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/* Language-independent diagnostic subroutines for the GNU Compiler
Collection that are only for use in the compilers proper and not
the driver or other programs.
Copyright (C) 1999-2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<>. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "tree-pretty-print.h"
#include "gimple-pretty-print.h"
#include "tree-diagnostic.h"
#include "diagnostic-client-data-hooks.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "intl.h"
/* Prints out, if necessary, the name of the current function
that caused an error. Called from all error and warning functions. */
diagnostic_report_current_function (diagnostic_context *context,
diagnostic_info *diagnostic)
location_t loc = diagnostic_location (diagnostic);
diagnostic_report_current_module (context, loc);
lang_hooks.print_error_function (context, LOCATION_FILE (loc), diagnostic);
static void
default_tree_diagnostic_starter (diagnostic_context *context,
diagnostic_info *diagnostic)
diagnostic_report_current_function (context, diagnostic);
pp_set_prefix (context->printer, diagnostic_build_prefix (context,
/* This is a pair made of a location and the line map it originated
from. It's used in the maybe_unwind_expanded_macro_loc function
below. */
struct loc_map_pair
const line_map_macro *map;
location_t where;
/* Unwind the different macro expansions that lead to the token which
location is WHERE and emit diagnostics showing the resulting
unwound macro expansion trace. Let's look at an example to see how
the trace looks like. Suppose we have this piece of code,
artificially annotated with the line numbers to increase
$ cat -n test.c
1 #define OPERATE(OPRD1, OPRT, OPRD2) \
4 #define SHIFTL(A,B) \
5 OPERATE (A,<<,B)
7 #define MULT(A) \
8 SHIFTL (A,1)
10 void
11 g ()
12 {
13 MULT (1.0);// 1.0 << 1; <-- so this is an error.
14 }
Here is the diagnostic that we want the compiler to generate:
test.c: In function ‘g’:
test.c:5:14: error: invalid operands to binary << (have ‘double’ and ‘int’)
test.c:2:9: note: in definition of macro 'OPERATE'
test.c:8:3: note: in expansion of macro 'SHIFTL'
test.c:13:3: note: in expansion of macro 'MULT'
The part that goes from the third to the fifth line of this
diagnostic (the lines containing the 'note:' string) is called the
unwound macro expansion trace. That's the part generated by this
function. */
maybe_unwind_expanded_macro_loc (diagnostic_context *context,
location_t where)
const struct line_map *map;
auto_vec<loc_map_pair> loc_vec;
unsigned ix;
loc_map_pair loc, *iter;
const location_t original_loc = where;
map = linemap_lookup (line_table, where);
if (!linemap_macro_expansion_map_p (map))
/* Let's unwind the macros that got expanded and led to the token
which location is WHERE. We are going to store these macros into
LOC_VEC, so that we can later walk it at our convenience to
display a somewhat meaningful trace of the macro expansion
history to the user. Note that the first macro of the trace
(which is OPERATE in the example above) is going to be stored at
the beginning of LOC_VEC. */
loc.where = where; = linemap_check_macro (map);
loc_vec.safe_push (loc);
/* WHERE is the location of a token inside the expansion of a
macro. MAP is the map holding the locations of that macro
expansion. Let's get the location of the token inside the
context that triggered the expansion of this macro.
This is basically how we go "down" in the trace of macro
expansions that led to WHERE. */
where = linemap_unwind_toward_expansion (line_table, where, &map);
} while (linemap_macro_expansion_map_p (map));
/* Now map is set to the map of the location in the source that
first triggered the macro expansion. This must be an ordinary map. */
const line_map_ordinary *ord_map = linemap_check_ordinary (map);
/* Walk LOC_VEC and print the macro expansion trace, unless the
first macro which expansion triggered this trace was expanded
inside a system header. */
int saved_location_line =
expand_location_to_spelling_point (original_loc).line;
if (!LINEMAP_SYSP (ord_map))
FOR_EACH_VEC_ELT (loc_vec, ix, iter)
/* Sometimes, in the unwound macro expansion trace, we want to
print a part of the context that shows where, in the
definition of the relevant macro, is the token (we are
looking at) used. That is the case in the introductory
comment of this function, where we print:
test.c:2:9: note: in definition of macro 'OPERATE'.
We print that "macro definition context" because the
diagnostic line (emitted by the call to
pp_ouput_formatted_text in diagnostic_report_diagnostic):
test.c:5:14: error: invalid operands to binary << (have ‘double’ and ‘int’)
does not point into the definition of the macro where the
token '<<' (that is an argument to the function-like macro
OPERATE) is used. So we must "display" the line of that
macro definition context to the user somehow.
A contrario, when the first interesting diagnostic line
points into the definition of the macro, we don't need to
display any line for that macro definition in the trace
anymore, otherwise it'd be redundant. */
/* Okay, now here is what we want. For each token resulting
from macro expansion we want to show: 1/ where in the
definition of the macro the token comes from; 2/ where the
macro got expanded. */
/* Resolve the location iter->where into the locus 1/ of the
comment above. */
location_t resolved_def_loc =
linemap_resolve_location (line_table, iter->where,
/* Don't print trace for locations that are reserved or from
within a system header. */
const line_map_ordinary *m = NULL;
location_t l =
linemap_resolve_location (line_table, resolved_def_loc,
location_t l0 = l;
if (IS_ADHOC_LOC (l0))
l0 = get_location_from_adhoc_loc (line_table, l0);
/* We need to print the context of the macro definition only
when the locus of the first displayed diagnostic (displayed
before this trace) was inside the definition of the
macro. */
const int resolved_def_loc_line = SOURCE_LINE (m, l0);
if (ix == 0 && saved_location_line != resolved_def_loc_line)
diagnostic_append_note (context, resolved_def_loc,
"in definition of macro %qs",
linemap_map_get_macro_name (iter->map));
/* At this step, as we've printed the context of the macro
definition, we don't want to print the context of its
expansion, otherwise, it'd be redundant. */
/* Resolve the location of the expansion point of the macro
which expansion gave the token represented by def_loc.
This is the locus 2/ of the earlier comment. */
location_t resolved_exp_loc =
linemap_resolve_location (line_table,
diagnostic_append_note (context, resolved_exp_loc,
"in expansion of macro %qs",
linemap_map_get_macro_name (iter->map));
/* This is a diagnostic finalizer implementation that is aware of
virtual locations produced by libcpp.
It has to be called by the diagnostic finalizer of front ends that
uses libcpp and wish to get diagnostics involving tokens resulting
from macro expansion.
For a given location, if said location belongs to a token
resulting from a macro expansion, this starter prints the context
of the token. E.g, for multiply nested macro expansion, it
unwinds the nested macro expansions and prints them in a manner
that is similar to what is done for function call stacks, or
template instantiation contexts. */
virt_loc_aware_diagnostic_finalizer (diagnostic_context *context,
diagnostic_info *diagnostic)
maybe_unwind_expanded_macro_loc (context, diagnostic_location (diagnostic));
/* Default tree printer. Handles declarations only. */
default_tree_printer (pretty_printer *pp, text_info *text, const char *spec,
int precision, bool wide, bool set_locus, bool hash,
bool *, const char **)
tree t;
/* FUTURE: %+x should set the locus. */
if (precision != 0 || wide || hash)
return false;
switch (*spec)
case 'E':
t = va_arg (*text->args_ptr, tree);
pp_identifier (pp, IDENTIFIER_POINTER (t));
return true;
case 'D':
t = va_arg (*text->args_ptr, tree);
if (VAR_P (t) && DECL_HAS_DEBUG_EXPR_P (t))
case 'F':
case 'T':
t = va_arg (*text->args_ptr, tree);
return false;
if (set_locus)
text->set_location (0, DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (t), SHOW_RANGE_WITH_CARET);
if (DECL_P (t))
const char *n = DECL_NAME (t)
? identifier_to_locale (lang_hooks.decl_printable_name (t, 2))
: _("<anonymous>");
pp_string (pp, n);
dump_generic_node (pp, t, 0, TDF_SLIM, 0);
return true;
/* Set the locations of call sites along the inlining stack corresponding
to the DIAGNOSTIC location. */
static void
set_inlining_locations (diagnostic_context *,
diagnostic_info *diagnostic)
location_t loc = diagnostic_location (diagnostic);
tree block = LOCATION_BLOCK (loc);
/* Count the number of locations in system headers. When all are,
warnings are suppressed by -Wno-system-headers. Otherwise, they
involve some user code, possibly inlined into a function in a system
header, and are not treated as coming from system headers. */
unsigned nsyslocs = 0;
/* Use a reference to the vector of locations for convenience. */
auto &ilocs = diagnostic->m_iinfo.m_ilocs;
while (block && TREE_CODE (block) == BLOCK
tree ao = BLOCK_ABSTRACT_ORIGIN (block);
if (!diagnostic->m_iinfo.m_ao)
diagnostic->m_iinfo.m_ao = block;
location_t bsloc = BLOCK_SOURCE_LOCATION (block);
ilocs.safe_push (bsloc);
if (in_system_header_at (bsloc))
else if (TREE_CODE (ao) != BLOCK)
block = BLOCK_SUPERCONTEXT (block);
if (ilocs.length ())
/* When there is an inlining context use the macro expansion
location for the original location and bump up NSYSLOCS if
it's in a system header since it's not counted above. */
location_t sysloc = expansion_point_location_if_in_system_header (loc);
if (sysloc != loc)
loc = sysloc;
/* When there's no inlining context use the original location
and set NSYSLOCS accordingly. */
nsyslocs = in_system_header_at (loc) != 0;
ilocs.safe_push (loc);
/* Set if all locations are in a system header. */
diagnostic->m_iinfo.m_allsyslocs = nsyslocs == ilocs.length ();
if (tree *ao = pp_ti_abstract_origin (&diagnostic->message))
*ao = (tree)diagnostic->m_iinfo.m_ao;
/* Sets CONTEXT to use language independent diagnostics. */
tree_diagnostics_defaults (diagnostic_context *context)
diagnostic_starter (context) = default_tree_diagnostic_starter;
diagnostic_finalizer (context) = default_diagnostic_finalizer;
diagnostic_format_decoder (context) = default_tree_printer;
context->print_path = default_tree_diagnostic_path_printer;
context->make_json_for_path = default_tree_make_json_for_path;
context->set_locations_cb = set_inlining_locations;
context->m_client_data_hooks = make_compiler_data_hooks ();