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/* Define builtin-in macros for the C family front ends.
Copyright (C) 2002, 2003, 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "real.h"
#include "c-common.h"
#include "c-pragma.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "except.h" /* For USING_SJLJ_EXCEPTIONS. */
#include "toplev.h"
#include "tm_p.h" /* Target prototypes. */
/* Non-static as some targets don't use it. */
void builtin_define_std (const char *) ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
static void builtin_define_with_value_n (const char *, const char *,
static void builtin_define_with_int_value (const char *, HOST_WIDE_INT);
static void builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (const char *, tree,
int, const char *,
const char *);
static void builtin_define_type_max (const char *, tree, int);
static void builtin_define_type_precision (const char *, tree);
static void builtin_define_float_constants (const char *, const char *,
static void define__GNUC__ (void);
/* Define NAME with value TYPE precision. */
static void
builtin_define_type_precision (const char *name, tree type)
builtin_define_with_int_value (name, TYPE_PRECISION (type));
/* Define the float.h constants for TYPE using NAME_PREFIX and FP_SUFFIX. */
static void
builtin_define_float_constants (const char *name_prefix, const char *fp_suffix, tree type)
/* Used to convert radix-based values to base 10 values in several cases.
In the max_exp -> max_10_exp conversion for 128-bit IEEE, we need at
least 6 significant digits for correct results. Using the fraction
formed by (log(2)*1e6)/(log(10)*1e6) overflows a 32-bit integer as an
intermediate; perhaps someone can find a better approximation, in the
mean time, I suspect using doubles won't harm the bootstrap here. */
const double log10_2 = .30102999566398119521;
double log10_b;
const struct real_format *fmt;
char name[64], buf[128];
int dig, min_10_exp, max_10_exp;
int decimal_dig;
/* The radix of the exponent representation. */
if (type == float_type_node)
builtin_define_with_int_value ("__FLT_RADIX__", fmt->b);
log10_b = log10_2 * fmt->log2_b;
/* The number of radix digits, p, in the floating-point significand. */
sprintf (name, "__%s_MANT_DIG__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_int_value (name, fmt->p);
/* The number of decimal digits, q, such that any floating-point number
with q decimal digits can be rounded into a floating-point number with
p radix b digits and back again without change to the q decimal digits,
p log10 b if b is a power of 10
floor((p - 1) log10 b) otherwise
dig = (fmt->p - 1) * log10_b;
sprintf (name, "__%s_DIG__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_int_value (name, dig);
/* The minimum negative int x such that b**(x-1) is a normalized float. */
sprintf (name, "__%s_MIN_EXP__", name_prefix);
sprintf (buf, "(%d)", fmt->emin);
builtin_define_with_value (name, buf, 0);
/* The minimum negative int x such that 10**x is a normalized float,
ceil (log10 (b ** (emin - 1)))
= ceil (log10 (b) * (emin - 1))
Recall that emin is negative, so the integer truncation calculates
the ceiling, not the floor, in this case. */
min_10_exp = (fmt->emin - 1) * log10_b;
sprintf (name, "__%s_MIN_10_EXP__", name_prefix);
sprintf (buf, "(%d)", min_10_exp);
builtin_define_with_value (name, buf, 0);
/* The maximum int x such that b**(x-1) is a representable float. */
sprintf (name, "__%s_MAX_EXP__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_int_value (name, fmt->emax);
/* The maximum int x such that 10**x is in the range of representable
finite floating-point numbers,
floor (log10((1 - b**-p) * b**emax))
= floor (log10(1 - b**-p) + log10(b**emax))
= floor (log10(1 - b**-p) + log10(b)*emax)
The safest thing to do here is to just compute this number. But since
we don't link cc1 with libm, we cannot. We could implement log10 here
a series expansion, but that seems too much effort because:
Note that the first term, for all extant p, is a number exceedingly close
to zero, but slightly negative. Note that the second term is an integer
scaling an irrational number, and that because of the floor we are only
interested in its integral portion.
In order for the first term to have any effect on the integral portion
of the second term, the second term has to be exceedingly close to an
integer itself (e.g. 123.000000000001 or something). Getting a result
that close to an integer requires that the irrational multiplicand have
a long series of zeros in its expansion, which doesn't occur in the
first 20 digits or so of log10(b).
Hand-waving aside, crunching all of the sets of constants above by hand
does not yield a case for which the first term is significant, which
in the end is all that matters. */
max_10_exp = fmt->emax * log10_b;
sprintf (name, "__%s_MAX_10_EXP__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_int_value (name, max_10_exp);
/* The number of decimal digits, n, such that any floating-point number
can be rounded to n decimal digits and back again without change to
the value.
p * log10(b) if b is a power of 10
ceil(1 + p * log10(b)) otherwise
The only macro we care about is this number for the widest supported
floating type, but we want this value for rendering constants below. */
double d_decimal_dig = 1 + fmt->p * log10_b;
decimal_dig = d_decimal_dig;
if (decimal_dig < d_decimal_dig)
if (type == long_double_type_node)
builtin_define_with_int_value ("__DECIMAL_DIG__", decimal_dig);
/* Since, for the supported formats, B is always a power of 2, we
construct the following numbers directly as a hexadecimal
constants. */
/* The maximum representable finite floating-point number,
(1 - b**-p) * b**emax */
int i, n;
char *p;
strcpy (buf, "0x0.");
n = fmt->p * fmt->log2_b;
for (i = 0, p = buf + 4; i + 3 < n; i += 4)
*p++ = 'f';
if (i < n)
*p++ = "08ce"[n - i];
sprintf (p, "p%d", fmt->emax * fmt->log2_b);
if (fmt->pnan < fmt->p)
/* This is an IBM extended double format made up of two IEEE
doubles. The value of the long double is the sum of the
values of the two parts. The most significant part is
required to be the value of the long double rounded to the
nearest double. Rounding means we need a slightly smaller
value for LDBL_MAX. */
buf[4 + fmt->pnan / 4] = "7bde"[fmt->pnan % 4];
sprintf (name, "__%s_MAX__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig, buf, fp_suffix);
/* The minimum normalized positive floating-point number,
b**(emin-1). */
sprintf (name, "__%s_MIN__", name_prefix);
sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (fmt->emin - 1) * fmt->log2_b);
builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig, buf, fp_suffix);
/* The difference between 1 and the least value greater than 1 that is
representable in the given floating point type, b**(1-p). */
sprintf (name, "__%s_EPSILON__", name_prefix);
sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (1 - fmt->p) * fmt->log2_b);
builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig, buf, fp_suffix);
/* For C++ std::numeric_limits<T>::denorm_min. The minimum denormalized
positive floating-point number, b**(emin-p). Zero for formats that
don't support denormals. */
sprintf (name, "__%s_DENORM_MIN__", name_prefix);
if (fmt->has_denorm)
sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (fmt->emin - fmt->p) * fmt->log2_b);
builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig,
buf, fp_suffix);
sprintf (buf, "0.0%s", fp_suffix);
builtin_define_with_value (name, buf, 0);
/* For C++ std::numeric_limits<T>::has_infinity. */
sprintf (name, "__%s_HAS_INFINITY__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_int_value (name,
/* For C++ std::numeric_limits<T>::has_quiet_NaN. We do not have a
predicate to distinguish a target that has both quiet and
signalling NaNs from a target that has only quiet NaNs or only
signalling NaNs, so we assume that a target that has any kind of
NaN has quiet NaNs. */
sprintf (name, "__%s_HAS_QUIET_NAN__", name_prefix);
builtin_define_with_int_value (name, MODE_HAS_NANS (TYPE_MODE (type)));
/* Define __GNUC__, __GNUC_MINOR__ and __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__. */
static void
define__GNUC__ (void)
/* The format of the version string, enforced below, is
([^0-9]*-)?[0-9]+[.][0-9]+([.][0-9]+)?([- ].*)? */
const char *q, *v = version_string;
while (*v && ! ISDIGIT (*v))
if (!*v || (v > version_string && v[-1] != '-'))
abort ();
q = v;
while (ISDIGIT (*v))
builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC__", q, v - q);
if (c_dialect_cxx ())
builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUG__", q, v - q);
if (*v != '.' || !ISDIGIT (v[1]))
abort ();
q = ++v;
while (ISDIGIT (*v))
builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC_MINOR__", q, v - q);
if (*v == '.')
if (!ISDIGIT (v[1]))
abort ();
q = ++v;
while (ISDIGIT (*v))
builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__", q, v - q);
builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__", "0", 1);
if (*v && *v != ' ' && *v != '-')
abort ();
/* Hook that registers front end and target-specific built-ins. */
c_cpp_builtins (cpp_reader *pfile)
/* -undef turns off target-specific built-ins. */
if (flag_undef)
define__GNUC__ ();
/* For stddef.h. They require macros defined in c-common.c. */
c_stddef_cpp_builtins ();
if (c_dialect_cxx ())
cpp_define (pfile, "__GXX_WEAK__=1");
cpp_define (pfile, "__GXX_WEAK__=0");
if (warn_deprecated)
cpp_define (pfile, "__DEPRECATED");
/* Note that we define this for C as well, so that we know if
__attribute__((cleanup)) will interface with EH. */
if (flag_exceptions)
cpp_define (pfile, "__EXCEPTIONS");
/* Represents the C++ ABI version, always defined so it can be used while
preprocessing C and assembler. */
if (flag_abi_version == 0)
/* Use a very large value so that:
#if __GXX_ABI_VERSION >= <value for version X>
will work whether the user explicitly says "-fabi-version=x" or
"-fabi-version=0". Do not use INT_MAX because that will be
different from system to system. */
builtin_define_with_int_value ("__GXX_ABI_VERSION", 999999);
else if (flag_abi_version == 1)
/* Due to an historical accident, this version had the value
"102". */
builtin_define_with_int_value ("__GXX_ABI_VERSION", 102);
/* Newer versions have values 1002, 1003, .... */
builtin_define_with_int_value ("__GXX_ABI_VERSION",
1000 + flag_abi_version);
/* libgcc needs to know this. */
cpp_define (pfile, "__USING_SJLJ_EXCEPTIONS__");
/* limits.h needs to know these. */
builtin_define_type_max ("__SCHAR_MAX__", signed_char_type_node, 0);
builtin_define_type_max ("__SHRT_MAX__", short_integer_type_node, 0);
builtin_define_type_max ("__INT_MAX__", integer_type_node, 0);
builtin_define_type_max ("__LONG_MAX__", long_integer_type_node, 1);
builtin_define_type_max ("__LONG_LONG_MAX__", long_long_integer_type_node, 2);
builtin_define_type_max ("__WCHAR_MAX__", wchar_type_node, 0);
builtin_define_type_precision ("__CHAR_BIT__", char_type_node);
/* float.h needs to know these. */
builtin_define_with_int_value ("__FLT_EVAL_METHOD__",
builtin_define_float_constants ("FLT", "F", float_type_node);
builtin_define_float_constants ("DBL", "", double_type_node);
builtin_define_float_constants ("LDBL", "L", long_double_type_node);
/* For use in assembly language. */
builtin_define_with_value ("__REGISTER_PREFIX__", REGISTER_PREFIX, 0);
builtin_define_with_value ("__USER_LABEL_PREFIX__", user_label_prefix, 0);
/* Misc. */
builtin_define_with_value ("__VERSION__", version_string, 1);
/* Definitions for LP64 model. */
if (TYPE_PRECISION (long_integer_type_node) == 64
&& TYPE_PRECISION (integer_type_node) == 32)
cpp_define (pfile, "_LP64");
cpp_define (pfile, "__LP64__");
/* Other target-independent built-ins determined by command-line
options. */
if (optimize_size)
cpp_define (pfile, "__OPTIMIZE_SIZE__");
if (optimize)
cpp_define (pfile, "__OPTIMIZE__");
if (fast_math_flags_set_p ())
cpp_define (pfile, "__FAST_MATH__");
if (flag_really_no_inline)
cpp_define (pfile, "__NO_INLINE__");
if (flag_signaling_nans)
cpp_define (pfile, "__SUPPORT_SNAN__");
if (flag_finite_math_only)
cpp_define (pfile, "__FINITE_MATH_ONLY__=1");
cpp_define (pfile, "__FINITE_MATH_ONLY__=0");
if (flag_iso)
cpp_define (pfile, "__STRICT_ANSI__");
if (!flag_signed_char)
cpp_define (pfile, "__CHAR_UNSIGNED__");
if (c_dialect_cxx () && TREE_UNSIGNED (wchar_type_node))
cpp_define (pfile, "__WCHAR_UNSIGNED__");
/* Make the choice of ObjC runtime visible to source code. */
if (c_dialect_objc () && flag_next_runtime)
cpp_define (pfile, "__NEXT_RUNTIME__");
/* A straightforward target hook doesn't work, because of problems
linking that hook's body when part of non-C front ends. */
# define preprocessing_asm_p() (cpp_get_options (pfile)->lang == CLK_ASM)
# define preprocessing_trad_p() (cpp_get_options (pfile)->traditional)
# define builtin_define(TXT) cpp_define (pfile, TXT)
# define builtin_assert(TXT) cpp_assert (pfile, TXT)
/* Pass an object-like macro. If it doesn't lie in the user's
namespace, defines it unconditionally. Otherwise define a version
with two leading underscores, and another version with two leading
and trailing underscores, and define the original only if an ISO
standard was not nominated.
e.g. passing "unix" defines "__unix", "__unix__" and possibly
"unix". Passing "_mips" defines "__mips", "__mips__" and possibly
"_mips". */
builtin_define_std (const char *macro)
size_t len = strlen (macro);
char *buff = alloca (len + 5);
char *p = buff + 2;
char *q = p + len;
/* prepend __ (or maybe just _) if in user's namespace. */
memcpy (p, macro, len + 1);
if (!( *p == '_' && (p[1] == '_' || ISUPPER (p[1]))))
if (*p != '_')
*--p = '_';
if (p[1] != '_')
*--p = '_';
cpp_define (parse_in, p);
/* If it was in user's namespace... */
if (p != buff + 2)
/* Define the macro with leading and following __. */
if (q[-1] != '_')
*q++ = '_';
if (q[-2] != '_')
*q++ = '_';
*q = '\0';
cpp_define (parse_in, p);
/* Finally, define the original macro if permitted. */
if (!flag_iso)
cpp_define (parse_in, macro);
/* Pass an object-like macro and a value to define it to. The third
parameter says whether or not to turn the value into a string
constant. */
builtin_define_with_value (const char *macro, const char *expansion, int is_str)
char *buf;
size_t mlen = strlen (macro);
size_t elen = strlen (expansion);
size_t extra = 2; /* space for an = and a NUL */
if (is_str)
extra += 2; /* space for two quote marks */
buf = alloca (mlen + elen + extra);
if (is_str)
sprintf (buf, "%s=\"%s\"", macro, expansion);
sprintf (buf, "%s=%s", macro, expansion);
cpp_define (parse_in, buf);
/* Pass an object-like macro and a value to define it to. The third
parameter is the length of the expansion. */
static void
builtin_define_with_value_n (const char *macro, const char *expansion, size_t elen)
char *buf;
size_t mlen = strlen (macro);
/* Space for an = and a NUL. */
buf = alloca (mlen + elen + 2);
memcpy (buf, macro, mlen);
buf[mlen] = '=';
memcpy (buf + mlen + 1, expansion, elen);
buf[mlen + elen + 1] = '\0';
cpp_define (parse_in, buf);
/* Pass an object-like macro and an integer value to define it to. */
static void
builtin_define_with_int_value (const char *macro, HOST_WIDE_INT value)
char *buf;
size_t mlen = strlen (macro);
size_t vlen = 18;
size_t extra = 2; /* space for = and NUL. */
buf = alloca (mlen + vlen + extra);
memcpy (buf, macro, mlen);
buf[mlen] = '=';
sprintf (buf + mlen + 1, HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC, value);
cpp_define (parse_in, buf);
/* Pass an object-like macro a hexadecimal floating-point value. */
static void
builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (const char *macro,
tree type ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, int digits,
const char *hex_str, const char *fp_suffix)
char dec_str[64], buf[256];
/* Hex values are really cool and convenient, except that they're
not supported in strict ISO C90 mode. First, the "p-" sequence
is not valid as part of a preprocessor number. Second, we get a
pedwarn from the preprocessor, which has no context, so we can't
suppress the warning with __extension__.
So instead what we do is construct the number in hex (because
it's easy to get the exact correct value), parse it as a real,
then print it back out as decimal. */
real_from_string (&real, hex_str);
real_to_decimal (dec_str, &real, sizeof (dec_str), digits, 0);
sprintf (buf, "%s=%s%s", macro, dec_str, fp_suffix);
cpp_define (parse_in, buf);
/* Define MAX for TYPE based on the precision of the type. IS_LONG is
1 for type "long" and 2 for "long long". We have to handle
unsigned types, since wchar_t might be unsigned. */
static void
builtin_define_type_max (const char *macro, tree type, int is_long)
static const char *const values[]
= { "127", "255",
"32767", "65535",
"2147483647", "4294967295",
"9223372036854775807", "18446744073709551615",
"340282366920938463463374607431768211455" };
static const char *const suffixes[] = { "", "U", "L", "UL", "LL", "ULL" };
const char *value, *suffix;
char *buf;
size_t idx;
/* Pre-rendering the values mean we don't have to futz with printing a
multi-word decimal value. There are also a very limited number of
precisions that we support, so it's really a waste of time. */
switch (TYPE_PRECISION (type))
case 8: idx = 0; break;
case 16: idx = 2; break;
case 32: idx = 4; break;
case 64: idx = 6; break;
case 128: idx = 8; break;
default: abort ();
value = values[idx + TREE_UNSIGNED (type)];
suffix = suffixes[is_long * 2 + TREE_UNSIGNED (type)];
buf = alloca (strlen (macro) + 1 + strlen (value) + strlen (suffix) + 1);
sprintf (buf, "%s=%s%s", macro, value, suffix);
cpp_define (parse_in, buf);