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// align implementation -*- C++ -*-
// Copyright (C) 2014-2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
// This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library. This library is free
// software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
// terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
// Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
// any later version.
// This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// GNU General Public License for more details.
// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
// <>.
/** @file bits/align.h
* This is an internal header file, included by other library headers.
* Do not attempt to use it directly. @headername{memory}
#define _GLIBCXX_ALIGN_H 1
#include <bits/c++config.h>
#include <bit> // std::has_single_bit
#include <stdint.h> // uintptr_t
#include <debug/assertions.h> // _GLIBCXX_DEBUG_ASSERT
namespace std _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)
* @brief Fit aligned storage in buffer.
* This function tries to fit @a __size bytes of storage with alignment
* @a __align into the buffer @a __ptr of size @a __space bytes. If such
* a buffer fits then @a __ptr is changed to point to the first byte of the
* aligned storage and @a __space is reduced by the bytes used for alignment.
* C++11 20.6.5 [ptr.align]
* @param __align A fundamental or extended alignment value.
* @param __size Size of the aligned storage required.
* @param __ptr Pointer to a buffer of @a __space bytes.
* @param __space Size of the buffer pointed to by @a __ptr.
* @return the updated pointer if the aligned storage fits, otherwise nullptr.
* @ingroup memory
inline void*
align(size_t __align, size_t __size, void*& __ptr, size_t& __space) noexcept
if (__space < __size)
return nullptr;
const auto __intptr = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(__ptr);
const auto __aligned = (__intptr - 1u + __align) & -__align;
const auto __diff = __aligned - __intptr;
if (__diff > (__space - __size))
return nullptr;
__space -= __diff;
return __ptr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(__aligned);
#if __cplusplus > 201703L
#define __cpp_lib_assume_aligned 201811L
/** @brief Inform the compiler that a pointer is aligned.
* @tparam _Align An alignment value (i.e. a power of two)
* @tparam _Tp An object type
* @param __ptr A pointer that is aligned to _Align
* C++20 20.10.6 [ptr.align]
* @ingroup memory
template<size_t _Align, class _Tp>
constexpr _Tp*
assume_aligned(_Tp* __ptr) noexcept
if (std::is_constant_evaluated())
return __ptr;
// This function is expected to be used in hot code, where
// __glibcxx_assert would add unwanted overhead.
_GLIBCXX_DEBUG_ASSERT((uintptr_t)__ptr % _Align == 0);
return static_cast<_Tp*>(__builtin_assume_aligned(__ptr, _Align));
#endif // C++2a
} // namespace
#endif /* _GLIBCXX_ALIGN_H */