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------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- --
-- GNAT COMPILER COMPONENTS --
-- --
-- S E M _ S P A R K --
-- --
-- B o d y --
-- --
-- Copyright (C) 2017-2019, Free Software Foundation, Inc. --
-- --
-- GNAT is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Soft- --
-- ware Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion. GNAT is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License --
-- for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General --
-- Public License distributed with GNAT; see file COPYING3. If not, go to --
-- http://www.gnu.org/licenses for a complete copy of the license. --
-- --
-- GNAT was originally developed by the GNAT team at New York University. --
-- Extensive contributions were provided by Ada Core Technologies Inc. --
-- --
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
with Atree; use Atree;
with Einfo; use Einfo;
with Errout; use Errout;
with Namet; use Namet;
with Nlists; use Nlists;
with Opt; use Opt;
with Osint; use Osint;
with Sem_Prag; use Sem_Prag;
with Sem_Util; use Sem_Util;
with Sem_Aux; use Sem_Aux;
with Sinfo; use Sinfo;
with Snames; use Snames;
with Treepr; use Treepr;
with Ada.Unchecked_Deallocation;
with GNAT.Dynamic_HTables; use GNAT.Dynamic_HTables;
package body Sem_SPARK is
-------------------------------------------------
-- Handling of Permissions Associated to Paths --
-------------------------------------------------
package Permissions is
Elaboration_Context_Max : constant := 1009;
-- The hash range
type Elaboration_Context_Index is range 0 .. Elaboration_Context_Max - 1;
function Elaboration_Context_Hash (Key : Entity_Id)
return Elaboration_Context_Index;
-- Function to hash any node of the AST
type Perm_Kind is (Borrowed, Observed, Unrestricted, Moved);
-- Permission type associated with paths. The Moved permission is
-- equivalent to the Unrestricted one (same permissions). The Moved is
-- however used to mark the RHS after a move (which still unrestricted).
-- This way, we may generate warnings when manipulating the RHS
-- afterwads since it is set to Null after the assignment.
type Perm_Tree_Wrapper;
type Perm_Tree_Access is access Perm_Tree_Wrapper;
-- A tree of permissions is defined, where the root is a whole object
-- and tree branches follow access paths in memory. As Perm_Tree is a
-- discriminated record, a wrapper type is used for the access type
-- designating a subtree, to make it unconstrained so that it can be
-- updated.
-- Nodes in the permission tree are of different kinds
type Path_Kind is
(Entire_Object, -- Scalar object, or folded object of any type
Reference, -- Unfolded object of access type
Array_Component, -- Unfolded object of array type
Record_Component -- Unfolded object of record type
);
package Perm_Tree_Maps is new Simple_HTable
(Header_Num => Elaboration_Context_Index,
Key => Node_Id,
Element => Perm_Tree_Access,
No_Element => null,
Hash => Elaboration_Context_Hash,
Equal => "=");
-- The instantation of a hash table, with keys being nodes and values
-- being pointers to trees. This is used to reference easily all
-- extensions of a Record_Component node (that can have name x, y, ...).
-- The definition of permission trees. This is a tree, which has a
-- permission at each node, and depending on the type of the node,
-- can have zero, one, or more children pointed to by an access to tree.
type Perm_Tree (Kind : Path_Kind := Entire_Object) is record
Permission : Perm_Kind;
-- Permission at this level in the path
Is_Node_Deep : Boolean;
-- Whether this node is of a deep type, to be used when moving the
-- path.
case Kind is
-- An entire object is either a leaf (an object which cannot be
-- extended further in a path) or a subtree in folded form (which
-- could later be unfolded further in another kind of node). The
-- field Children_Permission specifies a permission for every
-- extension of that node if that permission is different from
-- the node's permission.
when Entire_Object =>
Children_Permission : Perm_Kind;
-- Unfolded path of access type. The permission of the object
-- pointed to is given in Get_All.
when Reference =>
Get_All : Perm_Tree_Access;
-- Unfolded path of array type. The permission of the elements is
-- given in Get_Elem.
when Array_Component =>
Get_Elem : Perm_Tree_Access;
-- Unfolded path of record type. The permission of the regular
-- components is given in Component. The permission of unknown
-- components (for objects of tagged type) is given in
-- Other_Components.
when Record_Component =>
Component : Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance;
Other_Components : Perm_Tree_Access;
end case;
end record;
type Perm_Tree_Wrapper is record
Tree : Perm_Tree;
end record;
-- We use this wrapper in order to have unconstrained discriminants
type Perm_Env is new Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance;
-- The definition of a permission environment for the analysis. This
-- is just a hash table of permission trees, each of them rooted with
-- an Identifier/Expanded_Name.
type Perm_Env_Access is access Perm_Env;
-- Access to permission environments
package Env_Maps is new Simple_HTable
(Header_Num => Elaboration_Context_Index,
Key => Entity_Id,
Element => Perm_Env_Access,
No_Element => null,
Hash => Elaboration_Context_Hash,
Equal => "=");
-- The instantiation of a hash table whose elements are permission
-- environments. This hash table is used to save the environments at
-- the entry of each loop, with the key being the loop label.
type Env_Backups is new Env_Maps.Instance;
-- The type defining the hash table saving the environments at the entry
-- of each loop.
package Boolean_Variables_Maps is new Simple_HTable
(Header_Num => Elaboration_Context_Index,
Key => Entity_Id,
Element => Boolean,
No_Element => False,
Hash => Elaboration_Context_Hash,
Equal => "=");
-- These maps allow tracking the variables that have been declared but
-- never used anywhere in the source code. Especially, we do not raise
-- an error if the variable stays write-only and is declared at package
-- level, because there is no risk that the variable has been moved,
-- because it has never been used.
type Initialization_Map is new Boolean_Variables_Maps.Instance;
--------------------
-- Simple Getters --
--------------------
-- Simple getters to avoid having .all.Tree.Field everywhere. Of course,
-- that's only for the top access, as otherwise this reverses the order
-- in accesses visually.
function Children_Permission (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Kind;
function Component (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance;
function Get_All (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Tree_Access;
function Get_Elem (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Tree_Access;
function Is_Node_Deep (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Boolean;
function Kind (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Path_Kind;
function Other_Components (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Tree_Access;
function Permission (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Kind;
-----------------------
-- Memory Management --
-----------------------
procedure Copy_Env
(From : Perm_Env;
To : in out Perm_Env);
-- Procedure to copy a permission environment
procedure Copy_Init_Map
(From : Initialization_Map;
To : in out Initialization_Map);
-- Procedure to copy an initialization map
procedure Copy_Tree
(From : Perm_Tree_Access;
To : Perm_Tree_Access);
-- Procedure to copy a permission tree
procedure Free_Env
(PE : in out Perm_Env);
-- Procedure to free a permission environment
procedure Free_Perm_Tree
(PT : in out Perm_Tree_Access);
-- Procedure to free a permission tree
--------------------
-- Error Messages --
--------------------
procedure Perm_Mismatch
(Exp_Perm, Act_Perm : Perm_Kind;
N : Node_Id);
-- Issues a continuation error message about a mismatch between a
-- desired permission Exp_Perm and a permission obtained Act_Perm. N
-- is the node on which the error is reported.
end Permissions;
package body Permissions is
-------------------------
-- Children_Permission --
-------------------------
function Children_Permission (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Kind is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Children_Permission;
end Children_Permission;
---------------
-- Component --
---------------
function Component
(T : Perm_Tree_Access)
return Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance
is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Component;
end Component;
--------------
-- Copy_Env --
--------------
procedure Copy_Env (From : Perm_Env; To : in out Perm_Env) is
Comp_From : Perm_Tree_Access;
Key_From : Perm_Tree_Maps.Key_Option;
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Reset (To);
Key_From := Get_First_Key (From);
while Key_From.Present loop
Comp_From := Get (From, Key_From.K);
pragma Assert (Comp_From /= null);
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper;
Copy_Tree (Comp_From, Son);
Set (To, Key_From.K, Son);
Key_From := Get_Next_Key (From);
end loop;
end Copy_Env;
-------------------
-- Copy_Init_Map --
-------------------
procedure Copy_Init_Map
(From : Initialization_Map;
To : in out Initialization_Map)
is
Comp_From : Boolean;
Key_From : Boolean_Variables_Maps.Key_Option;
begin
Reset (To);
Key_From := Get_First_Key (From);
while Key_From.Present loop
Comp_From := Get (From, Key_From.K);
Set (To, Key_From.K, Comp_From);
Key_From := Get_Next_Key (From);
end loop;
end Copy_Init_Map;
---------------
-- Copy_Tree --
---------------
procedure Copy_Tree (From : Perm_Tree_Access; To : Perm_Tree_Access) is
begin
To.all := From.all;
case Kind (From) is
when Entire_Object =>
null;
when Reference =>
To.all.Tree.Get_All := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper;
Copy_Tree (Get_All (From), Get_All (To));
when Array_Component =>
To.all.Tree.Get_Elem := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper;
Copy_Tree (Get_Elem (From), Get_Elem (To));
when Record_Component =>
declare
Comp_From : Perm_Tree_Access;
Key_From : Perm_Tree_Maps.Key_Option;
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
Hash_Table : Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance;
begin
-- We put a new hash table, so that it gets dealiased from the
-- Component (From) hash table.
To.all.Tree.Component := Hash_Table;
To.all.Tree.Other_Components :=
new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'(Other_Components (From).all);
Copy_Tree (Other_Components (From), Other_Components (To));
Key_From := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get_First_Key
(Component (From));
while Key_From.Present loop
Comp_From := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (From), Key_From.K);
pragma Assert (Comp_From /= null);
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper;
Copy_Tree (Comp_From, Son);
Perm_Tree_Maps.Set
(To.all.Tree.Component, Key_From.K, Son);
Key_From := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get_Next_Key
(Component (From));
end loop;
end;
end case;
end Copy_Tree;
------------------------------
-- Elaboration_Context_Hash --
------------------------------
function Elaboration_Context_Hash
(Key : Entity_Id) return Elaboration_Context_Index
is
begin
return Elaboration_Context_Index (Key mod Elaboration_Context_Max);
end Elaboration_Context_Hash;
--------------
-- Free_Env --
--------------
procedure Free_Env (PE : in out Perm_Env) is
CompO : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
CompO := Get_First (PE);
while CompO /= null loop
Free_Perm_Tree (CompO);
CompO := Get_Next (PE);
end loop;
end Free_Env;
--------------------
-- Free_Perm_Tree --
--------------------
procedure Free_Perm_Tree (PT : in out Perm_Tree_Access) is
procedure Free_Perm_Tree_Dealloc is
new Ada.Unchecked_Deallocation
(Perm_Tree_Wrapper, Perm_Tree_Access);
-- The deallocator for permission_trees
begin
case Kind (PT) is
when Entire_Object =>
Free_Perm_Tree_Dealloc (PT);
when Reference =>
Free_Perm_Tree (PT.all.Tree.Get_All);
Free_Perm_Tree_Dealloc (PT);
when Array_Component =>
Free_Perm_Tree (PT.all.Tree.Get_Elem);
when Record_Component =>
declare
Comp : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Free_Perm_Tree (PT.all.Tree.Other_Components);
Comp := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get_First (Component (PT));
while Comp /= null loop
-- Free every Component subtree
Free_Perm_Tree (Comp);
Comp := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get_Next (Component (PT));
end loop;
end;
Free_Perm_Tree_Dealloc (PT);
end case;
end Free_Perm_Tree;
-------------
-- Get_All --
-------------
function Get_All (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Tree_Access is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Get_All;
end Get_All;
--------------
-- Get_Elem --
--------------
function Get_Elem (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Tree_Access is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Get_Elem;
end Get_Elem;
------------------
-- Is_Node_Deep --
------------------
function Is_Node_Deep (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Boolean is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Is_Node_Deep;
end Is_Node_Deep;
----------
-- Kind --
----------
function Kind (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Path_Kind is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Kind;
end Kind;
----------------------
-- Other_Components --
----------------------
function Other_Components
(T : Perm_Tree_Access)
return Perm_Tree_Access
is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Other_Components;
end Other_Components;
----------------
-- Permission --
----------------
function Permission (T : Perm_Tree_Access) return Perm_Kind is
begin
return T.all.Tree.Permission;
end Permission;
-------------------
-- Perm_Mismatch --
-------------------
procedure Perm_Mismatch (Exp_Perm, Act_Perm : Perm_Kind; N : Node_Id) is
begin
Error_Msg_N ("\expected state `"
& Perm_Kind'Image (Exp_Perm) & "` at least, got `"
& Perm_Kind'Image (Act_Perm) & "`", N);
end Perm_Mismatch;
end Permissions;
use Permissions;
--------------------------------------
-- Analysis modes for AST traversal --
--------------------------------------
-- The different modes for analysis. This allows to checking whether a path
-- found in the code should be moved, borrowed, or observed.
type Checking_Mode is
(Read,
-- Default mode
Move,
-- Regular moving semantics. Checks that paths have Unrestricted
-- permission. After moving a path, the permission of both it and
-- its extensions are set to Unrestricted.
Assign,
-- Used for the target of an assignment, or an actual parameter with
-- mode OUT. Checks that paths have Unrestricted permission. After
-- assigning to a path, its permission is set to Unrestricted.
Borrow,
-- Used for the source of an assignement when initializes a stand alone
-- object of anonymous type, constant, or IN parameter and also OUT
-- or IN OUT composite object.
-- In the borrowed state, the access object is completely "dead".
Observe
-- Used for actual IN parameters of a scalar type. Checks that paths
-- have Read_Perm permission. After checking a path, its permission
-- is set to Observed.
--
-- Also used for formal IN parameters
);
type Result_Kind is (Folded, Unfolded, Function_Call);
-- The type declaration to discriminate in the Perm_Or_Tree type
-- The result type of the function Get_Perm_Or_Tree. This returns either a
-- tree when it found the appropriate tree, or a permission when the search
-- finds a leaf and the subtree we are looking for is folded. In the last
-- case, we return instead the Children_Permission field of the leaf.
type Perm_Or_Tree (R : Result_Kind) is record
case R is
when Folded => Found_Permission : Perm_Kind;
when Unfolded => Tree_Access : Perm_Tree_Access;
when Function_Call => null;
end case;
end record;
-----------------------
-- Local subprograms --
-----------------------
-- Checking proceduress for safe pointer usage. These procedures traverse
-- the AST, check nodes for correct permissions according to SPARK RM
-- 6.4.2, and update permissions depending on the node kind.
procedure Check_Call_Statement (Call : Node_Id);
procedure Check_Callable_Body (Body_N : Node_Id);
-- We are not in End_Of_Callee mode, hence we will save the environment
-- and start from a new one. We will add in the environment all formal
-- parameters as well as global used during the subprogram, with the
-- appropriate permissions (unrestricted for borrowed and moved, observed
-- for observed names).
procedure Check_Declaration (Decl : Node_Id);
procedure Check_Expression (Expr : Node_Id);
procedure Check_Globals (N : Node_Id);
-- This procedure takes a global pragma and checks it
procedure Check_List (L : List_Id);
-- Calls Check_Node on each element of the list
procedure Check_Loop_Statement (Loop_N : Node_Id);
procedure Check_Node (N : Node_Id);
-- Main traversal procedure to check safe pointer usage. This procedure is
-- mutually recursive with the specialized procedures that follow.
procedure Check_Package_Body (Pack : Node_Id);
procedure Check_Param_In (Formal : Entity_Id; Actual : Node_Id);
-- This procedure takes a formal and an actual parameter and checks the
-- permission of every in-mode parameter. This includes Observing and
-- Borrowing.
procedure Check_Param_Out (Formal : Entity_Id; Actual : Node_Id);
-- This procedure takes a formal and an actual parameter and checks the
-- state of every out-mode and in out-mode parameter. This includes
-- Moving and Borrowing.
procedure Check_Statement (Stmt : Node_Id);
function Get_Perm (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Kind;
-- The function that takes a name as input and returns a permission
-- associated to it.
function Get_Perm_Or_Tree (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Or_Tree;
-- This function gets a Node_Id and looks recursively to find the
-- appropriate subtree for that Node_Id. If the tree is folded on
-- that node, then it returns the permission given at the right level.
function Get_Perm_Tree (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Tree_Access;
-- This function gets a Node_Id and looks recursively to find the
-- appropriate subtree for that Node_Id. If the tree is folded, then
-- it unrolls the tree up to the appropriate level.
procedure Hp (P : Perm_Env);
-- A procedure that outputs the hash table. This function is used only in
-- the debugger to look into a hash table.
pragma Unreferenced (Hp);
procedure Illegal_Global_Usage (N : Node_Or_Entity_Id);
pragma No_Return (Illegal_Global_Usage);
-- A procedure that is called when deep globals or aliased globals are used
-- without any global aspect.
function Is_Deep (E : Entity_Id) return Boolean;
-- A function that can tell if a type is deep or not. Returns true if the
-- type passed as argument is deep.
procedure Perm_Error
(N : Node_Id;
Perm : Perm_Kind;
Found_Perm : Perm_Kind);
-- A procedure that is called when the permissions found contradict the
-- rules established by the RM. This function is called with the node, its
-- entity and the permission that was expected, and adds an error message
-- with the appropriate values.
procedure Perm_Error_Subprogram_End
(E : Entity_Id;
Subp : Entity_Id;
Perm : Perm_Kind;
Found_Perm : Perm_Kind);
-- A procedure that is called when the permissions found contradict the
-- rules established by the RM at the end of subprograms. This function
-- is called with the node, its entity, the node of the returning function
-- and the permission that was expected, and adds an error message with the
-- appropriate values.
procedure Process_Path (N : Node_Id);
procedure Return_Declarations (L : List_Id);
-- Check correct permissions on every declared object at the end of a
-- callee. Used at the end of the body of a callable entity. Checks that
-- paths of all borrowed formal parameters and global have Unrestricted
-- permission.
procedure Return_Globals (Subp : Entity_Id);
-- Takes a subprogram as input, and checks that all borrowed global items
-- of the subprogram indeed have RW permission at the end of the subprogram
-- execution.
procedure Return_The_Global
(Id : Entity_Id;
Mode : Formal_Kind;
Subp : Entity_Id);
-- Auxiliary procedure to Return_Globals
-- There is no need to return parameters because they will be reassigned
-- their state once the subprogram returns. Local variables that have
-- borrowed, observed, or moved an actual parameter go out of the scope.
procedure Set_Perm_Extensions (T : Perm_Tree_Access; P : Perm_Kind);
-- This procedure takes an access to a permission tree and modifies the
-- tree so that any strict extensions of the given tree become of the
-- access specified by parameter P.
function Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Tree_Access;
-- This function modifies the permissions of a given node_id in the
-- permission environment as well as in all the prefixes of the path,
-- given that the path is borrowed with mode out.
function Set_Perm_Prefixes
(N : Node_Id;
New_Perm : Perm_Kind)
return Perm_Tree_Access;
-- This function sets the permissions of a given node_id in the
-- permission environment as well as in all the prefixes of the path
-- to the one given in parameter (P).
procedure Setup_Globals (Subp : Entity_Id);
-- Takes a subprogram as input, and sets up the environment by adding
-- global items with appropriate permissions.
procedure Setup_Parameter_Or_Global
(Id : Entity_Id;
Mode : Formal_Kind;
Global_Var : Boolean);
-- Auxiliary procedure to Setup_Parameters and Setup_Globals
procedure Setup_Parameters (Subp : Entity_Id);
-- Takes a subprogram as input, and sets up the environment by adding
-- formal parameters with appropriate permissions.
function Has_Ownership_Aspect_True
(N : Node_Id;
Msg : String)
return Boolean;
-- Takes a node as an input, and finds out whether it has ownership aspect
-- True or False. This function is recursive whenever the node has a
-- composite type. Access-to-objects have ownership aspect False if they
-- have a general access type.
----------------------
-- Global Variables --
----------------------
Current_Perm_Env : Perm_Env;
-- The permission environment that is used for the analysis. This
-- environment can be saved, modified, reinitialized, but should be the
-- only one valid from which to extract the permissions of the paths in
-- scope. The analysis ensures at each point that this variables contains
-- a valid permission environment with all bindings in scope.
Current_Checking_Mode : Checking_Mode := Read;
-- The current analysis mode. This global variable indicates at each point
-- of the analysis whether the node being analyzed is moved, borrowed,
-- assigned, read, ... The full list of possible values can be found in
-- the declaration of type Checking_Mode.
Current_Loops_Envs : Env_Backups;
-- This variable contains saves of permission environments at each loop the
-- analysis entered. Each saved environment can be reached with the label
-- of the loop.
Current_Loops_Accumulators : Env_Backups;
-- This variable contains the environments used as accumulators for loops,
-- that consist of the merge of all environments at each exit point of
-- the loop (which can also be the entry point of the loop in the case of
-- non-infinite loops), each of them reachable from the label of the loop.
-- We require that the environment stored in the accumulator be less
-- restrictive than the saved environment at the beginning of the loop, and
-- the permission environment after the loop is equal to the accumulator.
Current_Initialization_Map : Initialization_Map;
-- This variable contains a map that binds each variable of the analyzed
-- source code to a boolean that becomes true whenever the variable is used
-- after declaration. Hence we can exclude from analysis variables that
-- are just declared and never accessed, typically at package declaration.
--------------------------
-- Check_Call_Statement --
--------------------------
procedure Check_Call_Statement (Call : Node_Id) is
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
procedure Iterate_Call_In is new
Iterate_Call_Parameters (Check_Param_In);
procedure Iterate_Call_Out is new
Iterate_Call_Parameters (Check_Param_Out);
begin
-- Save environment, so that the modifications done by analyzing the
-- parameters are not kept at the end of the call.
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- We first check the globals then parameters to handle the
-- No_Parameter_Aliasing Restriction. An out or in-out global is
-- considered as borrowing while a parameter with the same mode is
-- a move. This order disallow passing a part of a variable to a
-- subprogram if it is referenced as a global by the callable (when
-- writable).
-- For paremeters, we fisrt check in parameters and then the out ones.
-- This is to avoid Observing or Borrowing objects that are already
-- moved. This order is not mandatory but allows to catch runtime
-- errors like null pointer dereferencement at the analysis time.
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Globals (Get_Pragma (Get_Called_Entity (Call), Pragma_Global));
Iterate_Call_In (Call);
Iterate_Call_Out (Call);
-- Restore environment, because after borrowing/observing actual
-- parameters, they get their permission reverted to the ones before
-- the call.
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
end Check_Call_Statement;
-------------------------
-- Check_Callable_Body --
-------------------------
procedure Check_Callable_Body (Body_N : Node_Id) is
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
Saved_Init_Map : Initialization_Map;
New_Env : Perm_Env;
Body_Id : constant Entity_Id := Defining_Entity (Body_N);
Spec_Id : constant Entity_Id := Unique_Entity (Body_Id);
begin
-- Check if SPARK pragma is not set to Off
if Present (SPARK_Pragma (Defining_Entity (Body_N))) then
if Get_SPARK_Mode_From_Annotation
(SPARK_Pragma (Defining_Entity (Body_N))) /= Opt.On
then
return;
end if;
else
return;
end if;
-- Save environment and put a new one in place
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- Save initialization map
Copy_Init_Map (Current_Initialization_Map, Saved_Init_Map);
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Current_Perm_Env := New_Env;
-- Add formals and globals to the environment with adequate permissions
if Is_Subprogram_Or_Entry (Spec_Id) then
Setup_Parameters (Spec_Id);
Setup_Globals (Spec_Id);
end if;
-- Analyze the body of the function
Check_List (Declarations (Body_N));
Check_Node (Handled_Statement_Sequence (Body_N));
-- Check the read-write permissions of borrowed parameters/globals
if Ekind_In (Spec_Id, E_Procedure, E_Entry)
and then not No_Return (Spec_Id)
then
Return_Globals (Spec_Id);
end if;
-- Free the environments
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
-- Restore initialization map
Copy_Init_Map (Saved_Init_Map, Current_Initialization_Map);
Reset (Saved_Init_Map);
-- The assignment of all out parameters will be done by caller
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
end Check_Callable_Body;
-----------------------
-- Check_Declaration --
-----------------------
procedure Check_Declaration (Decl : Node_Id) is
Target_Ent : constant Entity_Id := Defining_Identifier (Decl);
Target_Typ : Node_Id renames Etype (Target_Ent);
Target_View_Typ : Entity_Id;
Check : Boolean := True;
begin
if Present (Full_View (Target_Typ)) then
Target_View_Typ := Full_View (Target_Typ);
else
Target_View_Typ := Target_Typ;
end if;
case N_Declaration'(Nkind (Decl)) is
when N_Full_Type_Declaration =>
if not Has_Ownership_Aspect_True (Target_Ent, "type declaration")
then
Check := False;
end if;
-- ??? What about component declarations with defaults.
when N_Object_Declaration =>
if (Is_Access_Type (Target_View_Typ)
or else Is_Deep (Target_Typ))
and then not Has_Ownership_Aspect_True
(Target_Ent, "Object declaration ")
then
Check := False;
end if;
if Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Target_View_Typ)
and then not Present (Expression (Decl))
then
-- ??? Check the case of default value (AI)
-- ??? How an anonymous access type can be with default exp?
Error_Msg_NE ("? object declaration & has OAF (Anonymous "
& "access-to-object with no initialization)",
Decl, Target_Ent);
-- If it it an initialization
elsif Present (Expression (Decl)) and Check then
-- Find out the operation to be done on the right-hand side
-- Initializing object, access type
if Is_Access_Type (Target_View_Typ) then
-- Initializing object, constant access type
if Is_Constant_Object (Target_Ent) then
-- Initializing object, constant access to variable type
if not Is_Access_Constant (Target_View_Typ) then
Current_Checking_Mode := Borrow;
-- Initializing object, constant access to constant type
-- Initializing object,
-- constant access to constant anonymous type.
elsif Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Target_View_Typ) then
-- This is an object declaration so the target
-- of the assignement is a stand-alone object.
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
-- Initializing object, constant access to constant
-- named type.
else
-- If named then it is a general access type
-- Hence, Has_Ownership_Aspec_True is False.
raise Program_Error;
end if;
-- Initializing object, variable access type
else
-- Initializing object, variable access to variable type
if not Is_Access_Constant (Target_View_Typ) then
-- Initializing object, variable named access to
-- variable type.
if not Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Target_View_Typ) then
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
-- Initializing object, variable anonymous access to
-- variable type.
else
-- This is an object declaration so the target
-- object of the assignement is a stand-alone
-- object.
Current_Checking_Mode := Borrow;
end if;
-- Initializing object, variable access to constant type
else
-- Initializing object,
-- variable named access to constant type.
if not Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Target_View_Typ) then
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, Ownership "
& "Aspect False (Anonymous Access "
& "Object)", Decl);
Check := False;
-- Initializing object,
-- variable anonymous access to constant type.
else
-- This is an object declaration so the target
-- of the assignement is a stand-alone object.
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
end if;
end if;
end if;
-- Initializing object, composite (deep) type
elsif Is_Deep (Target_Typ) then
-- Initializing object, constant composite type
if Is_Constant_Object (Target_Ent) then
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
-- Initializing object, variable composite type
else
-- Initializing object, variable anonymous composite type
if Nkind (Object_Definition (Decl)) =
N_Constrained_Array_Definition
-- An N_Constrained_Array_Definition is an anonymous
-- array (to be checked). Record types are always
-- named and are considered in the else part.
then
declare
Com_Ty : constant Node_Id :=
Component_Type (Etype (Target_Typ));
begin
if Is_Access_Type (Com_Ty) then
-- If components are of anonymous type
if Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Com_Ty) then
if Is_Access_Constant (Com_Ty) then
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
else
Current_Checking_Mode := Borrow;
end if;
else
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
end if;
elsif Is_Deep (Com_Ty) then
-- This is certainly named so it is a move
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
end if;
end;
else
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
end if;
end if;
end if;
end if;
if Check then
Check_Node (Expression (Decl));
end if;
-- If lhs is not a pointer, we still give it the unrestricted
-- state which is useless but not harmful.
declare
Elem : Perm_Tree_Access;
Deep : constant Boolean := Is_Deep (Target_Typ);
begin
-- Note that all declared variables are set to the unrestricted
-- state.
--
-- If variables are not initialized:
-- unrestricted to every declared object.
-- Exp:
-- R : Rec
-- S : Rec := (...)
-- R := S
-- The assignement R := S is not allowed in the new rules
-- if R is not unrestricted.
--
-- If variables are initialized:
-- If it is a move, then the target is unrestricted
-- If it is a borrow, then the target is unrestricted
-- If it is an observe, then the target should be observed
if Current_Checking_Mode = Observe then
Elem := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Deep,
Permission => Observed,
Children_Permission => Observed));
else
Elem := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Deep,
Permission => Unrestricted,
Children_Permission => Unrestricted));
end if;
-- Create new tree for defining identifier
Set (Current_Perm_Env,
Unique_Entity (Defining_Identifier (Decl)),
Elem);
pragma Assert (Get_First (Current_Perm_Env) /= null);
end;
when N_Subtype_Declaration =>
Check_Node (Subtype_Indication (Decl));
when N_Iterator_Specification =>
null;
when N_Loop_Parameter_Specification =>
null;
-- Checking should not be called directly on these nodes
when N_Function_Specification
| N_Entry_Declaration
| N_Procedure_Specification
| N_Component_Declaration
=>
raise Program_Error;
-- Ignored constructs for pointer checking
when N_Formal_Object_Declaration
| N_Formal_Type_Declaration
| N_Incomplete_Type_Declaration
| N_Private_Extension_Declaration
| N_Private_Type_Declaration
| N_Protected_Type_Declaration
=>
null;
-- The following nodes are rewritten by semantic analysis
when N_Expression_Function =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Check_Declaration;
----------------------
-- Check_Expression --
----------------------
procedure Check_Expression (Expr : Node_Id) is
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
begin
case N_Subexpr'(Nkind (Expr)) is
when N_Procedure_Call_Statement
| N_Function_Call
=>
Check_Call_Statement (Expr);
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
-- Check if identifier is pointing to nothing (On/Off/...)
if not Present (Entity (Expr)) then
return;
end if;
-- Do not analyze things that are not of object Kind
if Ekind (Entity (Expr)) not in Object_Kind then
return;
end if;
-- Consider as ident
Process_Path (Expr);
-- Switch to read mode and then check the readability of each operand
when N_Binary_Op =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Left_Opnd (Expr));
Check_Node (Right_Opnd (Expr));
-- Switch to read mode and then check the readability of each operand
when N_Op_Abs
| N_Op_Minus
| N_Op_Not
| N_Op_Plus
=>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Right_Opnd (Expr));
-- Forbid all deep expressions for Attribute ???
-- What about generics? (formal parameters).
when N_Attribute_Reference =>
case Attribute_Name (Expr) is
when Name_Access =>
Error_Msg_N ("access attribute not allowed", Expr);
when Name_Last
| Name_First
=>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
when Name_Min =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
when Name_Image =>
Check_List (Expressions (Expr));
when Name_Img =>
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
when Name_SPARK_Mode =>
null;
when Name_Value =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
when Name_Update =>
Check_List (Expressions (Expr));
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
when Name_Pred
| Name_Succ
=>
Check_List (Expressions (Expr));
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
when Name_Length =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Prefix (Expr));
-- Any Attribute referring to the underlying memory is ignored
-- in the analysis. This means that taking the address of a
-- variable makes a silent alias that is not rejected by the
-- analysis.
when Name_Address
| Name_Alignment
| Name_Component_Size
| Name_First_Bit
| Name_Last_Bit
| Name_Size
| Name_Position
=>
null;
-- Attributes referring to types (get values from types), hence
-- no need to check either for borrows or any loans.
when Name_Base
| Name_Val
=>
null;
-- Other attributes that fall out of the scope of the analysis
when others =>
null;
end case;
when N_In =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Left_Opnd (Expr));
Check_Node (Right_Opnd (Expr));
when N_Not_In =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Left_Opnd (Expr));
Check_Node (Right_Opnd (Expr));
-- Switch to read mode and then check the readability of each operand
when N_And_Then
| N_Or_Else
=>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Left_Opnd (Expr));
Check_Node (Right_Opnd (Expr));
-- Check the arguments of the call
when N_Explicit_Dereference =>
Process_Path (Expr);
-- Copy environment, run on each branch, and then merge
when N_If_Expression =>
declare
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
-- Accumulator for the different branches
New_Env : Perm_Env;
Elmt : Node_Id := First (Expressions (Expr));
begin
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Elmt);
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
-- Save environment
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- Here we have the original env in saved, current with a fresh
-- copy, and new aliased.
-- THEN PART
Next (Elmt);
Check_Node (Elmt);
-- Here the new_environment contains curr env after then block
-- ELSE part
-- Restore environment before if
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, New_Env);
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
-- Here new environment contains the environment after then and
-- current the fresh copy of old one.
Next (Elmt);
Check_Node (Elmt);
-- CLEANUP
Copy_Env (New_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (New_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
end;
when N_Indexed_Component =>
Process_Path (Expr);
-- Analyze the expression that is getting qualified
when N_Qualified_Expression =>
Check_Node (Expression (Expr));
when N_Quantified_Expression =>
declare
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
begin
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Iterator_Specification (Expr));
Check_Node (Loop_Parameter_Specification (Expr));
Check_Node (Condition (Expr));
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
end;
-- Analyze the list of associations in the aggregate
when N_Aggregate =>
Check_List (Expressions (Expr));
Check_List (Component_Associations (Expr));
when N_Allocator =>
Check_Node (Expression (Expr));
when N_Case_Expression =>
declare
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
-- Accumulator for the different branches
New_Env : Perm_Env;
Elmt : Node_Id := First (Alternatives (Expr));
begin
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Expression (Expr));
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
-- Save environment
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- Here we have the original env in saved, current with a fresh
-- copy, and new aliased.
-- First alternative
Check_Node (Elmt);
Next (Elmt);
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, New_Env);
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
-- Other alternatives
while Present (Elmt) loop
-- Restore environment
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Check_Node (Elmt);
Next (Elmt);
end loop;
-- CLEANUP
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (New_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
end;
-- Analyze the list of associates in the aggregate as well as the
-- ancestor part.
when N_Extension_Aggregate =>
Check_Node (Ancestor_Part (Expr));
Check_List (Expressions (Expr));
when N_Range =>
Check_Node (Low_Bound (Expr));
Check_Node (High_Bound (Expr));
-- We arrived at a path. Process it.
when N_Selected_Component =>
Process_Path (Expr);
when N_Slice =>
Process_Path (Expr);
when N_Type_Conversion =>
Check_Node (Expression (Expr));
when N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion =>
Check_Node (Expression (Expr));
-- Checking should not be called directly on these nodes
when N_Target_Name =>
raise Program_Error;
-- Unsupported constructs in SPARK
when N_Delta_Aggregate =>
Error_Msg_N ("unsupported construct in SPARK", Expr);
-- Ignored constructs for pointer checking
when N_Character_Literal
| N_Null
| N_Numeric_Or_String_Literal
| N_Operator_Symbol
| N_Raise_Expression
| N_Raise_xxx_Error
=>
null;
-- The following nodes are never generated in GNATprove mode
when N_Expression_With_Actions
| N_Reference
| N_Unchecked_Expression
=>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Check_Expression;
-------------------
-- Check_Globals --
-------------------
procedure Check_Globals (N : Node_Id) is
begin
if Nkind (N) = N_Empty then
return;
end if;
declare
pragma Assert (List_Length (Pragma_Argument_Associations (N)) = 1);
PAA : constant Node_Id := First (Pragma_Argument_Associations (N));
pragma Assert (Nkind (PAA) = N_Pragma_Argument_Association);
Row : Node_Id;
The_Mode : Name_Id;
RHS : Node_Id;
procedure Process (Mode : Name_Id; The_Global : Entity_Id);
procedure Process (Mode : Name_Id; The_Global : Node_Id) is
Ident_Elt : constant Entity_Id :=
Unique_Entity (Entity (The_Global));
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
begin
if Ekind (Ident_Elt) = E_Abstract_State then
return;
end if;
case Mode is
when Name_Input
| Name_Proof_In
=>
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
Check_Node (The_Global);
when Name_Output
| Name_In_Out
=>
-- ??? Borrow not Move?
Current_Checking_Mode := Borrow;
Check_Node (The_Global);
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
end Process;
begin
if Nkind (Expression (PAA)) = N_Null then
-- global => null
-- No globals, nothing to do
return;
elsif Nkind_In (Expression (PAA), N_Identifier, N_Expanded_Name) then
-- global => foo
-- A single input
Process (Name_Input, Expression (PAA));
elsif Nkind (Expression (PAA)) = N_Aggregate
and then Expressions (Expression (PAA)) /= No_List
then
-- global => (foo, bar)
-- Inputs
RHS := First (Expressions (Expression (PAA)));
while Present (RHS) loop
case Nkind (RHS) is
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
Process (Name_Input, RHS);
when N_Numeric_Or_String_Literal =>
Process (Name_Input, Original_Node (RHS));
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
RHS := Next (RHS);
end loop;
elsif Nkind (Expression (PAA)) = N_Aggregate
and then Component_Associations (Expression (PAA)) /= No_List
then
-- global => (mode => foo,
-- mode => (bar, baz))
-- A mixture of things
declare
CA : constant List_Id :=
Component_Associations (Expression (PAA));
begin
Row := First (CA);
while Present (Row) loop
pragma Assert (List_Length (Choices (Row)) = 1);
The_Mode := Chars (First (Choices (Row)));
RHS := Expression (Row);
case Nkind (RHS) is
when N_Aggregate =>
RHS := First (Expressions (RHS));
while Present (RHS) loop
case Nkind (RHS) is
when N_Numeric_Or_String_Literal =>
Process (The_Mode, Original_Node (RHS));
when others =>
Process (The_Mode, RHS);
end case;
RHS := Next (RHS);
end loop;
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
Process (The_Mode, RHS);
when N_Null =>
null;
when N_Numeric_Or_String_Literal =>
Process (The_Mode, Original_Node (RHS));
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
Row := Next (Row);
end loop;
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
end Check_Globals;
----------------
-- Check_List --
----------------
procedure Check_List (L : List_Id) is
N : Node_Id;
begin
N := First (L);
while Present (N) loop
Check_Node (N);
Next (N);
end loop;
end Check_List;
--------------------------
-- Check_Loop_Statement --
--------------------------
procedure Check_Loop_Statement (Loop_N : Node_Id) is
-- Local variables
Loop_Name : constant Entity_Id := Entity (Identifier (Loop_N));
Loop_Env : constant Perm_Env_Access := new Perm_Env;
begin
-- Save environment prior to the loop
Copy_Env (From => Current_Perm_Env, To => Loop_Env.all);
-- Add saved environment to loop environment
Set (Current_Loops_Envs, Loop_Name, Loop_Env);
-- If the loop is not a plain-loop, then it may either never be entered,
-- or it may be exited after a number of iterations. Hence add the
-- current permission environment as the initial loop exit environment.
-- Otherwise, the loop exit environment remains empty until it is
-- populated by analyzing exit statements.
if Present (Iteration_Scheme (Loop_N)) then
declare
Exit_Env : constant Perm_Env_Access := new Perm_Env;
begin
Copy_Env (From => Current_Perm_Env, To => Exit_Env.all);
Set (Current_Loops_Accumulators, Loop_Name, Exit_Env);
end;
end if;
-- Analyze loop
Check_Node (Iteration_Scheme (Loop_N));
Check_List (Statements (Loop_N));
-- Set environment to the one for exiting the loop
declare
Exit_Env : constant Perm_Env_Access :=
Get (Current_Loops_Accumulators, Loop_Name);
begin
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
-- In the normal case, Exit_Env is not null and we use it. In the
-- degraded case of a plain-loop without exit statements, Exit_Env is
-- null, and we use the initial permission environment at the start
-- of the loop to continue analysis. Any environment would be fine
-- here, since the code after the loop is dead code, but this way we
-- avoid spurious errors by having at least variables in scope inside
-- the environment.
if Exit_Env /= null then
Copy_Env (From => Exit_Env.all, To => Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (Loop_Env.all);
Free_Env (Exit_Env.all);
else
Copy_Env (From => Loop_Env.all, To => Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (Loop_Env.all);
end if;
end;
end Check_Loop_Statement;
----------------
-- Check_Node --
----------------
procedure Check_Node (N : Node_Id) is
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
begin
case Nkind (N) is
when N_Declaration =>
Check_Declaration (N);
when N_Subexpr =>
Check_Expression (N);
when N_Subtype_Indication =>
Check_Node (Constraint (N));
when N_Body_Stub =>
Check_Node (Get_Body_From_Stub (N));
when N_Statement_Other_Than_Procedure_Call =>
Check_Statement (N);
when N_Package_Body =>
Check_Package_Body (N);
when N_Subprogram_Body
| N_Entry_Body
| N_Task_Body
=>
Check_Callable_Body (N);
when N_Protected_Body =>
Check_List (Declarations (N));
when N_Package_Declaration =>
declare
Spec : constant Node_Id := Specification (N);
begin
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_List (Visible_Declarations (Spec));
Check_List (Private_Declarations (Spec));
Return_Declarations (Visible_Declarations (Spec));
Return_Declarations (Private_Declarations (Spec));
end;
when N_Iteration_Scheme =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Condition (N));
Check_Node (Iterator_Specification (N));
Check_Node (Loop_Parameter_Specification (N));
when N_Case_Expression_Alternative =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_List (Discrete_Choices (N));
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
Check_Node (Expression (N));
when N_Case_Statement_Alternative =>
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_List (Discrete_Choices (N));
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
Check_List (Statements (N));
when N_Component_Association =>
Check_Node (Expression (N));
when N_Handled_Sequence_Of_Statements =>
Check_List (Statements (N));
when N_Parameter_Association =>
Check_Node (Explicit_Actual_Parameter (N));
when N_Range_Constraint =>
Check_Node (Range_Expression (N));
when N_Index_Or_Discriminant_Constraint =>
Check_List (Constraints (N));
-- Checking should not be called directly on these nodes
when N_Abortable_Part
| N_Accept_Alternative
| N_Access_Definition
| N_Access_Function_Definition
| N_Access_Procedure_Definition
| N_Access_To_Object_Definition
| N_Aspect_Specification
| N_Compilation_Unit
| N_Compilation_Unit_Aux
| N_Component_Clause
| N_Component_Definition
| N_Component_List
| N_Constrained_Array_Definition
| N_Contract
| N_Decimal_Fixed_Point_Definition
| N_Defining_Character_Literal
| N_Defining_Identifier
| N_Defining_Operator_Symbol
| N_Defining_Program_Unit_Name
| N_Delay_Alternative
| N_Derived_Type_Definition
| N_Designator
| N_Discriminant_Specification
| N_Elsif_Part
| N_Entry_Body_Formal_Part
| N_Enumeration_Type_Definition
| N_Entry_Call_Alternative
| N_Entry_Index_Specification
| N_Error
| N_Exception_Handler
| N_Floating_Point_Definition
| N_Formal_Decimal_Fixed_Point_Definition
| N_Formal_Derived_Type_Definition
| N_Formal_Discrete_Type_Definition
| N_Formal_Floating_Point_Definition
| N_Formal_Incomplete_Type_Definition
| N_Formal_Modular_Type_Definition
| N_Formal_Ordinary_Fixed_Point_Definition
| N_Formal_Private_Type_Definition
| N_Formal_Signed_Integer_Type_Definition
| N_Generic_Association
| N_Mod_Clause
| N_Modular_Type_Definition
| N_Ordinary_Fixed_Point_Definition
| N_Package_Specification
| N_Parameter_Specification
| N_Pragma_Argument_Association
| N_Protected_Definition
| N_Push_Pop_xxx_Label
| N_Real_Range_Specification
| N_Record_Definition
| N_SCIL_Dispatch_Table_Tag_Init
| N_SCIL_Dispatching_Call
| N_SCIL_Membership_Test
| N_Signed_Integer_Type_Definition
| N_Subunit
| N_Task_Definition
| N_Terminate_Alternative
| N_Triggering_Alternative
| N_Unconstrained_Array_Definition
| N_Unused_At_Start
| N_Unused_At_End
| N_Variant
| N_Variant_Part
=>
raise Program_Error;
-- Unsupported constructs in SPARK
when N_Iterated_Component_Association =>
Error_Msg_N ("unsupported construct in SPARK", N);
-- Ignored constructs for pointer checking
when N_Abstract_Subprogram_Declaration
| N_At_Clause
| N_Attribute_Definition_Clause
| N_Call_Marker
| N_Delta_Constraint
| N_Digits_Constraint
| N_Empty
| N_Enumeration_Representation_Clause
| N_Exception_Declaration
| N_Exception_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Formal_Package_Declaration
| N_Formal_Subprogram_Declaration
| N_Freeze_Entity
| N_Freeze_Generic_Entity
| N_Function_Instantiation
| N_Generic_Function_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Generic_Package_Declaration
| N_Generic_Package_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Generic_Procedure_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Generic_Subprogram_Declaration
| N_Implicit_Label_Declaration
| N_Itype_Reference
| N_Label
| N_Number_Declaration
| N_Object_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Others_Choice
| N_Package_Instantiation
| N_Package_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Pragma
| N_Procedure_Instantiation
| N_Record_Representation_Clause
| N_Subprogram_Declaration
| N_Subprogram_Renaming_Declaration
| N_Task_Type_Declaration
| N_Use_Package_Clause
| N_With_Clause
| N_Use_Type_Clause
| N_Validate_Unchecked_Conversion
| N_Variable_Reference_Marker
| N_Discriminant_Association
-- ??? check whether we should do sth special for
-- N_Discriminant_Association, or maybe raise a program error.
=>
null;
-- The following nodes are rewritten by semantic analysis
when N_Single_Protected_Declaration
| N_Single_Task_Declaration
=>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
end Check_Node;
------------------------
-- Check_Package_Body --
------------------------
procedure Check_Package_Body (Pack : Node_Id) is
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
CorSp : Node_Id;
begin
if Present (SPARK_Pragma (Defining_Entity (Pack))) then
if Get_SPARK_Mode_From_Annotation
(SPARK_Pragma (Defining_Entity (Pack))) /= Opt.On
then
return;
end if;
else
return;
end if;
CorSp := Parent (Corresponding_Spec (Pack));
while Nkind (CorSp) /= N_Package_Specification loop
CorSp := Parent (CorSp);
end loop;
Check_List (Visible_Declarations (CorSp));
-- Save environment
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
Check_List (Private_Declarations (CorSp));
-- Set mode to Read, and then analyze declarations and statements
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_List (Declarations (Pack));
Check_Node (Handled_Statement_Sequence (Pack));
-- Check RW for every stateful variable (i.e. in declarations)
Return_Declarations (Private_Declarations (CorSp));
Return_Declarations (Visible_Declarations (CorSp));
Return_Declarations (Declarations (Pack));
-- Restore previous environment (i.e. delete every nonvisible
-- declaration) from environment.
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
end Check_Package_Body;
--------------------
-- Check_Param_In --
--------------------
procedure Check_Param_In (Formal : Entity_Id; Actual : Node_Id) is
Mode : constant Entity_Kind := Ekind (Formal);
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
begin
case Formal_Kind'(Mode) is
-- Formal IN parameter
when E_In_Parameter =>
-- Formal IN parameter, access type
if Is_Access_Type (Etype (Formal)) then
-- Formal IN parameter, access to variable type
if not Is_Access_Constant (Etype (Formal)) then
-- Formal IN parameter, named/anonymous access-to-variable
-- type.
--
-- In SPARK, IN access-to-variable is an observe operation
-- for a function, and a borrow operation for a procedure.
if Ekind (Scope (Formal)) = E_Function then
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
Check_Node (Actual);
else
Current_Checking_Mode := Borrow;
Check_Node (Actual);
end if;
-- Formal IN parameter, access-to-constant type
-- Formal IN parameter, access-to-named-constant type
elsif not Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Etype (Formal)) then
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, Ownership Aspect"
& " False (Named general access type)",
Formal);
-- Formal IN parameter, access to anonymous constant type
else
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
Check_Node (Actual);
end if;
-- Formal IN parameter, composite type
elsif Is_Deep (Etype (Formal)) then
-- Composite formal types should be named
-- Formal IN parameter, composite named type
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
Check_Node (Actual);
end if;
when E_Out_Parameter
| E_In_Out_Parameter
=>
null;
end case;
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
end Check_Param_In;
----------------------
-- Check_Param_Out --
----------------------
procedure Check_Param_Out (Formal : Entity_Id; Actual : Node_Id) is
Mode : constant Entity_Kind := Ekind (Formal);
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
begin
case Formal_Kind'(Mode) is
-- Formal OUT/IN OUT parameter
when E_Out_Parameter
| E_In_Out_Parameter
=>
-- Formal OUT/IN OUT parameter, access type
if Is_Access_Type (Etype (Formal)) then
-- Formal OUT/IN OUT parameter, access to variable type
if not Is_Access_Constant (Etype (Formal)) then
-- Cannot have anonymous out access parameter
-- Formal out/in out parameter, access to named variable
-- type.
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
Check_Node (Actual);
-- Formal out/in out parameter, access to constant type
else
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, Ownership Aspect False"
& " (Named general access type)", Formal);
end if;
-- Formal out/in out parameter, composite type
elsif Is_Deep (Etype (Formal)) then
-- Composite formal types should be named
-- Formal out/in out Parameter, Composite Named type.
Current_Checking_Mode := Borrow;
Check_Node (Actual);
end if;
when E_In_Parameter =>
null;
end case;
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
end Check_Param_Out;
-------------------------
-- Check_Safe_Pointers --
-------------------------
procedure Check_Safe_Pointers (N : Node_Id) is
-- Local subprograms
procedure Check_List (L : List_Id);
-- Call the main analysis procedure on each element of the list
procedure Initialize;
-- Initialize global variables before starting the analysis of a body
----------------
-- Check_List --
----------------
procedure Check_List (L : List_Id) is
N : Node_Id;
begin
N := First (L);
while Present (N) loop
Check_Safe_Pointers (N);
Next (N);
end loop;
end Check_List;
----------------
-- Initialize --
----------------
procedure Initialize is
begin
Reset (Current_Loops_Envs);
Reset (Current_Loops_Accumulators);
Reset (Current_Perm_Env);
Reset (Current_Initialization_Map);
end Initialize;
-- Local variables
Prag : Node_Id;
-- SPARK_Mode pragma in application
-- Start of processing for Check_Safe_Pointers
begin
Initialize;
case Nkind (N) is
when N_Compilation_Unit =>
Check_Safe_Pointers (Unit (N));
when N_Package_Body
| N_Package_Declaration
| N_Subprogram_Body
=>
Prag := SPARK_Pragma (Defining_Entity (N));
if Present (Prag) then
if Get_SPARK_Mode_From_Annotation (Prag) = Opt.Off then
return;
else
Check_Node (N);
end if;
elsif Nkind (N) = N_Package_Body then
Check_List (Declarations (N));
elsif Nkind (N) = N_Package_Declaration then
Check_List (Private_Declarations (Specification (N)));
Check_List (Visible_Declarations (Specification (N)));
end if;
when others =>
null;
end case;
end Check_Safe_Pointers;
---------------------
-- Check_Statement --
---------------------
procedure Check_Statement (Stmt : Node_Id) is
Mode_Before : constant Checking_Mode := Current_Checking_Mode;
State_N : Perm_Kind;
Check : Boolean := True;
St_Name : Node_Id;
Ty_St_Name : Node_Id;
function Get_Root (Comp_Stmt : Node_Id) return Node_Id;
-- Return the root of the name given as input
function Get_Root (Comp_Stmt : Node_Id) return Node_Id is
begin
case Nkind (Comp_Stmt) is
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=> return Comp_Stmt;
when N_Type_Conversion
| N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion
| N_Qualified_Expression
=>
return Get_Root (Expression (Comp_Stmt));
when N_Parameter_Specification =>
return Get_Root (Defining_Identifier (Comp_Stmt));
when N_Selected_Component
| N_Indexed_Component
| N_Slice
| N_Explicit_Dereference
=>
return Get_Root (Prefix (Comp_Stmt));
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Get_Root;
begin
case N_Statement_Other_Than_Procedure_Call'(Nkind (Stmt)) is
when N_Entry_Call_Statement =>
Check_Call_Statement (Stmt);
-- Move right-hand side first, and then assign left-hand side
when N_Assignment_Statement =>
St_Name := Name (Stmt);
Ty_St_Name := Etype (Name (Stmt));
-- Check that is not a *general* access type
if Has_Ownership_Aspect_True (St_Name, "assigning to") then
-- Assigning to access type
if Is_Access_Type (Ty_St_Name) then
-- Assigning to access to variable type
if not Is_Access_Constant (Ty_St_Name) then
-- Assigning to named access to variable type
if not Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Ty_St_Name) then
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
-- Assigning to anonymous access to variable type
else
-- Target /= source root
if Nkind_In (Expression (Stmt), N_Allocator, N_Null)
or else Entity (St_Name) /=
Entity (Get_Root (Expression (Stmt)))
then
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, anonymous "
& "access Object with Different Root",
Stmt);
Check := False;
-- Target = source root
else
-- Here we do nothing on the source nor on the
-- target. However, we check the the legality rule:
-- "The source shall be an owning access object
-- denoted by a name that is not in the observed
-- state".
State_N := Get_Perm (Expression (Stmt));
if State_N = Observed then
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, Anonymous "
& "access object with the same root"
& " but source Observed", Stmt);
Check := False;
end if;
end if;
end if;
-- else access-to-constant
-- Assigning to anonymous access-to-constant type
elsif Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Ty_St_Name) then
-- ??? Check the follwing condition. We may have to
-- add that the root is in the observed state too.
State_N := Get_Perm (Expression (Stmt));
if State_N /= Observed then
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, anonymous "
& "access-to-constant object not in "
& "the observed state)", Stmt);
Check := False;
else
Error_Msg_N ("?here check accessibility level cited in"
& " the second legality rule of assign",
Stmt);
Check := False;
end if;
-- Assigning to named access-to-constant type:
-- This case should have been detected when checking
-- Has_Onwership_Aspect_True (Name (Stmt), "msg").
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
-- Assigning to composite (deep) type.
elsif Is_Deep (Ty_St_Name) then
if Ekind_In (Ty_St_Name,
E_Record_Type,
E_Record_Subtype)
then
declare
Elmt : Entity_Id :=
First_Component_Or_Discriminant (Ty_St_Name);
begin
while Present (Elmt) loop
if Is_Anonymous_Access_Type (Etype (Elmt)) or
Ekind (Elmt) = E_General_Access_Type
then
Error_Msg_N ("assignment not allowed, Ownership "
& "Aspect False (Components have "
& "Ownership Aspect False)", Stmt);
Check := False;
exit;
end if;
Next_Component_Or_Discriminant (Elmt);
end loop;
end;
-- Record types are always named so this is a move
if Check then
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
end if;
elsif Ekind_In (Ty_St_Name,
E_Array_Type,
E_Array_Subtype)
and then Check
then
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
end if;
-- Now handle legality rules of using a borrowed, observed,
-- or moved name as a prefix in an assignment.
else
if Nkind_In (St_Name,
N_Attribute_Reference,
N_Expanded_Name,
N_Explicit_Dereference,
N_Indexed_Component,
N_Reference,
N_Selected_Component,
N_Slice)
then
if Is_Access_Type (Etype (Prefix (St_Name))) or
Is_Deep (Etype (Prefix (St_Name)))
then
-- We set the Check variable to True so that we can
-- Check_Node of the expression and the name first
-- under the assumption of Current_Checking_Mode =
-- Read => nothing to be done for the RHS if the
-- following check on the expression fails, and
-- Current_Checking_Mode := Assign => the name should
-- not be borrowed or observed so that we can use it
-- as a prefix in the target of an assignement.
--
-- Note that we do not need to check the OA here
-- because we are allowed to read and write "through"
-- an object of OAF (example: traversing a DS).
Check := True;
end if;
end if;
if Nkind_In (Expression (Stmt),
N_Attribute_Reference,
N_Expanded_Name,
N_Explicit_Dereference,
N_Indexed_Component,
N_Reference,
N_Selected_Component,
N_Slice)
then
if Is_Access_Type (Etype (Prefix (Expression (Stmt))))
or else Is_Deep (Etype (Prefix (Expression (Stmt))))
then
Current_Checking_Mode := Observe;
Check := True;
end if;
end if;
end if;
if Check then
Check_Node (Expression (Stmt));
Current_Checking_Mode := Assign;
Check_Node (St_Name);
end if;
end if;
when N_Block_Statement =>
declare
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
begin
-- Save environment
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- Analyze declarations and Handled_Statement_Sequences
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_List (Declarations (Stmt));
Check_Node (Handled_Statement_Sequence (Stmt));
-- Restore environment
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
end;
when N_Case_Statement =>
declare
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
-- Accumulator for the different branches
New_Env : Perm_Env;
Elmt : Node_Id := First (Alternatives (Stmt));
begin
Current_Checking_Mode := Read;
Check_Node (Expression (Stmt));
Current_Checking_Mode := Mode_Before;
-- Save environment
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- Here we have the original env in saved, current with a fresh
-- copy, and new aliased.
-- First alternative
Check_Node (Elmt);
Next (Elmt);
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, New_Env);
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
-- Other alternatives
while Present (Elmt) loop
-- Restore environment
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Check_Node (Elmt);
Next (Elmt);
end loop;
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (New_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
end;
when N_Delay_Relative_Statement =>
Check_Node (Expression (Stmt));
when N_Delay_Until_Statement =>
Check_Node (Expression (Stmt));
when N_Loop_Statement =>
Check_Loop_Statement (Stmt);
-- If deep type expression, then move, else read
when N_Simple_Return_Statement =>
case Nkind (Expression (Stmt)) is
when N_Empty =>
declare
-- ??? This does not take into account the fact that
-- a simple return inside an extended return statement
-- applies to the extended return statement.
Subp : constant Entity_Id :=
Return_Applies_To (Return_Statement_Entity (Stmt));
begin
Return_Globals (Subp);
end;
when others =>
if Is_Deep (Etype (Expression (Stmt))) then
Current_Checking_Mode := Move;
else
Check := False;
end if;
if Check then
Check_Node (Expression (Stmt));
end if;
end case;
when N_Extended_Return_Statement =>
Check_List (Return_Object_Declarations (Stmt));
Check_Node (Handled_Statement_Sequence (Stmt));
Return_Declarations (Return_Object_Declarations (Stmt));
declare
-- ??? This does not take into account the fact that a simple
-- return inside an extended return statement applies to the
-- extended return statement.
Subp : constant Entity_Id :=
Return_Applies_To (Return_Statement_Entity (Stmt));
begin
Return_Globals (Subp);
end;
-- Nothing to do when exiting a loop. No merge needed
when N_Exit_Statement =>
null;
-- Copy environment, run on each branch
when N_If_Statement =>
declare
Saved_Env : Perm_Env;
-- Accumulator for the different branches
New_Env : Perm_Env;
begin
Check_Node (Condition (Stmt));
-- Save environment
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, Saved_Env);
-- Here we have the original env in saved, current with a fresh
-- copy.
-- THEN PART
Check_List (Then_Statements (Stmt));
Copy_Env (Current_Perm_Env, New_Env);
Free_Env (Current_Perm_Env);
-- Here the new_environment contains curr env after then block
-- ELSIF part
declare
Elmt : Node_Id;
begin
Elmt := First (Elsif_Parts (Stmt));
while Present (Elmt) loop
-- Transfer into accumulator, and restore from save
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Check_Node (Condition (Elmt));
Check_List (Then_Statements (Stmt));
Next (Elmt);
end loop;
end;
-- ELSE part
-- Restore environment before if
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
-- Here new environment contains the environment after then and
-- current the fresh copy of old one.
Check_List (Else_Statements (Stmt));
-- CLEANUP
Copy_Env (Saved_Env, Current_Perm_Env);
Free_Env (New_Env);
Free_Env (Saved_Env);
end;
-- Unsupported constructs in SPARK
when N_Abort_Statement
| N_Accept_Statement
| N_Asynchronous_Select
| N_Code_Statement
| N_Conditional_Entry_Call
| N_Goto_Statement
| N_Requeue_Statement
| N_Selective_Accept
| N_Timed_Entry_Call
=>
Error_Msg_N ("unsupported construct in SPARK", Stmt);
-- Ignored constructs for pointer checking
when N_Null_Statement
| N_Raise_Statement
=>
null;
-- The following nodes are never generated in GNATprove mode
when N_Compound_Statement
| N_Free_Statement
=>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Check_Statement;
--------------
-- Get_Perm --
--------------
function Get_Perm (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Kind is
Tree_Or_Perm : constant Perm_Or_Tree := Get_Perm_Or_Tree (N);
begin
case Tree_Or_Perm.R is
when Folded =>
return Tree_Or_Perm.Found_Permission;
when Unfolded =>
pragma Assert (Tree_Or_Perm.Tree_Access /= null);
return Permission (Tree_Or_Perm.Tree_Access);
-- We encoutered a function call, hence the memory area is fresh,
-- which means that the association permission is RW.
when Function_Call =>
return Unrestricted;
end case;
end Get_Perm;
----------------------
-- Get_Perm_Or_Tree --
----------------------
function Get_Perm_Or_Tree (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Or_Tree is
begin
case Nkind (N) is
-- Base identifier. Normally those are the roots of the trees stored
-- in the permission environment.
when N_Defining_Identifier =>
raise Program_Error;
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
declare
P : constant Entity_Id := Entity (N);
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Get (Current_Perm_Env, Unique_Entity (P));
begin
-- Setting the initialization map to True, so that this
-- variable cannot be ignored anymore when looking at end
-- of elaboration of package.
Set (Current_Initialization_Map, Unique_Entity (P), True);
if C = null then
-- No null possible here, there are no parents for the path.
-- This means we are using a global variable without adding
-- it in environment with a global aspect.
Illegal_Global_Usage (N);
else
return (R => Unfolded, Tree_Access => C);
end if;
end;
when N_Type_Conversion
| N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion
| N_Qualified_Expression
=>
return Get_Perm_Or_Tree (Expression (N));
-- Happening when we try to get the permission of a variable that
-- is a formal parameter. We get instead the defining identifier
-- associated with the parameter (which is the one that has been
-- stored for indexing).
when N_Parameter_Specification =>
return Get_Perm_Or_Tree (Defining_Identifier (N));
-- We get the permission tree of its prefix, and then get either the
-- subtree associated with that specific selection, or if we have a
-- leaf that folds its children, we take the children's permission
-- and return it using the discriminant Folded.
when N_Selected_Component =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Or_Tree := Get_Perm_Or_Tree (Prefix (N));
begin
case C.R is
when Folded
| Function_Call
=>
return C;
when Unfolded =>
pragma Assert (C.Tree_Access /= null);
pragma Assert (Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Entire_Object
or else
Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Record_Component);
if Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Record_Component then
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C.Tree_Access), Selected_Component);
begin
if Selected_C = null then
return (R => Unfolded,
Tree_Access =>
Other_Components (C.Tree_Access));
else
return (R => Unfolded,
Tree_Access => Selected_C);
end if;
end;
elsif Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Entire_Object then
return (R => Folded,
Found_Permission =>
Children_Permission (C.Tree_Access));
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end case;
end;
-- We get the permission tree of its prefix, and then get either the
-- subtree associated with that specific selection, or if we have a
-- leaf that folds its children, we take the children's permission
-- and return it using the discriminant Folded.
when N_Indexed_Component
| N_Slice
=>
declare
C : constant Perm_Or_Tree := Get_Perm_Or_Tree (Prefix (N));
begin
case C.R is
when Folded
| Function_Call
=>
return C;
when Unfolded =>
pragma Assert (C.Tree_Access /= null);
pragma Assert (Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Entire_Object
or else
Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Array_Component);
if Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Array_Component then
pragma Assert (Get_Elem (C.Tree_Access) /= null);
return (R => Unfolded,
Tree_Access => Get_Elem (C.Tree_Access));
elsif Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Entire_Object then
return (R => Folded, Found_Permission =>
Children_Permission (C.Tree_Access));
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end case;
end;
-- We get the permission tree of its prefix, and then get either the
-- subtree associated with that specific selection, or if we have a
-- leaf that folds its children, we take the children's permission
-- and return it using the discriminant Folded.
when N_Explicit_Dereference =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Or_Tree := Get_Perm_Or_Tree (Prefix (N));
begin
case C.R is
when Folded
| Function_Call
=>
return C;
when Unfolded =>
pragma Assert (C.Tree_Access /= null);
pragma Assert (Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Entire_Object
or else
Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Reference);
if Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Reference then
if Get_All (C.Tree_Access) = null then
-- Hash_Table_Error
raise Program_Error;
else
return
(R => Unfolded,
Tree_Access => Get_All (C.Tree_Access));
end if;
elsif Kind (C.Tree_Access) = Entire_Object then
return (R => Folded, Found_Permission =>
Children_Permission (C.Tree_Access));
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end case;
end;
-- The name contains a function call, hence the given path is always
-- new. We do not have to check for anything.
when N_Function_Call =>
return (R => Function_Call);
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Get_Perm_Or_Tree;
-------------------
-- Get_Perm_Tree --
-------------------
function Get_Perm_Tree (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Tree_Access is
begin
case Nkind (N) is
-- Base identifier. Normally those are the roots of the trees stored
-- in the permission environment.
when N_Defining_Identifier =>
raise Program_Error;
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
declare
P : constant Node_Id := Entity (N);
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Get (Current_Perm_Env, Unique_Entity (P));
begin
-- Setting the initialization map to True, so that this
-- variable cannot be ignored anymore when looking at end
-- of elaboration of package.
Set (Current_Initialization_Map, Unique_Entity (P), True);
if C = null then
-- No null possible here, there are no parents for the path.
-- This means we are using a global variable without adding
-- it in environment with a global aspect.
Illegal_Global_Usage (N);
else
return C;
end if;
end;
when N_Type_Conversion
| N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion
| N_Qualified_Expression
=>
return Get_Perm_Tree (Expression (N));
when N_Parameter_Specification =>
return Get_Perm_Tree (Defining_Identifier (N));
-- We get the permission tree of its prefix, and then get either the
-- subtree associated with that specific selection, or if we have a
-- leaf that folds its children, we unroll it in one step.
when N_Selected_Component =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access := Get_Perm_Tree (Prefix (N));
begin
if C = null then
-- If null then it means we went through a function call
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Record_Component);
if Kind (C) = Record_Component then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just return the subtree.
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C), Selected_Component);
begin
if Selected_C = null then
return Other_Components (C);
end if;
return Selected_C;
end;
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace the node with
-- Record_Component.
Elem : Node_Id;
-- Create the unrolled nodes
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
Child_Perm : constant Perm_Kind :=
Children_Permission (C);
begin
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object to
-- Record_Component with same permission and an empty
-- hash table as component list.
C.all.Tree :=
(Kind => Record_Component,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Permission (C),
Component => Perm_Tree_Maps.Nil,
Other_Components =>
new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
-- Is_Node_Deep is true, to be conservative
Is_Node_Deep => True,
Permission => Child_Perm,
Children_Permission => Child_Perm)
)
);
-- We fill the hash table with all sons of the record,
-- with basic Entire_Objects nodes.
Elem := First_Component_Or_Discriminant
(Etype (Prefix (N)));
while Present (Elem) loop
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Deep (Etype (Elem)),
Permission => Child_Perm,
Children_Permission => Child_Perm));
Perm_Tree_Maps.Set
(C.all.Tree.Component, Elem, Son);
Next_Component_Or_Discriminant (Elem);
end loop;
-- we return the tree to the sons, so that the recursion
-- can continue.
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C), Selected_Component);
begin
pragma Assert (Selected_C /= null);
return Selected_C;
end;
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract from
-- the returned pointer the subtree. If folded, we unroll the tree at
-- one step.
when N_Indexed_Component
| N_Slice
=>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access := Get_Perm_Tree (Prefix (N));
begin
if C = null then
-- If null then we went through a function call
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Array_Component);
if Kind (C) = Array_Component then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just return the elem subtree
pragma Assert (Get_Elem (C) = null);
return Get_Elem (C);
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace node with Array_Component.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Children_Permission (C),
Children_Permission => Children_Permission (C)));
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object
-- to Array_Component with same permission and the
-- previously defined son.
C.all.Tree := (Kind => Array_Component,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Permission (C),
Get_Elem => Son);
return Get_Elem (C);
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- We get the permission tree of its prefix, and then get either the
-- subtree associated with that specific selection, or if we have a
-- leaf that folds its children, we unroll the tree.
when N_Explicit_Dereference =>
declare
C : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
C := Get_Perm_Tree (Prefix (N));
if C = null then
-- If null, we went through a function call
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Reference);
if Kind (C) = Reference then
-- The tree is unfolded. We return the elem subtree
if Get_All (C) = null then
-- Hash_Table_Error
raise Program_Error;
end if;
return Get_All (C);
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace the node with Reference.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Deep (Etype (N)),
Permission => Children_Permission (C),
Children_Permission => Children_Permission (C)));
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object to
-- Reference with same permission and the previous son.
pragma Assert (Is_Node_Deep (C));
C.all.Tree := (Kind => Reference,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Permission (C),
Get_All => Son);
return Get_All (C);
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- No permission tree for function calls
when N_Function_Call =>
return null;
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Get_Perm_Tree;
--------
-- Hp --
--------
procedure Hp (P : Perm_Env) is
Elem : Perm_Tree_Maps.Key_Option;
begin
Elem := Get_First_Key (P);
while Elem.Present loop
Print_Node_Briefly (Elem.K);
Elem := Get_Next_Key (P);
end loop;
end Hp;
--------------------------
-- Illegal_Global_Usage --
--------------------------
procedure Illegal_Global_Usage (N : Node_Or_Entity_Id) is
begin
Error_Msg_NE ("cannot use global variable & of deep type", N, N);
Error_Msg_N ("\without prior declaration in a Global aspect", N);
Errout.Finalize (Last_Call => True);
Errout.Output_Messages;
Exit_Program (E_Errors);
end Illegal_Global_Usage;
-------------
-- Is_Deep --
-------------
function Is_Deep (E : Entity_Id) return Boolean is
function Is_Private_Entity_Mode_Off (E : Entity_Id) return Boolean;
function Is_Private_Entity_Mode_Off (E : Entity_Id) return Boolean is
Decl : Node_Id;
Pack_Decl : Node_Id;
begin
if Is_Itype (E) then
Decl := Associated_Node_For_Itype (E);
else
Decl := Parent (E);
end if;
Pack_Decl := Parent (Parent (Decl));
if Nkind (Pack_Decl) /= N_Package_Declaration then
return False;
end if;
return
Present (SPARK_Aux_Pragma (Defining_Entity (Pack_Decl)))
and then Get_SPARK_Mode_From_Annotation
(SPARK_Aux_Pragma (Defining_Entity (Pack_Decl))) = Off;
end Is_Private_Entity_Mode_Off;
begin
pragma Assert (Is_Type (E));
case Ekind (E) is
when Scalar_Kind =>
return False;
when Access_Kind =>
return True;
-- Just check the depth of its component type
when E_Array_Type
| E_Array_Subtype
=>
return Is_Deep (Component_Type (E));
when E_String_Literal_Subtype =>
return False;
-- Per RM 8.11 for class-wide types
when E_Class_Wide_Subtype
| E_Class_Wide_Type
=>
return True;
-- ??? What about hidden components
when E_Record_Type
| E_Record_Subtype
=>
declare
Elmt : Entity_Id;
begin
Elmt := First_Component_Or_Discriminant (E);
while Present (Elmt) loop
if Is_Deep (Etype (Elmt)) then
return True;
else
Next_Component_Or_Discriminant (Elmt);
end if;
end loop;
return False;
end;
when Private_Kind =>
if Is_Private_Entity_Mode_Off (E) then
return False;
else
if Present (Full_View (E)) then
return Is_Deep (Full_View (E));
else
return True;
end if;
end if;
when E_Incomplete_Type
| E_Incomplete_Subtype
=>
return True;
-- No problem with synchronized types
when E_Protected_Type
| E_Protected_Subtype
| E_Task_Subtype
| E_Task_Type
=>
return False;
when E_Exception_Type =>
return False;
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Is_Deep;
----------------
-- Perm_Error --
----------------
procedure Perm_Error
(N : Node_Id;
Perm : Perm_Kind;
Found_Perm : Perm_Kind)
is
procedure Set_Root_Object
(Path : Node_Id;
Obj : out Entity_Id;
Deref : out Boolean);
-- Set the root object Obj, and whether the path contains a dereference,
-- from a path Path.
---------------------
-- Set_Root_Object --
---------------------
procedure Set_Root_Object
(Path : Node_Id;
Obj : out Entity_Id;
Deref : out Boolean)
is
begin
case Nkind (Path) is
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
Obj := Entity (Path);
Deref := False;
when N_Type_Conversion
| N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion
| N_Qualified_Expression
=>
Set_Root_Object (Expression (Path), Obj, Deref);
when N_Indexed_Component
| N_Selected_Component
| N_Slice
=>
Set_Root_Object (Prefix (Path), Obj, Deref);
when N_Explicit_Dereference =>
Set_Root_Object (Prefix (Path), Obj, Deref);
Deref := True;
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Set_Root_Object;
-- Local variables
Root : Entity_Id;
Is_Deref : Boolean;
-- Start of processing for Perm_Error
begin
Set_Root_Object (N, Root, Is_Deref);
if Is_Deref then
Error_Msg_NE
("insufficient permission on dereference from &", N, Root);
else
Error_Msg_NE ("insufficient permission for &", N, Root);
end if;
Perm_Mismatch (Perm, Found_Perm, N);
end Perm_Error;
-------------------------------
-- Perm_Error_Subprogram_End --
-------------------------------
procedure Perm_Error_Subprogram_End
(E : Entity_Id;
Subp : Entity_Id;
Perm : Perm_Kind;
Found_Perm : Perm_Kind)
is
begin
Error_Msg_Node_2 := Subp;
Error_Msg_NE ("insufficient permission for & when returning from &",
Subp, E);
Perm_Mismatch (Perm, Found_Perm, Subp);
end Perm_Error_Subprogram_End;
------------------
-- Process_Path --
------------------
procedure Process_Path (N : Node_Id) is
Root : constant Entity_Id := Get_Enclosing_Object (N);
State_N : Perm_Kind;
begin
-- We ignore if yielding to synchronized
if Present (Root)
and then Is_Synchronized_Object (Root)
then
return;
end if;
State_N := Get_Perm (N);
case Current_Checking_Mode is
-- Check permission R, do nothing
when Read =>
-- This condition should be removed when removing the read
-- checking mode.
return;
when Move =>
-- The rhs object in an assignment statement (including copy in
-- and copy back) should be in the Unrestricted or Moved state.
-- Otherwise the move is not allowed.
-- This applies to both stand-alone and composite objects.
-- If the state of the source is Moved, then a warning message
-- is prompt to make the user aware of reading a nullified
-- object.
if State_N /= Unrestricted and State_N /= Moved then
Perm_Error (N, Unrestricted, State_N);
return;
end if;
-- In the AI, after moving a path nothing to do since the rhs
-- object was in the Unrestricted state and it shall be
-- refreshed to Unrestricted. The object should be nullified
-- however. To avoid moving again a name that has already been
-- moved, in this implementation we set the state of the moved
-- object to "Moved". This shall be used to prompt a warning
-- when manipulating a null pointer and also to implement
-- the no aliasing parameter restriction.
if State_N = Moved then
Error_Msg_N ("?the source or one of its extensions has"
& " already been moved", N);
end if;
declare
-- Set state to Moved to the path and any of its prefixes
Tree : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes (N, Moved);
begin
if Tree = null then
-- We went through a function call, no permission to
-- modify.
return;
end if;
-- Set state to Moved on any strict extension of the path
Set_Perm_Extensions (Tree, Moved);
end;
when Assign =>
-- The lhs object in an assignment statement (including copy in
-- and copy back) should be in the Unrestricted state.
-- Otherwise the move is not allowed.
-- This applies to both stand-alone and composite objects.
if State_N /= Unrestricted and State_N /= Moved then
Perm_Error (N, Unrestricted, State_N);
return;
end if;
-- After assigning to a path nothing to do since it was in the
-- Unrestricted state and it would be refreshed to
-- Unrestricted.
when Borrow =>
-- Borrowing is only allowed on Unrestricted objects.
if State_N /= Unrestricted and State_N /= Moved then
Perm_Error (N, Unrestricted, State_N);
end if;
if State_N = Moved then
Error_Msg_N ("?the source or one of its extensions has"
& " already been moved", N);
end if;
declare
-- Set state to Borrowed to the path and any of its prefixes
Tree : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes (N, Borrowed);
begin
if Tree = null then
-- We went through a function call, no permission to
-- modify.
return;
end if;
-- Set state to Borrowed on any strict extension of the path
Set_Perm_Extensions (Tree, Borrowed);
end;
when Observe =>
if State_N /= Unrestricted
and then State_N /= Observed
then
Perm_Error (N, Observed, State_N);
end if;
declare
-- Set permission to Observed on the path and any of its
-- prefixes if it is of a deep type. Actually, some operation
-- like reading from an object of access type is considered as
-- observe while it should not affect the permissions of
-- the considered tree.
Tree : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
if Is_Deep (Etype (N)) then
Tree := Set_Perm_Prefixes (N, Observed);
else
Tree := null;
end if;
if Tree = null then
-- We went through a function call, no permission to
-- modify.
return;
end if;
-- Set permissions to No on any strict extension of the path
Set_Perm_Extensions (Tree, Observed);
end;
end case;
end Process_Path;
-------------------------
-- Return_Declarations --
-------------------------
procedure Return_Declarations (L : List_Id) is
procedure Return_Declaration (Decl : Node_Id);
-- Check correct permissions for every declared object
------------------------
-- Return_Declaration --
------------------------
procedure Return_Declaration (Decl : Node_Id) is
begin
if Nkind (Decl) = N_Object_Declaration then
-- Check RW for object declared, unless the object has never been
-- initialized.
if Get (Current_Initialization_Map,
Unique_Entity (Defining_Identifier (Decl))) = False
then
return;
end if;
declare
Elem : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Get (Current_Perm_Env,
Unique_Entity (Defining_Identifier (Decl)));
begin
if Elem = null then
-- Here we are on a declaration. Hence it should have been
-- added in the environment when analyzing this node with
-- mode Read. Hence it is not possible to find a null
-- pointer here.
-- Hash_Table_Error
raise Program_Error;
end if;
if Permission (Elem) /= Unrestricted then
Perm_Error (Decl, Unrestricted, Permission (Elem));
end if;
end;
end if;
end Return_Declaration;
-- Local Variables
N : Node_Id;
-- Start of processing for Return_Declarations
begin
N := First (L);
while Present (N) loop
Return_Declaration (N);
Next (N);
end loop;
end Return_Declarations;
--------------------
-- Return_Globals --
--------------------
procedure Return_Globals (Subp : Entity_Id) is
procedure Return_Globals_From_List
(First_Item : Node_Id;
Kind : Formal_Kind);
-- Return global items from the list starting at Item
procedure Return_Globals_Of_Mode (Global_Mode : Name_Id);
-- Return global items for the mode Global_Mode
------------------------------
-- Return_Globals_From_List --
------------------------------
procedure Return_Globals_From_List
(First_Item : Node_Id;
Kind : Formal_Kind)
is
Item : Node_Id := First_Item;
E : Entity_Id;
begin
while Present (Item) loop
E := Entity (Item);
-- Ignore abstract states, which play no role in pointer aliasing
if Ekind (E) = E_Abstract_State then
null;
else
Return_The_Global (E, Kind, Subp);
end if;
Next_Global (Item);
end loop;
end Return_Globals_From_List;
----------------------------
-- Return_Globals_Of_Mode --
----------------------------
procedure Return_Globals_Of_Mode (Global_Mode : Name_Id) is
Kind : Formal_Kind;
begin
case Global_Mode is
when Name_Input
| Name_Proof_In
=>
Kind := E_In_Parameter;
when Name_Output =>
Kind := E_Out_Parameter;
when Name_In_Out =>
Kind := E_In_Out_Parameter;
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
-- Return both global items from Global and Refined_Global pragmas
Return_Globals_From_List (First_Global (Subp, Global_Mode), Kind);
Return_Globals_From_List
(First_Global (Subp, Global_Mode, Refined => True), Kind);
end Return_Globals_Of_Mode;
-- Start of processing for Return_Globals
begin
Return_Globals_Of_Mode (Name_Proof_In);
Return_Globals_Of_Mode (Name_Input);
Return_Globals_Of_Mode (Name_Output);
Return_Globals_Of_Mode (Name_In_Out);
end Return_Globals;
--------------------------------
-- Return_Parameter_Or_Global --
--------------------------------
procedure Return_The_Global
(Id : Entity_Id;
Mode : Formal_Kind;
Subp : Entity_Id)
is
Elem : constant Perm_Tree_Access := Get (Current_Perm_Env, Id);
pragma Assert (Elem /= null);
begin
-- Observed IN parameters and globals need not return a permission to
-- the caller.
if Mode = E_In_Parameter
-- Check this for read-only globals.
then
if Permission (Elem) /= Unrestricted
and then Permission (Elem) /= Observed
then
Perm_Error_Subprogram_End
(E => Id,
Subp => Subp,
Perm => Observed,
Found_Perm => Permission (Elem));
end if;
-- All globals of mode out or in/out should return with mode
-- Unrestricted.
else
if Permission (Elem) /= Unrestricted then
Perm_Error_Subprogram_End
(E => Id,
Subp => Subp,
Perm => Unrestricted,
Found_Perm => Permission (Elem));
end if;
end if;
end Return_The_Global;
-------------------------
-- Set_Perm_Extensions --
-------------------------
procedure Set_Perm_Extensions (T : Perm_Tree_Access; P : Perm_Kind) is
procedure Free_Perm_Tree_Children (T : Perm_Tree_Access);
procedure Free_Perm_Tree_Children (T : Perm_Tree_Access) is
begin
case Kind (T) is
when Entire_Object =>
null;
when Reference =>
Free_Perm_Tree (T.all.Tree.Get_All);
when Array_Component =>
Free_Perm_Tree (T.all.Tree.Get_Elem);
-- Free every Component subtree
when Record_Component =>
declare
Comp : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Comp := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get_First (Component (T));
while Comp /= null loop
Free_Perm_Tree (Comp);
Comp := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get_Next (Component (T));
end loop;
Free_Perm_Tree (T.all.Tree.Other_Components);
end;
end case;
end Free_Perm_Tree_Children;
Son : constant Perm_Tree :=
Perm_Tree'
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (T),
Permission => Permission (T),
Children_Permission => P);
begin
Free_Perm_Tree_Children (T);
T.all.Tree := Son;
end Set_Perm_Extensions;
------------------------------
-- Set_Perm_Prefixes --
------------------------------
function Set_Perm_Prefixes
(N : Node_Id;
New_Perm : Perm_Kind)
return Perm_Tree_Access
is
begin
case Nkind (N) is
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
| N_Defining_Identifier
=>
if Nkind (N) = N_Defining_Identifier
and then New_Perm = Borrowed
then
raise Program_Error;
end if;
declare
P : Node_Id;
C : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
if Nkind (N) = N_Defining_Identifier then
P := N;
else
P := Entity (N);
end if;
C := Get (Current_Perm_Env, Unique_Entity (P));
pragma Assert (C /= null);
-- Setting the initialization map to True, so that this
-- variable cannot be ignored anymore when looking at end
-- of elaboration of package.
Set (Current_Initialization_Map, Unique_Entity (P), True);
if New_Perm = Observed
and then C = null
then
-- No null possible here, there are no parents for the path.
-- This means we are using a global variable without adding
-- it in environment with a global aspect.
Illegal_Global_Usage (N);
end if;
C.all.Tree.Permission := New_Perm;
return C;
end;
when N_Type_Conversion
| N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion
| N_Qualified_Expression
=>
return Set_Perm_Prefixes (Expression (N), New_Perm);
when N_Parameter_Specification =>
raise Program_Error;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract
-- our subtree from the returned pointer and assign an adequate
-- permission to it, if unfolded. If folded, we unroll the tree
-- in one step.
when N_Selected_Component =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes (Prefix (N), New_Perm);
begin
if C = null then
-- We went through a function call, do nothing
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Record_Component);
if Kind (C) = Record_Component then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just modify the permission and
-- return the record subtree.
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : Perm_Tree_Access :=
Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C), Selected_Component);
begin
if Selected_C = null then
Selected_C := Other_Components (C);
end if;
pragma Assert (Selected_C /= null);
Selected_C.all.Tree.Permission := New_Perm;
return Selected_C;
end;
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace the node with
-- Record_Component.
Elem : Node_Id;
-- Create an empty hash table
Hashtbl : Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance;
-- We create the unrolled nodes, that will all have same
-- permission than parent.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
Children_Perm : constant Perm_Kind :=
Children_Permission (C);
begin
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object to
-- Record_Component with same permission and an empty
-- hash table as component list.
C.all.Tree :=
(Kind => Record_Component,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Permission (C),
Component => Hashtbl,
Other_Components =>
new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => True,
Permission => Children_Perm,
Children_Permission => Children_Perm)
));
-- We fill the hash table with all sons of the record,
-- with basic Entire_Objects nodes.
Elem := First_Component_Or_Discriminant
(Etype (Prefix (N)));
while Present (Elem) loop
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Deep (Etype (Elem)),
Permission => Children_Perm,
Children_Permission => Children_Perm));
Perm_Tree_Maps.Set (C.all.Tree.Component, Elem, Son);
Next_Component_Or_Discriminant (Elem);
end loop;
-- Now we set the right field to Borrowed, and then we
-- return the tree to the sons, so that the recursion can
-- continue.
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : Perm_Tree_Access :=
Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C), Selected_Component);
begin
if Selected_C = null then
Selected_C := Other_Components (C);
end if;
pragma Assert (Selected_C /= null);
Selected_C.all.Tree.Permission := New_Perm;
return Selected_C;
end;
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract
-- from the returned pointer the subtree and assign an adequate
-- permission to it, if unfolded. If folded, we unroll the tree in
-- one step.
when N_Indexed_Component
| N_Slice
=>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes (Prefix (N), New_Perm);
begin
if C = null then
-- We went through a function call, do nothing
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Array_Component);
if Kind (C) = Array_Component then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just modify the permission and
-- return the elem subtree.
pragma Assert (Get_Elem (C) /= null);
C.all.Tree.Get_Elem.all.Tree.Permission := New_Perm;
return Get_Elem (C);
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace node with Array_Component.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => New_Perm,
Children_Permission => Children_Permission (C)));
-- Children_Permission => Children_Permission (C)
-- this line should be checked maybe New_Perm
-- instead of Children_Permission (C)
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object
-- to Array_Component with same permission and the
-- previously defined son.
C.all.Tree := (Kind => Array_Component,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => New_Perm,
Get_Elem => Son);
return Get_Elem (C);
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract
-- from the returned pointer the subtree and assign an adequate
-- permission to it, if unfolded. If folded, we unroll the tree
-- at one step.
when N_Explicit_Dereference =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes (Prefix (N), New_Perm);
begin
if C = null then
-- We went through a function call. Do nothing.
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Reference);
if Kind (C) = Reference then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just modify the permission and
-- return the elem subtree.
pragma Assert (Get_All (C) /= null);
C.all.Tree.Get_All.all.Tree.Permission := New_Perm;
return Get_All (C);
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace the node with Reference.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Deep (Etype (N)),
Permission => New_Perm,
Children_Permission => Children_Permission (C)));
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object to
-- Reference with Borrowed and the previous son.
pragma Assert (Is_Node_Deep (C));
C.all.Tree := (Kind => Reference,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => New_Perm,
Get_All => Son);
return Get_All (C);
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
when N_Function_Call =>
return null;
when others =>
raise Program_Error;
end case;
end Set_Perm_Prefixes;
------------------------------
-- Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow --
------------------------------
function Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow (N : Node_Id) return Perm_Tree_Access
is
begin
pragma Assert (Current_Checking_Mode = Borrow);
case Nkind (N) is
when N_Identifier
| N_Expanded_Name
=>
declare
P : constant Node_Id := Entity (N);
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Get (Current_Perm_Env, Unique_Entity (P));
pragma Assert (C /= null);
begin
-- Setting the initialization map to True, so that this
-- variable cannot be ignored anymore when looking at end
-- of elaboration of package.
Set (Current_Initialization_Map, Unique_Entity (P), True);
C.all.Tree.Permission := Borrowed;
return C;
end;
when N_Type_Conversion
| N_Unchecked_Type_Conversion
| N_Qualified_Expression
=>
return Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow (Expression (N));
when N_Parameter_Specification
| N_Defining_Identifier
=>
raise Program_Error;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract
-- our subtree from the returned pointer and assign an adequate
-- permission to it, if unfolded. If folded, we unroll the tree
-- in one step.
when N_Selected_Component =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow (Prefix (N));
begin
if C = null then
-- We went through a function call, do nothing
return null;
end if;
-- The permission of the returned node should be No
pragma Assert (Permission (C) = Borrowed);
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Record_Component);
if Kind (C) = Record_Component then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just modify the permission and
-- return the record subtree.
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : Perm_Tree_Access :=
Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C), Selected_Component);
begin
if Selected_C = null then
Selected_C := Other_Components (C);
end if;
pragma Assert (Selected_C /= null);
Selected_C.all.Tree.Permission := Borrowed;
return Selected_C;
end;
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace the node with
-- Record_Component.
Elem : Node_Id;
-- Create an empty hash table
Hashtbl : Perm_Tree_Maps.Instance;
-- We create the unrolled nodes, that will all have same
-- permission than parent.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
ChildrenPerm : constant Perm_Kind :=
Children_Permission (C);
begin
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object to
-- Record_Component with same permission and an empty
-- hash table as component list.
C.all.Tree :=
(Kind => Record_Component,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Permission (C),
Component => Hashtbl,
Other_Components =>
new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => True,
Permission => ChildrenPerm,
Children_Permission => ChildrenPerm)
));
-- We fill the hash table with all sons of the record,
-- with basic Entire_Objects nodes.
Elem := First_Component_Or_Discriminant
(Etype (Prefix (N)));
while Present (Elem) loop
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Deep (Etype (Elem)),
Permission => ChildrenPerm,
Children_Permission => ChildrenPerm));
Perm_Tree_Maps.Set (C.all.Tree.Component, Elem, Son);
Next_Component_Or_Discriminant (Elem);
end loop;
-- Now we set the right field to Borrowed, and then we
-- return the tree to the sons, so that the recursion can
-- continue.
declare
Selected_Component : constant Entity_Id :=
Entity (Selector_Name (N));
Selected_C : Perm_Tree_Access := Perm_Tree_Maps.Get
(Component (C), Selected_Component);
begin
if Selected_C = null then
Selected_C := Other_Components (C);
end if;
pragma Assert (Selected_C /= null);
Selected_C.all.Tree.Permission := Borrowed;
return Selected_C;
end;
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract
-- from the returned pointer the subtree and assign an adequate
-- permission to it, if unfolded. If folded, we unroll the tree in
-- one step.
when N_Indexed_Component
| N_Slice
=>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow (Prefix (N));
begin
if C = null then
-- We went through a function call, do nothing
return null;
end if;
pragma Assert (Permission (C) = Borrowed);
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Array_Component);
if Kind (C) = Array_Component then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just modify the permission and
-- return the elem subtree.
pragma Assert (Get_Elem (C) /= null);
C.all.Tree.Get_Elem.all.Tree.Permission := Borrowed;
return Get_Elem (C);
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace node with Array_Component.
Son : Perm_Tree_Access;
begin
Son := new Perm_Tree_Wrapper'
(Tree =>
(Kind => Entire_Object,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Borrowed,
Children_Permission => Children_Permission (C)));
-- We change the current node from Entire_Object
-- to Array_Component with same permission and the
-- previously defined son.
C.all.Tree := (Kind => Array_Component,
Is_Node_Deep => Is_Node_Deep (C),
Permission => Borrowed,
Get_Elem => Son);
return Get_Elem (C);
end;
else
raise Program_Error;
end if;
end;
-- We set the permission tree of its prefix, and then we extract
-- from the returned pointer the subtree and assign an adequate
-- permission to it, if unfolded. If folded, we unroll the tree
-- at one step.
when N_Explicit_Dereference =>
declare
C : constant Perm_Tree_Access :=
Set_Perm_Prefixes_Borrow (Prefix (N));
begin
if C = null then
-- We went through a function call. Do nothing.
return null;
end if;
-- The permission of the returned node should be No
pragma Assert (Permission (C) = Borrowed);
pragma Assert (Kind (C) = Entire_Object
or else Kind (C) = Reference);
if Kind (C) = Reference then
-- The tree is unfolded. We just modify the permission and
-- return the elem subtree.
pragma Assert (Get_All (C) /= null);
C.all.Tree.Get_All.all.Tree.Permission := Borrowed;
return Get_All (C);
elsif Kind (C) = Entire_Object then
declare
-- Expand the tree. Replace the node with Reference.