;; Copyright (C) 2004-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc. ;; ;; This file is part of GCC. ;; ;; GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify ;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by ;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) ;; any later version. ;; ;; GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, ;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of ;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the ;; GNU General Public License for more details. ;; ;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License ;; along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see ;; http://www.gnu.org/licenses/. */ ;; ;; Pipeline description for the VR4130 family. ;; ;; The processor issues each 8-byte aligned pair of instructions together, ;; stalling the second instruction if it depends on the first. Thus, if we ;; want two instructions to issue in parallel, we need to make sure that the ;; first one is 8-byte aligned. ;; ;; For the purposes of this pipeline description, we treat the processor ;; like a standard two-way superscalar architecture. If scheduling were ;; the last pass to run, we could use the scheduler hooks to vary the ;; issue rate depending on whether an instruction is at an aligned or ;; unaligned address. Unfortunately, delayed branch scheduling and ;; hazard avoidance are done after the final scheduling pass, and they ;; can change the addresses of many instructions. ;; ;; We get around this in two ways: ;; ;; (1) By running an extra pass at the end of compilation. This pass goes ;; through the function looking for pairs of instructions that could ;; execute in parallel. It makes sure that the first instruction in ;; each pair is suitably aligned, inserting nops if necessary. Doing ;; this gives the same kind of pipeline behavior we would see on a ;; normal superscalar target. ;; ;; This pass is generally a speed improvement, but the extra nops will ;; obviously make the program bigger. It is therefore unsuitable for ;; -Os (at the very least). ;; ;; (2) By modifying the scheduler hooks so that, where possible: ;; ;; (a) dependent instructions are separated by a non-dependent ;; instruction; ;; ;; (b) instructions that use the multiplication unit are separated ;; by non-multiplication instructions; and ;; ;; (c) memory access instructions are separated by non-memory ;; instructions. ;; ;; The idea is to keep conflicting instructions apart wherever possible ;; and thus make the schedule less dependent on alignment.

(define_automaton “vr4130_main, vr4130_muldiv, vr4130_mulpre”)

(define_cpu_unit “vr4130_alu1, vr4130_alu2, vr4130_dcache” “vr4130_main”) (define_cpu_unit “vr4130_muldiv” “vr4130_muldiv”)

;; This is a fake unit for pre-reload scheduling of multiplications. ;; It enforces the true post-reload repeat rate. (define_cpu_unit “vr4130_mulpre” “vr4130_mulpre”)

;; The scheduling hooks use this attribute for (b) above. (define_attr “vr4130_class” “mul,mem,alu” (cond [(eq_attr “type” “load,store”) (const_string “mem”)

 (eq_attr "type" "mfhi,mflo,mthi,mtlo,imul,imul3,imadd,idiv")
 (const_string "mul")]
(const_string "alu")))

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_multi” 1 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “multi,unknown,atomic,syncloop”)) “vr4130_alu1 + vr4130_alu2 + vr4130_dcache + vr4130_muldiv”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_int” 1 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “arith,const,logical,move,nop,shift,signext,slt”)) “vr4130_alu1 | vr4130_alu2”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_load” 3 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “load”)) “vr4130_dcache”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_store” 1 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “store”)) “vr4130_dcache”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_mfhilo” 3 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “mfhi,mflo”)) “vr4130_muldiv”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_mthilo” 1 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “mthi,mtlo”)) “vr4130_muldiv”)

;; The product is available in LO & HI after one cycle. Moving the result ;; into an integer register will take an additional three cycles, see mflo ;; & mfhi above. Note that the same latencies and repeat rates apply if we ;; use “mtlo; macc” instead of “mult; mflo”. (define_insn_reservation “vr4130_mulsi” 4 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (and (eq_attr “type” “imul,imul3”) (eq_attr “mode” “SI”))) “vr4130_muldiv + (vr4130_mulpre * 2)”)

;; As for vr4130_mulsi, but the product is available in LO and HI ;; after 3 cycles. (define_insn_reservation “vr4130_muldi” 6 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (and (eq_attr “type” “imul,imul3”) (eq_attr “mode” “DI”))) “(vr4130_muldiv * 3) + (vr4130_mulpre * 4)”)

;; maccs can execute in consecutive cycles without stalling, but it ;; is 3 cycles before the integer destination can be read. (define_insn_reservation “vr4130_macc” 3 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “imadd”)) “vr4130_muldiv”)

(define_bypass 1 “vr4130_mulsi,vr4130_macc” “vr4130_macc” “mips_linked_madd_p”) (define_bypass 1 “vr4130_mulsi,vr4130_macc” “vr4130_mfhilo”) (define_bypass 3 “vr4130_muldi” “vr4130_mfhilo”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_divsi” 36 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (and (eq_attr “type” “idiv”) (eq_attr “mode” “SI”))) “vr4130_muldiv * 36”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_divdi” 72 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (and (eq_attr “type” “idiv”) (eq_attr “mode” “DI”))) “vr4130_muldiv * 72”)

(define_insn_reservation “vr4130_branch” 0 (and (eq_attr “cpu” “r4130”) (eq_attr “type” “branch,jump,call”)) “vr4130_alu1 | vr4130_alu2”)