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/* File format for coverage information
Copyright (C) 1996-2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Bob Manson <>.
Completely remangled by Nathan Sidwell <>.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.
Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
<>. */
/* Coverage information is held in two files. A notes file, which is
generated by the compiler, and a data file, which is generated by
the program under test. Both files use a similar structure. We do
not attempt to make these files backwards compatible with previous
versions, as you only need coverage information when developing a
program. We do hold version information, so that mismatches can be
detected, and we use a format that allows tools to skip information
they do not understand or are not interested in.
Numbers are recorded in the 32 bit unsigned binary form of the
endianness of the machine generating the file. 64 bit numbers are
stored as two 32 bit numbers, the low part first. Strings are
padded with 1 to 4 NUL bytes, to bring the length up to a multiple
of 4. The number of 4 bytes is stored, followed by the padded
string. Zero length and NULL strings are simply stored as a length
of zero (they have no trailing NUL or padding).
int32: byte3 byte2 byte1 byte0 | byte0 byte1 byte2 byte3
int64: int32:low int32:high
string: int32:0 | int32:length char* char:0 padding
padding: | char:0 | char:0 char:0 | char:0 char:0 char:0
item: int32 | int64 | string
The basic format of the notes file is
file : int32:magic int32:version int32:stamp int32:support_unexecuted_blocks record*
The basic format of the data file is
file : int32:magic int32:version int32:stamp record*
The magic ident is different for the notes and the data files. The
magic ident is used to determine the endianness of the file, when
reading. The version is the same for both files and is derived
from gcc's version number. The stamp value is used to synchronize
note and data files and to synchronize merging within a data
file. It need not be an absolute time stamp, merely a ticker that
increments fast enough and cycles slow enough to distinguish
different compile/run/compile cycles.
Although the ident and version are formally 32 bit numbers, they
are derived from 4 character ASCII strings. The version number
consists of a two character major version number
(first digit starts from 'A' letter to not to clash with the older
numbering scheme), the single character minor version number,
and a single character indicating the status of the release.
That will be 'e' experimental, 'p' prerelease and 'r' for release.
Because, by good fortune, these are in alphabetical order, string
collating can be used to compare version strings. Be aware that
the 'e' designation will (naturally) be unstable and might be
incompatible with itself. For gcc 17.0 experimental, it would be
'B70e' (0x42373065). As we currently do not release more than 5 minor
releases, the single character should be always fine. Major number
is currently changed roughly every year, which gives us space
for next 250 years (maximum allowed number would be 259.9).
A record has a tag, length and variable amount of data.
record: header data
header: int32:tag int32:length
data: item*
Records are not nested, but there is a record hierarchy. Tag
numbers reflect this hierarchy. Tags are unique across note and
data files. Some record types have a varying amount of data. The
LENGTH is the number of 4bytes that follow and is usually used to
determine how much data. The tag value is split into 4 8-bit
fields, one for each of four possible levels. The most significant
is allocated first. Unused levels are zero. Active levels are
odd-valued, so that the LSB of the level is one. A sub-level
incorporates the values of its superlevels. This formatting allows
you to determine the tag hierarchy, without understanding the tags
themselves, and is similar to the standard section numbering used
in technical documents. Level values [1..3f] are used for common
tags, values [41..9f] for the notes file and [a1..ff] for the data
The notes file contains the following records
note: unit function-graph*
unit: header int32:checksum string:source
function-graph: announce_function basic_blocks {arcs | lines}*
announce_function: header int32:ident
int32:lineno_checksum int32:cfg_checksum
string:name string:source int32:start_lineno int32:start_column int32:end_lineno
basic_block: header int32:flags*
arcs: header int32:block_no arc*
arc: int32:dest_block int32:flags
lines: header int32:block_no line*
int32:0 string:NULL
line: int32:line_no | int32:0 string:filename
The BASIC_BLOCK record holds per-bb flags. The number of blocks
can be inferred from its data length. There is one ARCS record per
basic block. The number of arcs from a bb is implicit from the
data length. It enumerates the destination bb and per-arc flags.
There is one LINES record per basic block, it enumerates the source
lines which belong to that basic block. Source file names are
introduced by a line number of 0, following lines are from the new
source file. The initial source file for the function is NULL, but
the current source file should be remembered from one LINES record
to the next. The end of a block is indicated by an empty filename
- this does not reset the current source file. Note there is no
ordering of the ARCS and LINES records: they may be in any order,
interleaved in any manner. The current filename follows the order
the LINES records are stored in the file, *not* the ordering of the
blocks they are for.
The data file contains the following records.
data: {unit summary:object summary:program* function-data*}*
unit: header int32:checksum
function-data: announce_function present counts
announce_function: header int32:ident
int32:lineno_checksum int32:cfg_checksum
present: header int32:present
counts: header int64:count*
summary: int32:checksum {count-summary}GCOV_COUNTERS_SUMMABLE
count-summary: int32:num int32:runs int64:sum
int64:max int64:sum_max histogram
histogram: {int32:bitvector}8 histogram-buckets*
histogram-buckets: int32:num int64:min int64:sum
The ANNOUNCE_FUNCTION record is the same as that in the note file,
but without the source location. The COUNTS gives the
counter values for instrumented features. The about the whole
program. The checksum is used for whole program summaries, and
disambiguates different programs which include the same
instrumented object file. There may be several program summaries,
each with a unique checksum. The object summary's checksum is
zero. Note that the data file might contain information from
several runs concatenated, or the data might be merged.
This file is included by both the compiler, gcov tools and the
runtime support library libgcov. IN_LIBGCOV and IN_GCOV are used to
distinguish which case is which. If IN_LIBGCOV is nonzero,
libgcov is being built. If IN_GCOV is nonzero, the gcov tools are
being built. Otherwise the compiler is being built. IN_GCOV may be
positive or negative. If positive, we are compiling a tool that
requires additional functions (see the code for knowledge of what
those functions are). */
#ifndef GCC_GCOV_IO_H
#define GCC_GCOV_IO_H
#ifndef IN_LIBGCOV
/* About the host */
typedef unsigned gcov_unsigned_t;
typedef unsigned gcov_position_t;
/* gcov_type is typedef'd elsewhere for the compiler */
#define GCOV_LINKAGE static
typedef int64_t gcov_type;
typedef uint64_t gcov_type_unsigned;
#if IN_GCOV > 0
#include <sys/types.h>
#if defined (HOST_HAS_F_SETLKW)
#define GCOV_LOCKED 1
#define GCOV_LOCKED 0
#endif /* !IN_LIBGOCV */
#define GCOV_LINKAGE extern
#define gcov_nonruntime_assert(EXPR) ((void)(0 && (EXPR)))
#define gcov_nonruntime_assert(EXPR) gcc_assert (EXPR)
#define gcov_error(...) fatal_error (input_location, __VA_ARGS__)
/* File suffixes. */
#define GCOV_DATA_SUFFIX ".gcda"
#define GCOV_NOTE_SUFFIX ".gcno"
/* File magic. Must not be palindromes. */
#define GCOV_DATA_MAGIC ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x67636461) /* "gcda" */
#define GCOV_NOTE_MAGIC ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x67636e6f) /* "gcno" */
/* gcov-iov.h is automatically generated by the makefile from
version.c, it looks like
#define GCOV_VERSION ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x89abcdef)
#include "gcov-iov.h"
/* Convert a magic or version number to a 4 character string. */
((ARRAY)[0] = (char)((VALUE) >> 24), \
(ARRAY)[1] = (char)((VALUE) >> 16), \
(ARRAY)[2] = (char)((VALUE) >> 8), \
(ARRAY)[3] = (char)((VALUE) >> 0))
/* The record tags. Values [1..3f] are for tags which may be in either
file. Values [41..9f] for those in the note file and [a1..ff] for
the data file. The tag value zero is used as an explicit end of
file marker -- it is not required to be present. */
#define GCOV_TAG_FUNCTION ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x01000000)
#define GCOV_TAG_BLOCKS ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x01410000)
#define GCOV_TAG_ARCS ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x01430000)
#define GCOV_TAG_ARCS_LENGTH(NUM) (1 + (NUM) * 2)
#define GCOV_TAG_ARCS_NUM(LENGTH) (((LENGTH) - 1) / 2)
#define GCOV_TAG_LINES ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x01450000)
#define GCOV_TAG_COUNTER_BASE ((gcov_unsigned_t)0x01a10000)
#define GCOV_TAG_OBJECT_SUMMARY ((gcov_unsigned_t)0xa1000000) /* Obsolete */
#define GCOV_TAG_PROGRAM_SUMMARY ((gcov_unsigned_t)0xa3000000)
(1 + GCOV_COUNTERS_SUMMABLE * (10 + 3 * 2) + (NUM) * 5)
#define GCOV_TAG_AFDO_FILE_NAMES ((gcov_unsigned_t)0xaa000000)
#define GCOV_TAG_AFDO_FUNCTION ((gcov_unsigned_t)0xac000000)
#define GCOV_TAG_AFDO_WORKING_SET ((gcov_unsigned_t)0xaf000000)
/* Counters that are collected. */
enum {
#include "gcov-counter.def"
/* Counters which can be summaried. */
/* The first of counters used for value profiling. They must form a
consecutive interval and their order must match the order of
HIST_TYPEs in value-prof.h. */
/* The last of counters used for value profiling. */
/* Number of counters used for value profiling. */
/* The number of hottest callees to be tracked. */
/* The number of counter entries per icall callsite. */
/* Convert a counter index to a tag. */
(GCOV_TAG_COUNTER_BASE + ((gcov_unsigned_t)(COUNT) << 17))
/* Convert a tag to a counter. */
((unsigned)(((TAG) - GCOV_TAG_COUNTER_BASE) >> 17))
/* Check whether a tag is a counter tag. */
/* The tag level mask has 1's in the position of the inner levels, &
the lsb of the current level, and zero on the current and outer
levels. */
#define GCOV_TAG_MASK(TAG) (((TAG) - 1) ^ (TAG))
/* Return nonzero if SUB is an immediate subtag of TAG. */
&& !(((SUB) ^ (TAG)) & ~GCOV_TAG_MASK (TAG)))
/* Return nonzero if SUB is at a sublevel to TAG. */
/* Basic block flags. */
#define GCOV_BLOCK_UNEXPECTED (1 << 1)
/* Arc flags. */
#define GCOV_ARC_ON_TREE (1 << 0)
#define GCOV_ARC_FAKE (1 << 1)
#define GCOV_ARC_FALLTHROUGH (1 << 2)
/* Structured records. */
/* Structure used for each bucket of the log2 histogram of counter values. */
typedef struct
/* Number of counters whose profile count falls within the bucket. */
gcov_unsigned_t num_counters;
/* Smallest profile count included in this bucket. */
gcov_type min_value;
/* Cumulative value of the profile counts in this bucket. */
gcov_type cum_value;
} gcov_bucket_type;
/* For a log2 scale histogram with each range split into 4
linear sub-ranges, there will be at most 64 (max gcov_type bit size) - 1 log2
ranges since the lowest 2 log2 values share the lowest 4 linear
sub-range (values 0 - 3). This is 252 total entries (63*4). */
/* How many unsigned ints are required to hold a bit vector of non-zero
histogram entries when the histogram is written to the gcov file.
This is essentially a ceiling divide by 32 bits. */
/* Cumulative counter data. */
struct gcov_ctr_summary
gcov_unsigned_t num; /* number of counters. */
gcov_unsigned_t runs; /* number of program runs */
gcov_type sum_all; /* sum of all counters accumulated. */
gcov_type run_max; /* maximum value on a single run. */
gcov_type sum_max; /* sum of individual run max values. */
gcov_bucket_type histogram[GCOV_HISTOGRAM_SIZE]; /* histogram of
counter values. */
/* Object & program summary record. */
struct gcov_summary
gcov_unsigned_t checksum; /* checksum of program */
struct gcov_ctr_summary ctrs[GCOV_COUNTERS_SUMMABLE];
#if !defined(inhibit_libc)
/* Functions for reading and writing gcov files. In libgcov you can
open the file for reading then writing. Elsewhere you can open the
file either for reading or for writing. When reading a file you may
use the gcov_read_* functions, gcov_sync, gcov_position, &
gcov_error. When writing a file you may use the gcov_write
functions, gcov_seek & gcov_error. When a file is to be rewritten
you use the functions for reading, then gcov_rewrite then the
functions for writing. Your file may become corrupted if you break
these invariants. */
GCOV_LINKAGE int gcov_open (const char */*name*/, int /*direction*/);
GCOV_LINKAGE int gcov_magic (gcov_unsigned_t, gcov_unsigned_t);
/* Available everywhere. */
GCOV_LINKAGE int gcov_close (void) ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
GCOV_LINKAGE gcov_unsigned_t gcov_read_unsigned (void) ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
GCOV_LINKAGE gcov_type gcov_read_counter (void) ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
GCOV_LINKAGE void gcov_read_summary (struct gcov_summary *) ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
GCOV_LINKAGE const char *gcov_read_string (void);
GCOV_LINKAGE void gcov_sync (gcov_position_t /*base*/,
gcov_unsigned_t /*length */);
#if !IN_GCOV
/* Available outside gcov */
GCOV_LINKAGE void gcov_write_unsigned (gcov_unsigned_t) ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
/* Available only in compiler */
GCOV_LINKAGE unsigned gcov_histo_index (gcov_type value);
GCOV_LINKAGE void gcov_write_string (const char *);
GCOV_LINKAGE void gcov_write_filename (const char *);
GCOV_LINKAGE gcov_position_t gcov_write_tag (gcov_unsigned_t);
GCOV_LINKAGE void gcov_write_length (gcov_position_t /*position*/);
#if IN_GCOV <= 0 && !IN_LIBGCOV
/* Available in gcov-dump and the compiler. */
/* Number of data points in the working set summary array. Using 128
provides information for at least every 1% increment of the total
profile size. The last entry is hardwired to 99.9% of the total. */
/* Working set size statistics for a given percentage of the entire
profile (sum_all from the counter summary). */
typedef struct gcov_working_set_info
/* Number of hot counters included in this working set. */
unsigned num_counters;
/* Smallest counter included in this working set. */
gcov_type min_counter;
} gcov_working_set_t;
GCOV_LINKAGE void compute_working_sets (const struct gcov_ctr_summary *summary,
gcov_working_set_t *gcov_working_sets);
#if IN_GCOV > 0
/* Available in gcov */
GCOV_LINKAGE time_t gcov_time (void);
#endif /* !inhibit_libc */
#endif /* GCC_GCOV_IO_H */