blob: a8a7d1171dc6e4b39f88f364d59231b97cfa10bc [file] [log] [blame]
/* Handle SVR4 shared libraries for GDB, the GNU Debugger.
Copyright (C) 1990-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GDB.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
#include "defs.h"
#include "elf/external.h"
#include "elf/common.h"
#include "elf/mips.h"
#include "symtab.h"
#include "bfd.h"
#include "symfile.h"
#include "objfiles.h"
#include "gdbcore.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "inferior.h"
#include "infrun.h"
#include "regcache.h"
#include "gdbthread.h"
#include "observable.h"
#include "solist.h"
#include "solib.h"
#include "solib-svr4.h"
#include "bfd-target.h"
#include "elf-bfd.h"
#include "exec.h"
#include "auxv.h"
#include "gdb_bfd.h"
#include "probe.h"
static struct link_map_offsets *svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets (void);
static int svr4_have_link_map_offsets (void);
static void svr4_relocate_main_executable (void);
static void svr4_free_library_list (void *p_list);
static void probes_table_remove_objfile_probes (struct objfile *objfile);
static void svr4_iterate_over_objfiles_in_search_order (
struct gdbarch *gdbarch, iterate_over_objfiles_in_search_order_cb_ftype *cb,
void *cb_data, struct objfile *objfile);
/* On SVR4 systems, a list of symbols in the dynamic linker where
GDB can try to place a breakpoint to monitor shared library
events.
If none of these symbols are found, or other errors occur, then
SVR4 systems will fall back to using a symbol as the "startup
mapping complete" breakpoint address. */
static const char * const solib_break_names[] =
{
"r_debug_state",
"_r_debug_state",
"_dl_debug_state",
"rtld_db_dlactivity",
"__dl_rtld_db_dlactivity",
"_rtld_debug_state",
NULL
};
static const char * const bkpt_names[] =
{
"_start",
"__start",
"main",
NULL
};
static const char * const main_name_list[] =
{
"main_$main",
NULL
};
/* What to do when a probe stop occurs. */
enum probe_action
{
/* Something went seriously wrong. Stop using probes and
revert to using the older interface. */
PROBES_INTERFACE_FAILED,
/* No action is required. The shared object list is still
valid. */
DO_NOTHING,
/* The shared object list should be reloaded entirely. */
FULL_RELOAD,
/* Attempt to incrementally update the shared object list. If
the update fails or is not possible, fall back to reloading
the list in full. */
UPDATE_OR_RELOAD,
};
/* A probe's name and its associated action. */
struct probe_info
{
/* The name of the probe. */
const char *name;
/* What to do when a probe stop occurs. */
enum probe_action action;
};
/* A list of named probes and their associated actions. If all
probes are present in the dynamic linker then the probes-based
interface will be used. */
static const struct probe_info probe_info[] =
{
{ "init_start", DO_NOTHING },
{ "init_complete", FULL_RELOAD },
{ "map_start", DO_NOTHING },
{ "map_failed", DO_NOTHING },
{ "reloc_complete", UPDATE_OR_RELOAD },
{ "unmap_start", DO_NOTHING },
{ "unmap_complete", FULL_RELOAD },
};
#define NUM_PROBES ARRAY_SIZE (probe_info)
/* Return non-zero if GDB_SO_NAME and INFERIOR_SO_NAME represent
the same shared library. */
static int
svr4_same_1 (const char *gdb_so_name, const char *inferior_so_name)
{
if (strcmp (gdb_so_name, inferior_so_name) == 0)
return 1;
/* On Solaris, when starting inferior we think that dynamic linker is
/usr/lib/ld.so.1, but later on, the table of loaded shared libraries
contains /lib/ld.so.1. Sometimes one file is a link to another, but
sometimes they have identical content, but are not linked to each
other. We don't restrict this check for Solaris, but the chances
of running into this situation elsewhere are very low. */
if (strcmp (gdb_so_name, "/usr/lib/ld.so.1") == 0
&& strcmp (inferior_so_name, "/lib/ld.so.1") == 0)
return 1;
/* Similarly, we observed the same issue with amd64 and sparcv9, but with
different locations. */
if (strcmp (gdb_so_name, "/usr/lib/amd64/ld.so.1") == 0
&& strcmp (inferior_so_name, "/lib/amd64/ld.so.1") == 0)
return 1;
if (strcmp (gdb_so_name, "/usr/lib/sparcv9/ld.so.1") == 0
&& strcmp (inferior_so_name, "/lib/sparcv9/ld.so.1") == 0)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static int
svr4_same (struct so_list *gdb, struct so_list *inferior)
{
return (svr4_same_1 (gdb->so_original_name, inferior->so_original_name));
}
static std::unique_ptr<lm_info_svr4>
lm_info_read (CORE_ADDR lm_addr)
{
struct link_map_offsets *lmo = svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets ();
std::unique_ptr<lm_info_svr4> lm_info;
gdb::byte_vector lm (lmo->link_map_size);
if (target_read_memory (lm_addr, lm.data (), lmo->link_map_size) != 0)
warning (_("Error reading shared library list entry at %s"),
paddress (target_gdbarch (), lm_addr));
else
{
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
lm_info.reset (new lm_info_svr4);
lm_info->lm_addr = lm_addr;
lm_info->l_addr_inferior = extract_typed_address (&lm[lmo->l_addr_offset],
ptr_type);
lm_info->l_ld = extract_typed_address (&lm[lmo->l_ld_offset], ptr_type);
lm_info->l_next = extract_typed_address (&lm[lmo->l_next_offset],
ptr_type);
lm_info->l_prev = extract_typed_address (&lm[lmo->l_prev_offset],
ptr_type);
lm_info->l_name = extract_typed_address (&lm[lmo->l_name_offset],
ptr_type);
}
return lm_info;
}
static int
has_lm_dynamic_from_link_map (void)
{
struct link_map_offsets *lmo = svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets ();
return lmo->l_ld_offset >= 0;
}
static CORE_ADDR
lm_addr_check (const struct so_list *so, bfd *abfd)
{
lm_info_svr4 *li = (lm_info_svr4 *) so->lm_info;
if (!li->l_addr_p)
{
struct bfd_section *dyninfo_sect;
CORE_ADDR l_addr, l_dynaddr, dynaddr;
l_addr = li->l_addr_inferior;
if (! abfd || ! has_lm_dynamic_from_link_map ())
goto set_addr;
l_dynaddr = li->l_ld;
dyninfo_sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (abfd, ".dynamic");
if (dyninfo_sect == NULL)
goto set_addr;
dynaddr = bfd_section_vma (dyninfo_sect);
if (dynaddr + l_addr != l_dynaddr)
{
CORE_ADDR align = 0x1000;
CORE_ADDR minpagesize = align;
if (bfd_get_flavour (abfd) == bfd_target_elf_flavour)
{
Elf_Internal_Ehdr *ehdr = elf_tdata (abfd)->elf_header;
Elf_Internal_Phdr *phdr = elf_tdata (abfd)->phdr;
int i;
align = 1;
for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++)
if (phdr[i].p_type == PT_LOAD && phdr[i].p_align > align)
align = phdr[i].p_align;
minpagesize = get_elf_backend_data (abfd)->minpagesize;
}
/* Turn it into a mask. */
align--;
/* If the changes match the alignment requirements, we
assume we're using a core file that was generated by the
same binary, just prelinked with a different base offset.
If it doesn't match, we may have a different binary, the
same binary with the dynamic table loaded at an unrelated
location, or anything, really. To avoid regressions,
don't adjust the base offset in the latter case, although
odds are that, if things really changed, debugging won't
quite work.
One could expect more the condition
((l_addr & align) == 0 && ((l_dynaddr - dynaddr) & align) == 0)
but the one below is relaxed for PPC. The PPC kernel supports
either 4k or 64k page sizes. To be prepared for 64k pages,
PPC ELF files are built using an alignment requirement of 64k.
However, when running on a kernel supporting 4k pages, the memory
mapping of the library may not actually happen on a 64k boundary!
(In the usual case where (l_addr & align) == 0, this check is
equivalent to the possibly expected check above.)
Even on PPC it must be zero-aligned at least for MINPAGESIZE. */
l_addr = l_dynaddr - dynaddr;
if ((l_addr & (minpagesize - 1)) == 0
&& (l_addr & align) == ((l_dynaddr - dynaddr) & align))
{
if (info_verbose)
printf_unfiltered (_("Using PIC (Position Independent Code) "
"prelink displacement %s for \"%s\".\n"),
paddress (target_gdbarch (), l_addr),
so->so_name);
}
else
{
/* There is no way to verify the library file matches. prelink
can during prelinking of an unprelinked file (or unprelinking
of a prelinked file) shift the DYNAMIC segment by arbitrary
offset without any page size alignment. There is no way to
find out the ELF header and/or Program Headers for a limited
verification if it they match. One could do a verification
of the DYNAMIC segment. Still the found address is the best
one GDB could find. */
warning (_(".dynamic section for \"%s\" "
"is not at the expected address "
"(wrong library or version mismatch?)"), so->so_name);
}
}
set_addr:
li->l_addr = l_addr;
li->l_addr_p = 1;
}
return li->l_addr;
}
/* Per pspace SVR4 specific data. */
struct svr4_info
{
svr4_info () = default;
~svr4_info ();
/* Base of dynamic linker structures. */
CORE_ADDR debug_base = 0;
/* Validity flag for debug_loader_offset. */
int debug_loader_offset_p = 0;
/* Load address for the dynamic linker, inferred. */
CORE_ADDR debug_loader_offset = 0;
/* Name of the dynamic linker, valid if debug_loader_offset_p. */
char *debug_loader_name = nullptr;
/* Load map address for the main executable. */
CORE_ADDR main_lm_addr = 0;
CORE_ADDR interp_text_sect_low = 0;
CORE_ADDR interp_text_sect_high = 0;
CORE_ADDR interp_plt_sect_low = 0;
CORE_ADDR interp_plt_sect_high = 0;
/* Nonzero if the list of objects was last obtained from the target
via qXfer:libraries-svr4:read. */
int using_xfer = 0;
/* Table of struct probe_and_action instances, used by the
probes-based interface to map breakpoint addresses to probes
and their associated actions. Lookup is performed using
probe_and_action->prob->address. */
htab_up probes_table;
/* List of objects loaded into the inferior, used by the probes-
based interface. */
struct so_list *solib_list = nullptr;
};
/* Per-program-space data key. */
static const struct program_space_key<svr4_info> solib_svr4_pspace_data;
/* Free the probes table. */
static void
free_probes_table (struct svr4_info *info)
{
info->probes_table.reset (nullptr);
}
/* Free the solib list. */
static void
free_solib_list (struct svr4_info *info)
{
svr4_free_library_list (&info->solib_list);
info->solib_list = NULL;
}
svr4_info::~svr4_info ()
{
free_solib_list (this);
}
/* Get the svr4 data for program space PSPACE. If none is found yet, add it now.
This function always returns a valid object. */
static struct svr4_info *
get_svr4_info (program_space *pspace)
{
struct svr4_info *info = solib_svr4_pspace_data.get (pspace);
if (info == NULL)
info = solib_svr4_pspace_data.emplace (pspace);
return info;
}
/* Local function prototypes */
static int match_main (const char *);
/* Read program header TYPE from inferior memory. The header is found
by scanning the OS auxiliary vector.
If TYPE == -1, return the program headers instead of the contents of
one program header.
Return vector of bytes holding the program header contents, or an empty
optional on failure. If successful and P_ARCH_SIZE is non-NULL, the target
architecture size (32-bit or 64-bit) is returned to *P_ARCH_SIZE. Likewise,
the base address of the section is returned in *BASE_ADDR. */
static gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector>
read_program_header (int type, int *p_arch_size, CORE_ADDR *base_addr)
{
enum bfd_endian byte_order = gdbarch_byte_order (target_gdbarch ());
CORE_ADDR at_phdr, at_phent, at_phnum, pt_phdr = 0;
int arch_size, sect_size;
CORE_ADDR sect_addr;
int pt_phdr_p = 0;
/* Get required auxv elements from target. */
if (target_auxv_search (current_inferior ()->top_target (),
AT_PHDR, &at_phdr) <= 0)
return {};
if (target_auxv_search (current_inferior ()->top_target (),
AT_PHENT, &at_phent) <= 0)
return {};
if (target_auxv_search (current_inferior ()->top_target (),
AT_PHNUM, &at_phnum) <= 0)
return {};
if (!at_phdr || !at_phnum)
return {};
/* Determine ELF architecture type. */
if (at_phent == sizeof (Elf32_External_Phdr))
arch_size = 32;
else if (at_phent == sizeof (Elf64_External_Phdr))
arch_size = 64;
else
return {};
/* Find the requested segment. */
if (type == -1)
{
sect_addr = at_phdr;
sect_size = at_phent * at_phnum;
}
else if (arch_size == 32)
{
Elf32_External_Phdr phdr;
int i;
/* Search for requested PHDR. */
for (i = 0; i < at_phnum; i++)
{
int p_type;
if (target_read_memory (at_phdr + i * sizeof (phdr),
(gdb_byte *)&phdr, sizeof (phdr)))
return {};
p_type = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) phdr.p_type,
4, byte_order);
if (p_type == PT_PHDR)
{
pt_phdr_p = 1;
pt_phdr = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) phdr.p_vaddr,
4, byte_order);
}
if (p_type == type)
break;
}
if (i == at_phnum)
return {};
/* Retrieve address and size. */
sect_addr = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *)phdr.p_vaddr,
4, byte_order);
sect_size = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *)phdr.p_memsz,
4, byte_order);
}
else
{
Elf64_External_Phdr phdr;
int i;
/* Search for requested PHDR. */
for (i = 0; i < at_phnum; i++)
{
int p_type;
if (target_read_memory (at_phdr + i * sizeof (phdr),
(gdb_byte *)&phdr, sizeof (phdr)))
return {};
p_type = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) phdr.p_type,
4, byte_order);
if (p_type == PT_PHDR)
{
pt_phdr_p = 1;
pt_phdr = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) phdr.p_vaddr,
8, byte_order);
}
if (p_type == type)
break;
}
if (i == at_phnum)
return {};
/* Retrieve address and size. */
sect_addr = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *)phdr.p_vaddr,
8, byte_order);
sect_size = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *)phdr.p_memsz,
8, byte_order);
}
/* PT_PHDR is optional, but we really need it
for PIE to make this work in general. */
if (pt_phdr_p)
{
/* at_phdr is real address in memory. pt_phdr is what pheader says it is.
Relocation offset is the difference between the two. */
sect_addr = sect_addr + (at_phdr - pt_phdr);
}
/* Read in requested program header. */
gdb::byte_vector buf (sect_size);
if (target_read_memory (sect_addr, buf.data (), sect_size))
return {};
if (p_arch_size)
*p_arch_size = arch_size;
if (base_addr)
*base_addr = sect_addr;
return buf;
}
/* Return program interpreter string. */
static gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector>
find_program_interpreter (void)
{
/* If we have a current exec_bfd, use its section table. */
if (current_program_space->exec_bfd ()
&& (bfd_get_flavour (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())
== bfd_target_elf_flavour))
{
struct bfd_section *interp_sect;
interp_sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (current_program_space->exec_bfd (),
".interp");
if (interp_sect != NULL)
{
int sect_size = bfd_section_size (interp_sect);
gdb::byte_vector buf (sect_size);
bfd_get_section_contents (current_program_space->exec_bfd (),
interp_sect, buf.data (), 0, sect_size);
return buf;
}
}
/* If we didn't find it, use the target auxiliary vector. */
return read_program_header (PT_INTERP, NULL, NULL);
}
/* Scan for DESIRED_DYNTAG in .dynamic section of ABFD. If DESIRED_DYNTAG is
found, 1 is returned and the corresponding PTR is set. */
static int
scan_dyntag (const int desired_dyntag, bfd *abfd, CORE_ADDR *ptr,
CORE_ADDR *ptr_addr)
{
int arch_size, step, sect_size;
long current_dyntag;
CORE_ADDR dyn_ptr, dyn_addr;
gdb_byte *bufend, *bufstart, *buf;
Elf32_External_Dyn *x_dynp_32;
Elf64_External_Dyn *x_dynp_64;
struct bfd_section *sect;
if (abfd == NULL)
return 0;
if (bfd_get_flavour (abfd) != bfd_target_elf_flavour)
return 0;
arch_size = bfd_get_arch_size (abfd);
if (arch_size == -1)
return 0;
/* Find the start address of the .dynamic section. */
sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (abfd, ".dynamic");
if (sect == NULL)
return 0;
bool found = false;
for (const target_section &target_section
: current_program_space->target_sections ())
if (sect == target_section.the_bfd_section)
{
dyn_addr = target_section.addr;
found = true;
break;
}
if (!found)
{
/* ABFD may come from OBJFILE acting only as a symbol file without being
loaded into the target (see add_symbol_file_command). This case is
such fallback to the file VMA address without the possibility of
having the section relocated to its actual in-memory address. */
dyn_addr = bfd_section_vma (sect);
}
/* Read in .dynamic from the BFD. We will get the actual value
from memory later. */
sect_size = bfd_section_size (sect);
buf = bufstart = (gdb_byte *) alloca (sect_size);
if (!bfd_get_section_contents (abfd, sect,
buf, 0, sect_size))
return 0;
/* Iterate over BUF and scan for DYNTAG. If found, set PTR and return. */
step = (arch_size == 32) ? sizeof (Elf32_External_Dyn)
: sizeof (Elf64_External_Dyn);
for (bufend = buf + sect_size;
buf < bufend;
buf += step)
{
if (arch_size == 32)
{
x_dynp_32 = (Elf32_External_Dyn *) buf;
current_dyntag = bfd_h_get_32 (abfd, (bfd_byte *) x_dynp_32->d_tag);
dyn_ptr = bfd_h_get_32 (abfd, (bfd_byte *) x_dynp_32->d_un.d_ptr);
}
else
{
x_dynp_64 = (Elf64_External_Dyn *) buf;
current_dyntag = bfd_h_get_64 (abfd, (bfd_byte *) x_dynp_64->d_tag);
dyn_ptr = bfd_h_get_64 (abfd, (bfd_byte *) x_dynp_64->d_un.d_ptr);
}
if (current_dyntag == DT_NULL)
return 0;
if (current_dyntag == desired_dyntag)
{
/* If requested, try to read the runtime value of this .dynamic
entry. */
if (ptr)
{
struct type *ptr_type;
gdb_byte ptr_buf[8];
CORE_ADDR ptr_addr_1;
ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
ptr_addr_1 = dyn_addr + (buf - bufstart) + arch_size / 8;
if (target_read_memory (ptr_addr_1, ptr_buf, arch_size / 8) == 0)
dyn_ptr = extract_typed_address (ptr_buf, ptr_type);
*ptr = dyn_ptr;
if (ptr_addr)
*ptr_addr = dyn_addr + (buf - bufstart);
}
return 1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/* Scan for DESIRED_DYNTAG in .dynamic section of the target's main executable,
found by consulting the OS auxillary vector. If DESIRED_DYNTAG is found, 1
is returned and the corresponding PTR is set. */
static int
scan_dyntag_auxv (const int desired_dyntag, CORE_ADDR *ptr,
CORE_ADDR *ptr_addr)
{
enum bfd_endian byte_order = gdbarch_byte_order (target_gdbarch ());
int arch_size, step;
long current_dyntag;
CORE_ADDR dyn_ptr;
CORE_ADDR base_addr;
/* Read in .dynamic section. */
gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector> ph_data
= read_program_header (PT_DYNAMIC, &arch_size, &base_addr);
if (!ph_data)
return 0;
/* Iterate over BUF and scan for DYNTAG. If found, set PTR and return. */
step = (arch_size == 32) ? sizeof (Elf32_External_Dyn)
: sizeof (Elf64_External_Dyn);
for (gdb_byte *buf = ph_data->data (), *bufend = buf + ph_data->size ();
buf < bufend; buf += step)
{
if (arch_size == 32)
{
Elf32_External_Dyn *dynp = (Elf32_External_Dyn *) buf;
current_dyntag = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) dynp->d_tag,
4, byte_order);
dyn_ptr = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) dynp->d_un.d_ptr,
4, byte_order);
}
else
{
Elf64_External_Dyn *dynp = (Elf64_External_Dyn *) buf;
current_dyntag = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) dynp->d_tag,
8, byte_order);
dyn_ptr = extract_unsigned_integer ((gdb_byte *) dynp->d_un.d_ptr,
8, byte_order);
}
if (current_dyntag == DT_NULL)
break;
if (current_dyntag == desired_dyntag)
{
if (ptr)
*ptr = dyn_ptr;
if (ptr_addr)
*ptr_addr = base_addr + buf - ph_data->data ();
return 1;
}
}
return 0;
}
/* Locate the base address of dynamic linker structs for SVR4 elf
targets.
For SVR4 elf targets the address of the dynamic linker's runtime
structure is contained within the dynamic info section in the
executable file. The dynamic section is also mapped into the
inferior address space. Because the runtime loader fills in the
real address before starting the inferior, we have to read in the
dynamic info section from the inferior address space.
If there are any errors while trying to find the address, we
silently return 0, otherwise the found address is returned. */
static CORE_ADDR
elf_locate_base (void)
{
struct bound_minimal_symbol msymbol;
CORE_ADDR dyn_ptr, dyn_ptr_addr;
/* Look for DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP first. MIPS executables use this
instead of DT_DEBUG, although they sometimes contain an unused
DT_DEBUG. */
if (scan_dyntag (DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP, current_program_space->exec_bfd (),
&dyn_ptr, NULL)
|| scan_dyntag_auxv (DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP, &dyn_ptr, NULL))
{
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
gdb_byte *pbuf;
int pbuf_size = TYPE_LENGTH (ptr_type);
pbuf = (gdb_byte *) alloca (pbuf_size);
/* DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP contains a pointer to the address
of the dynamic link structure. */
if (target_read_memory (dyn_ptr, pbuf, pbuf_size))
return 0;
return extract_typed_address (pbuf, ptr_type);
}
/* Then check DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP_REL. MIPS executables now use this form
because of needing to support PIE. DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP will also exist
in non-PIE. */
if (scan_dyntag (DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP_REL, current_program_space->exec_bfd (),
&dyn_ptr, &dyn_ptr_addr)
|| scan_dyntag_auxv (DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP_REL, &dyn_ptr, &dyn_ptr_addr))
{
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
gdb_byte *pbuf;
int pbuf_size = TYPE_LENGTH (ptr_type);
pbuf = (gdb_byte *) alloca (pbuf_size);
/* DT_MIPS_RLD_MAP_REL contains an offset from the address of the
DT slot to the address of the dynamic link structure. */
if (target_read_memory (dyn_ptr + dyn_ptr_addr, pbuf, pbuf_size))
return 0;
return extract_typed_address (pbuf, ptr_type);
}
/* Find DT_DEBUG. */
if (scan_dyntag (DT_DEBUG, current_program_space->exec_bfd (), &dyn_ptr, NULL)
|| scan_dyntag_auxv (DT_DEBUG, &dyn_ptr, NULL))
return dyn_ptr;
/* This may be a static executable. Look for the symbol
conventionally named _r_debug, as a last resort. */
msymbol = lookup_minimal_symbol ("_r_debug", NULL,
current_program_space->symfile_object_file);
if (msymbol.minsym != NULL)
return BMSYMBOL_VALUE_ADDRESS (msymbol);
/* DT_DEBUG entry not found. */
return 0;
}
/* Locate the base address of dynamic linker structs.
For both the SunOS and SVR4 shared library implementations, if the
inferior executable has been linked dynamically, there is a single
address somewhere in the inferior's data space which is the key to
locating all of the dynamic linker's runtime structures. This
address is the value of the debug base symbol. The job of this
function is to find and return that address, or to return 0 if there
is no such address (the executable is statically linked for example).
For SunOS, the job is almost trivial, since the dynamic linker and
all of it's structures are statically linked to the executable at
link time. Thus the symbol for the address we are looking for has
already been added to the minimal symbol table for the executable's
objfile at the time the symbol file's symbols were read, and all we
have to do is look it up there. Note that we explicitly do NOT want
to find the copies in the shared library.
The SVR4 version is a bit more complicated because the address
is contained somewhere in the dynamic info section. We have to go
to a lot more work to discover the address of the debug base symbol.
Because of this complexity, we cache the value we find and return that
value on subsequent invocations. Note there is no copy in the
executable symbol tables. */
static CORE_ADDR
locate_base (struct svr4_info *info)
{
/* Check to see if we have a currently valid address, and if so, avoid
doing all this work again and just return the cached address. If
we have no cached address, try to locate it in the dynamic info
section for ELF executables. There's no point in doing any of this
though if we don't have some link map offsets to work with. */
if (info->debug_base == 0 && svr4_have_link_map_offsets ())
info->debug_base = elf_locate_base ();
return info->debug_base;
}
/* Find the first element in the inferior's dynamic link map, and
return its address in the inferior. Return zero if the address
could not be determined.
FIXME: Perhaps we should validate the info somehow, perhaps by
checking r_version for a known version number, or r_state for
RT_CONSISTENT. */
static CORE_ADDR
solib_svr4_r_map (struct svr4_info *info)
{
struct link_map_offsets *lmo = svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets ();
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
CORE_ADDR addr = 0;
try
{
addr = read_memory_typed_address (info->debug_base + lmo->r_map_offset,
ptr_type);
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error &ex)
{
exception_print (gdb_stderr, ex);
}
return addr;
}
/* Find r_brk from the inferior's debug base. */
static CORE_ADDR
solib_svr4_r_brk (struct svr4_info *info)
{
struct link_map_offsets *lmo = svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets ();
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
return read_memory_typed_address (info->debug_base + lmo->r_brk_offset,
ptr_type);
}
/* Find the link map for the dynamic linker (if it is not in the
normal list of loaded shared objects). */
static CORE_ADDR
solib_svr4_r_ldsomap (struct svr4_info *info)
{
struct link_map_offsets *lmo = svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets ();
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
enum bfd_endian byte_order = type_byte_order (ptr_type);
ULONGEST version = 0;
try
{
/* Check version, and return zero if `struct r_debug' doesn't have
the r_ldsomap member. */
version
= read_memory_unsigned_integer (info->debug_base + lmo->r_version_offset,
lmo->r_version_size, byte_order);
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error &ex)
{
exception_print (gdb_stderr, ex);
}
if (version < 2 || lmo->r_ldsomap_offset == -1)
return 0;
return read_memory_typed_address (info->debug_base + lmo->r_ldsomap_offset,
ptr_type);
}
/* On Solaris systems with some versions of the dynamic linker,
ld.so's l_name pointer points to the SONAME in the string table
rather than into writable memory. So that GDB can find shared
libraries when loading a core file generated by gcore, ensure that
memory areas containing the l_name string are saved in the core
file. */
static int
svr4_keep_data_in_core (CORE_ADDR vaddr, unsigned long size)
{
struct svr4_info *info;
CORE_ADDR ldsomap;
CORE_ADDR name_lm;
info = get_svr4_info (current_program_space);
info->debug_base = 0;
locate_base (info);
if (!info->debug_base)
return 0;
ldsomap = solib_svr4_r_ldsomap (info);
if (!ldsomap)
return 0;
std::unique_ptr<lm_info_svr4> li = lm_info_read (ldsomap);
name_lm = li != NULL ? li->l_name : 0;
return (name_lm >= vaddr && name_lm < vaddr + size);
}
/* See solist.h. */
static int
open_symbol_file_object (int from_tty)
{
CORE_ADDR lm, l_name;
struct link_map_offsets *lmo = svr4_fetch_link_map_offsets ();
struct type *ptr_type = builtin_type (target_gdbarch ())->builtin_data_ptr;
int l_name_size = TYPE_LENGTH (ptr_type);
gdb::byte_vector l_name_buf (l_name_size);
struct svr4_info *info = get_svr4_info (current_program_space);
symfile_add_flags add_flags = 0;
if (from_tty)
add_flags |= SYMFILE_VERBOSE;
if (current_program_space->symfile_object_file)
if (!query (_("Attempt to reload symbols from process? ")))
return 0;
/* Always locate the debug struct, in case it has moved. */
info->debug_base = 0;
if (locate_base (info) == 0)
return 0; /* failed somehow... */
/* First link map member should be the executable. */
lm = solib_svr4_r_map (info);
if (lm == 0)
return 0; /* failed somehow... */
/* Read address of name from target memory to GDB. */
read_memory (lm + lmo->l_name_offset, l_name_buf.data (), l_name_size);
/* Convert the address to host format. */
l_name = extract_typed_address (l_name_buf.data (), ptr_type);
if (l_name == 0)
return 0; /* No filename. */
/* Now fetch the filename from target memory. */
gdb::unique_xmalloc_ptr<char> filename
= target_read_string (l_name, SO_NAME_MAX_PATH_SIZE - 1);
if (filename == nullptr)
{
warning (_("failed to read exec filename from attached file"));
return 0;
}
/* Have a pathname: read the symbol file. */
symbol_file_add_main (filename.get (), add_flags);
return 1;
}
/* Data exchange structure for the XML parser as returned by
svr4_current_sos_via_xfer_libraries. */
struct svr4_library_list
{
struct so_list *head, **tailp;
/* Inferior address of struct link_map used for the main executable. It is
NULL if not known. */
CORE_ADDR main_lm;
};
/* This module's 'free_objfile' observer. */
static void
svr4_free_objfile_observer (struct objfile *objfile)
{
probes_table_remove_objfile_probes (objfile);
}
/* Implementation for target_so_ops.free_so. */
static void
svr4_free_so (struct so_list *so)
{
lm_info_svr4 *li = (lm_info_svr4 *) so->lm_info;
delete li;
}
/* Implement target_so_ops.clear_so. */
static void
svr4_clear_so (struct so_list *so)
{
lm_info_svr4 *li = (lm_info_svr4 *) so->lm_info;
if (li != NULL)
li->l_addr_p = 0;
}
/* Free so_list built so far (called via cleanup). */
static void
svr4_free_library_list (void *p_list)
{
struct so_list *list = *(struct so_list **) p_list;
while (list != NULL)
{
struct so_list *next = list->next;
free_so (list);
list = next;
}
}
/* Copy library list. */
static struct so_list *
svr4_copy_library_list (struct so_list *src)
{
struct so_list *dst = NULL;
struct so_list **link = &dst;
while (src != NULL)
{
struct so_list *newobj;
newobj = XNEW (struct so_list);
memcpy (newobj, src, sizeof (struct so_list));
lm_info_svr4 *src_li = (lm_info_svr4 *) src->lm_info;
newobj->lm_info = new lm_info_svr4 (*src_li);
newobj->next = NULL;
*link = newobj;
link = &newobj->next;
src = src->next;
}
return dst;
}
#ifdef HAVE_LIBEXPAT
#include "xml-support.h"
/* Handle the start of a <library> element. Note: new elements are added
at the tail of the list, keeping the list in order. */
static void
library_list_start_library (struct gdb_xml_parser *parser,
const struct gdb_xml_element *element,
void *user_data,
std::vector<gdb_xml_value> &attributes)
{
struct svr4_library_list *list = (struct svr4_library_list *) user_data;
const char *name
= (const char *) xml_find_attribute (attributes, "name")->value.get ();
ULONGEST *lmp
= (ULONGEST *) xml_find_attribute (attributes, "lm")->value.get ();
ULONGEST *l_addrp
= (ULONGEST *) xml_find_attribute (attributes, "l_addr")->value.get ();
ULONGEST *l_ldp
= (ULONGEST *) xml_find_attribute (attributes, "l_ld")->value.get ();
struct so_list *new_elem;
new_elem = XCNEW (struct so_list);
lm_info_svr4 *li = new lm_info_svr4;
new_elem->lm_info = li;
li->lm_addr = *lmp;
li->l_addr_inferior = *l_addrp;
li->l_ld = *l_ldp;
strncpy (new_elem->so_name, name, sizeof (new_elem->so_name) - 1);
new_elem->so_name[sizeof (new_elem->so_name) - 1] = 0;
strcpy (new_elem->so_original_name, new_elem->so_name);
*list->tailp = new_elem;
list->tailp = &new_elem->next;
}
/* Handle the start of a <library-list-svr4> element. */
static void
svr4_library_list_start_list (struct gdb_xml_parser *parser,
const struct gdb_xml_element *element,
void *user_data,
std::vector<gdb_xml_value> &attributes)
{
struct svr4_library_list *list = (struct svr4_library_list *) user_data;
const char *version
= (const char *) xml_find_attribute (attributes, "version")->value.get ();
struct gdb_xml_value *main_lm = xml_find_attribute (attributes, "main-lm");
if (strcmp (version, "1.0") != 0)
gdb_xml_error (parser,
_("SVR4 Library list has unsupported version \"%s\""),
version);
if (main_lm)
list->main_lm = *(ULONGEST *) main_lm->value.get ();
}
/* The allowed elements and attributes for an XML library list.
The root element is a <library-list>. */
static const struct gdb_xml_attribute svr4_library_attributes[] =
{
{ "name", GDB_XML_AF_NONE, NULL, NULL },
{ "lm", GDB_XML_AF_NONE, gdb_xml_parse_attr_ulongest, NULL },
{ "l_addr", GDB_XML_AF_NONE, gdb_xml_parse_attr_ulongest, NULL },
{ "l_ld", GDB_XML_AF_NONE, gdb_xml_parse_attr_ulongest, NULL },
{ NULL, GDB_XML_AF_NONE, NULL, NULL }
};
static const struct gdb_xml_element svr4_library_list_children[] =
{
{
"library", svr4_library_attributes, NULL,
GDB_XML_EF_REPEATABLE | GDB_XML_EF_OPTIONAL,
library_list_start_library, NULL
},
{ NULL, NULL, NULL, GDB_XML_EF_NONE, NULL, NULL }
};
static const struct gdb_xml_attribute svr4_library_list_attributes[] =
{
{ "version", GDB_XML_AF_NONE, NULL, NULL },
{ "main-lm", GDB_XML_AF_OPTIONAL, gdb_xml_parse_attr_ulongest, NULL },
{ NULL, GDB_XML_AF_NONE, NULL, NULL }
};
static const struct gdb_xml_element svr4_library_list_elements[] =
{
{ "library-list-svr4", svr4_library_list_attributes, svr4_library_list_children,
GDB_XML_EF_NONE, svr4_library_list_start_list, NULL },
{ NULL, NULL, NULL, GDB_XML_EF_NONE, NULL, NULL }
};
/* Parse qXfer:libraries:read packet into *SO_LIST_RETURN. Return 1 if
Return 0 if packet not supported, *SO_LIST_RETURN is not modified in such
case. Return 1 if *SO_LIST_RETURN contains the library list, it may be
empty, caller is responsible for freeing all its entries. */
static int
svr4_parse_libraries (const char *document, struct svr4_library_list *list)
{
auto cleanup = make_scope_exit ([&] ()
{
svr4_free_library_list (&list->head);
});
memset (list, 0, sizeof (*list));
list->tailp = &list->head;
if (gdb_xml_parse_quick (_("target library list"), "library-list-svr4.dtd",
svr4_library_list_elements, document, list) == 0)
{
/* Parsed successfully, keep the result. */
cleanup.release ();
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Attempt to get so_list from target via qXfer:libraries-svr4:read packet.
Return 0 if packet not supported, *SO_LIST_RETURN is not modified in such
case. Return 1 if *SO_LIST_RETURN contains the library list, it may be
empty, caller is responsible for freeing all its entries.
Note that ANNEX must be NULL if the remote does not explicitly allow
qXfer:libraries-svr4:read packets with non-empty annexes. Support for
this can be checked using target_augmented_libraries_svr4_read (). */
static int
svr4_current_sos_via_xfer_libraries (struct svr4_library_list *list,
const char *annex)
{
gdb_assert (annex == NULL || target_augmented_libraries_svr4_read ());
/* Fetch the list of shared libraries. */
gdb::optional<gdb::char_vector> svr4_library_document
= target_read_stralloc (current_inferior ()->top_target (),
TARGET_OBJECT_LIBRARIES_SVR4,
annex);
if (!svr4_library_document)
return 0;
return svr4_parse_libraries (svr4_library_document->data (), list);
}
#else
static int
svr4_current_sos_via_xfer_libraries (struct svr4_library_list *list,
const char *annex)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
/* If no shared library information is available from the dynamic
linker, build a fallback list from other sources. */
static struct so_list *
svr4_default_sos (svr4_info *info)
{
struct so_list *newobj;
if (!info->debug_loader_offset_p)
return NULL;
newobj = XCNEW (struct so_list);
lm_info_svr4 *li = new lm_info_svr4;
newobj->lm_info = li;
/* Nothing will ever check the other fields if we set l_addr_p. */
li->l_addr = info->debug_loader_offset;
li->l_addr_p = 1;
strncpy (newobj->so_name, info->debug_loader_name, SO_NAME_MAX_PATH_SIZE - 1);
newobj->so_name[SO_NAME_MAX_PATH_SIZE - 1] = '\0';
strcpy (newobj->so_original_name, newobj->so_name);
return newobj;
}
/* Read the whole inferior libraries chain starting at address LM.
Expect the first entry in the chain's previous entry to be PREV_LM.
Add the entries to the tail referenced by LINK_PTR_PTR. Ignore the
first entry if IGNORE_FIRST and set global MAIN_LM_ADDR according
to it. Returns nonzero upon success. If zero is returned the
entries stored to LINK_PTR_PTR are still valid although they may
represent only part of the inferior library list. */
static int
svr4_read_so_list (svr4_info *info, CORE_ADDR lm, CORE_ADDR prev_lm,
struct so_list ***link_ptr_ptr, int ignore_first)
{
CORE_ADDR first_l_name = 0;
CORE_ADDR next_lm;
for (; lm != 0; prev_lm = lm, lm = next_lm)
{
so_list_up newobj (XCNEW (struct so_list));
lm_info_svr4 *li = lm_info_read (lm).release ();
newobj->lm_info = li;
if (li == NULL)
return 0;
next_lm = li->l_next;
if (li->l_prev != prev_lm)
{
warning (_("Corrupted shared library list: %s != %s"),
paddress (target_gdbarch (), prev_lm),
paddress (target_gdbarch (), li->l_prev));
return 0;
}
/* For SVR4 versions, the first entry in the link map is for the
inferior executable, so we must ignore it. For some versions of
SVR4, it has no name. For others (Solaris 2.3 for example), it
does have a name, so we can no longer use a missing name to
decide when to ignore it. */
if (ignore_first && li->l_prev == 0)
{
first_l_name = li->l_name;
info->main_lm_addr = li->lm_addr;
continue;
}
/* Extract this shared object's name. */
gdb::unique_xmalloc_ptr<char> buffer
= target_read_string (li->l_name, SO_NAME_MAX_PATH_SIZE - 1);
if (buffer == nullptr)
{
/* If this entry's l_name address matches that of the
inferior executable, then this is not a normal shared
object, but (most likely) a vDSO. In this case, silently
skip it; otherwise emit a warning. */
if (first_l_name == 0 || li->l_name != first_l_name)
warning (_("Can't read pathname for load map."));
continue;
}
strncpy (newobj->so_name, buffer.get (), SO_NAME_MAX_PATH_SIZE - 1);
newobj->so_name[SO_NAME_MAX_PATH_SIZE - 1] = '\0';
strcpy (newobj->so_original_name, newobj->so_name);
/* If this entry has no name, or its name matches the name
for the main executable, don't include it in the list. */
if (! newobj->so_name[0] || match_main (newobj->so_name))
continue;
newobj->next = 0;
/* Don't free it now. */
**link_ptr_ptr = newobj.release ();
*link_ptr_ptr = &(**link_ptr_ptr)->next;
}
return 1;
}
/* Read the full list of currently loaded shared objects directly
from the inferior, without referring to any libraries read and
stored by the probes interface. Handle special cases relating
to the first elements of the list. */
static struct so_list *
svr4_current_sos_direct (struct svr4_info *info)
{
CORE_ADDR lm;
struct so_list *head = NULL;
struct so_list **link_ptr = &head;
int ignore_first;
struct svr4_library_list library_list;
/* Fall back to manual examination of the target if the packet is not
supported or gdbserver failed to find DT_DEBUG. gdb.server/solib-list.exp
tests a case where gdbserver cannot find the shared libraries list while
GDB itself is able to find it via SYMFILE_OBJFILE.
Unfortunately statically linked inferiors will also fall back through this
suboptimal code path. */
info->using_xfer = svr4_current_sos_via_xfer_libraries (&library_list,
NULL);
if (info->using_xfer)
{
if (library_list.main_lm)
info->main_lm_addr = library_list.main_lm;
return library_list.head ? library_list.head : svr4_default_sos (info);
}
/* Always locate the debug struct, in case it has moved. */
info->debug_base = 0;
locate_base (info);
/* If we can't find the dynamic linker's base structure, this
must not be a dynamically linked executable. Hmm. */
if (! info->debug_base)
return svr4_default_sos (info);
/* Assume that everything is a library if the dynamic loader was loaded
late by a static executable. */
if (current_program_space->exec_bfd ()
&& bfd_get_section_by_name (current_program_space->exec_bfd (),
".dynamic") == NULL)
ignore_first = 0;
else
ignore_first = 1;
auto cleanup = make_scope_exit ([&] ()
{
svr4_free_library_list (&head);
});
/* Walk the inferior's link map list, and build our list of
`struct so_list' nodes. */
lm = solib_svr4_r_map (info);
if (lm)
svr4_read_so_list (info, lm, 0, &link_ptr, ignore_first);
/* On Solaris, the dynamic linker is not in the normal list of
shared objects, so make sure we pick it up too. Having
symbol information for the dynamic linker is quite crucial
for skipping dynamic linker resolver code. */
lm = solib_svr4_r_ldsomap (info);
if (lm)
svr4_read_so_list (info, lm, 0, &link_ptr, 0);
cleanup.release ();
if (head == NULL)
return svr4_default_sos (info);
return head;
}
/* Implement the main part of the "current_sos" target_so_ops
method. */
static struct so_list *
svr4_current_sos_1 (svr4_info *info)
{
/* If the solib list has been read and stored by the probes
interface then we return a copy of the stored list. */
if (info->solib_list != NULL)
return svr4_copy_library_list (info->solib_list);
/* Otherwise obtain the solib list directly from the inferior. */
return svr4_current_sos_direct (info);
}
/* Implement the "current_sos" target_so_ops method. */
static struct so_list *
svr4_current_sos (void)
{
svr4_info *info = get_svr4_info (current_program_space);
struct so_list *so_head = svr4_current_sos_1 (info);
struct mem_range vsyscall_range;
/* Filter out the vDSO module, if present. Its symbol file would
not be found on disk. The vDSO/vsyscall's OBJFILE is instead
managed by symfile-mem.c:add_vsyscall_page. */
if (gdbarch_vsyscall_range (target_gdbarch (), &vsyscall_range)
&& vsyscall_range.length != 0)
{
struct so_list **sop;
sop = &so_head;
while (*sop != NULL)
{
struct so_list *so = *sop;
/* We can't simply match the vDSO by starting address alone,
because lm_info->l_addr_inferior (and also l_addr) do not
necessarily represent the real starting address of the
ELF if the vDSO's ELF itself is "prelinked". The l_ld
field (the ".dynamic" section of the shared object)
always points at the absolute/resolved address though.
So check whether that address is inside the vDSO's
mapping instead.
E.g., on Linux 3.16 (x86_64) the vDSO is a regular
0-based ELF, and we see:
(gdb) info auxv
33 AT_SYSINFO_EHDR System-supplied DSO's ELF header 0x7ffff7ffb000
(gdb) p/x *_r_debug.r_map.l_next
$1 = {l_addr = 0x7ffff7ffb000, ..., l_ld = 0x7ffff7ffb318, ...}
And on Linux 2.6.32 (x86_64) we see:
(gdb) info auxv
33 AT_SYSINFO_EHDR System-supplied DSO's ELF header 0x7ffff7ffe000
(gdb) p/x *_r_debug.r_map.l_next
$5 = {l_addr = 0x7ffff88fe000, ..., l_ld = 0x7ffff7ffe580, ... }
Dumping that vDSO shows:
(gdb) info proc mappings
0x7ffff7ffe000 0x7ffff7fff000 0x1000 0 [vdso]
(gdb) dump memory vdso.bin 0x7ffff7ffe000 0x7ffff7fff000
# readelf -Wa vdso.bin
[...]
Entry point address: 0xffffffffff700700
[...]
Section Headers:
[Nr] Name Type Address Off Size
[ 0] NULL 0000000000000000 000000 000000
[ 1] .hash HASH ffffffffff700120 000120 000038
[ 2] .dynsym DYNSYM ffffffffff700158 000158 0000d8
[...]
[ 9] .dynamic DYNAMIC ffffffffff700580 000580 0000f0
*/
lm_info_svr4 *li = (lm_info_svr4 *) so->lm_info;
if (address_in_mem_range (li->l_ld, &vsyscall_range))
{
*sop = so->next;
free_so (so);
break;
}
sop = &so->next;
}
}
return so_head;
}
/* Get the address of the link_map for a given OBJFILE. */
CORE_ADDR
svr4_fetch_objfile_link_map (struct objfile *objfile)
{
struct svr4_info *info = get_svr4_info (objfile->pspace);
/* Cause svr4_current_sos() to be run if it hasn't been already. */
if (info->main_lm_addr == 0)
solib_add (NULL, 0, auto_solib_add);
/* svr4_current_sos() will set main_lm_addr for the main executable. */
if (objfile == current_program_space->symfile_object_file)
return info->main_lm_addr;
/* If OBJFILE is a separate debug object file, look for the
original object file. */
if (objfile->separate_debug_objfile_backlink != NULL)
objfile = objfile->separate_debug_objfile_backlink;
/* The other link map addresses may be found by examining the list
of shared libraries. */
for (struct so_list *so : current_program_space->solibs ())
if (so->objfile == objfile)
{
lm_info_svr4 *li = (lm_info_svr4 *) so->lm_info;
return li->lm_addr;
}
/* Not found! */
return 0;
}
/* On some systems, the only way to recognize the link map entry for
the main executable file is by looking at its name. Return
non-zero iff SONAME matches one of the known main executable names. */
static int
match_main (const char *soname)
{
const char * const *mainp;
for (mainp = main_name_list; *mainp != NULL; mainp++)
{
if (strcmp (soname, *mainp) == 0)
return (1);
}
return (0);
}
/* Return 1 if PC lies in the dynamic symbol resolution code of the
SVR4 run time loader. */
int
svr4_in_dynsym_resolve_code (CORE_ADDR pc)
{
struct svr4_info *info = get_svr4_info (current_program_space);
return ((pc >= info->interp_text_sect_low
&& pc < info->interp_text_sect_high)
|| (pc >= info->interp_plt_sect_low
&& pc < info->interp_plt_sect_high)
|| in_plt_section (pc)
|| in_gnu_ifunc_stub (pc));
}
/* Given an executable's ABFD and target, compute the entry-point
address. */
static CORE_ADDR
exec_entry_point (struct bfd *abfd, struct target_ops *targ)
{
CORE_ADDR addr;
/* KevinB wrote ... for most targets, the address returned by
bfd_get_start_address() is the entry point for the start
function. But, for some targets, bfd_get_start_address() returns
the address of a function descriptor from which the entry point
address may be extracted. This address is extracted by
gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr(). The method
gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr() is the merely the identify
function for targets which don't use function descriptors. */
addr = gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr (target_gdbarch (),
bfd_get_start_address (abfd),
targ);
return gdbarch_addr_bits_remove (target_gdbarch (), addr);
}
/* A probe and its associated action. */
struct probe_and_action
{
/* The probe. */
probe *prob;
/* The relocated address of the probe. */
CORE_ADDR address;
/* The action. */
enum probe_action action;
/* The objfile where this probe was found. */
struct objfile *objfile;
};
/* Returns a hash code for the probe_and_action referenced by p. */
static hashval_t
hash_probe_and_action (const void *p)
{
const struct probe_and_action *pa = (const struct probe_and_action *) p;
return (hashval_t) pa->address;
}
/* Returns non-zero if the probe_and_actions referenced by p1 and p2
are equal. */
static int
equal_probe_and_action (const void *p1, const void *p2)
{
const struct probe_and_action *pa1 = (const struct probe_and_action *) p1;
const struct probe_and_action *pa2 = (const struct probe_and_action *) p2;
return pa1->address == pa2->address;
}
/* Traversal function for probes_table_remove_objfile_probes. */
static int
probes_table_htab_remove_objfile_probes (void **slot, void *info)
{
probe_and_action *pa = (probe_and_action *) *slot;
struct objfile *objfile = (struct objfile *) info;
if (pa->objfile == objfile)
htab_clear_slot (get_svr4_info (objfile->pspace)->probes_table.get (),
slot);
return 1;
}
/* Remove all probes that belong to OBJFILE from the probes table. */
static void
probes_table_remove_objfile_probes (struct objfile *objfile)
{
svr4_info *info = get_svr4_info (objfile->pspace);
if (info->probes_table != nullptr)
htab_traverse_noresize (info->probes_table.get (),
probes_table_htab_remove_objfile_probes, objfile);
}
/* Register a solib event probe and its associated action in the
probes table. */
static void
register_solib_event_probe (svr4_info *info, struct objfile *objfile,
probe *prob, CORE_ADDR address,
enum probe_action action)
{
struct probe_and_action lookup, *pa;
void **slot;
/* Create the probes table, if necessary. */
if (info->probes_table == NULL)
info->probes_table.reset (htab_create_alloc (1, hash_probe_and_action,
equal_probe_and_action,
xfree, xcalloc, xfree));
lookup.address = address;
slot = htab_find_slot (info->probes_table.get (), &lookup, INSERT);
gdb_assert (*slot == HTAB_EMPTY_ENTRY);
pa = XCNEW (struct probe_and_action);
pa->prob = prob;
pa->address = address;
pa->action = action;
pa->objfile = objfile;
*slot = pa;
}
/* Get the solib event probe at the specified location, and the
action associated with it. Returns NULL if no solib event probe
was found. */
static struct probe_and_action *
solib_event_probe_at (struct svr4_info *info, CORE_ADDR address)
{
struct probe_and_action lookup;
void **slot;
lookup.address = address;
slot = htab_find_slot (info->probes_table.get (), &lookup, NO_INSERT);
if (slot == NULL)
return NULL;
return (struct probe_and_action *) *slot;
}
/* Decide what action to take when the specified solib event probe is
hit. */
static enum probe_action
solib_event_probe_action (struct probe_and_action *pa)
{
enum probe_action action;
unsigned probe_argc = 0;
struct frame_info *frame = get_current_frame ();
action = pa->action;
if (action == DO_NOTHING || action == PROBES_INTERFACE_FAILED)
return action;
gdb_assert (action == FULL_RELOAD || action == UPDATE_OR_RELOAD);
/* Check that an appropriate number of arguments has been supplied.
We expect:
arg0: Lmid_t lmid (mandatory)
arg1: struct r_debug *debug_base (mandatory)
arg2: struct link_map *new (optional, for incremental updates) */
try
{
probe_argc = pa->prob->get_argument_count (get_frame_arch (frame));
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error &ex)
{
exception_print (gdb_stderr, ex);
probe_argc = 0;
}
/* If get_argument_count throws an exception, probe_argc will be set
to zero. However, if pa->prob does not have arguments, then
get_argument_count will succeed but probe_argc will also be zero.
Both cases happen because of different things, but they are
treated equally here: action will be set to
PROBES_INTERFACE_FAILED. */
if (probe_argc == 2)
action = FULL_RELOAD;
else if (probe_argc < 2)
action = PROBES_INTERFACE_FAILED;
return action;
}
/* Populate the shared object list by reading the entire list of
shared objects from the inferior. Handle special cases relating
to the first elements of the list. Returns nonzero on success. */
static int
solist_update_full (struct svr4_info *info)
{
free_solib_list (info);
info->solib_list = svr4_current_sos_direct (info);
return 1;
}
/* Update the shared object list starting from the link-map entry
passed by the linker in the probe's third argument. Returns
nonzero if the list was successfully updated, or zero to indicate
failure. */
static int
solist_update_incremental (struct svr4_info *info, CORE_ADDR lm)
{
struct so_list *tail;
CORE_ADDR prev_lm;
/* svr4_current_sos_direct contains logic to handle a number of
special cases relating to the first elements of the list. To
avoid duplicating this logic we defer to solist_update_full
if the list is empty. */
if (info->solib_list == NULL)
return 0;
/* Fall back to a full update if we are using a remote target
that does not support incremental transfers. */
if (info->using_xfer && !target_augmented_libraries_svr4_read ())
return 0;
/* Walk to the end of the list. */
for (tail = info->solib_list; tail->next != NULL; tail = tail->next)
/* Nothing. */;
lm_info_svr4 *li = (lm_info_svr4 *) tail->lm_info;
prev_lm = li->lm_addr;
/* Read the new objects. */
if (info->using_xfer)
{
struct svr4_library_list library_list;
char annex[64];
xsnprintf (annex, sizeof (annex), "start=%s;prev=%s",
phex_nz (lm, sizeof (lm)),
phex_nz (prev_lm, sizeof (prev_lm)));
if (!svr4_current_sos_via_xfer_libraries (&library_list, annex))
return 0;
tail->next = library_list.head;
}
else
{
struct so_list **link = &tail->next;
/* IGNORE_FIRST may safely be set to zero here because the
above check and deferral to solist_update_full ensures
that this call to svr4_read_so_list will never see the
first element. */
if (!svr4_read_so_list (info, lm, prev_lm, &link, 0))
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/* Disable the probes-based linker interface and revert to the
original interface. We don't reset the breakpoints as the
ones set up for the probes-based interface are adequate. */
static void
disable_probes_interface (svr4_info *info)
{
warning (_("Probes-based dynamic linker interface failed.\n"
"Reverting to original interface."));
free_probes_table (info);
free_solib_list (info);
}
/* Update the solib list as appropriate when using the
probes-based linker interface. Do nothing if using the
standard interface. */
static void
svr4_handle_solib_event (void)
{
struct svr4_info *info = get_svr4_info (current_program_space);
struct probe_and_action *pa;
enum probe_action action;
struct value *val = NULL;
CORE_ADDR pc, debug_base, lm = 0;
struct frame_info *frame = get_current_frame ();
/* Do nothing if not using the probes interface. */
if (info->probes_table == NULL)
return;
/* If anything goes wrong we revert to the original linker
interface. */
auto cleanup = make_scope_exit ([info] ()
{
disable_probes_interface (info);
});
pc = regcache_read_pc (get_current_regcache ());
pa = solib_event_probe_at (info, pc);
if (pa == NULL)
return;
action = solib_event_probe_action (pa);
if (action == PROBES_INTERFACE_FAILED)
return;
if (action == DO_NOTHING)
{
cleanup.release ();
return;
}
/* evaluate_argument looks up symbols in the dynamic linker
using find_pc_section. find_pc_section is accelerated by a cache
called the section map. The section map is invalidated every
time a shared library is loaded or unloaded, and if the inferior
is generating a lot of shared library events then the section map
will be updated every time svr4_handle_solib_event is called.
We called find_pc_section in svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints,
so we can guarantee that the dynamic linker's sections are in the
section map. We can therefore inhibit section map updates across
these calls to evaluate_argument and save a lot of time. */
{
scoped_restore inhibit_updates
= inhibit_section_map_updates (current_program_space);
try
{
val = pa->prob->evaluate_argument (1, frame);
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error &ex)
{
exception_print (gdb_stderr, ex);
val = NULL;
}
if (val == NULL)
return;
debug_base = value_as_address (val);
if (debug_base == 0)
return;
/* Always locate the debug struct, in case it moved. */
info->debug_base = 0;
if (locate_base (info) == 0)
{
/* It's possible for the reloc_complete probe to be triggered before
the linker has set the DT_DEBUG pointer (for example, when the
linker has finished relocating an LD_AUDIT library or its
dependencies). Since we can't yet handle libraries from other link
namespaces, we don't lose anything by ignoring them here. */
struct value *link_map_id_val;
try
{
link_map_id_val = pa->prob->evaluate_argument (0, frame);
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error)
{
link_map_id_val = NULL;
}
/* glibc and illumos' libc both define LM_ID_BASE as zero. */
if (link_map_id_val != NULL && value_as_long (link_map_id_val) != 0)
action = DO_NOTHING;
else
return;
}
/* GDB does not currently support libraries loaded via dlmopen
into namespaces other than the initial one. We must ignore
any namespace other than the initial namespace here until
support for this is added to GDB. */
if (debug_base != info->debug_base)
action = DO_NOTHING;
if (action == UPDATE_OR_RELOAD)
{
try
{
val = pa->prob->evaluate_argument (2, frame);
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error &ex)
{
exception_print (gdb_stderr, ex);
return;
}
if (val != NULL)
lm = value_as_address (val);
if (lm == 0)
action = FULL_RELOAD;
}
/* Resume section map updates. Closing the scope is
sufficient. */
}
if (action == UPDATE_OR_RELOAD)
{
if (!solist_update_incremental (info, lm))
action = FULL_RELOAD;
}
if (action == FULL_RELOAD)
{
if (!solist_update_full (info))
return;
}
cleanup.release ();
}
/* Helper function for svr4_update_solib_event_breakpoints. */
static bool
svr4_update_solib_event_breakpoint (struct breakpoint *b)
{
if (b->type != bp_shlib_event)
{
/* Continue iterating. */
return false;
}
for (bp_location *loc : b->locations ())
{
struct svr4_info *info;
struct probe_and_action *pa;
info = solib_svr4_pspace_data.get (loc->pspace);
if (info == NULL || info->probes_table == NULL)
continue;
pa = solib_event_probe_at (info, loc->address);
if (pa == NULL)
continue;
if (pa->action == DO_NOTHING)
{
if (b->enable_state == bp_disabled && stop_on_solib_events)
enable_breakpoint (b);
else if (b->enable_state == bp_enabled && !stop_on_solib_events)
disable_breakpoint (b);
}
break;
}
/* Continue iterating. */
return false;
}
/* Enable or disable optional solib event breakpoints as appropriate.
Called whenever stop_on_solib_events is changed. */
static void
svr4_update_solib_event_breakpoints (void)
{
for (breakpoint *bp : all_breakpoints_safe ())
svr4_update_solib_event_breakpoint (bp);
}
/* Create and register solib event breakpoints. PROBES is an array
of NUM_PROBES elements, each of which is vector of probes. A
solib event breakpoint will be created and registered for each
probe. */
static void
svr4_create_probe_breakpoints (svr4_info *info, struct gdbarch *gdbarch,
const std::vector<probe *> *probes,
struct objfile *objfile)
{
for (int i = 0; i < NUM_PROBES; i++)
{
enum probe_action action = probe_info[i].action;
for (probe *p : probes[i])
{
CORE_ADDR address = p->get_relocated_address (objfile);
create_solib_event_breakpoint (gdbarch, address);
register_solib_event_probe (info, objfile, p, address, action);
}
}
svr4_update_solib_event_breakpoints ();
}
/* Find all the glibc named probes. Only if all of the probes are found, then
create them and return true. Otherwise return false. If WITH_PREFIX is set
then add "rtld" to the front of the probe names. */
static bool
svr4_find_and_create_probe_breakpoints (svr4_info *info,
struct gdbarch *gdbarch,
struct obj_section *os,
bool with_prefix)
{
std::vector<probe *> probes[NUM_PROBES];
for (int i = 0; i < NUM_PROBES; i++)
{
const char *name = probe_info[i].name;
char buf[32];
/* Fedora 17 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2-6.4 shipped with an early
version of the probes code in which the probes' names were prefixed
with "rtld_" and the "map_failed" probe did not exist. The locations
of the probes are otherwise the same, so we check for probes with
prefixed names if probes with unprefixed names are not present. */
if (with_prefix)
{
xsnprintf (buf, sizeof (buf), "rtld_%s", name);
name = buf;
}
probes[i] = find_probes_in_objfile (os->objfile, "rtld", name);
/* The "map_failed" probe did not exist in early
versions of the probes code in which the probes'
names were prefixed with "rtld_". */
if (with_prefix && streq (name, "rtld_map_failed"))
continue;
/* Ensure at least one probe for the current name was found. */
if (probes[i].empty ())
return false;
/* Ensure probe arguments can be evaluated. */
for (probe *p : probes[i])
{
if (!p->can_evaluate_arguments ())
return false;
/* This will fail if the probe is invalid. This has been seen on Arm
due to references to symbols that have been resolved away. */
try
{
p->get_argument_count (gdbarch);
}
catch (const gdb_exception_error &ex)
{
exception_print (gdb_stderr, ex);
warning (_("Initializing probes-based dynamic linker interface "
"failed.\nReverting to original interface."));
return false;
}
}
}
/* All probes found. Now create them. */
svr4_create_probe_breakpoints (info, gdbarch, probes, os->objfile);
return true;
}
/* Both the SunOS and the SVR4 dynamic linkers call a marker function
before and after mapping and unmapping shared libraries. The sole
purpose of this method is to allow debuggers to set a breakpoint so
they can track these changes.
Some versions of the glibc dynamic linker contain named probes
to allow more fine grained stopping. Given the address of the
original marker function, this function attempts to find these
probes, and if found, sets breakpoints on those instead. If the
probes aren't found, a single breakpoint is set on the original
marker function. */
static void
svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints (svr4_info *info, struct gdbarch *gdbarch,
CORE_ADDR address)
{
struct obj_section *os = find_pc_section (address);
if (os == nullptr
|| (!svr4_find_and_create_probe_breakpoints (info, gdbarch, os, false)
&& !svr4_find_and_create_probe_breakpoints (info, gdbarch, os, true)))
create_solib_event_breakpoint (gdbarch, address);
}
/* Helper function for gdb_bfd_lookup_symbol. */
static int
cmp_name_and_sec_flags (const asymbol *sym, const void *data)
{
return (strcmp (sym->name, (const char *) data) == 0
&& (sym->section->flags & (SEC_CODE | SEC_DATA)) != 0);
}
/* Arrange for dynamic linker to hit breakpoint.
Both the SunOS and the SVR4 dynamic linkers have, as part of their
debugger interface, support for arranging for the inferior to hit
a breakpoint after mapping in the shared libraries. This function
enables that breakpoint.
For SunOS, there is a special flag location (in_debugger) which we
set to 1. When the dynamic linker sees this flag set, it will set
a breakpoint at a location known only to itself, after saving the
original contents of that place and the breakpoint address itself,
in it's own internal structures. When we resume the inferior, it
will eventually take a SIGTRAP when it runs into the breakpoint.
We handle this (in a different place) by restoring the contents of
the breakpointed location (which is only known after it stops),
chasing around to locate the shared libraries that have been
loaded, then resuming.
For SVR4, the debugger interface structure contains a member (r_brk)
which is statically initialized at the time the shared library is
built, to the offset of a function (_r_debug_state) which is guaran-
teed to be called once before mapping in a library, and again when
the mapping is complete. At the time we are examining this member,
it contains only the unrelocated offset of the function, so we have
to do our own relocation. Later, when the dynamic linker actually
runs, it relocates r_brk to be the actual address of _r_debug_state().
The debugger interface structure also contains an enumeration which
is set to either RT_ADD or RT_DELETE prior to changing the mapping,
depending upon whether or not the library is being mapped or unmapped,
and then set to RT_CONSISTENT after the library is mapped/unmapped. */
static int
enable_break (struct svr4_info *info, int from_tty)
{
struct bound_minimal_symbol msymbol;
const char * const *bkpt_namep;
asection *interp_sect;
CORE_ADDR sym_addr;
info->interp_text_sect_low = info->interp_text_sect_high = 0;
info->interp_plt_sect_low = info->interp_plt_sect_high = 0;
/* If we already have a shared library list in the target, and
r_debug contains r_brk, set the breakpoint there - this should
mean r_brk has already been relocated. Assume the dynamic linker
is the object containing r_brk. */
solib_add (NULL, from_tty, auto_solib_add);
sym_addr = 0;
if (info->debug_base && solib_svr4_r_map (info) != 0)
sym_addr = solib_svr4_r_brk (info);
if (sym_addr != 0)
{
struct obj_section *os;
sym_addr = gdbarch_addr_bits_remove
(target_gdbarch (),
gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr
(target_gdbarch (), sym_addr, current_inferior ()->top_target ()));
/* On at least some versions of Solaris there's a dynamic relocation
on _r_debug.r_brk and SYM_ADDR may not be relocated yet, e.g., if
we get control before the dynamic linker has self-relocated.
Check if SYM_ADDR is in a known section, if it is assume we can
trust its value. This is just a heuristic though, it could go away
or be replaced if it's getting in the way.
On ARM we need to know whether the ISA of rtld_db_dlactivity (or
however it's spelled in your particular system) is ARM or Thumb.
That knowledge is encoded in the address, if it's Thumb the low bit
is 1. However, we've stripped that info above and it's not clear
what all the consequences are of passing a non-addr_bits_remove'd
address to svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints. The call to
find_pc_section verifies we know about the address and have some
hope of computing the right kind of breakpoint to use (via
symbol info). It does mean that GDB needs to be pointed at a
non-stripped version of the dynamic linker in order to obtain
information it already knows about. Sigh. */
os = find_pc_section (sym_addr);
if (os != NULL)
{
/* Record the relocated start and end address of the dynamic linker
text and plt section for svr4_in_dynsym_resolve_code. */
bfd *tmp_bfd;
CORE_ADDR load_addr;
tmp_bfd = os->objfile->obfd;
load_addr = os->objfile->text_section_offset ();
interp_sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (tmp_bfd, ".text");
if (interp_sect)
{
info->interp_text_sect_low
= bfd_section_vma (interp_sect) + load_addr;
info->interp_text_sect_high
= info->interp_text_sect_low + bfd_section_size (interp_sect);
}
interp_sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (tmp_bfd, ".plt");
if (interp_sect)
{
info->interp_plt_sect_low
= bfd_section_vma (interp_sect) + load_addr;
info->interp_plt_sect_high
= info->interp_plt_sect_low + bfd_section_size (interp_sect);
}
svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints (info, target_gdbarch (), sym_addr);
return 1;
}
}
/* Find the program interpreter; if not found, warn the user and drop
into the old breakpoint at symbol code. */
gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector> interp_name_holder
= find_program_interpreter ();
if (interp_name_holder)
{
const char *interp_name = (const char *) interp_name_holder->data ();
CORE_ADDR load_addr = 0;
int load_addr_found = 0;
int loader_found_in_list = 0;
struct target_ops *tmp_bfd_target;
sym_addr = 0;
/* Now we need to figure out where the dynamic linker was
loaded so that we can load its symbols and place a breakpoint
in the dynamic linker itself.
This address is stored on the stack. However, I've been unable
to find any magic formula to find it for Solaris (appears to
be trivial on GNU/Linux). Therefore, we have to try an alternate
mechanism to find the dynamic linker's base address. */
gdb_bfd_ref_ptr tmp_bfd;
try
{
tmp_bfd = solib_bfd_open (interp_name);
}
catch (const gdb_exception &ex)
{
}
if (tmp_bfd == NULL)
goto bkpt_at_symbol;
/* Now convert the TMP_BFD into a target. That way target, as
well as BFD operations can be used. */
tmp_bfd_target = target_bfd_reopen (tmp_bfd);
/* On a running target, we can get the dynamic linker's base
address from the shared library table. */
for (struct so_list *so : current_program_space->solibs ())
{
if (svr4_same_1 (interp_name, so->so_original_name))
{
load_addr_found = 1;
loader_found_in_list = 1;
load_addr = lm_addr_check (so, tmp_bfd.get ());
break;
}
}
/* If we were not able to find the base address of the loader
from our so_list, then try using the AT_BASE auxilliary entry. */
if (!load_addr_found)
if (target_auxv_search (current_inferior ()->top_target (),
AT_BASE, &load_addr) > 0)
{
int addr_bit = gdbarch_addr_bit (target_gdbarch ());
/* Ensure LOAD_ADDR has proper sign in its possible upper bits so
that `+ load_addr' will overflow CORE_ADDR width not creating
invalid addresses like 0x101234567 for 32bit inferiors on 64bit
GDB. */
if (addr_bit < (sizeof (CORE_ADDR) * HOST_CHAR_BIT))
{
CORE_ADDR space_size = (CORE_ADDR) 1 << addr_bit;
CORE_ADDR tmp_entry_point = exec_entry_point (tmp_bfd.get (),
tmp_bfd_target);
gdb_assert (load_addr < space_size);
/* TMP_ENTRY_POINT exceeding SPACE_SIZE would be for prelinked
64bit ld.so with 32bit executable, it should not happen. */
if (tmp_entry_point < space_size
&& tmp_entry_point + load_addr >= space_size)
load_addr -= space_size;
}
load_addr_found = 1;
}
/* Otherwise we find the dynamic linker's base address by examining
the current pc (which should point at the entry point for the
dynamic linker) and subtracting the offset of the entry point.
This is more fragile than the previous approaches, but is a good
fallback method because it has actually been working well in
most cases. */
if (!load_addr_found)
{
struct regcache *regcache
= get_thread_arch_regcache (current_inferior ()->process_target (),
inferior_ptid, target_gdbarch ());
load_addr = (regcache_read_pc (regcache)
- exec_entry_point (tmp_bfd.get (), tmp_bfd_target));
}
if (!loader_found_in_list)
{
info->debug_loader_name = xstrdup (interp_name);
info->debug_loader_offset_p = 1;
info->debug_loader_offset = load_addr;
solib_add (NULL, from_tty, auto_solib_add);
}
/* Record the relocated start and end address of the dynamic linker
text and plt section for svr4_in_dynsym_resolve_code. */
interp_sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (tmp_bfd.get (), ".text");
if (interp_sect)
{
info->interp_text_sect_low
= bfd_section_vma (interp_sect) + load_addr;
info->interp_text_sect_high
= info->interp_text_sect_low + bfd_section_size (interp_sect);
}
interp_sect = bfd_get_section_by_name (tmp_bfd.get (), ".plt");
if (interp_sect)
{
info->interp_plt_sect_low
= bfd_section_vma (interp_sect) + load_addr;
info->interp_plt_sect_high
= info->interp_plt_sect_low + bfd_section_size (interp_sect);
}
/* Now try to set a breakpoint in the dynamic linker. */
for (bkpt_namep = solib_break_names; *bkpt_namep != NULL; bkpt_namep++)
{
sym_addr = gdb_bfd_lookup_symbol (tmp_bfd.get (),
cmp_name_and_sec_flags,
*bkpt_namep);
if (sym_addr != 0)
break;
}
if (sym_addr != 0)
/* Convert 'sym_addr' from a function pointer to an address.
Because we pass tmp_bfd_target instead of the current
target, this will always produce an unrelocated value. */
sym_addr = gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr (target_gdbarch (),
sym_addr,
tmp_bfd_target);
/* We're done with both the temporary bfd and target. Closing
the target closes the underlying bfd, because it holds the
only remaining reference. */
target_close (tmp_bfd_target);
if (sym_addr != 0)
{
svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints (info, target_gdbarch (),
load_addr + sym_addr);
return 1;
}
/* For whatever reason we couldn't set a breakpoint in the dynamic
linker. Warn and drop into the old code. */
bkpt_at_symbol:
warning (_("Unable to find dynamic linker breakpoint function.\n"
"GDB will be unable to debug shared library initializers\n"
"and track explicitly loaded dynamic code."));
}
/* Scan through the lists of symbols, trying to look up the symbol and
set a breakpoint there. Terminate loop when we/if we succeed. */
objfile *objf = current_program_space->symfile_object_file;
for (bkpt_namep = solib_break_names; *bkpt_namep != NULL; bkpt_namep++)
{
msymbol = lookup_minimal_symbol (*bkpt_namep, NULL, objf);
if ((msymbol.minsym != NULL)
&& (BMSYMBOL_VALUE_ADDRESS (msymbol) != 0))
{
sym_addr = BMSYMBOL_VALUE_ADDRESS (msymbol);
sym_addr = gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr
(target_gdbarch (), sym_addr, current_inferior ()->top_target ());
svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints (info, target_gdbarch (),
sym_addr);
return 1;
}
}
if (interp_name_holder && !current_inferior ()->attach_flag)
{
for (bkpt_namep = bkpt_names; *bkpt_namep != NULL; bkpt_namep++)
{
msymbol = lookup_minimal_symbol (*bkpt_namep, NULL, objf);
if ((msymbol.minsym != NULL)
&& (BMSYMBOL_VALUE_ADDRESS (msymbol) != 0))
{
sym_addr = BMSYMBOL_VALUE_ADDRESS (msymbol);
sym_addr = gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr
(target_gdbarch (), sym_addr,
current_inferior ()->top_target ());
svr4_create_solib_event_breakpoints (info, target_gdbarch (),
sym_addr);
return 1;
}
}
}
return 0;
}
/* Read the ELF program headers from ABFD. */
static gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector>
read_program_headers_from_bfd (bfd *abfd)
{
Elf_Internal_Ehdr *ehdr = elf_elfheader (abfd);
int phdrs_size = ehdr->e_phnum * ehdr->e_phentsize;
if (phdrs_size == 0)
return {};
gdb::byte_vector buf (phdrs_size);
if (bfd_seek (abfd, ehdr->e_phoff, SEEK_SET) != 0
|| bfd_bread (buf.data (), phdrs_size, abfd) != phdrs_size)
return {};
return buf;
}
/* Return 1 and fill *DISPLACEMENTP with detected PIE offset of inferior
exec_bfd. Otherwise return 0.
We relocate all of the sections by the same amount. This
behavior is mandated by recent editions of the System V ABI.
According to the System V Application Binary Interface,
Edition 4.1, page 5-5:
... Though the system chooses virtual addresses for
individual processes, it maintains the segments' relative
positions. Because position-independent code uses relative
addressing between segments, the difference between
virtual addresses in memory must match the difference
between virtual addresses in the file. The difference
between the virtual address of any segment in memory and
the corresponding virtual address in the file is thus a
single constant value for any one executable or shared
object in a given process. This difference is the base
address. One use of the base address is to relocate the
memory image of the program during dynamic linking.
The same language also appears in Edition 4.0 of the System V
ABI and is left unspecified in some of the earlier editions.
Decide if the objfile needs to be relocated. As indicated above, we will
only be here when execution is stopped. But during attachment PC can be at
arbitrary address therefore regcache_read_pc can be misleading (contrary to
the auxv AT_ENTRY value). Moreover for executable with interpreter section
regcache_read_pc would point to the interpreter and not the main executable.
So, to summarize, relocations are necessary when the start address obtained
from the executable is different from the address in auxv AT_ENTRY entry.
[ The astute reader will note that we also test to make sure that
the executable in question has the DYNAMIC flag set. It is my
opinion that this test is unnecessary (undesirable even). It
was added to avoid inadvertent relocation of an executable
whose e_type member in the ELF header is not ET_DYN. There may
be a time in the future when it is desirable to do relocations
on other types of files as well in which case this condition
should either be removed or modified to accomodate the new file
type. - Kevin, Nov 2000. ] */
static int
svr4_exec_displacement (CORE_ADDR *displacementp)
{
/* ENTRY_POINT is a possible function descriptor - before
a call to gdbarch_convert_from_func_ptr_addr. */
CORE_ADDR entry_point, exec_displacement;
if (current_program_space->exec_bfd () == NULL)
return 0;
/* Therefore for ELF it is ET_EXEC and not ET_DYN. Both shared libraries
being executed themselves and PIE (Position Independent Executable)
executables are ET_DYN. */
if ((bfd_get_file_flags (current_program_space->exec_bfd ()) & DYNAMIC) == 0)
return 0;
if (target_auxv_search (current_inferior ()->top_target (),
AT_ENTRY, &entry_point) <= 0)
return 0;
exec_displacement
= entry_point - bfd_get_start_address (current_program_space->exec_bfd ());
/* Verify the EXEC_DISPLACEMENT candidate complies with the required page
alignment. It is cheaper than the program headers comparison below. */
if (bfd_get_flavour (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())
== bfd_target_elf_flavour)
{
const struct elf_backend_data *elf
= get_elf_backend_data (current_program_space->exec_bfd ());
/* p_align of PT_LOAD segments does not specify any alignment but
only congruency of addresses:
p_offset % p_align == p_vaddr % p_align
Kernel is free to load the executable with lower alignment. */
if ((exec_displacement & (elf->minpagesize - 1)) != 0)
return 0;
}
/* Verify that the auxilliary vector describes the same file as exec_bfd, by
comparing their program headers. If the program headers in the auxilliary
vector do not match the program headers in the executable, then we are
looking at a different file than the one used by the kernel - for
instance, "gdb program" connected to "gdbserver :PORT ld.so program". */
if (bfd_get_flavour (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())
== bfd_target_elf_flavour)
{
/* Be optimistic and return 0 only if GDB was able to verify the headers
really do not match. */
int arch_size;
gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector> phdrs_target
= read_program_header (-1, &arch_size, NULL);
gdb::optional<gdb::byte_vector> phdrs_binary
= read_program_headers_from_bfd (current_program_space->exec_bfd ());
if (phdrs_target && phdrs_binary)
{
enum bfd_endian byte_order = gdbarch_byte_order (target_gdbarch ());
/* We are dealing with three different addresses. EXEC_BFD
represents current address in on-disk file. target memory content
may be different from EXEC_BFD as the file may have been prelinked
to a different address after the executable has been loaded.
Moreover the address of placement in target memory can be
different from what the program headers in target memory say -
this is the goal of PIE.
Detected DISPLACEMENT covers both the offsets of PIE placement and
possible new prelink performed after start of the program. Here
relocate BUF and BUF2 just by the EXEC_BFD vs. target memory
content offset for the verification purpose. */
if (phdrs_target->size () != phdrs_binary->size ()
|| bfd_get_arch_size (current_program_space->exec_bfd ()) != arch_size)
return 0;
else if (arch_size == 32
&& phdrs_target->size () >= sizeof (Elf32_External_Phdr)
&& phdrs_target->size () % sizeof (Elf32_External_Phdr) == 0)
{
Elf_Internal_Ehdr *ehdr2
= elf_tdata (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())->elf_header;
Elf_Internal_Phdr *phdr2
= elf_tdata (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())->phdr;
CORE_ADDR displacement = 0;
int i;
/* DISPLACEMENT could be found more easily by the difference of
ehdr2->e_entry. But we haven't read the ehdr yet, and we
already have enough information to compute that displacement
with what we've read. */
for (i = 0; i < ehdr2->e_phnum; i++)
if (phdr2[i].p_type == PT_LOAD)
{
Elf32_External_Phdr *phdrp;
gdb_byte *buf_vaddr_p, *buf_paddr_p;
CORE_ADDR vaddr, paddr;
CORE_ADDR displacement_vaddr = 0;
CORE_ADDR displacement_paddr = 0;
phdrp = &((Elf32_External_Phdr *) phdrs_target->data ())[i];
buf_vaddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_vaddr;
buf_paddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_paddr;
vaddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_vaddr_p, 4,
byte_order);
displacement_vaddr = vaddr - phdr2[i].p_vaddr;
paddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_paddr_p, 4,
byte_order);
displacement_paddr = paddr - phdr2[i].p_paddr;
if (displacement_vaddr == displacement_paddr)
displacement = displacement_vaddr;
break;
}
/* Now compare program headers from the target and the binary
with optional DISPLACEMENT. */
for (i = 0;
i < phdrs_target->size () / sizeof (Elf32_External_Phdr);
i++)
{
Elf32_External_Phdr *phdrp;
Elf32_External_Phdr *phdr2p;
gdb_byte *buf_vaddr_p, *buf_paddr_p;
CORE_ADDR vaddr, paddr;
asection *plt2_asect;
phdrp = &((Elf32_External_Phdr *) phdrs_target->data ())[i];
buf_vaddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_vaddr;
buf_paddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_paddr;
phdr2p = &((Elf32_External_Phdr *) phdrs_binary->data ())[i];
/* PT_GNU_STACK is an exception by being never relocated by
prelink as its addresses are always zero. */
if (memcmp (phdrp, phdr2p, sizeof (*phdrp)) == 0)
continue;
/* Check also other adjustment combinations - PR 11786. */
vaddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_vaddr_p, 4,
byte_order);
vaddr -= displacement;
store_unsigned_integer (buf_vaddr_p, 4, byte_order, vaddr);
paddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_paddr_p, 4,
byte_order);
paddr -= displacement;
store_unsigned_integer (buf_paddr_p, 4, byte_order, paddr);
if (memcmp (phdrp, phdr2p, sizeof (*phdrp)) == 0)
continue;
/* Strip modifies the flags and alignment of PT_GNU_RELRO.
CentOS-5 has problems with filesz, memsz as well.
Strip also modifies memsz of PT_TLS.
See PR 11786. */
if (phdr2[i].p_type == PT_GNU_RELRO
|| phdr2[i].p_type == PT_TLS)
{
Elf32_External_Phdr tmp_phdr = *phdrp;
Elf32_External_Phdr tmp_phdr2 = *phdr2p;
memset (tmp_phdr.p_filesz, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr.p_memsz, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr.p_flags, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr.p_align, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_filesz, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_memsz, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_flags, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_align, 0, 4);
if (memcmp (&tmp_phdr, &tmp_phdr2, sizeof (tmp_phdr))
== 0)
continue;
}
/* prelink can convert .plt SHT_NOBITS to SHT_PROGBITS. */
bfd *exec_bfd = current_program_space->exec_bfd ();
plt2_asect = bfd_get_section_by_name (exec_bfd, ".plt");
if (plt2_asect)
{
int content2;
gdb_byte *buf_filesz_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_filesz;
CORE_ADDR filesz;
content2 = (bfd_section_flags (plt2_asect)
& SEC_HAS_CONTENTS) != 0;
filesz = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_filesz_p, 4,
byte_order);
/* PLT2_ASECT is from on-disk file (exec_bfd) while
FILESZ is from the in-memory image. */
if (content2)
filesz += bfd_section_size (plt2_asect);
else
filesz -= bfd_section_size (plt2_asect);
store_unsigned_integer (buf_filesz_p, 4, byte_order,
filesz);
if (memcmp (phdrp, phdr2p, sizeof (*phdrp)) == 0)
continue;
}
return 0;
}
}
else if (arch_size == 64
&& phdrs_target->size () >= sizeof (Elf64_External_Phdr)
&& phdrs_target->size () % sizeof (Elf64_External_Phdr) == 0)
{
Elf_Internal_Ehdr *ehdr2
= elf_tdata (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())->elf_header;
Elf_Internal_Phdr *phdr2
= elf_tdata (current_program_space->exec_bfd ())->phdr;
CORE_ADDR displacement = 0;
int i;
/* DISPLACEMENT could be found more easily by the difference of
ehdr2->e_entry. But we haven't read the ehdr yet, and we
already have enough information to compute that displacement
with what we've read. */
for (i = 0; i < ehdr2->e_phnum; i++)
if (phdr2[i].p_type == PT_LOAD)
{
Elf64_External_Phdr *phdrp;
gdb_byte *buf_vaddr_p, *buf_paddr_p;
CORE_ADDR vaddr, paddr;
CORE_ADDR displacement_vaddr = 0;
CORE_ADDR displacement_paddr = 0;
phdrp = &((Elf64_External_Phdr *) phdrs_target->data ())[i];
buf_vaddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_vaddr;
buf_paddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_paddr;
vaddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_vaddr_p, 8,
byte_order);
displacement_vaddr = vaddr - phdr2[i].p_vaddr;
paddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_paddr_p, 8,
byte_order);
displacement_paddr = paddr - phdr2[i].p_paddr;
if (displacement_vaddr == displacement_paddr)
displacement = displacement_vaddr;
break;
}
/* Now compare BUF and BUF2 with optional DISPLACEMENT. */
for (i = 0;
i < phdrs_target->size () / sizeof (Elf64_External_Phdr);
i++)
{
Elf64_External_Phdr *phdrp;
Elf64_External_Phdr *phdr2p;
gdb_byte *buf_vaddr_p, *buf_paddr_p;
CORE_ADDR vaddr, paddr;
asection *plt2_asect;
phdrp = &((Elf64_External_Phdr *) phdrs_target->data ())[i];
buf_vaddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_vaddr;
buf_paddr_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_paddr;
phdr2p = &((Elf64_External_Phdr *) phdrs_binary->data ())[i];
/* PT_GNU_STACK is an exception by being never relocated by
prelink as its addresses are always zero. */
if (memcmp (phdrp, phdr2p, sizeof (*phdrp)) == 0)
continue;
/* Check also other adjustment combinations - PR 11786. */
vaddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_vaddr_p, 8,
byte_order);
vaddr -= displacement;
store_unsigned_integer (buf_vaddr_p, 8, byte_order, vaddr);
paddr = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_paddr_p, 8,
byte_order);
paddr -= displacement;
store_unsigned_integer (buf_paddr_p, 8, byte_order, paddr);
if (memcmp (phdrp, phdr2p, sizeof (*phdrp)) == 0)
continue;
/* Strip modifies the flags and alignment of PT_GNU_RELRO.
CentOS-5 has problems with filesz, memsz as well.
Strip also modifies memsz of PT_TLS.
See PR 11786. */
if (phdr2[i].p_type == PT_GNU_RELRO
|| phdr2[i].p_type == PT_TLS)
{
Elf64_External_Phdr tmp_phdr = *phdrp;
Elf64_External_Phdr tmp_phdr2 = *phdr2p;
memset (tmp_phdr.p_filesz, 0, 8);
memset (tmp_phdr.p_memsz, 0, 8);
memset (tmp_phdr.p_flags, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr.p_align, 0, 8);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_filesz, 0, 8);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_memsz, 0, 8);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_flags, 0, 4);
memset (tmp_phdr2.p_align, 0, 8);
if (memcmp (&tmp_phdr, &tmp_phdr2, sizeof (tmp_phdr))
== 0)
continue;
}
/* prelink can convert .plt SHT_NOBITS to SHT_PROGBITS. */
plt2_asect
= bfd_get_section_by_name (current_program_space->exec_bfd (),
".plt");
if (plt2_asect)
{
int content2;
gdb_byte *buf_filesz_p = (gdb_byte *) &phdrp->p_filesz;
CORE_ADDR filesz;
content2 = (bfd_section_flags (plt2_asect)
& SEC_HAS_CONTENTS) != 0;
filesz = extract_unsigned_integer (buf_filesz_p, 8,
byte_order);
/* PLT2_ASECT is from on-disk file (current
exec_bfd) while FILESZ is from the in-memory
image. */
if (content2)
filesz += bfd_section_size (plt2_asect);
else
filesz -= bfd_section_size (plt2_asect);
store_unsigned_integer (buf_filesz_p, 8, byte_order,
filesz);
if (memcmp (phdrp, phdr2p, sizeof (*phdrp)) == 0)
continue;
}
return 0;
}
}