blob: e731ea9b7d9d482e43aeb54d0bcad8c7d29fc51e [file] [log] [blame]
/* tc-avr.c -- Assembler code for the ATMEL AVR
Copyright (C) 1999-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Denis Chertykov <denisc@overta.ru>
This file is part of GAS, the GNU Assembler.
GAS is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.
GAS is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GAS; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor,
Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA. */
#include "as.h"
#include "safe-ctype.h"
#include "subsegs.h"
#include "dwarf2dbg.h"
#include "dw2gencfi.h"
#include "elf/avr.h"
#include "elf32-avr.h"
/* For building a linked list of AVR_PROPERTY_RECORD structures. */
struct avr_property_record_link
{
struct avr_property_record record;
struct avr_property_record_link *next;
};
struct avr_opcodes_s
{
const char *name;
const char *constraints;
const char *opcode;
int insn_size; /* In words. */
int isa;
unsigned int bin_opcode;
};
#define AVR_INSN(NAME, CONSTR, OPCODE, SIZE, ISA, BIN) \
{#NAME, CONSTR, OPCODE, SIZE, ISA, BIN},
struct avr_opcodes_s avr_opcodes[] =
{
#include "opcode/avr.h"
{NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, 0, 0}
};
/* Stuff for the `__gcc_isr' pseudo instruction.
Purpose of the pseudo instruction is to emit more efficient ISR prologues
and epilogues than GCC currently does. GCC has no explicit (on RTL level)
modelling of SREG, TMP_REG or ZERO_REG. These regs are used implicitly
during instruction printing. That doesn't hurt too much for ordinary
functions, however for small ISRs there might be some overhead.
As implementing http://gcc.gnu.org/PR20296 would imply an almost complete
rewite of GCC's AVR back-end (which might pop up less optimized code in
other places), we provide a pseudo-instruction which is resolved by GAS
into ISR prologue / epilogue as expected by GCC.
Using GAS for this purpose has the additional benefit that it can scan
code emit by inline asm which is opaque to GCC.
The pseudo-instruction is only supposed to handle the starting of
prologue and the ending of epilogues (without RETI) which deal with
SREG, TMP_REG and ZERO_REG and one additional, optional general purpose
register.
__gcc_isr consists of 3 different "chunks":
__gcc_isr 1
Chunk 1 (ISR_CHUNK_Prologue)
Start the ISR code. Will be replaced by ISR prologue by next Done chunk.
Must be the 1st chunk in a file or follow a Done chunk from previous
ISR (which has been patched already).
It will finish the current frag and emit a new frag of
type rs_machine_dependent, subtype ISR_CHUNK_Prologue.
__gcc_isr 2
Chunk 2 (ISR_CHUNK_Epilogue)
Will be replaced by ISR epilogue by next Done chunk. Must follow
chunk 1 (Prologue) or chunk 2 (Epilogue). Functions might come
without epilogue or with more than one epilogue, and even code
located statically after the last epilogue might belong to a function.
It will finish the current frag and emit a new frag of
type rs_machine_dependent, subtype ISR_CHUNK_Epilogue.
__gcc_isr 0, Rx
Chunk 0 (ISR_CHUNK_Done)
Must follow chunk 1 (Prologue) or chunk 2 (Epilogue) and finishes
the ISR code. Only GCC can know where a function's code ends.
It triggers the patch-up of all rs_machine_dependent frags in the
current frag chain and turns them into ordinary rs_fill code frags.
If Rx is a register > ZERO_REG then GCC also wants to push / pop Rx.
If neither TMP_REG nor ZERO_REG are needed, Rx will be used in
the push / pop sequence avoiding the need for TMP_REG / ZERO_REG.
If Rx <= ZERO_REG then GCC doesn't assume anything about Rx.
Assumptions:
o GCC takes care of code that is opaque to GAS like tail calls
or non-local goto.
o Using SEI / CLI does not count as clobbering SREG. This is
because a final RETI will restore the I-flag.
o Using OUT or ST* is supposed not to clobber SREG. Sequences like
IN-SREG + CLI + Atomic-Code + OUT-SREG
will still work as expected because the scan will reveal any
clobber of SREG other than I-flag and emit PUSH / POP of SREG.
*/
enum
{
ISR_CHUNK_Done = 0,
ISR_CHUNK_Prologue = 1,
ISR_CHUNK_Epilogue = 2
};
static struct
{
/* Previous __gcc_isr chunk (one of the enums above)
and it's location for diagnostics. */
int prev_chunk;
unsigned line;
const char *file;
/* Replacer for __gcc_isr.n_pushed once we know how many regs are
pushed by the Prologue chunk. */
symbolS *sym_n_pushed;
/* Set and used during parse from chunk 1 (Prologue) up to chunk 0 (Done).
Set by `avr_update_gccisr' and used by `avr_patch_gccisr_frag'. */
int need_reg_tmp;
int need_reg_zero;
int need_sreg;
} avr_isr;
static void avr_gccisr_operands (struct avr_opcodes_s*, char**);
static void avr_update_gccisr (struct avr_opcodes_s*, int, int);
static struct avr_opcodes_s *avr_gccisr_opcode;
const char comment_chars[] = ";";
const char line_comment_chars[] = "#";
const char *avr_line_separator_chars = "$";
static const char *avr_line_separator_chars_no_dollar = "";
const char *md_shortopts = "m:";
struct mcu_type_s
{
const char *name;
int isa;
int mach;
};
/* XXX - devices that don't seem to exist (renamed, replaced with larger
ones, or planned but never produced), left here for compatibility. */
static struct mcu_type_s mcu_types[] =
{
{"avr1", AVR_ISA_AVR1, bfd_mach_avr1},
/* TODO: instruction set for avr2 architecture should be AVR_ISA_AVR2,
but set to AVR_ISA_AVR25 for some following version
of GCC (from 4.3) for backward compatibility. */
{"avr2", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"avr25", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
/* TODO: instruction set for avr3 architecture should be AVR_ISA_AVR3,
but set to AVR_ISA_AVR3_ALL for some following version
of GCC (from 4.3) for backward compatibility. */
{"avr3", AVR_ISA_AVR3_ALL, bfd_mach_avr3},
{"avr31", AVR_ISA_AVR31, bfd_mach_avr31},
{"avr35", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"avr4", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
/* TODO: instruction set for avr5 architecture should be AVR_ISA_AVR5,
but set to AVR_ISA_AVR51 for some following version
of GCC (from 4.3) for backward compatibility. */
{"avr5", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"avr51", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"avr6", AVR_ISA_AVR6, bfd_mach_avr6},
{"avrxmega1", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega1},
{"avrxmega2", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"avrxmega3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"avrxmega4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"avrxmega5", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega5},
{"avrxmega6", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"avrxmega7", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega7},
{"avrtiny", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{"at90s1200", AVR_ISA_1200, bfd_mach_avr1},
{"attiny11", AVR_ISA_AVR1, bfd_mach_avr1},
{"attiny12", AVR_ISA_AVR1, bfd_mach_avr1},
{"attiny15", AVR_ISA_AVR1, bfd_mach_avr1},
{"attiny28", AVR_ISA_AVR1, bfd_mach_avr1},
{"at90s2313", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"at90s2323", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"at90s2333", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2}, /* XXX -> 4433 */
{"at90s2343", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"attiny22", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2}, /* XXX -> 2343 */
{"attiny26", AVR_ISA_2xxe, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"at90s4414", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2}, /* XXX -> 8515 */
{"at90s4433", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"at90s4434", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2}, /* XXX -> 8535 */
{"at90s8515", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"at90c8534", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"at90s8535", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2},
{"ata5272", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny13", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny13a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny2313", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny2313a",AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny24", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny24a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny4313", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny44", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny44a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny84", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny84a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny25", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny45", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny85", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny261", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny261a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny461", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny461a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny861", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny861a", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny87", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny43u", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny48", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny88", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"attiny828", AVR_ISA_AVR25, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"at86rf401", AVR_ISA_RF401, bfd_mach_avr25},
{"at43usb355", AVR_ISA_AVR3, bfd_mach_avr3},
{"at76c711", AVR_ISA_AVR3, bfd_mach_avr3},
{"atmega103", AVR_ISA_AVR31, bfd_mach_avr31},
{"at43usb320", AVR_ISA_AVR31, bfd_mach_avr31},
{"attiny167", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"at90usb82", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"at90usb162", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"ata5505", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"atmega8u2", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"atmega16u2", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"atmega32u2", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"attiny1634", AVR_ISA_AVR35, bfd_mach_avr35},
{"atmega8", AVR_ISA_M8, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"ata6289", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega8a", AVR_ISA_M8, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"ata6285", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"ata6286", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega48", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega48a", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega48pa", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega48p", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega88", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega88a", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega88p", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega88pa", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega8515", AVR_ISA_M8, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega8535", AVR_ISA_M8, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"atmega8hva", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm1", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm2", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm2b", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm3", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm3b", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm81", AVR_ISA_AVR4, bfd_mach_avr4},
{"at90pwm161", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"ata5790", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"ata5795", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega161", AVR_ISA_M161, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega162", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega163", AVR_ISA_M161, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega164a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega164p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega164pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega165", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega165a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega165p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega165pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega168", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega168a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega168p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega168pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega169", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega169a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega169p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega169pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega323", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega324a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega324p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega324pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega325", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega325a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega325p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega325pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3250", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3250a",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3250p",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3250pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega328", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega328p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega329", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega329a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega329p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega329pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3290", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3290a",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3290p",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega3290pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega406", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64rfr2", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega644rfr2",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega640", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega644", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega644a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega644p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega644pa",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega645", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega645a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega645p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega649", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega649a", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega649p", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega6450", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega6450a",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega6450p",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega6490", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega6490a",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega6490p",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64rfr2",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega644rfr2",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16hva",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16hva2",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16hvb",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16hvbrevb",AVR_ISA_AVR5,bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32hvb",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32hvbrevb",AVR_ISA_AVR5,bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64hve",AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90can32" , AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90can64" , AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90pwm161", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90pwm216", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90pwm316", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32c1", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64c1", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16m1", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32m1", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega64m1", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega16u4", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32u4", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega32u6", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90usb646", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90usb647", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at90scr100", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"at94k", AVR_ISA_94K, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"m3000", AVR_ISA_AVR5, bfd_mach_avr5},
{"atmega128", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega128a", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega1280", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega1281", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega1284", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega1284p",AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega128rfa1",AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega128rfr2",AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega1284rfr2",AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"at90can128", AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"at90usb1286",AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"at90usb1287",AVR_ISA_AVR51, bfd_mach_avr51},
{"atmega2560", AVR_ISA_AVR6, bfd_mach_avr6},
{"atmega2561", AVR_ISA_AVR6, bfd_mach_avr6},
{"atmega256rfr2", AVR_ISA_AVR6, bfd_mach_avr6},
{"atmega2564rfr2", AVR_ISA_AVR6, bfd_mach_avr6},
{"atxmega16a4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega16a4u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega16c4", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega16d4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega32a4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega32a4u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega32c4", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega32d4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega32e5", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega16e5", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega8e5", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"atxmega32x1", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega2},
{"attiny212", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny214", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny412", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny414", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny416", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny417", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny814", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny816", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny817", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny1614", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny1616", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny1617", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny3214", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny3216", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"attiny3217", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega3},
{"atxmega64a3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64a3u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64a4u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64b1", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64b3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64c3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64d3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64d4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega4},
{"atxmega64a1", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega5},
{"atxmega64a1u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega5},
{"atxmega128a3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128a3u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128b1", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128b3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128c3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128d3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128d4", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega192a3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega192a3u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega192c3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega192d3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega256a3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega256a3u",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega256a3b",AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega256a3bu",AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega256c3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega256d3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega384c3", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU,bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega384d3", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega6},
{"atxmega128a1", AVR_ISA_XMEGA, bfd_mach_avrxmega7},
{"atxmega128a1u", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega7},
{"atxmega128a4u", AVR_ISA_XMEGAU, bfd_mach_avrxmega7},
{"attiny4", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{"attiny5", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{"attiny9", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{"attiny10", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{"attiny20", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{"attiny40", AVR_ISA_AVRTINY, bfd_mach_avrtiny},
{NULL, 0, 0}
};
/* Current MCU type. */
static struct mcu_type_s default_mcu = {"avr2", AVR_ISA_AVR2, bfd_mach_avr2};
static struct mcu_type_s specified_mcu;
static struct mcu_type_s * avr_mcu = & default_mcu;
/* AVR target-specific switches. */
struct avr_opt_s
{
int all_opcodes; /* -mall-opcodes: accept all known AVR opcodes. */
int no_skip_bug; /* -mno-skip-bug: no warnings for skipping 2-word insns. */
int no_wrap; /* -mno-wrap: reject rjmp/rcall with 8K wrap-around. */
int no_link_relax; /* -mno-link-relax / -mlink-relax: generate (or not)
relocations for linker relaxation. */
int have_gccisr; /* Whether "__gcc_isr" is a known (pseudo) insn. */
};
static struct avr_opt_s avr_opt = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
const char EXP_CHARS[] = "eE";
const char FLT_CHARS[] = "dD";
static void avr_set_arch (int);
/* The target specific pseudo-ops which we support. */
const pseudo_typeS md_pseudo_table[] =
{
{"arch", avr_set_arch, 0},
{ NULL, NULL, 0}
};
#define LDI_IMMEDIATE(x) (((x) & 0xf) | (((x) << 4) & 0xf00))
#define EXP_MOD_NAME(i) exp_mod[i].name
#define EXP_MOD_RELOC(i) exp_mod[i].reloc
#define EXP_MOD_NEG_RELOC(i) exp_mod[i].neg_reloc
#define HAVE_PM_P(i) exp_mod[i].have_pm
struct exp_mod_s
{
const char * name;
bfd_reloc_code_real_type reloc;
bfd_reloc_code_real_type neg_reloc;
int have_pm;
};
static struct exp_mod_s exp_mod[] =
{
{"hh8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI, BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_NEG, 1},
{"pm_hh8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_PM, BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_PM_NEG, 0},
{"hi8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI, BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_NEG, 1},
{"pm_hi8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_PM, BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_PM_NEG, 0},
{"lo8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI, BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_NEG, 1},
{"pm_lo8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_PM, BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_PM_NEG, 0},
{"hlo8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI, BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_NEG, 0},
{"hhi8", BFD_RELOC_AVR_MS8_LDI, BFD_RELOC_AVR_MS8_LDI_NEG, 0},
};
/* A union used to store indices into the exp_mod[] array
in a hash table which expects void * data types. */
typedef union
{
void * ptr;
int index;
} mod_index;
/* Opcode hash table. */
static htab_t avr_hash;
/* Reloc modifiers hash control (hh8,hi8,lo8,pm_xx). */
static htab_t avr_mod_hash;
/* Whether some opcode does not change SREG. */
static htab_t avr_no_sreg_hash;
static const char* const avr_no_sreg[] =
{
/* Arithmetic */
"ldi", "swap", "mov", "movw",
/* Special instructions. I-Flag will be restored by RETI, and we don't
consider I-Flag as being clobbered when changed. */
"sei", "cli", "reti", "brie", "brid",
"nop", "wdr", "sleep",
/* Load / Store */
"ld", "ldd", "lds", "pop", "in", "lpm", "elpm",
"st", "std", "sts", "push", "out",
/* Jumps and Calls. Calls might call code that changes SREG.
GCC has to filter out ABI calls. The non-ABI transparent calls
must use [R]CALL and are filtered out now by not mentioning them. */
"rjmp", "jmp", "ijmp", "ret",
/* Skipping. Branches need SREG to be set, hence we regard them
as if they changed SREG and don't list them here. */
"sbrc", "sbrs", "sbic", "sbis", "cpse",
/* I/O Manipulation */
"sbi", "cbi",
/* Read-Modify-Write */
"lac", "las", "lat", "xch"
};
#define OPTION_MMCU 'm'
enum options
{
OPTION_ALL_OPCODES = OPTION_MD_BASE + 1,
OPTION_NO_SKIP_BUG,
OPTION_NO_WRAP,
OPTION_ISA_RMW,
OPTION_LINK_RELAX,
OPTION_NO_LINK_RELAX,
OPTION_HAVE_GCCISR,
OPTION_NO_DOLLAR_LINE_SEPARATOR,
};
struct option md_longopts[] =
{
{ "mmcu", required_argument, NULL, OPTION_MMCU },
{ "mall-opcodes", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_ALL_OPCODES },
{ "mno-skip-bug", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_NO_SKIP_BUG },
{ "mno-wrap", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_NO_WRAP },
{ "mrmw", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_ISA_RMW },
{ "mlink-relax", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_LINK_RELAX },
{ "mno-link-relax", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_NO_LINK_RELAX },
{ "mgcc-isr", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_HAVE_GCCISR },
{ "mno-dollar-line-separator", no_argument, NULL, OPTION_NO_DOLLAR_LINE_SEPARATOR },
{ NULL, no_argument, NULL, 0 }
};
size_t md_longopts_size = sizeof (md_longopts);
/* Display nicely formatted list of known MCU names. */
static void
show_mcu_list (FILE *stream)
{
int i, x;
fprintf (stream, _("Known MCU names:"));
x = 1000;
for (i = 0; mcu_types[i].name; i++)
{
int len = strlen (mcu_types[i].name);
x += len + 1;
if (x < 75)
fprintf (stream, " %s", mcu_types[i].name);
else
{
fprintf (stream, "\n %s", mcu_types[i].name);
x = len + 2;
}
}
fprintf (stream, "\n");
}
static inline char *
skip_space (char *s)
{
while (*s == ' ' || *s == '\t')
++s;
return s;
}
/* Extract one word from FROM and copy it to TO. */
static char *
extract_word (char *from, char *to, int limit)
{
char *op_end;
int size = 0;
/* Drop leading whitespace. */
from = skip_space (from);
*to = 0;
/* Find the op code end. */
for (op_end = from; *op_end != 0 && is_part_of_name (*op_end);)
{
to[size++] = *op_end++;
if (size + 1 >= limit)
break;
}
to[size] = 0;
return op_end;
}
int
md_estimate_size_before_relax (fragS *fragp ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
asection *seg ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
abort ();
return 0;
}
void
md_show_usage (FILE *stream)
{
fprintf (stream,
_("AVR Assembler options:\n"
" -mmcu=[avr-name] select microcontroller variant\n"
" [avr-name] can be:\n"
" avr1 - classic AVR core without data RAM\n"
" avr2 - classic AVR core with up to 8K program memory\n"
" avr25 - classic AVR core with up to 8K program memory\n"
" plus the MOVW instruction\n"
" avr3 - classic AVR core with up to 64K program memory\n"
" avr31 - classic AVR core with up to 128K program memory\n"
" avr35 - classic AVR core with up to 64K program memory\n"
" plus the MOVW instruction\n"
" avr4 - enhanced AVR core with up to 8K program memory\n"
" avr5 - enhanced AVR core with up to 64K program memory\n"
" avr51 - enhanced AVR core with up to 128K program memory\n"
" avr6 - enhanced AVR core with up to 256K program memory\n"
" avrxmega2 - XMEGA, > 8K, < 64K FLASH, < 64K RAM\n"
" avrxmega3 - XMEGA, RAM + FLASH < 64K, Flash visible in RAM\n"
" avrxmega4 - XMEGA, > 64K, <= 128K FLASH, <= 64K RAM\n"
" avrxmega5 - XMEGA, > 64K, <= 128K FLASH, > 64K RAM\n"
" avrxmega6 - XMEGA, > 128K, <= 256K FLASH, <= 64K RAM\n"
" avrxmega7 - XMEGA, > 128K, <= 256K FLASH, > 64K RAM\n"
" avrtiny - AVR Tiny core with 16 gp registers\n"));
fprintf (stream,
_(" -mall-opcodes accept all AVR opcodes, even if not supported by MCU\n"
" -mno-skip-bug disable warnings for skipping two-word instructions\n"
" (default for avr4, avr5)\n"
" -mno-wrap reject rjmp/rcall instructions with 8K wrap-around\n"
" (default for avr3, avr5)\n"
" -mrmw accept Read-Modify-Write instructions\n"
" -mlink-relax generate relocations for linker relaxation (default)\n"
" -mno-link-relax don't generate relocations for linker relaxation.\n"
" -mgcc-isr accept the __gcc_isr pseudo-instruction.\n"
" -mno-dollar-line-separator\n"
" do not treat the $ character as a line separator.\n"
));
show_mcu_list (stream);
}
static void
avr_set_arch (int dummy ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
char str[20];
input_line_pointer = extract_word (input_line_pointer, str, 20);
md_parse_option (OPTION_MMCU, str);
bfd_set_arch_mach (stdoutput, TARGET_ARCH, avr_mcu->mach);
}
int
md_parse_option (int c, const char *arg)
{
switch (c)
{
case OPTION_MMCU:
{
int i;
for (i = 0; mcu_types[i].name; ++i)
if (strcasecmp (mcu_types[i].name, arg) == 0)
break;
if (!mcu_types[i].name)
{
show_mcu_list (stderr);
as_fatal (_("unknown MCU: %s\n"), arg);
}
/* It is OK to redefine mcu type within the same avr[1-5] bfd machine
type - this for allows passing -mmcu=... via gcc ASM_SPEC as well
as .arch ... in the asm output at the same time. */
if (avr_mcu == &default_mcu || avr_mcu->mach == mcu_types[i].mach)
{
specified_mcu.name = mcu_types[i].name;
specified_mcu.isa |= mcu_types[i].isa;
specified_mcu.mach = mcu_types[i].mach;
avr_mcu = &specified_mcu;
}
else
as_fatal (_("redefinition of mcu type `%s' to `%s'"),
avr_mcu->name, mcu_types[i].name);
return 1;
}
case OPTION_ALL_OPCODES:
avr_opt.all_opcodes = 1;
return 1;
case OPTION_NO_SKIP_BUG:
avr_opt.no_skip_bug = 1;
return 1;
case OPTION_NO_WRAP:
avr_opt.no_wrap = 1;
return 1;
case OPTION_ISA_RMW:
specified_mcu.isa |= AVR_ISA_RMW;
return 1;
case OPTION_LINK_RELAX:
avr_opt.no_link_relax = 0;
return 1;
case OPTION_NO_LINK_RELAX:
avr_opt.no_link_relax = 1;
return 1;
case OPTION_HAVE_GCCISR:
avr_opt.have_gccisr = 1;
return 1;
case OPTION_NO_DOLLAR_LINE_SEPARATOR:
avr_line_separator_chars = avr_line_separator_chars_no_dollar;
lex_type['$'] = LEX_NAME | LEX_BEGIN_NAME;
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Implement `md_undefined_symbol' */
/* If we are in `__gcc_isr' chunk, pop up `__gcc_isr.n_pushed.<NUM>'
instead of `__gcc_isr.n_pushed'. This will be resolved by the Done
chunk in `avr_patch_gccisr_frag' to the number of PUSHes produced by
the Prologue chunk. */
symbolS *
avr_undefined_symbol (char *name)
{
if (ISR_CHUNK_Done != avr_isr.prev_chunk
&& 0 == strcmp (name, "__gcc_isr.n_pushed"))
{
if (!avr_isr.sym_n_pushed)
{
static unsigned suffix;
char xname[30];
sprintf (xname, "%s.%03u", name, (++suffix) % 1000);
avr_isr.sym_n_pushed = symbol_new (xname, undefined_section,
&zero_address_frag, (valueT) 0);
}
return avr_isr.sym_n_pushed;
}
return NULL;
}
const char *
md_atof (int type, char *litP, int *sizeP)
{
return ieee_md_atof (type, litP, sizeP, false);
}
void
md_convert_frag (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
asection *sec ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
fragS *fragP ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
abort ();
}
void
md_begin (void)
{
unsigned int i;
struct avr_opcodes_s *opcode;
avr_hash = str_htab_create ();
/* Insert unique names into hash table. This hash table then provides a
quick index to the first opcode with a particular name in the opcode
table. */
for (opcode = avr_opcodes; opcode->name; opcode++)
str_hash_insert (avr_hash, opcode->name, opcode, 0);
avr_mod_hash = str_htab_create ();
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE (exp_mod); ++i)
{
mod_index m;
m.index = i + 10;
str_hash_insert (avr_mod_hash, EXP_MOD_NAME (i), m.ptr, 0);
}
avr_no_sreg_hash = str_htab_create ();
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE (avr_no_sreg); ++i)
{
gas_assert (str_hash_find (avr_hash, avr_no_sreg[i]));
str_hash_insert (avr_no_sreg_hash, avr_no_sreg[i],
(void *) 4 /* dummy */, 0);
}
avr_gccisr_opcode = (struct avr_opcodes_s*) str_hash_find (avr_hash,
"__gcc_isr");
gas_assert (avr_gccisr_opcode);
bfd_set_arch_mach (stdoutput, TARGET_ARCH, avr_mcu->mach);
linkrelax = !avr_opt.no_link_relax;
}
/* Resolve STR as a constant expression and return the result.
If result greater than MAX then error. */
static unsigned int
avr_get_constant (char *str, int max)
{
expressionS ex;
str = skip_space (str);
input_line_pointer = str;
expression (& ex);
if (ex.X_op != O_constant)
as_bad (_("constant value required"));
if (ex.X_add_number > max || ex.X_add_number < 0)
as_bad (_("number must be positive and less than %d"), max + 1);
return ex.X_add_number;
}
/* Parse for ldd/std offset. */
static void
avr_offset_expression (expressionS *exp)
{
char *str = input_line_pointer;
char *tmp;
char op[8];
tmp = str;
str = extract_word (str, op, sizeof (op));
input_line_pointer = tmp;
expression (exp);
/* Warn about expressions that fail to use lo8 (). */
if (exp->X_op == O_constant)
{
int x = exp->X_add_number;
if (x < -255 || x > 255)
as_warn (_("constant out of 8-bit range: %d"), x);
}
}
/* Parse ordinary expression. */
static char *
parse_exp (char *s, expressionS *op)
{
input_line_pointer = s;
expression (op);
if (op->X_op == O_absent)
as_bad (_("missing operand"));
return input_line_pointer;
}
/* Parse special expressions (needed for LDI command):
xx8 (address)
xx8 (-address)
pm_xx8 (address)
pm_xx8 (-address)
where xx is: hh, hi, lo. */
static bfd_reloc_code_real_type
avr_ldi_expression (expressionS *exp)
{
char *str = input_line_pointer;
char *tmp;
char op[8];
int mod;
int linker_stubs_should_be_generated = 0;
tmp = str;
str = extract_word (str, op, sizeof (op));
if (op[0])
{
mod_index m;
m.ptr = str_hash_find (avr_mod_hash, op);
mod = m.index;
if (mod)
{
int closes = 0;
mod -= 10;
str = skip_space (str);
if (*str == '(')
{
bfd_reloc_code_real_type reloc_to_return;
int neg_p = 0;
++str;
if (startswith (str, "pm(")
|| startswith (str, "gs(")
|| startswith (str, "-(gs(")
|| startswith (str, "-(pm("))
{
if (HAVE_PM_P (mod))
{
++mod;
++closes;
}
else
as_bad (_("illegal expression"));
if (str[0] == 'g' || str[2] == 'g')
linker_stubs_should_be_generated = 1;
if (*str == '-')
{
neg_p = 1;
++closes;
str += 5;
}
else
str += 3;
}
if (*str == '-' && *(str + 1) == '(')
{
neg_p ^= 1;
++closes;
str += 2;
}
input_line_pointer = str;
expression (exp);
do
{
if (*input_line_pointer != ')')
{
as_bad (_("`)' required"));
break;
}
input_line_pointer++;
}
while (closes--);
reloc_to_return =
neg_p ? EXP_MOD_NEG_RELOC (mod) : EXP_MOD_RELOC (mod);
if (linker_stubs_should_be_generated)
{
switch (reloc_to_return)
{
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_PM:
reloc_to_return = BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_GS;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_PM:
reloc_to_return = BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_GS;
break;
default:
/* PR 5523: Do not generate a warning here,
legitimate code can trigger this case. */
break;
}
}
return reloc_to_return;
}
}
}
input_line_pointer = tmp;
expression (exp);
/* Warn about expressions that fail to use lo8 (). */
if (exp->X_op == O_constant)
{
int x = exp->X_add_number;
if (x < -255 || x > 255)
as_warn (_("constant out of 8-bit range: %d"), x);
}
return BFD_RELOC_AVR_LDI;
}
/* Parse one instruction operand.
Return operand bitmask. Also fixups can be generated. */
static unsigned int
avr_operand (struct avr_opcodes_s *opcode,
int where,
const char *op,
char **line,
int *pregno)
{
expressionS op_expr;
unsigned int op_mask = 0;
char *str = skip_space (*line);
switch (*op)
{
/* Any register operand. */
case 'w':
case 'd':
case 'r':
case 'a':
case 'v':
{
char * old_str = str;
char *lower;
char r_name[20];
str = extract_word (str, r_name, sizeof (r_name));
for (lower = r_name; *lower; ++lower)
{
if (*lower >= 'A' && *lower <= 'Z')
*lower += 'a' - 'A';
}
if (r_name[0] == 'r' && ISDIGIT (r_name[1]) && r_name[2] == 0)
/* Single-digit register number, ie r0-r9. */
op_mask = r_name[1] - '0';
else if (r_name[0] == 'r' && ISDIGIT (r_name[1])
&& ISDIGIT (r_name[2]) && r_name[3] == 0)
/* Double-digit register number, ie r10 - r32. */
op_mask = (r_name[1] - '0') * 10 + r_name[2] - '0';
else if (r_name[0] >= 'x' && r_name[0] <= 'z'
&& (r_name[1] == 'l' || r_name[1] == 'h') && r_name[2] == 0)
/* Registers r26-r31 referred to by name, ie xl, xh, yl, yh, zl, zh. */
op_mask = (r_name[0] - 'x') * 2 + (r_name[1] == 'h') + 26;
else if ((*op == 'v' || *op == 'w')
&& r_name[0] >= 'x' && r_name[0] <= 'z' && r_name[1] == 0)
/* For the movw and addiw instructions, refer to registers x, y and z by name. */
op_mask = (r_name[0] - 'x') * 2 + 26;
else
{
/* Numeric or symbolic constant register number. */
op_mask = avr_get_constant (old_str, 31);
str = input_line_pointer;
}
}
if (pregno)
*pregno = op_mask;
if (avr_mcu->mach == bfd_mach_avrtiny)
{
if (op_mask < 16 || op_mask > 31)
{
as_bad (_("register name or number from 16 to 31 required"));
break;
}
}
else if (op_mask > 31)
{
as_bad (_("register name or number from 0 to 31 required"));
break;
}
switch (*op)
{
case 'a':
if (op_mask < 16 || op_mask > 23)
as_bad (_("register r16-r23 required"));
op_mask -= 16;
break;
case 'd':
if (op_mask < 16)
as_bad (_("register number above 15 required"));
op_mask -= 16;
break;
case 'v':
if (op_mask & 1)
as_bad (_("even register number required"));
op_mask >>= 1;
break;
case 'w':
if ((op_mask & 1) || op_mask < 24)
as_bad (_("register r24, r26, r28 or r30 required"));
op_mask = (op_mask - 24) >> 1;
break;
}
break;
case 'e':
{
char c;
if (*str == '-')
{
str = skip_space (str + 1);
op_mask = 0x1002;
}
c = TOLOWER (*str);
if (c == 'x')
op_mask |= 0x100c;
else if (c == 'y')
op_mask |= 0x8;
else if (c != 'z')
as_bad (_("pointer register (X, Y or Z) required"));
str = skip_space (str + 1);
if (*str == '+')
{
++str;
if (op_mask & 2)
as_bad (_("cannot both predecrement and postincrement"));
op_mask |= 0x1001;
}
/* avr1 can do "ld r,Z" and "st Z,r" but no other pointer
registers, no predecrement, no postincrement. */
if (!avr_opt.all_opcodes && (op_mask & 0x100F)
&& !(avr_mcu->isa & AVR_ISA_SRAM))
as_bad (_("addressing mode not supported"));
}
break;
case 'z':
if (*str == '-')
as_bad (_("can't predecrement"));
if (! (*str == 'z' || *str == 'Z'))
as_bad (_("pointer register Z required"));
str = skip_space (str + 1);
if (*str == '+')
{
++str;
const char *s;
for (s = opcode->opcode; *s; ++s)
{
if (*s == '+')
op_mask |= (1 << (15 - (s - opcode->opcode)));
}
}
/* attiny26 can do "lpm" and "lpm r,Z" but not "lpm r,Z+". */
if (!avr_opt.all_opcodes
&& (op_mask & 0x0001)
&& !(avr_mcu->isa & AVR_ISA_MOVW))
as_bad (_("postincrement not supported"));
break;
case 'b':
{
char c = TOLOWER (*str++);
if (c == 'y')
op_mask |= 0x8;
else if (c != 'z')
as_bad (_("pointer register (Y or Z) required"));
str = skip_space (str);
if (*str++ == '+')
{
input_line_pointer = str;
avr_offset_expression (& op_expr);
str = input_line_pointer;
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, 3,
&op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_AVR_6);
}
}
break;
case 'h':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_AVR_CALL);
break;
case 'L':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, true, BFD_RELOC_AVR_13_PCREL);
break;
case 'l':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, true, BFD_RELOC_AVR_7_PCREL);
break;
case 'i':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where + 2, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_16);
break;
case 'j':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_AVR_LDS_STS_16);
break;
case 'M':
{
bfd_reloc_code_real_type r_type;
input_line_pointer = str;
r_type = avr_ldi_expression (&op_expr);
str = input_line_pointer;
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, 3,
&op_expr, false, r_type);
}
break;
case 'n':
{
unsigned int x;
x = ~avr_get_constant (str, 255);
str = input_line_pointer;
op_mask |= (x & 0xf) | ((x << 4) & 0xf00);
}
break;
case 'N':
{
unsigned int x;
x = avr_get_constant (str, 255);
str = input_line_pointer;
op_mask = x;
}
break;
case 'K':
input_line_pointer = str;
avr_offset_expression (& op_expr);
str = input_line_pointer;
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, 3,
& op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_AVR_6_ADIW);
break;
case 'S':
case 's':
{
unsigned int x;
x = avr_get_constant (str, 7);
str = input_line_pointer;
if (*op == 'S')
x <<= 4;
op_mask |= x;
}
break;
case 'P':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_AVR_PORT6);
break;
case 'p':
str = parse_exp (str, &op_expr);
fix_new_exp (frag_now, where, opcode->insn_size * 2,
&op_expr, false, BFD_RELOC_AVR_PORT5);
break;
case 'E':
{
unsigned int x;
x = avr_get_constant (str, 15);
str = input_line_pointer;
op_mask |= (x << 4);
}
break;
case '?':
break;
default:
as_bad (_("unknown constraint `%c'"), *op);
}
*line = str;
return op_mask;
}
/* TC_FRAG_INIT hook */
void
avr_frag_init (fragS *frag)
{
memset (& frag->tc_frag_data, 0, sizeof frag->tc_frag_data);
}
/* Parse instruction operands.
Return binary opcode. */
static unsigned int
avr_operands (struct avr_opcodes_s *opcode, char **line)
{
const char *op = opcode->constraints;
unsigned int bin = opcode->bin_opcode;
char *frag = frag_more (opcode->insn_size * 2);
char *str = *line;
int where = frag - frag_now->fr_literal;
int regno1 = -2;
int regno2 = -2;
/* Opcode have operands. */
if (*op)
{
unsigned int reg1 = 0;
unsigned int reg2 = 0;
int reg1_present = 0;
int reg2_present = 0;
/* Parse first operand. */
if (REGISTER_P (*op))
reg1_present = 1;
reg1 = avr_operand (opcode, where, op, &str, &regno1);
++op;
/* Parse second operand. */
if (*op)
{
if (*op == ',')
++op;
if (*op == '=')
{
reg2 = reg1;
reg2_present = 1;
regno2 = regno1;
}
else
{
if (REGISTER_P (*op))
reg2_present = 1;
str = skip_space (str);
if (*str++ != ',')
as_bad (_("`,' required"));
str = skip_space (str);
reg2 = avr_operand (opcode, where, op, &str, &regno2);
}
if (reg1_present && reg2_present)
reg2 = (reg2 & 0xf) | ((reg2 << 5) & 0x200);
else if (reg2_present)
reg2 <<= 4;
}
if (reg1_present)
reg1 <<= 4;
bin |= reg1 | reg2;
}
if (avr_opt.have_gccisr)
avr_update_gccisr (opcode, regno1, regno2);
/* Detect undefined combinations (like ld r31,Z+). */
if (!avr_opt.all_opcodes && AVR_UNDEF_P (bin))
as_warn (_("undefined combination of operands"));
if (opcode->insn_size == 2)
{
/* Warn if the previous opcode was cpse/sbic/sbis/sbrc/sbrs
(AVR core bug, fixed in the newer devices). */
if (!(avr_opt.no_skip_bug ||
(avr_mcu->isa & (AVR_ISA_MUL | AVR_ISA_MOVW)))
&& AVR_SKIP_P (frag_now->tc_frag_data.prev_opcode))
as_warn (_("skipping two-word instruction"));
bfd_putl32 ((bfd_vma) bin, frag);
}
else
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) bin, frag);
frag_now->tc_frag_data.prev_opcode = bin;
*line = str;
return bin;
}
/* GAS will call this function for each section at the end of the assembly,
to permit the CPU backend to adjust the alignment of a section. */
valueT
md_section_align (asection *seg, valueT addr)
{
int align = bfd_section_alignment (seg);
return ((addr + (1 << align) - 1) & (-1UL << align));
}
/* If you define this macro, it should return the offset between the
address of a PC relative fixup and the position from which the PC
relative adjustment should be made. On many processors, the base
of a PC relative instruction is the next instruction, so this
macro would return the length of an instruction. */
long
md_pcrel_from_section (fixS *fixp, segT sec)
{
if (fixp->fx_addsy != (symbolS *) NULL
&& (!S_IS_DEFINED (fixp->fx_addsy)
|| (S_GET_SEGMENT (fixp->fx_addsy) != sec)))
return 0;
return fixp->fx_frag->fr_address + fixp->fx_where;
}
static bool
relaxable_section (asection *sec)
{
return ((sec->flags & SEC_DEBUGGING) == 0
&& (sec->flags & SEC_CODE) != 0
&& (sec->flags & SEC_ALLOC) != 0);
}
/* Does whatever the xtensa port does. */
int
avr_validate_fix_sub (fixS *fix)
{
segT add_symbol_segment, sub_symbol_segment;
/* The difference of two symbols should be resolved by the assembler when
linkrelax is not set. If the linker may relax the section containing
the symbols, then an Xtensa DIFF relocation must be generated so that
the linker knows to adjust the difference value. */
if (!linkrelax || fix->fx_addsy == NULL)
return 0;
/* Make sure both symbols are in the same segment, and that segment is
"normal" and relaxable. If the segment is not "normal", then the
fix is not valid. If the segment is not "relaxable", then the fix
should have been handled earlier. */
add_symbol_segment = S_GET_SEGMENT (fix->fx_addsy);
if (! SEG_NORMAL (add_symbol_segment) ||
! relaxable_section (add_symbol_segment))
return 0;
sub_symbol_segment = S_GET_SEGMENT (fix->fx_subsy);
return (sub_symbol_segment == add_symbol_segment);
}
/* TC_FORCE_RELOCATION hook */
/* If linkrelax is turned on, and the symbol to relocate
against is in a relaxable segment, don't compute the value -
generate a relocation instead. */
int
avr_force_relocation (fixS *fix)
{
if (linkrelax && fix->fx_addsy
&& relaxable_section (S_GET_SEGMENT (fix->fx_addsy)))
return 1;
return generic_force_reloc (fix);
}
/* GAS will call this for each fixup. It should store the correct
value in the object file. */
void
md_apply_fix (fixS *fixP, valueT * valP, segT seg)
{
unsigned char *where;
unsigned long insn;
long value = *valP;
if (fixP->fx_addsy == (symbolS *) NULL)
fixP->fx_done = 1;
else if (fixP->fx_pcrel)
{
segT s = S_GET_SEGMENT (fixP->fx_addsy);
if (s == seg || s == absolute_section)
{
value += S_GET_VALUE (fixP->fx_addsy);
fixP->fx_done = 1;
}
}
else if (linkrelax && fixP->fx_subsy)
{
/* For a subtraction relocation expression, generate one
of the DIFF relocs, with the value being the difference.
Note that a sym1 - sym2 expression is adjusted into a
section_start_sym + sym4_offset_from_section_start - sym1
expression. fixP->fx_addsy holds the section start symbol,
fixP->fx_offset holds sym2's offset, and fixP->fx_subsy
holds sym1. Calculate the current difference and write value,
but leave fx_offset as is - during relaxation,
fx_offset - value gives sym1's value. */
switch (fixP->fx_r_type)
{
case BFD_RELOC_8:
fixP->fx_r_type = BFD_RELOC_AVR_DIFF8;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_16:
fixP->fx_r_type = BFD_RELOC_AVR_DIFF16;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_32:
fixP->fx_r_type = BFD_RELOC_AVR_DIFF32;
break;
default:
as_bad_subtract (fixP);
break;
}
value = S_GET_VALUE (fixP->fx_addsy) +
fixP->fx_offset - S_GET_VALUE (fixP->fx_subsy);
*valP = value;
fixP->fx_subsy = NULL;
}
/* We don't actually support subtracting a symbol. */
if (fixP->fx_subsy != (symbolS *) NULL)
as_bad_subtract (fixP);
/* For the DIFF relocs, write the value into the object file while still
keeping fx_done FALSE, as both the difference (recorded in the object file)
and the sym offset (part of fixP) are needed at link relax time. */
where = (unsigned char *) fixP->fx_frag->fr_literal + fixP->fx_where;
switch (fixP->fx_r_type)
{
default:
fixP->fx_no_overflow = 1;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_7_PCREL:
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_13_PCREL:
case BFD_RELOC_32:
case BFD_RELOC_16:
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_DIFF8:
*where = value;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_DIFF16:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) value, where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_DIFF32:
bfd_putl32 ((bfd_vma) value, where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_CALL:
break;
}
if (fixP->fx_done)
{
/* Fetch the instruction, insert the fully resolved operand
value, and stuff the instruction back again. */
where = (unsigned char *) fixP->fx_frag->fr_literal + fixP->fx_where;
insn = bfd_getl16 (where);
switch (fixP->fx_r_type)
{
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_7_PCREL:
if (value & 1)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("odd address operand: %ld"), value);
/* Instruction addresses are always right-shifted by 1. */
value >>= 1;
--value; /* Correct PC. */
if (value < -64 || value > 63)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
value = (value << 3) & 0x3f8;
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) (value | insn), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_13_PCREL:
if (value & 1)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("odd address operand: %ld"), value);
/* Instruction addresses are always right-shifted by 1. */
value >>= 1;
--value; /* Correct PC. */
if (value < -2048 || value > 2047)
{
/* No wrap for devices with >8K of program memory. */
if ((avr_mcu->isa & AVR_ISA_MEGA) || avr_opt.no_wrap)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
}
value &= 0xfff;
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) (value | insn), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_32:
bfd_putl32 ((bfd_vma) value, where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_16:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) value, where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_8:
if (value > 255 || value < -128)
as_warn_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
*where = value;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_16_PM:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) (value >> 1), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LDI:
if (value > 255)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LDS_STS_16:
if ((value < 0x40) || (value > 0xBF))
as_warn_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: 0x%lx"),
(unsigned long)value);
insn |= ((value & 0xF) | ((value & 0x30) << 5) | ((value & 0x40) << 2));
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn, where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_6:
if ((value > 63) || (value < 0))
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | ((value & 7) | ((value & (3 << 3)) << 7)
| ((value & (1 << 5)) << 8)), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_6_ADIW:
if ((value > 63) || (value < 0))
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | (value & 0xf) | ((value & 0x30) << 2), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value >> 8), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_MS8_LDI:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value >> 24), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value >> 16), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value >> 8), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_MS8_LDI_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value >> 24), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value >> 16), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_PM:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value >> 1), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_PM:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value >> 9), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_PM:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (value >> 17), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_PM_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value >> 1), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_PM_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value >> 9), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_HH8_LDI_PM_NEG:
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | LDI_IMMEDIATE (-value >> 17), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_CALL:
{
unsigned long x;
x = bfd_getl16 (where);
if (value & 1)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("odd address operand: %ld"), value);
value >>= 1;
x |= ((value & 0x10000) | ((value << 3) & 0x1f00000)) >> 16;
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) x, where);
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) (value & 0xffff), where + 2);
}
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_LO:
*where = 0xff & value;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HI:
*where = 0xff & (value >> 8);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HLO:
*where = 0xff & (value >> 16);
break;
default:
as_fatal (_("line %d: unknown relocation type: 0x%x"),
fixP->fx_line, fixP->fx_r_type);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_PORT6:
if (value > 63)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | ((value & 0x30) << 5) | (value & 0x0f), where);
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_PORT5:
if (value > 31)
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("operand out of range: %ld"), value);
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) insn | ((value & 0x1f) << 3), where);
break;
}
}
else
{
switch ((int) fixP->fx_r_type)
{
case -BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI_NEG:
case -BFD_RELOC_AVR_HI8_LDI:
case -BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI_NEG:
case -BFD_RELOC_AVR_LO8_LDI:
as_bad_where (fixP->fx_file, fixP->fx_line,
_("only constant expression allowed"));
fixP->fx_done = 1;
break;
default:
break;
}
}
}
/* GAS will call this to generate a reloc, passing the resulting reloc
to `bfd_install_relocation'. This currently works poorly, as
`bfd_install_relocation' often does the wrong thing, and instances of
`tc_gen_reloc' have been written to work around the problems, which
in turns makes it difficult to fix `bfd_install_relocation'. */
/* If while processing a fixup, a reloc really needs to be created
then it is done here. */
arelent *
tc_gen_reloc (asection *seg ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
fixS *fixp)
{
arelent *reloc;
bfd_reloc_code_real_type code = fixp->fx_r_type;
if (fixp->fx_subsy != NULL)
{
as_bad_subtract (fixp);
return NULL;
}
reloc = XNEW (arelent);
reloc->sym_ptr_ptr = XNEW (asymbol *);
*reloc->sym_ptr_ptr = symbol_get_bfdsym (fixp->fx_addsy);
reloc->address = fixp->fx_frag->fr_address + fixp->fx_where;
if ((fixp->fx_r_type == BFD_RELOC_32) && (fixp->fx_pcrel))
{
if (seg->use_rela_p)
fixp->fx_offset -= md_pcrel_from_section (fixp, seg);
else
fixp->fx_offset = reloc->address;
code = BFD_RELOC_32_PCREL;
}
reloc->addend = fixp->fx_offset;
reloc->howto = bfd_reloc_type_lookup (stdoutput, code);
if (reloc->howto == (reloc_howto_type *) NULL)
{
as_bad_where (fixp->fx_file, fixp->fx_line,
_("reloc %d not supported by object file format"),
(int) fixp->fx_r_type);
return NULL;
}
if (fixp->fx_r_type == BFD_RELOC_VTABLE_INHERIT
|| fixp->fx_r_type == BFD_RELOC_VTABLE_ENTRY)
reloc->address = fixp->fx_offset;
return reloc;
}
void
md_assemble (char *str)
{
struct avr_opcodes_s *opcode;
char op[11];
str = skip_space (extract_word (str, op, sizeof (op)));
if (!op[0])
as_bad (_("can't find opcode "));
opcode = (struct avr_opcodes_s *) str_hash_find (avr_hash, op);
if (opcode && !avr_opt.all_opcodes)
{
/* Check if the instruction's ISA bit is ON in the ISA bits of the part
specified by the user. If not look for other instructions
specifications with same mnemonic who's ISA bits matches.
This requires include/opcode/avr.h to have the instructions with
same mnemonic to be specified in sequence. */
while ((opcode->isa & avr_mcu->isa) != opcode->isa)
{
opcode++;
if (opcode->name && strcmp(op, opcode->name))
{
as_bad (_("illegal opcode %s for mcu %s"),
opcode->name, avr_mcu->name);
return;
}
}
}
if (opcode == NULL)
{
as_bad (_("unknown opcode `%s'"), op);
return;
}
if (opcode == avr_gccisr_opcode
&& !avr_opt.have_gccisr)
{
as_bad (_("pseudo instruction `%s' not supported"), op);
return;
}
/* Special case for opcodes with optional operands (lpm, elpm) -
version with operands exists in avr_opcodes[] in the next entry. */
if (*str && *opcode->constraints == '?')
++opcode;
dwarf2_emit_insn (0);
/* We used to set input_line_pointer to the result of get_operands,
but that is wrong. Our caller assumes we don't change it. */
{
char *t = input_line_pointer;
if (opcode == avr_gccisr_opcode)
avr_gccisr_operands (opcode, &str);
else
avr_operands (opcode, &str);
if (*skip_space (str))
as_bad (_("garbage at end of line"));
input_line_pointer = t;
}
}
const exp_mod_data_t exp_mod_data[] =
{
/* Default, must be first. */
{ "", 0, BFD_RELOC_16, "" },
/* Divides by 2 to get word address. Generate Stub. */
{ "gs", 2, BFD_RELOC_AVR_16_PM, "`gs' " },
{ "pm", 2, BFD_RELOC_AVR_16_PM, "`pm' " },
/* The following are used together with avr-gcc's __memx address space
in order to initialize a 24-bit pointer variable with a 24-bit address.
For address in flash, hlo8 will contain the flash segment if the
symbol is located in flash. If the symbol is located in RAM; hlo8
will contain 0x80 which matches avr-gcc's notion of how 24-bit RAM/flash
addresses linearize address space. */
{ "lo8", 1, BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_LO, "`lo8' " },
{ "hi8", 1, BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HI, "`hi8' " },
{ "hlo8", 1, BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HLO, "`hlo8' " },
{ "hh8", 1, BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HLO, "`hh8' " },
};
/* Parse special CONS expression: pm (expression) or alternatively
gs (expression). These are used for addressing program memory. Moreover,
define lo8 (expression), hi8 (expression) and hlo8 (expression). */
const exp_mod_data_t *
avr_parse_cons_expression (expressionS *exp, int nbytes)
{
char *tmp;
unsigned int i;
tmp = input_line_pointer = skip_space (input_line_pointer);
/* The first entry of exp_mod_data[] contains an entry if no
expression modifier is present. Skip it. */
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE (exp_mod_data); i++)
{
const exp_mod_data_t *pexp = &exp_mod_data[i];
int len = strlen (pexp->name);
if (nbytes == pexp->nbytes
&& strncasecmp (input_line_pointer, pexp->name, len) == 0)
{
input_line_pointer = skip_space (input_line_pointer + len);
if (*input_line_pointer == '(')
{
input_line_pointer = skip_space (input_line_pointer + 1);
expression (exp);
if (*input_line_pointer == ')')
{
++input_line_pointer;
return pexp;
}
else
{
as_bad (_("`)' required"));
return &exp_mod_data[0];
}
}
input_line_pointer = tmp;
break;
}
}
expression (exp);
return &exp_mod_data[0];
}
void
avr_cons_fix_new (fragS *frag,
int where,
int nbytes,
expressionS *exp,
const exp_mod_data_t *pexp_mod_data)
{
int bad = 0;
switch (pexp_mod_data->reloc)
{
default:
if (nbytes == 1)
fix_new_exp (frag, where, nbytes, exp, false, BFD_RELOC_8);
else if (nbytes == 2)
fix_new_exp (frag, where, nbytes, exp, false, BFD_RELOC_16);
else if (nbytes == 4)
fix_new_exp (frag, where, nbytes, exp, false, BFD_RELOC_32);
else
bad = 1;
break;
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_16_PM:
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_LO:
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HI:
case BFD_RELOC_AVR_8_HLO:
if (nbytes == pexp_mod_data->nbytes)
fix_new_exp (frag, where, nbytes, exp, false, pexp_mod_data->reloc);
else
bad = 1;
break;
}
if (bad)
as_bad (_("illegal %s relocation size: %d"), pexp_mod_data->error, nbytes);
}
static bool
mcu_has_3_byte_pc (void)
{
int mach = avr_mcu->mach;
return mach == bfd_mach_avr6
|| mach == bfd_mach_avrxmega6
|| mach == bfd_mach_avrxmega7;
}
void
tc_cfi_frame_initial_instructions (void)
{
/* AVR6 pushes 3 bytes for calls. */
int return_size = (mcu_has_3_byte_pc () ? 3 : 2);
/* The CFA is the caller's stack location before the call insn. */
/* Note that the stack pointer is dwarf register number 32. */
cfi_add_CFA_def_cfa (32, return_size);
/* Note that AVR consistently uses post-decrement, which means that things
do not line up the same way as for targets that use pre-decrement. */
cfi_add_CFA_offset (DWARF2_DEFAULT_RETURN_COLUMN, 1-return_size);
}
bool
avr_allow_local_subtract (expressionS * left,
expressionS * right,
segT section)
{
/* If we are not in relaxation mode, subtraction is OK. */
if (!linkrelax)
return true;
/* If the symbols are not in a code section then they are OK. */
if ((section->flags & SEC_CODE) == 0)
return true;
if (left->X_add_symbol == right->X_add_symbol)
return true;
/* We have to assume that there may be instructions between the
two symbols and that relaxation may increase the distance between
them. */
return false;
}
void
avr_elf_final_processing (void)
{
if (linkrelax)
elf_elfheader (stdoutput)->e_flags |= EF_AVR_LINKRELAX_PREPARED;
}
/* Write out the header of a .avr.prop section into the area pointed to by
DATA. The RECORD_COUNT will be placed in the header as the number of
records that are to follow.
The area DATA must be big enough the receive the header, which is
AVR_PROPERTY_SECTION_HEADER_SIZE bytes long. */
static char *
avr_output_property_section_header (char *data,
unsigned int record_count)
{
char *orig_data = data;
md_number_to_chars (data, AVR_PROPERTY_RECORDS_VERSION, 1);
data++;
/* There's space for a single byte flags field, but right now there's
nothing to go in here, so just set the value to zero. */
md_number_to_chars (data, 0, 1);
data++;
md_number_to_chars (data, record_count, 2);
data+=2;
gas_assert (data - orig_data == AVR_PROPERTY_SECTION_HEADER_SIZE);
return data;
}
/* Return the number of bytes required to store RECORD into the .avr.prop
section. The size returned is the compressed size that corresponds to
how the record will be written out in AVR_OUTPUT_PROPERTY_RECORD. */
static int
avr_record_size (const struct avr_property_record *record)
{
/* The first 5 bytes are a 4-byte address, followed by a 1-byte type
identifier. */
int size = 5;
switch (record->type)
{
case RECORD_ORG:
size += 0; /* No extra information. */
break;
case RECORD_ORG_AND_FILL:
size += 4; /* A 4-byte fill value. */
break;
case RECORD_ALIGN:
size += 4; /* A 4-byte alignment value. */
break;
case RECORD_ALIGN_AND_FILL:
size += 8; /* A 4-byte alignment, and 4-byte fill value. */
break;
default:
as_fatal (_("unknown record type %d (in %s)"),
record->type, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__);
}
return size;
}
/* Write out RECORD. FRAG_BASE points to the start of the data area setup
to hold all of the .avr.prop content, FRAG_PTR points to the next
writable location. The data area must be big enough to hold all of the
records. The size of the data written out for this RECORD must match
the size from AVR_RECORD_SIZE. */
static char *
avr_output_property_record (char * const frag_base, char *frag_ptr,
const struct avr_property_record *record)
{
fixS *fix;
int where;
char *init_frag_ptr = frag_ptr;
where = frag_ptr - frag_base;
fix = fix_new (frag_now, where, 4,
section_symbol (record->section),
record->offset, false, BFD_RELOC_32);
fix->fx_file = "<internal>";
fix->fx_line = 0;
frag_ptr += 4;
md_number_to_chars (frag_ptr, (bfd_byte) record->type, 1);
frag_ptr += 1;
/* Write out the rest of the data. */
switch (record->type)
{
case RECORD_ORG:
break;
case RECORD_ORG_AND_FILL:
md_number_to_chars (frag_ptr, record->data.org.fill, 4);
frag_ptr += 4;
break;
case RECORD_ALIGN:
md_number_to_chars (frag_ptr, record->data.align.bytes, 4);
frag_ptr += 4;
break;
case RECORD_ALIGN_AND_FILL:
md_number_to_chars (frag_ptr, record->data.align.bytes, 4);
md_number_to_chars (frag_ptr + 4, record->data.align.fill, 4);
frag_ptr += 8;
break;
default:
as_fatal (_("unknown record type %d (in %s)"),
record->type, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__);
}
gas_assert (frag_ptr - init_frag_ptr == avr_record_size (record));
return frag_ptr;
}
/* Create the section to hold the AVR property information. Return the
section. */
static asection *
avr_create_property_section (void)
{
asection *sec;
flagword flags = (SEC_RELOC | SEC_HAS_CONTENTS | SEC_READONLY);
const char *section_name = AVR_PROPERTY_RECORD_SECTION_NAME;
sec = bfd_make_section (stdoutput, section_name);
if (sec == NULL)
as_fatal (_("Failed to create property section `%s'\n"), section_name);
bfd_set_section_flags (sec, flags);
sec->output_section = sec;
return sec;
}
/* This hook is called when alignment is performed, and allows us to
capture the details of both .org and .align directives. */
void
avr_handle_align (fragS *fragP)
{
if (linkrelax)
{
/* Ignore alignment requests at FR_ADDRESS 0, these are at the very
start of a section, and will be handled by the standard section
alignment mechanism. */
if ((fragP->fr_type == rs_align
|| fragP->fr_type == rs_align_code)
&& fragP->fr_offset > 0)
{
char *p = fragP->fr_literal + fragP->fr_fix;
fragP->tc_frag_data.is_align = true;
fragP->tc_frag_data.alignment = fragP->fr_offset;
fragP->tc_frag_data.fill = *p;
fragP->tc_frag_data.has_fill = (fragP->tc_frag_data.fill != 0);
}
if (fragP->fr_type == rs_org && fragP->fr_offset > 0)
{
char *p = fragP->fr_literal + fragP->fr_fix;
fragP->tc_frag_data.is_org = true;
fragP->tc_frag_data.fill = *p;
fragP->tc_frag_data.has_fill = (fragP->tc_frag_data.fill != 0);
}
}
}
/* Return TRUE if this section is not one for which we need to record
information in the avr property section. */
static bool
exclude_section_from_property_tables (segT sec)
{
/* Only generate property information for sections on which linker
relaxation could be performed. */
return !relaxable_section (sec);
}
/* Create a property record for fragment FRAGP from section SEC and place
it into an AVR_PROPERTY_RECORD_LINK structure, which can then formed
into a linked list by the caller. */
static struct avr_property_record_link *
create_record_for_frag (segT sec, fragS *fragP)
{
struct avr_property_record_link *prop_rec_link;
prop_rec_link = XCNEW (struct avr_property_record_link);
gas_assert (fragP->fr_next != NULL);
if (fragP->tc_frag_data.is_org)
{
prop_rec_link->record.offset = fragP->fr_next->fr_address;
prop_rec_link->record.section = sec;
if (fragP->tc_frag_data.has_fill)
{
prop_rec_link->record.data.org.fill = fragP->tc_frag_data.fill;
prop_rec_link->record.type = RECORD_ORG_AND_FILL;
}
else
prop_rec_link->record.type = RECORD_ORG;
}
else
{
prop_rec_link->record.offset = fragP->fr_next->fr_address;
prop_rec_link->record.section = sec;
gas_assert (fragP->tc_frag_data.is_align);
if (fragP->tc_frag_data.has_fill)
{
prop_rec_link->record.data.align.fill = fragP->tc_frag_data.fill;
prop_rec_link->record.type = RECORD_ALIGN_AND_FILL;
}
else
prop_rec_link->record.type = RECORD_ALIGN;
prop_rec_link->record.data.align.bytes = fragP->tc_frag_data.alignment;
}
return prop_rec_link;
}
/* Build a list of AVR_PROPERTY_RECORD_LINK structures for section SEC, and
merged them onto the list pointed to by NEXT_PTR. Return a pointer to
the last list item created. */
static struct avr_property_record_link **
append_records_for_section (segT sec,
struct avr_property_record_link **next_ptr)
{
segment_info_type *seginfo = seg_info (sec);
fragS *fragP;
if (seginfo && seginfo->frchainP)
{
for (fragP = seginfo->frchainP->frch_root;
fragP;
fragP = fragP->fr_next)
{
if (fragP->tc_frag_data.is_align
|| fragP->tc_frag_data.is_org)
{
/* Create a single new entry. */
struct avr_property_record_link *new_link
= create_record_for_frag (sec, fragP);
*next_ptr = new_link;
next_ptr = &new_link->next;
}
}
}
return next_ptr;
}
/* Create the AVR property section and fill it with records of .org and
.align directives that were used. The section is only created if it
will actually have any content. */
static void
avr_create_and_fill_property_section (void)
{
segT *seclist;
asection *prop_sec;
struct avr_property_record_link *r_list, **next_ptr;
char *frag_ptr, *frag_base;
bfd_size_type sec_size;
struct avr_property_record_link *rec;
unsigned int record_count;
/* First walk over all sections. For sections on which linker
relaxation could be applied, extend the record list. The record list
holds information that the linker will need to know. */
prop_sec = NULL;
r_list = NULL;
next_ptr = &r_list;
for (seclist = &stdoutput->sections;
seclist && *seclist;
seclist = &(*seclist)->next)
{
segT sec = *seclist;
if (exclude_section_from_property_tables (sec))
continue;
next_ptr = append_records_for_section (sec, next_ptr);
}
/* Create property section and ensure the size is correct. We've already
passed the point where gas could size this for us. */
sec_size = AVR_PROPERTY_SECTION_HEADER_SIZE;
record_count = 0;
for (rec = r_list; rec != NULL; rec = rec->next)
{
record_count++;
sec_size += avr_record_size (&rec->record);
}
if (record_count == 0)
return;
prop_sec = avr_create_property_section ();
bfd_set_section_size (prop_sec, sec_size);
subseg_set (prop_sec, 0);
frag_base = frag_more (sec_size);
frag_ptr =
avr_output_property_section_header (frag_base, record_count);
for (rec = r_list; rec != NULL; rec = rec->next)
frag_ptr = avr_output_property_record (frag_base, frag_ptr, &rec->record);
frag_wane (frag_now);
frag_new (0);
frag_wane (frag_now);
}
/* We're using this hook to build up the AVR property section. It's called
late in the assembly process which suits our needs. */
void
avr_post_relax_hook (void)
{
avr_create_and_fill_property_section ();
}
/* Accumulate information about instruction sequence to `avr_isr':
wheter TMP_REG, ZERO_REG and SREG might be touched. Used during parse.
REG1 is either -1 or a register number used by the instruction as input
or output operand. Similar for REG2. */
static void
avr_update_gccisr (struct avr_opcodes_s *opcode, int reg1, int reg2)
{
const int tiny_p = avr_mcu->mach == bfd_mach_avrtiny;
const int reg_tmp = tiny_p ? 16 : 0;
const int reg_zero = 1 + reg_tmp;
if (ISR_CHUNK_Done == avr_isr.prev_chunk
|| (avr_isr.need_sreg
&& avr_isr.need_reg_tmp
&& avr_isr.need_reg_zero))
{
/* Nothing (more) to do */
return;
}
/* SREG: Look up instructions that don't clobber SREG. */
if (!avr_isr.need_sreg
&& !str_hash_find (avr_no_sreg_hash, opcode->name))
{
avr_isr.need_sreg = 1;
}
/* Handle explicit register operands. Record *any* use as clobber.
This is because TMP_REG and ZERO_REG are not global and using
them makes no sense without a previous set. */
avr_isr.need_reg_tmp |= reg1 == reg_tmp || reg2 == reg_tmp;
avr_isr.need_reg_zero |= reg1 == reg_zero || reg2 == reg_zero;
/* Handle implicit register operands and some opaque stuff. */
if (strstr (opcode->name, "lpm")
&& '?' == *opcode->constraints)
{
avr_isr.need_reg_tmp = 1;
}
if (strstr (opcode->name, "call")
|| strstr (opcode->name, "mul")
|| 0 == strcmp (opcode->name, "des")
|| (0 == strcmp (opcode->name, "movw")
&& (reg1 == reg_tmp || reg2 == reg_tmp)))
{
avr_isr.need_reg_tmp = 1;
avr_isr.need_reg_zero = 1;
}
}
/* Emit some 1-word instruction to **PWHERE and advance *PWHERE by the number
of octets written. INSN specifies the desired instruction and REG is the
register used by it. This function is only used with restricted subset of
instructions as might be emit by `__gcc_isr'. IN / OUT will use SREG
and LDI loads 0. */
static void
avr_emit_insn (const char *insn, int reg, char **pwhere)
{
const int sreg = 0x3f;
unsigned bin = 0;
const struct avr_opcodes_s *op
= (struct avr_opcodes_s*) str_hash_find (avr_hash, insn);
/* We only have to deal with: IN, OUT, PUSH, POP, CLR, LDI 0. All of
these deal with at least one Reg and are 1-word instructions. */
gas_assert (op && 1 == op->insn_size);
gas_assert (reg >= 0 && reg <= 31);
if (strchr (op->constraints, 'r'))
{
bin = op->bin_opcode | (reg << 4);
}
else if (strchr (op->constraints, 'd'))
{
gas_assert (reg >= 16);
bin = op->bin_opcode | ((reg & 0xf) << 4);
}
else
abort();
if (strchr (op->constraints, 'P'))
{
bin |= ((sreg & 0x30) << 5) | (sreg & 0x0f);
}
else if (0 == strcmp ("r=r", op->constraints))
{
bin |= ((reg & 0x10) << 5) | (reg & 0x0f);
}
else
gas_assert (0 == strcmp ("r", op->constraints)
|| 0 == strcmp ("ldi", op->name));
bfd_putl16 ((bfd_vma) bin, *pwhere);
(*pwhere) += 2 * op->insn_size;
}
/* Turn rs_machine_dependent frag *FR into an ordinary rs_fill code frag,
using information gathered in `avr_isr'. REG is the register number as
supplied by Done chunk "__gcc_isr 0,REG". */
static void
avr_patch_gccisr_frag (fragS *fr, int reg)
{
int treg;
int n_pushed = 0;
char *where = fr->fr_literal;
const int tiny_p = avr_mcu->mach == bfd_mach_avrtiny;
const int reg_tmp = tiny_p ? 16 : 0;
const int reg_zero = 1 + reg_tmp;
/* Clearing ZERO_REG on non-Tiny needs CLR which clobbers SREG. */
avr_isr.need_sreg |= !tiny_p && avr_isr.need_reg_zero;
/* A working register to PUSH / POP the SREG. We might use the register
as supplied by ISR_CHUNK_Done for that purpose as GCC wants to push
it anyways. If GCC passes ZERO_REG or TMP_REG, it has no clue (and
no additional regs to safe) and we use that reg. */
treg
= avr_isr.need_reg_tmp ? reg_tmp
: avr_isr.need_reg_zero ? reg_zero
: avr_isr.need_sreg ? reg
: reg > reg_zero ? reg
: -1;
if (treg >= 0)
{
/* Non-empty prologue / epilogue */
if (ISR_CHUNK_Prologue == fr->fr_subtype)
{
avr_emit_insn ("push", treg, &where);
n_pushed++;
if (avr_isr.need_sreg)
{
avr_emit_insn ("in", treg, &where);
avr_emit_insn ("push", treg, &where);
n_pushed++;
}
if (avr_isr.need_reg_zero)
{
if (reg_zero != treg)
{
avr_emit_insn ("push", reg_zero, &where);
n_pushed++;
}
avr_emit_insn (tiny_p ? "ldi" : "clr", reg_zero, &where);
}
if (reg > reg_zero && reg != treg)
{
avr_emit_insn ("push", reg, &where);
n_pushed++;
}
}
else if (ISR_CHUNK_Epilogue == fr->fr_subtype)
{
/* Same logic as in Prologue but in reverse order and with counter
parts of either instruction: POP instead of PUSH and OUT instead
of IN. Clearing ZERO_REG has no couter part. */
if (reg > reg_zero && reg != treg)
avr_emit_insn ("pop", reg, &where);
if (avr_isr.need_reg_zero
&& reg_zero != treg)
avr_emit_insn ("pop", reg_zero, &where);
if (avr_isr.need_sreg)
{
avr_emit_insn ("pop", treg, &where);
avr_emit_insn ("out", treg, &where);
}
avr_emit_insn ("pop", treg, &where);
}
else
abort();
} /* treg >= 0 */
if (ISR_CHUNK_Prologue == fr->fr_subtype
&& avr_isr.sym_n_pushed)
{
symbolS *sy = avr_isr.sym_n_pushed;
/* Turn magic `__gcc_isr.n_pushed' into its now known value. */
S_SET_VALUE (sy, n_pushed);
S_SET_SEGMENT (sy, expr_section);
avr_isr.sym_n_pushed = NULL;
}
/* Turn frag into ordinary code frag of now known size. */
fr->fr_var = 0;
fr->fr_fix = where - fr->fr_literal;
gas_assert (fr->fr_fix <= (valueT) fr->fr_offset);
fr->fr_offset = 0;
fr->fr_type = rs_fill;
fr->fr_subtype = 0;
}
/* Implements `__gcc_isr' pseudo-instruction. For Prologue and Epilogue
chunks, emit a new rs_machine_dependent frag. For Done chunks, traverse
the current segment and patch all rs_machine_dependent frags to become
appropriate rs_fill code frags. If chunks are seen in an odd ordering,
throw an error instead. */
static void
avr_gccisr_operands (struct avr_opcodes_s *opcode, char **line)
{
int bad = 0;
int chunk, reg = 0;
char *str = *line;
gas_assert (avr_opt.have_gccisr);
/* We only use operands "N" and "r" which don't pop new fix-ups. */
/* 1st operand: Which chunk of __gcc_isr: 0...2. */
chunk = avr_operand (opcode, -1, "N", &str, NULL);
if (chunk < 0 || chunk > 2)
as_bad (_("%s requires value 0-2 as operand 1"), opcode->name);
if (ISR_CHUNK_Done == chunk)
{
/* 2nd operand: A register to push / pop. */
str = skip_space (str);
if (*str == '\0' || *str++ != ',')
as_bad (_("`,' required"));
else
avr_operand (opcode, -1, "r", &str, &reg);
}
*line = str;
/* Chunks must follow in a specific order:
- Prologue: Exactly one
- Epilogue: Any number
- Done: Exactly one. */
bad |= ISR_CHUNK_Prologue == chunk && avr_isr.prev_chunk != ISR_CHUNK_Done;
bad |= ISR_CHUNK_Epilogue == chunk && avr_isr.prev_chunk == ISR_CHUNK_Done;
bad |= ISR_CHUNK_Done == chunk && avr_isr.prev_chunk == ISR_CHUNK_Done;
if (bad)
{
if (avr_isr.file)
as_bad (_("`%s %d' after `%s %d' from %s:%u"), opcode->name, chunk,
opcode->name, avr_isr.prev_chunk, avr_isr.file, avr_isr.line);
else
as_bad (_("`%s %d' but no chunk open yet"), opcode->name, chunk);
}
if (!had_errors())
{
/* The longest sequence (prologue) might have up to 6 insns (words):
push R0
in R0, SREG
push R0
push R1
clr R1
push Rx
*/
unsigned int size = 2 * 6;
fragS *fr;
switch (chunk)
{
case ISR_CHUNK_Prologue:
avr_isr.need_reg_tmp = 0;
avr_isr.need_reg_zero = 0;
avr_isr.need_sreg = 0;
avr_isr.sym_n_pushed = NULL;
/* FALLTHRU */
case ISR_CHUNK_Epilogue:
/* Emit a new rs_machine_dependent fragment into the fragment chain.
It will be patched and cleaned up once we see the matching
ISR_CHUNK_Done. */
frag_wane (frag_now);