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/* This file is part of the program psim.
Copyright (C) 1994-1997, Andrew Cagney <>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, see <>.
#ifndef _EMUL_CHIRP_H_
#define _EMUL_CHIRP_H_
The emulation of the OpenBoot client interface (as defined in 1275)
illustrates how it is possible for PSIM to implement an interface
that is both running in virtual memory and is called using a
standard function call interface.
The OpenBoot client interface is implemented by using two
A client program makes a function call to `client_interface' using
the `bl' instruction. The simulator will then execute the
<emul_call> instruction (which calls emul_chirp) and then the `blr'
which will return to the caller.
In addition to providing the `client_interface' entry point, while
a client request is being handled, emul_chirp patches (well it will
one day) the data access exception vector with a <emul_call>
instruction. By doing this, emul_chirp is able to catch and handle
any invalid data accesses it makes while emulating a client call.
When such an exception occures, emul_chirp is able to recover by
restoring the processor and then calling the clients callback
interface so that the client can recover from the data exception.
Handling this are the emul_chirp states:
/ |
Emulation compleated ^ v Client makes call to
- restore int vectors | | emulated interface
^ v - patch exception vectors
| /
`-emulating-. emulating the request
/ |
| v Emulation encounters
Client callback recovers ^ | data access exception
from data exception and | v - re-enable vm
returns. ^ | - call client callback
- restart request | /
extern const os_emul emul_chirp;