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/* Callgraph transformations to handle inlining
Copyright (C) 2003-2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Jan Hubicka
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<>. */
/* The inline decisions are stored in callgraph in "inline plan" and
applied later.
To mark given call inline, use inline_call function.
The function marks the edge inlinable and, if necessary, produces
virtual clone in the callgraph representing the new copy of callee's
function body.
The inline plan is applied on given function body by inline_transform. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "intl.h"
#include "coverage.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "ipa-prop.h"
#include "ipa-inline.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
int ncalls_inlined;
int nfunctions_inlined;
/* Scale frequency of NODE edges by FREQ_SCALE. */
static void
update_noncloned_frequencies (struct cgraph_node *node,
int freq_scale)
struct cgraph_edge *e;
/* We do not want to ignore high loop nest after freq drops to 0. */
if (!freq_scale)
freq_scale = 1;
for (e = node->callees; e; e = e->next_callee)
e->frequency = e->frequency * (gcov_type) freq_scale / CGRAPH_FREQ_BASE;
if (e->frequency > CGRAPH_FREQ_MAX)
e->frequency = CGRAPH_FREQ_MAX;
if (!e->inline_failed)
update_noncloned_frequencies (e->callee, freq_scale);
for (e = node->indirect_calls; e; e = e->next_callee)
e->frequency = e->frequency * (gcov_type) freq_scale / CGRAPH_FREQ_BASE;
if (e->frequency > CGRAPH_FREQ_MAX)
e->frequency = CGRAPH_FREQ_MAX;
/* We removed or are going to remove the last call to NODE.
Return true if we can and want proactively remove the NODE now.
This is important to do, since we want inliner to know when offline
copy of function was removed. */
static bool
can_remove_node_now_p_1 (struct cgraph_node *node)
/* FIXME: When address is taken of DECL_EXTERNAL function we still
can remove its offline copy, but we would need to keep unanalyzed node in
the callgraph so references can point to it. */
return (!node->symbol.address_taken
&& !ipa_ref_has_aliases_p (&node->symbol.ref_list)
&& cgraph_can_remove_if_no_direct_calls_p (node)
/* Inlining might enable more devirtualizing, so we want to remove
those only after all devirtualizable virtual calls are processed.
Lacking may edges in callgraph we just preserve them post
inlining. */
&& !DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
/* During early inlining some unanalyzed cgraph nodes might be in the
callgraph and they might reffer the function in question. */
&& !cgraph_new_nodes);
/* We are going to eliminate last direct call to NODE (or alias of it) via edge E.
Verify that the NODE can be removed from unit and if it is contained in comdat
group that the whole comdat group is removable. */
static bool
can_remove_node_now_p (struct cgraph_node *node, struct cgraph_edge *e)
struct cgraph_node *next;
if (!can_remove_node_now_p_1 (node))
return false;
/* When we see same comdat group, we need to be sure that all
items can be removed. */
if (!node->symbol.same_comdat_group)
return true;
for (next = cgraph (node->symbol.same_comdat_group);
next != node; next = cgraph (next->symbol.same_comdat_group))
if ((next->callers && next->callers != e)
|| !can_remove_node_now_p_1 (next))
return false;
return true;
/* E is expected to be an edge being inlined. Clone destination node of
the edge and redirect it to the new clone.
DUPLICATE is used for bookkeeping on whether we are actually creating new
clones or re-using node originally representing out-of-line function call.
clone_inlined_nodes (struct cgraph_edge *e, bool duplicate,
bool update_original, int *overall_size)
if (duplicate)
/* We may eliminate the need for out-of-line copy to be output.
In that case just go ahead and re-use it. This is not just an
memory optimization. Making offline copy of fuction disappear
from the program will improve future decisions on inlining. */
if (!e->callee->callers->next_caller
/* Recursive inlining never wants the master clone to
be overwritten. */
&& update_original
&& can_remove_node_now_p (e->callee, e))
/* TODO: When callee is in a comdat group, we could remove all of it,
including all inline clones inlined into it. That would however
need small function inlining to register edge removal hook to
maintain the priority queue.
For now we keep the ohter functions in the group in program until
cgraph_remove_unreachable_functions gets rid of them. */
gcc_assert (!e->callee->global.inlined_to);
symtab_dissolve_same_comdat_group_list ((symtab_node) e->callee);
if (e->callee->analyzed && !DECL_EXTERNAL (e->callee->symbol.decl))
if (overall_size)
*overall_size -= inline_summary (e->callee)->size;
duplicate = false;
e->callee->symbol.externally_visible = false;
update_noncloned_frequencies (e->callee, e->frequency);
struct cgraph_node *n;
n = cgraph_clone_node (e->callee, e->callee->symbol.decl,
e->count, e->frequency,
update_original, vNULL, true);
cgraph_redirect_edge_callee (e, n);
symtab_dissolve_same_comdat_group_list ((symtab_node) e->callee);
if (e->caller->global.inlined_to)
e->callee->global.inlined_to = e->caller->global.inlined_to;
e->callee->global.inlined_to = e->caller;
/* Recursively clone all bodies. */
for (e = e->callee->callees; e; e = e->next_callee)
if (!e->inline_failed)
clone_inlined_nodes (e, duplicate, update_original, overall_size);
/* Mark edge E as inlined and update callgraph accordingly. UPDATE_ORIGINAL
specify whether profile of original function should be updated. If any new
indirect edges are discovered in the process, add them to NEW_EDGES, unless
it is NULL. If UPDATE_OVERALL_SUMMARY is false, do not bother to recompute overall
size of caller after inlining. Caller is required to eventually do it via
Return true iff any new callgraph edges were discovered as a
result of inlining. */
inline_call (struct cgraph_edge *e, bool update_original,
vec<cgraph_edge_p> *new_edges,
int *overall_size, bool update_overall_summary)
int old_size = 0, new_size = 0;
struct cgraph_node *to = NULL;
struct cgraph_edge *curr = e;
struct cgraph_node *callee = cgraph_function_or_thunk_node (e->callee, NULL);
bool new_edges_found = false;
int estimated_growth = estimate_edge_growth (e);
bool predicated = inline_edge_summary (e)->predicate != NULL;
/* Don't inline inlined edges. */
gcc_assert (e->inline_failed);
/* Don't even think of inlining inline clone. */
gcc_assert (!callee->global.inlined_to);
e->inline_failed = CIF_OK;
DECL_POSSIBLY_INLINED (callee->symbol.decl) = true;
to = e->caller;
if (to->global.inlined_to)
to = to->global.inlined_to;
/* If aliases are involved, redirect edge to the actual destination and
possibly remove the aliases. */
if (e->callee != callee)
struct cgraph_node *alias = e->callee, *next_alias;
cgraph_redirect_edge_callee (e, callee);
while (alias && alias != callee)
if (!alias->callers
&& can_remove_node_now_p (alias, e))
next_alias = cgraph_alias_aliased_node (alias);
cgraph_remove_node (alias);
alias = next_alias;
clone_inlined_nodes (e, true, update_original, overall_size);
gcc_assert (curr->callee->global.inlined_to == to);
old_size = inline_summary (to)->size;
inline_merge_summary (e);
if (optimize)
new_edges_found = ipa_propagate_indirect_call_infos (curr, new_edges);
if (update_overall_summary)
inline_update_overall_summary (to);
new_size = inline_summary (to)->size;
/* Verify that estimated growth match real growth. Allow off-by-one
error due to INLINE_SIZE_SCALE roudoff errors. */
gcc_assert (!update_overall_summary || !overall_size
|| abs (estimated_growth - (new_size - old_size)) <= 1
/* FIXME: a hack. Edges with false predicate are accounted
wrong, we should remove them from callgraph. */
|| predicated);
/* Account the change of overall unit size; external functions will be
removed and are thus not accounted. */
if (overall_size
&& !DECL_EXTERNAL (to->symbol.decl))
*overall_size += new_size - old_size;
/* This must happen after inline_merge_summary that rely on jump
functions of callee to not be updated. */
return new_edges_found;
/* Copy function body of NODE and redirect all inline clones to it.
This is done before inline plan is applied to NODE when there are
still some inline clones if it.
This is necessary because inline decisions are not really transitive
and the other inline clones may have different bodies. */
static struct cgraph_node *
save_inline_function_body (struct cgraph_node *node)
struct cgraph_node *first_clone, *n;
if (dump_file)
fprintf (dump_file, "\nSaving body of %s for later reuse\n",
cgraph_node_name (node));
gcc_assert (node == cgraph_get_node (node->symbol.decl));
/* first_clone will be turned into real function. */
first_clone = node->clones;
first_clone->symbol.decl = copy_node (node->symbol.decl);
symtab_insert_node_to_hashtable ((symtab_node) first_clone);
gcc_assert (first_clone == cgraph_get_node (first_clone->symbol.decl));
/* Now reshape the clone tree, so all other clones descends from
first_clone. */
if (first_clone->next_sibling_clone)
for (n = first_clone->next_sibling_clone; n->next_sibling_clone; n = n->next_sibling_clone)
n->clone_of = first_clone;
n->clone_of = first_clone;
n->next_sibling_clone = first_clone->clones;
if (first_clone->clones)
first_clone->clones->prev_sibling_clone = n;
first_clone->clones = first_clone->next_sibling_clone;
first_clone->next_sibling_clone->prev_sibling_clone = NULL;
first_clone->next_sibling_clone = NULL;
gcc_assert (!first_clone->prev_sibling_clone);
first_clone->clone_of = NULL;
/* Now node in question has no clones. */
node->clones = NULL;
/* Inline clones share decl with the function they are cloned
from. Walk the whole clone tree and redirect them all to the
new decl. */
if (first_clone->clones)
for (n = first_clone->clones; n != first_clone;)
gcc_assert (n->symbol.decl == node->symbol.decl);
n->symbol.decl = first_clone->symbol.decl;
if (n->clones)
n = n->clones;
else if (n->next_sibling_clone)
n = n->next_sibling_clone;
while (n != first_clone && !n->next_sibling_clone)
n = n->clone_of;
if (n != first_clone)
n = n->next_sibling_clone;
/* Copy the OLD_VERSION_NODE function tree to the new version. */
tree_function_versioning (node->symbol.decl, first_clone->symbol.decl,
NULL, true, NULL, false,
/* The function will be short lived and removed after we inline all the clones,
but make it internal so we won't confuse ourself. */
DECL_EXTERNAL (first_clone->symbol.decl) = 0;
DECL_COMDAT_GROUP (first_clone->symbol.decl) = NULL_TREE;
TREE_PUBLIC (first_clone->symbol.decl) = 0;
DECL_COMDAT (first_clone->symbol.decl) = 0;
first_clone->ipa_transforms_to_apply.release ();
/* When doing recursive inlining, the clone may become unnecessary.
This is possible i.e. in the case when the recursive function is proved to be
non-throwing and the recursion happens only in the EH landing pad.
We can not remove the clone until we are done with saving the body.
Remove it now. */
if (!first_clone->callers)
cgraph_remove_node_and_inline_clones (first_clone, NULL);
first_clone = NULL;
verify_cgraph_node (first_clone);
return first_clone;
/* Return true when function body of DECL still needs to be kept around
for later re-use. */
static bool
preserve_function_body_p (struct cgraph_node *node)
gcc_assert (cgraph_global_info_ready);
gcc_assert (!node->alias && !node->thunk.thunk_p);
/* Look if there is any clone around. */
if (node->clones)
return true;
return false;
/* Apply inline plan to function. */
unsigned int
inline_transform (struct cgraph_node *node)
unsigned int todo = 0;
struct cgraph_edge *e;
/* FIXME: Currently the pass manager is adding inline transform more than
once to some clones. This needs revisiting after WPA cleanups. */
if (cfun->after_inlining)
return 0;
/* We might need the body of this function so that we can expand
it inline somewhere else. */
if (preserve_function_body_p (node))
save_inline_function_body (node);
for (e = node->callees; e; e = e->next_callee)
cgraph_redirect_edge_call_stmt_to_callee (e);
timevar_push (TV_INTEGRATION);
if (node->callees)
todo = optimize_inline_calls (current_function_decl);
timevar_pop (TV_INTEGRATION);
cfun->always_inline_functions_inlined = true;
cfun->after_inlining = true;
todo |= execute_fixup_cfg ();
if (!(todo & TODO_update_ssa_any))
/* Redirecting edges might lead to a need for vops to be recomputed. */
todo |= TODO_update_ssa_only_virtuals;
return todo;