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/* Remote target system call callback support.
Copyright (C) 1997-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Cygnus Solutions.
This file is part of GDB.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <>. */
/* This interface isn't intended to be specific to any particular kind
of remote (hardware, simulator, whatever). As such, support for it
(e.g. sim/common/callback.c) should *not* live in the simulator source
tree, nor should it live in the gdb source tree. */
/* There are various ways to handle system calls:
1) Have a simulator intercept the appropriate trap instruction and
directly perform the system call on behalf of the target program.
This is the typical way of handling system calls for embedded targets.
[Handling system calls for embedded targets isn't that much of an
oxymoron as running compiler testsuites make use of the capability.]
This method of system call handling is done when STATE_ENVIRONMENT
2) Have a simulator emulate the hardware as much as possible.
If the program running on the real hardware communicates with some sort
of target manager, one would want to be able to run this program on the
simulator as well.
This method of system call handling is done when STATE_ENVIRONMENT
#include <ansidecl.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdint.h>
/* Needed for enum bfd_endian. */
#include "bfd.h"
/* Mapping of host/target values. */
/* ??? For debugging purposes, one might want to add a string of the
name of the symbol. */
typedef struct {
const char *name;
int host_val;
int target_val;
/* Forward decl for stat/fstat. */
struct stat;
typedef struct host_callback_struct host_callback;
struct host_callback_struct
int (*close) (host_callback *,int);
int (*get_errno) (host_callback *);
int (*isatty) (host_callback *, int);
int64_t (*lseek) (host_callback *, int, int64_t, int);
int (*open) (host_callback *, const char*, int mode);
int (*read) (host_callback *,int, char *, int);
int (*read_stdin) ( host_callback *, char *, int);
int (*rename) (host_callback *, const char *, const char *);
int (*system) (host_callback *, const char *);
int64_t (*time) (host_callback *);
int (*unlink) (host_callback *, const char *);
int (*write) (host_callback *,int, const char *, int);
int (*write_stdout) (host_callback *, const char *, int);
void (*flush_stdout) (host_callback *);
int (*write_stderr) (host_callback *, const char *, int);
void (*flush_stderr) (host_callback *);
int (*to_stat) (host_callback *, const char *, struct stat *);
int (*to_fstat) (host_callback *, int, struct stat *);
int (*to_lstat) (host_callback *, const char *, struct stat *);
int (*ftruncate) (host_callback *, int, int64_t);
int (*truncate) (host_callback *, const char *, int64_t);
int (*getpid) (host_callback *);
int (*kill) (host_callback *, int, int);
int (*pipe) (host_callback *, int *);
/* Called by the framework when a read call has emptied a pipe buffer. */
void (*pipe_empty) (host_callback *, int read_fd, int write_fd);
/* Called by the framework when a write call makes a pipe buffer
non-empty. */
void (*pipe_nonempty) (host_callback *, int read_fd, int write_fd);
/* When present, call to the client to give it the oportunity to
poll any io devices for a request to quit (indicated by a nonzero
return value). */
int (*poll_quit) (host_callback *);
/* Used when the target has gone away, so we can close open
handles and free memory etc etc. */
int (*shutdown) (host_callback *);
int (*init) (host_callback *);
/* depreciated, use vprintf_filtered - Talk to the user on a console. */
void (*printf_filtered) (host_callback *, const char *, ...)
/* Talk to the user on a console. */
void (*vprintf_filtered) (host_callback *, const char *, va_list)
/* Same as vprintf_filtered but to stderr. */
void (*evprintf_filtered) (host_callback *, const char *, va_list)
/* Print an error message and "exit".
In the case of gdb "exiting" means doing a longjmp back to the main
command loop. */
void (*error) (host_callback *, const char *, ...)
int last_errno; /* host format */
int fdmap[MAX_CALLBACK_FDS];
/* fd_buddy is used to contruct circular lists of target fds that point to
the same host fd. A uniquely mapped fd points to itself; for a closed
one, fd_buddy has the value -1. The host file descriptors for stdin /
stdout / stderr are never closed by the simulators, so they are put
in a special fd_buddy circular list which also has MAX_CALLBACK_FDS
as a member. */
/* ??? We don't have a callback entry for dup, although it is trival to
implement now. */
short fd_buddy[MAX_CALLBACK_FDS+1];
/* 0 = none, >0 = reader (index of writer),
<0 = writer (negative index of reader).
If abs (ispipe[N]) == N, then N is an end of a pipe whose other
end is closed. */
short ispipe[MAX_CALLBACK_FDS];
/* A writer stores the buffer at its index. Consecutive writes
realloc the buffer and add to the size. The reader indicates the
read part in its .size, until it has consumed it all, at which
point it deallocates the buffer and zeroes out both sizes. */
struct pipe_write_buffer
int size;
char *buffer;
} pipe_buffer[MAX_CALLBACK_FDS];
/* System call numbers. */
CB_TARGET_DEFS_MAP *syscall_map;
/* Errno values. */
CB_TARGET_DEFS_MAP *errno_map;
/* Flags to the open system call. */
/* Signal numbers. */
CB_TARGET_DEFS_MAP *signal_map;
/* Layout of `stat' struct.
The format is a series of "name,length" pairs separated by colons.
Empty space is indicated with a `name' of "space".
All padding must be explicitly mentioned.
Lengths are in bytes. If this needs to be extended to bits,
use "name.bits".
Example: "st_dev,4:st_ino,4:st_mode,4:..." */
const char *stat_map;
enum bfd_endian target_endian;
/* Size of an "int" on the target (for syscalls whose ABI uses "int").
This must include padding, and only padding-at-higher-address is
supported. For example, a 64-bit target with 32-bit int:s which
are padded to 64 bits when in an array, should supposedly set this
to 8. The default is 4 which matches ILP32 targets and 64-bit
targets with 32-bit ints and no padding. */
int target_sizeof_int;
/* Marker for those wanting to do sanity checks.
This should remain the last member of this struct to help catch
miscompilation errors. */
#define HOST_CALLBACK_MAGIC 4705 /* teds constant */
int magic;
extern host_callback default_callback;
/* Canonical versions of system call numbers.
It's not intended to willy-nilly throw every system call ever heard
of in here. Only include those that have an important use.
??? One can certainly start a discussion over the ones that are currently
here, but that will always be true. */
/* These are used by the ANSI C support of libc. */
#define CB_SYS_exit 1
#define CB_SYS_open 2
#define CB_SYS_close 3
#define CB_SYS_read 4
#define CB_SYS_write 5
#define CB_SYS_lseek 6
#define CB_SYS_unlink 7
#define CB_SYS_getpid 8
#define CB_SYS_kill 9
#define CB_SYS_fstat 10
/*#define CB_SYS_sbrk 11 - not currently a system call, but reserved. */
/* ARGV support. */
#define CB_SYS_argvlen 12
#define CB_SYS_argv 13
/* These are extras added for one reason or another. */
#define CB_SYS_chdir 14
#define CB_SYS_stat 15
#define CB_SYS_chmod 16
#define CB_SYS_utime 17
#define CB_SYS_time 18
/* More standard syscalls. */
#define CB_SYS_lstat 19
#define CB_SYS_rename 20
#define CB_SYS_truncate 21
#define CB_SYS_ftruncate 22
#define CB_SYS_pipe 23
/* New ARGV support. */
#define CB_SYS_argc 24
#define CB_SYS_argnlen 25
#define CB_SYS_argn 26
/* Struct use to pass and return information necessary to perform a
system call. */
/* FIXME: Need to consider target word size. */
typedef struct cb_syscall {
/* The target's value of what system call to perform. */
int func;
/* The arguments to the syscall. */
long arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5, arg6, arg7;
/* The result. */
long result;
/* Some system calls have two results. */
long result2;
/* The target's errno value, or 0 if success.
This is converted to the target's value with host_to_target_errno. */
int errcode;
/* Working space to be used by memory read/write callbacks. */
void *p1;
void *p2;
long x1,x2;
/* Callbacks for reading/writing memory (e.g. for read/write syscalls).
??? long or unsigned long might be better to use for the `count'
argument here. We mimic sim_{read,write} for now. Be careful to
test any changes with -Wall -Werror, mixed signed comparisons
will get you. */
int (*read_mem) (host_callback * /*cb*/, struct cb_syscall * /*sc*/,
unsigned long /*taddr*/, char * /*buf*/,
int /*bytes*/);
int (*write_mem) (host_callback * /*cb*/, struct cb_syscall * /*sc*/,
unsigned long /*taddr*/, const char * /*buf*/,
int /*bytes*/);
/* For sanity checking, should be last entry. */
int magic;
/* Magic number sanity checker. */
#define CB_SYSCALL_MAGIC 0x12344321
/* Macro to initialize CB_SYSCALL. Called first, before filling in
any fields. */
#define CB_SYSCALL_INIT(sc) \
do { \
memset ((sc), 0, sizeof (*(sc))); \
(sc)->magic = CB_SYSCALL_MAGIC; \
} while (0)
/* Return codes for various interface routines. */
typedef enum {
CB_RC_OK = 0,
/* generic error */
/* either file not found or no read access */
} CB_RC;
/* Read in target values for system call numbers, errno values, signals. */
CB_RC cb_read_target_syscall_maps (host_callback *, const char *);
/* Translate target to host syscall function numbers. */
int cb_target_to_host_syscall (host_callback *, int);
/* Translate host to target errno value. */
int cb_host_to_target_errno (host_callback *, int);
/* Translate target to host open flags. */
int cb_target_to_host_open (host_callback *, int);
/* Translate target signal number to host. */
int cb_target_to_host_signal (host_callback *, int);
/* Translate host signal number to target. */
int cb_host_to_gdb_signal (host_callback *, int);
/* Translate symbols into human readable strings. */
const char *cb_host_str_syscall (host_callback *, int);
const char *cb_host_str_errno (host_callback *, int);
const char *cb_host_str_signal (host_callback *, int);
const char *cb_target_str_syscall (host_callback *, int);
const char *cb_target_str_errno (host_callback *, int);
const char *cb_target_str_signal (host_callback *, int);
/* Translate host stat struct to target.
If stat struct ptr is NULL, just compute target stat struct size.
Result is size of target stat struct or 0 if error. */
int cb_host_to_target_stat (host_callback *, const struct stat *, void *);
/* Translate a value to target endian. */
void cb_store_target_endian (host_callback *, char *, int, long);
/* Tests for special fds. */
int cb_is_stdin (host_callback *, int);
int cb_is_stdout (host_callback *, int);
int cb_is_stderr (host_callback *, int);
/* Read a string out of the target. */
int cb_get_string (host_callback *, CB_SYSCALL *, char *, int, unsigned long);
/* Perform a system call. */
CB_RC cb_syscall (host_callback *, CB_SYSCALL *);