert this for the moment. */
if (r_type > 2)
(*_bfd_error_handler) (_("%s: Invalid relocation type exported: %d"),
bfd_get_filename (abfd), r_type);
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_wrong_format);
/* Now the fun stuff. */
natptr->r_index[2] = r_index >> 16;
natptr->r_index[1] = r_index >> 8;
natptr->r_index[0] = r_index;
natptr->r_type[0] =
PUT_WORD (abfd, r_addend, natptr->r_addend);
/* We need our own to assert that a normal 8, 16 or 32 reloc is input. */
static void
MY(swap_ext_reloc_in) (abfd, bytes, cache_ptr, symbols, symcount)
bfd *abfd;
struct reloc_ext_external *bytes;
arelent *cache_ptr;
asymbol **symbols;
bfd_size_type symcount;
unsigned int r_index;
int r_extern;
unsigned int r_type;
struct aoutdata *su = &(abfd->tdata.aout_data->a);
cache_ptr->address = (GET_SWORD (abfd, bytes->r_address));
/* Now the fun stuff. */
r_index = (bytes->r_index[2] << 16)
| (bytes->r_index[1] << 8)
| bytes->r_index[0];
r_extern = (0 != (bytes->r_type[0] & RELOC_EXT_BITS_EXTERN_LITTLE));
r_type = ((bytes->r_type[0]) >> RELOC_EXT_BITS_TYPE_SH_LITTLE)
if (r_type > 2)
(*_bfd_error_handler) (_("%s: Invalid relocation type imported: %d"),
bfd_get_filename (abfd), r_type);
cache_ptr->howto = howto_table_ext + r_type;
if (r_extern && r_index > symcount)
(_("%s: Bad relocation record imported: %d"),
bfd_get_filename (abfd), r_index);
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_wrong_format);
/* We continue, so we can catch further errors. */
r_extern = 0;
r_index = N_ABS;
/* Magically uses r_extern, symbols etc. Ugly, but it's what's in the
default. */
MOVE_ADDRESS (GET_SWORD (abfd, bytes->r_addend));
/* We use the same as the default, except that we also set
"obj_reloc_entry_size (abfd) = RELOC_EXT_SIZE;", to avoid changing
NAME (aout, set_arch_mach) in aoutx. */
static boolean
MY(set_sizes) (abfd)
bfd *abfd;
/* Just as the default in aout-target.h (with some #ifdefs folded)... */
adata(abfd).page_size = TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
adata(abfd).segment_size = SEGMENT_SIZE;
adata(abfd).zmagic_disk_block_size = ZMAGIC_DISK_BLOCK_SIZE;
adata(abfd).exec_bytes_size = EXEC_BYTES_SIZE;
/* ... except for that we have the extended reloc. The alternative
would be to add a check on bfd_arch_cris in NAME (aout,
set_arch_mach) in aoutx.h, but I don't want to do that since
target-specific things should not be added there. */
obj_reloc_entry_size (abfd) = RELOC_EXT_SIZE;
return true;
* Local variables:
* eval: (c-set-style "gnu")
* indent-tabs-mode: t
* End: