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-- --
-- --
-- T A B L E --
-- --
-- S p e c --
-- --
-- Copyright (C) 1992-2018, Free Software Foundation, Inc. --
-- --
-- GNAT is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Soft- --
-- ware Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion. GNAT is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- --
-- As a special exception under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted --
-- additional permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, --
-- version 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation. --
-- --
-- You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and --
-- a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program; --
-- see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see --
-- <>. --
-- --
-- GNAT was originally developed by the GNAT team at New York University. --
-- Extensive contributions were provided by Ada Core Technologies Inc. --
-- --
-- This package provides an implementation of dynamically resizable one
-- dimensional arrays. The idea is to mimic the normal Ada semantics for
-- arrays as closely as possible with the one additional capability of
-- dynamically modifying the value of the Last attribute.
-- This package uses a very efficient memory management scheme and any
-- change must be carefully evaluated on compilation of real software.
-- Note that this interface should remain synchronized with those in
-- GNAT.Table and GNAT.Dynamic_Tables to keep coherency between these
-- three related units.
with Types; use Types;
package Table is
pragma Elaborate_Body;
type Table_Component_Type is private;
type Table_Index_Type is range <>;
Table_Low_Bound : Table_Index_Type;
Table_Initial : Pos;
Table_Increment : Nat;
Table_Name : String;
Release_Threshold : Nat := 0;
package Table is
-- Table_Component_Type and Table_Index_Type specify the type of the
-- array, Table_Low_Bound is the lower bound. Table_Index_Type must be
-- an integer type. The effect is roughly to declare:
-- Table : array (Table_Index_Type range Table_Low_Bound .. <>)
-- of Table_Component_Type;
-- Note: since the upper bound can be one less than the lower
-- bound for an empty array, the table index type must be able
-- to cover this range, e.g. if the lower bound is 1, then the
-- Table_Index_Type should be Natural rather than Positive.
-- Table_Component_Type may be any Ada type, except that controlled
-- types are not supported. Note however that default initialization
-- will NOT occur for array components.
-- The Table_Initial values controls the allocation of the table when
-- it is first allocated, either by default, or by an explicit Init
-- call. The value used is Opt.Table_Factor * Table_Initial.
-- The Table_Increment value controls the amount of increase, if the
-- table has to be increased in size. The value given is a percentage
-- value (e.g. 100 = increase table size by 100%, i.e. double it).
-- The Table_Name parameter is simply use in debug output messages it
-- has no other usage, and is not referenced in non-debugging mode.
-- The Last and Set_Last subprograms provide control over the current
-- logical allocation. They are quite efficient, so they can be used
-- freely (expensive reallocation occurs only at major granularity
-- chunks controlled by the allocation parameters).
-- Note: We do not make the table components aliased, since this would
-- restrict the use of table for discriminated types. If it is necessary
-- to take the access of a table element, use Unrestricted_Access.
-- WARNING: On HPPA, the virtual addressing approach used in this unit
-- is incompatible with the indexing instructions on the HPPA. So when
-- using this unit, compile your application with -mdisable-indexing.
-- WARNING: If the table is reallocated, then the address of all its
-- components will change. So do not capture the address of an element
-- and then use the address later after the table may be reallocated.
-- One tricky case of this is passing an element of the table to a
-- subprogram by reference where the table gets reallocated during
-- the execution of the subprogram. The best rule to follow is never
-- to pass a table element as a parameter except for the case of IN
-- mode parameters with scalar values.
type Table_Type is
array (Table_Index_Type range <>) of Table_Component_Type;
subtype Big_Table_Type is
Table_Type (Table_Low_Bound .. Table_Index_Type'Last);
-- We work with pointers to a bogus array type that is constrained
-- with the maximum possible range bound. This means that the pointer
-- is a thin pointer, which is more efficient. Since subscript checks
-- in any case must be on the logical, rather than physical bounds,
-- safety is not compromised by this approach.
type Table_Ptr is access all Big_Table_Type;
for Table_Ptr'Storage_Size use 0;
-- The table is actually represented as a pointer to allow reallocation
Table : aliased Table_Ptr := null;
-- The table itself. The lower bound is the value of Low_Bound.
-- Logically the upper bound is the current value of Last (although
-- the actual size of the allocated table may be larger than this).
-- The program may only access and modify Table entries in the range
-- First .. Last.
Locked : Boolean := False;
-- Table expansion is permitted only if this switch is set to False. A
-- client may set Locked to True, in which case any attempt to expand
-- the table will cause an assertion failure. Note that while a table
-- is locked, its address in memory remains fixed and unchanging. This
-- feature is used to control table expansion during Gigi processing.
-- Gigi assumes that tables other than the Uint and Ureal tables do
-- not move during processing, which means that they cannot be expanded.
-- The Locked flag is used to enforce this restriction.
procedure Init;
-- This procedure allocates a new table of size Initial (freeing any
-- previously allocated larger table). It is not necessary to call
-- Init when a table is first instantiated (since the instantiation does
-- the same initialization steps). However, it is harmless to do so, and
-- Init is convenient in reestablishing a table for new use.
function Last return Table_Index_Type;
pragma Inline (Last);
-- Returns the current value of the last used entry in the table, which
-- can then be used as a subscript for Table. Note that the only way to
-- modify Last is to call the Set_Last procedure. Last must always be
-- used to determine the logically last entry.
procedure Release;
-- Storage is allocated in chunks according to the values given in the
-- Initial and Increment parameters. If Release_Threshold is 0 or the
-- length of the table does not exceed this threshold then a call to
-- Release releases all storage that is allocated, but is not logically
-- part of the current array value; otherwise the call to Release leaves
-- the current array value plus 0.1% of the current table length free
-- elements located at the end of the table (this parameter facilitates
-- reopening large tables and adding a few elements without allocating a
-- chunk of memory). In both cases current array values are not affected
-- by this call.
procedure Free;
-- Free all allocated memory for the table. A call to init is required
-- before any use of this table after calling Free.
First : constant Table_Index_Type := Table_Low_Bound;
-- Export First as synonym for Low_Bound (parallel with use of Last)
procedure Set_Last (New_Val : Table_Index_Type);
pragma Inline (Set_Last);
-- This procedure sets Last to the indicated value. If necessary the
-- table is reallocated to accommodate the new value (i.e. on return
-- the allocated table has an upper bound of at least Last). If Set_Last
-- reduces the size of the table, then logically entries are removed
-- from the table. If Set_Last increases the size of the table, then
-- new entries are logically added to the table.
procedure Increment_Last;
pragma Inline (Increment_Last);
-- Adds 1 to Last (same as Set_Last (Last + 1)
procedure Decrement_Last;
pragma Inline (Decrement_Last);
-- Subtracts 1 from Last (same as Set_Last (Last - 1)
procedure Append (New_Val : Table_Component_Type);
pragma Inline (Append);
-- Equivalent to:
-- x.Increment_Last;
-- x.Table (x.Last) := New_Val;
-- i.e. the table size is increased by one, and the given new item
-- stored in the newly created table element.
procedure Append_All (New_Vals : Table_Type);
-- Appends all components of New_Vals
procedure Set_Item
(Index : Table_Index_Type;
Item : Table_Component_Type);
pragma Inline (Set_Item);
-- Put Item in the table at position Index. The table is expanded if
-- current table length is less than Index and in that case Last is set
-- to Index. Item will replace any value already present in the table
-- at this position.
type Saved_Table is private;
-- Type used for Save/Restore subprograms
function Save return Saved_Table;
-- Resets table to empty, but saves old contents of table in returned
-- value, for possible later restoration by a call to Restore.
procedure Restore (T : Saved_Table);
-- Given a Saved_Table value returned by a prior call to Save, restores
-- the table to the state it was in at the time of the Save call.
procedure Tree_Write;
-- Writes out contents of table using Tree_IO
procedure Tree_Read;
-- Initializes table by reading contents previously written with the
-- Tree_Write call (also using Tree_IO).
Last_Val : Int;
-- Current value of Last. Note that we declare this in the private part
-- because we don't want the client to modify Last except through one of
-- the official interfaces (since a modification to Last may require a
-- reallocation of the table).
Max : Int;
-- Subscript of the maximum entry in the currently allocated table
type Saved_Table is record
Last_Val : Int;
Max : Int;
Table : Table_Ptr;
end record;
end Table;
end Table;