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@c Copyright (C) 2017-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
@c This is part of the GAS manual.
@c For copying conditions, see the file as.texinfo.
@c man end
@ifset GENERIC
@node WebAssembly-Dependent
@chapter WebAssembly Dependent Features
@end ifset
@ifclear GENERIC
@node Machine Dependencies
@chapter WebAssembly Dependent Features
@end ifclear
@cindex WebAssembly support
* WebAssembly-Notes:: Notes
* WebAssembly-Syntax:: Syntax
* WebAssembly-Floating-Point:: Floating Point
* WebAssembly-Opcodes:: Opcodes
* WebAssembly-module-layout:: Module Layout
@end menu
@node WebAssembly-Notes
@section Notes
@cindex WebAssembly notes
@cindex notes for WebAssembly
While WebAssembly provides its own module format for executables, this
documentation describes how to use @code{@value{AS}} to produce
intermediate ELF object format files.
@node WebAssembly-Syntax
@section Syntax
@cindex WebAssembly Syntax
The assembler syntax directly encodes sequences of opcodes as defined
in the WebAssembly binary encoding specification at Structured
sexp-style expressions are not supported as input.
* WebAssembly-Chars:: Special Characters
* WebAssembly-Relocs:: Relocations
* WebAssembly-Signatures:: Signatures
@end menu
@node WebAssembly-Chars
@subsection Special Characters
@cindex line comment character, WebAssembly
@cindex WebAssembly line comment character
@samp{#} and @samp{;} are the line comment characters. Note that if
@samp{#} is the first character on a line then it can also be a
logical line number directive (@pxref{Comments}) or a preprocessor
control command (@pxref{Preprocessing}).
@node WebAssembly-Relocs
@subsection Relocations
@cindex WebAssembly relocations
@cindex relocations, WebAssembly
Special relocations are available by using the @samp{@@@var{plt}},
@samp{@@@var{got}}, or @samp{@@@var{got}} suffixes after a constant
expression, which correspond to the R_ASMJS_LEB128_PLT,
R_ASMJS_LEB128_GOT, and R_ASMJS_LEB128_GOT_CODE relocations,
The @samp{@@@var{plt}} suffix is followed by a symbol name in braces;
the symbol value is used to determine the function signature for which
a PLT stub is generated. Currently, the symbol @emph{name} is parsed
from its last @samp{F} character to determine the argument count of
the function, which is also necessary for generating a PLT stub.
@node WebAssembly-Signatures
@subsection Signatures
@cindex WebAssembly signatures
@cindex signatures, WebAssembly
Function signatures are specified with the @code{signature}
pseudo-opcode, followed by a simple function signature imitating a
C++-mangled function type: @code{F} followed by an optional @code{v},
then a sequence of @code{i}, @code{l}, @code{f}, and @code{d}
characters to mark i32, i64, f32, and f64 parameters, respectively;
followed by a final @code{E} to mark the end of the function
@node WebAssembly-Floating-Point
@section Floating Point
@cindex floating point, WebAssembly (@sc{ieee})
@cindex WebAssembly floating point (@sc{ieee})
WebAssembly uses little-endian @sc{ieee} floating-point numbers.
@node WebAssembly-Opcodes
@section Regular Opcodes
@cindex opcodes, WebAssembly
@cindex WebAssembly opcodes
Ordinary instructions are encoded with the WebAssembly mnemonics as
listed at:
Opcodes are written directly in the order in which they are encoded,
without going through an intermediate sexp-style expression as in the
@code{was} format.
For ``typed'' opcodes (block, if, etc.), the type of the block is
specified in square brackets following the opcode: @code{if[i]},
@node WebAssembly-module-layout
@section WebAssembly Module Layout
@cindex module layout, WebAssembly
@cindex WebAssembly module layout
@code{@value{AS}} will only produce ELF output, not a valid
WebAssembly module. It is possible to make @code{@value{AS}} produce
output in a single ELF section which becomes a valid WebAssembly
module, but a linker script to do so may be preferable, as it doesn't
require running the entire module through the assembler at once.