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/* DWARF 2 debugging format support for GDB.
Copyright (C) 1994-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GDB.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <>. */
#ifndef DWARF2READ_H
#define DWARF2READ_H
#include <queue>
#include <unordered_map>
#include "dwarf2/comp-unit-head.h"
#include "dwarf2/index-cache.h"
#include "dwarf2/section.h"
#include "filename-seen-cache.h"
#include "gdb_obstack.h"
#include "gdbsupport/hash_enum.h"
#include "gdbsupport/function-view.h"
#include "psympriv.h"
/* Hold 'maintenance (set|show) dwarf' commands. */
extern struct cmd_list_element *set_dwarf_cmdlist;
extern struct cmd_list_element *show_dwarf_cmdlist;
struct tu_stats
int nr_uniq_abbrev_tables;
int nr_symtabs;
int nr_symtab_sharers;
int nr_stmt_less_type_units;
int nr_all_type_units_reallocs;
int nr_tus;
struct dwarf2_cu;
struct dwarf2_debug_sections;
struct dwarf2_per_bfd;
struct dwarf2_per_cu_data;
struct dwarf2_psymtab;
struct mapped_index;
struct mapped_debug_names;
struct signatured_type;
struct type_unit_group;
/* One item on the queue of compilation units to read in full symbols
for. */
struct dwarf2_queue_item
dwarf2_queue_item (dwarf2_per_cu_data *cu, dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile,
enum language lang)
: per_cu (cu),
per_objfile (per_objfile),
pretend_language (lang)
~dwarf2_queue_item ();
DISABLE_COPY_AND_ASSIGN (dwarf2_queue_item);
dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu;
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile;
enum language pretend_language;
/* A deleter for dwarf2_per_cu_data that knows to downcast to
signatured_type as appropriate. This approach lets us avoid a
virtual destructor, which saves a bit of space. */
struct dwarf2_per_cu_data_deleter
void operator() (dwarf2_per_cu_data *data);
/* A specialization of unique_ptr for dwarf2_per_cu_data and
subclasses. */
typedef std::unique_ptr<dwarf2_per_cu_data, dwarf2_per_cu_data_deleter>
/* Persistent data held for a compilation unit, even when not
processing it. We put a pointer to this structure in the
psymtab. */
struct dwarf2_per_cu_data
dwarf2_per_cu_data ()
: queued (false),
is_debug_types (false),
is_dwz (false),
reading_dwo_directly (false),
tu_read (false),
m_header_read_in (false),
unit_type {},
lang (language_unknown)
/* The start offset and length of this compilation unit.
NOTE: Unlike comp_unit_head.length, this length includes
If the DIE refers to a DWO file, this is always of the original die,
not the DWO file. */
sect_offset sect_off {};
unsigned int length = 0;
/* DWARF standard version this data has been read from (such as 4 or 5). */
unsigned char dwarf_version = 0;
/* Flag indicating this compilation unit will be read in before
any of the current compilation units are processed. */
unsigned int queued : 1;
/* Non-zero if this CU is from .debug_types.
Struct dwarf2_per_cu_data is contained in struct signatured_type iff
this is non-zero. */
unsigned int is_debug_types : 1;
/* Non-zero if this CU is from the .dwz file. */
unsigned int is_dwz : 1;
/* Non-zero if reading a TU directly from a DWO file, bypassing the stub.
This flag is only valid if is_debug_types is true.
We can't read a CU directly from a DWO file: There are required
attributes in the stub. */
unsigned int reading_dwo_directly : 1;
/* Non-zero if the TU has been read.
This is used to assist the "Stay in DWO Optimization" for Fission:
When reading a DWO, it's faster to read TUs from the DWO instead of
fetching them from random other DWOs (due to comdat folding).
If the TU has already been read, the optimization is unnecessary
(and unwise - we don't want to change where gdb thinks the TU lives
This flag is only valid if is_debug_types is true. */
unsigned int tu_read : 1;
/* True if HEADER has been read in.
Don't access this field directly. It should be private, but we can't make
it private at the moment. */
mutable bool m_header_read_in : 1;
/* The unit type of this CU. */
ENUM_BITFIELD (dwarf_unit_type) unit_type : 8;
/* The language of this CU. */
/* Our index in the unshared "symtabs" vector. */
unsigned index = 0;
/* The section this CU/TU lives in.
If the DIE refers to a DWO file, this is always the original die,
not the DWO file. */
struct dwarf2_section_info *section = nullptr;
/* Backlink to the owner of this. */
dwarf2_per_bfd *per_bfd = nullptr;
/* DWARF header of this CU. Note that dwarf2_cu reads its own version of the
header, which may differ from this one, since it may pass rcuh_kind::TYPE
to read_comp_unit_head, whereas for dwarf2_per_cu_data we always pass
Don't access this field directly, use the get_header method instead. It
should be private, but we can't make it private at the moment. */
mutable comp_unit_head m_header {};
/* When dwarf2_per_bfd::using_index is true, the 'quick' field
is active. Otherwise, the 'psymtab' field is active. */
/* The partial symbol table associated with this compilation unit,
or NULL for unread partial units. */
dwarf2_psymtab *psymtab;
/* Data needed by the "quick" functions. */
struct dwarf2_per_cu_quick_data *quick;
} v {};
/* The CUs we import using DW_TAG_imported_unit. This is filled in
while reading psymtabs, used to compute the psymtab dependencies,
and then cleared. Then it is filled in again while reading full
symbols, and only deleted when the objfile is destroyed.
This is also used to work around a difference between the way gold
generates .gdb_index version <=7 and the way gdb does. Arguably this
is a gold bug. For symbols coming from TUs, gold records in the index
the CU that includes the TU instead of the TU itself. This breaks
dw2_lookup_symbol: It assumes that if the index says symbol X lives
in CU/TU Y, then one need only expand Y and a subsequent lookup in Y
will find X. Alas TUs live in their own symtab, so after expanding CU Y
we need to look in TU Z to find X. Fortunately, this is akin to
DW_TAG_imported_unit, so we just use the same mechanism: For
.gdb_index version <=7 this also records the TUs that the CU referred
to. Concurrently with this change gdb was modified to emit version 8
indices so we only pay a price for gold generated indices.
This currently needs to be a public member due to how
dwarf2_per_cu_data is allocated and used. Ideally in future things
could be refactored to make this private. Until then please try to
avoid direct access to this member, and instead use the helper
functions above. */
std::vector <dwarf2_per_cu_data *> *imported_symtabs = nullptr;
/* Return true of IMPORTED_SYMTABS is empty or not yet allocated. */
bool imported_symtabs_empty () const
return (imported_symtabs == nullptr || imported_symtabs->empty ());
/* Push P to the back of IMPORTED_SYMTABS, allocated IMPORTED_SYMTABS
first if required. */
void imported_symtabs_push (dwarf2_per_cu_data *p)
if (imported_symtabs == nullptr)
imported_symtabs = new std::vector <dwarf2_per_cu_data *>;
imported_symtabs->push_back (p);
/* Return the size of IMPORTED_SYMTABS if it is allocated, otherwise
return 0. */
size_t imported_symtabs_size () const
if (imported_symtabs == nullptr)
return 0;
return imported_symtabs->size ();
/* Delete IMPORTED_SYMTABS and set the pointer back to nullptr. */
void imported_symtabs_free ()
delete imported_symtabs;
imported_symtabs = nullptr;
/* Get the header of this per_cu, reading it if necessary. */
const comp_unit_head *get_header () const;
/* Return the address size given in the compilation unit header for
this CU. */
int addr_size () const;
/* Return the offset size given in the compilation unit header for
this CU. */
int offset_size () const;
/* Return the DW_FORM_ref_addr size given in the compilation unit
header for this CU. */
int ref_addr_size () const;
/* Return DWARF version number of this CU. */
short version () const
return dwarf_version;
/* A type unit group has a per_cu object that is recognized by
having no section. */
bool type_unit_group_p () const
return section == nullptr;
/* Entry in the signatured_types hash table. */
struct signatured_type : public dwarf2_per_cu_data
signatured_type (ULONGEST signature)
: signature (signature)
/* The type's signature. */
ULONGEST signature;
/* Offset in the TU of the type's DIE, as read from the TU header.
If this TU is a DWO stub and the definition lives in a DWO file
(specified by DW_AT_GNU_dwo_name), this value is unusable. */
cu_offset type_offset_in_tu {};
/* Offset in the section of the type's DIE.
If the definition lives in a DWO file, this is the offset in the
.debug_types.dwo section.
The value is zero until the actual value is known.
Zero is otherwise not a valid section offset. */
sect_offset type_offset_in_section {};
/* Type units are grouped by their DW_AT_stmt_list entry so that they
can share them. This points to the containing symtab. */
struct type_unit_group *type_unit_group = nullptr;
/* Containing DWO unit.
This field is valid iff per_cu.reading_dwo_directly. */
struct dwo_unit *dwo_unit = nullptr;
using signatured_type_up = std::unique_ptr<signatured_type>;
/* Some DWARF data can be shared across objfiles who share the same BFD,
this data is stored in this object.
Two dwarf2_per_objfile objects representing objfiles sharing the same BFD
will point to the same instance of dwarf2_per_bfd, unless the BFD requires
relocation. */
struct dwarf2_per_bfd
/* Construct a dwarf2_per_bfd for OBFD. NAMES points to the
dwarf2 section names, or is NULL if the standard ELF names are
used. CAN_COPY is true for formats where symbol
interposition is possible and so symbol values must follow copy
relocation rules. */
dwarf2_per_bfd (bfd *obfd, const dwarf2_debug_sections *names, bool can_copy);
~dwarf2_per_bfd ();
DISABLE_COPY_AND_ASSIGN (dwarf2_per_bfd);
/* Return the CU given its index. */
dwarf2_per_cu_data *get_cu (int index) const
return this->all_comp_units[index].get ();
/* A convenience function to allocate a dwarf2_per_cu_data. The
returned object has its "index" field set properly. The object
is allocated on the dwarf2_per_bfd obstack. */
dwarf2_per_cu_data_up allocate_per_cu ();
/* A convenience function to allocate a signatured_type. The
returned object has its "index" field set properly. The object
is allocated on the dwarf2_per_bfd obstack. */
signatured_type_up allocate_signatured_type (ULONGEST signature);
/* This function is mapped across the sections and remembers the
offset and size of each of the debugging sections we are
interested in. */
void locate_sections (bfd *abfd, asection *sectp,
const dwarf2_debug_sections &names);
/* The corresponding BFD. */
bfd *obfd;
/* Objects that can be shared across objfiles are stored in this
obstack or on the psymtab obstack, while objects that are
objfile-specific are stored on the objfile obstack. */
auto_obstack obstack;
dwarf2_section_info info {};
dwarf2_section_info abbrev {};
dwarf2_section_info line {};
dwarf2_section_info loc {};
dwarf2_section_info loclists {};
dwarf2_section_info macinfo {};
dwarf2_section_info macro {};
dwarf2_section_info str {};
dwarf2_section_info str_offsets {};
dwarf2_section_info line_str {};
dwarf2_section_info ranges {};
dwarf2_section_info rnglists {};
dwarf2_section_info addr {};
dwarf2_section_info frame {};
dwarf2_section_info eh_frame {};
dwarf2_section_info gdb_index {};
dwarf2_section_info debug_names {};
dwarf2_section_info debug_aranges {};
std::vector<dwarf2_section_info> types;
/* Table of all the compilation units. This is used to locate
the target compilation unit of a particular reference. */
std::vector<dwarf2_per_cu_data_up> all_comp_units;
/* Table of struct type_unit_group objects.
The hash key is the DW_AT_stmt_list value. */
htab_up type_unit_groups;
/* A table mapping .debug_types signatures to its signatured_type entry.
This is NULL if the .debug_types section hasn't been read in yet. */
htab_up signatured_types;
/* Type unit statistics, to see how well the scaling improvements
are doing. */
struct tu_stats tu_stats {};
/* A table mapping DW_AT_dwo_name values to struct dwo_file objects.
This is NULL if the table hasn't been allocated yet. */
htab_up dwo_files;
/* True if we've checked for whether there is a DWP file. */
bool dwp_checked = false;
/* The DWP file if there is one, or NULL. */
std::unique_ptr<struct dwp_file> dwp_file;
/* The shared '.dwz' file, if one exists. This is used when the
original data was compressed using 'dwz -m'. */
std::unique_ptr<struct dwz_file> dwz_file;
/* Whether copy relocations are supported by this object format. */
bool can_copy;
/* A flag indicating whether this objfile has a section loaded at a
VMA of 0. */
bool has_section_at_zero = false;
/* True if we are using the mapped index,
or we are faking it for OBJF_READNOW's sake. */
bool using_index = false;
/* The mapped index, or NULL if .gdb_index is missing or not being used. */
std::unique_ptr<mapped_index> index_table;
/* The mapped index, or NULL if .debug_names is missing or not being used. */
std::unique_ptr<mapped_debug_names> debug_names_table;
/* When using index_table, this keeps track of all quick_file_names entries.
TUs typically share line table entries with a CU, so we maintain a
separate table of all line table entries to support the sharing.
Note that while there can be way more TUs than CUs, we've already
sorted all the TUs into "type unit groups", grouped by their
DW_AT_stmt_list value. Therefore the only sharing done here is with a
CU and its associated TU group if there is one. */
htab_up quick_file_names_table;
/* Set during partial symbol reading, to prevent queueing of full
symbols. */
bool reading_partial_symbols = false;
/* The CUs we recently read. */
std::vector<dwarf2_per_cu_data *> just_read_cus;
/* If we loaded the index from an external file, this contains the
resources associated to the open file, memory mapping, etc. */
std::unique_ptr<index_cache_resource> index_cache_res;
/* Mapping from abstract origin DIE to concrete DIEs that reference it as
DW_AT_abstract_origin. */
std::unordered_map<sect_offset, std::vector<sect_offset>,
/* CUs that are queued to be read. */
gdb::optional<std::queue<dwarf2_queue_item>> queue;
/* We keep a separate reference to the partial symtabs, in case we
are sharing them between objfiles. This is only set after
partial symbols have been read the first time. */
std::shared_ptr<psymtab_storage> partial_symtabs;
/* The address map that is used by the DWARF index code. */
struct addrmap *index_addrmap = nullptr;
/* This is the per-objfile data associated with a type_unit_group. */
struct type_unit_group_unshareable
/* The compunit symtab.
Type units in a group needn't all be defined in the same source file,
so we create an essentially anonymous symtab as the compunit symtab. */
struct compunit_symtab *compunit_symtab = nullptr;
/* The number of symtabs from the line header.
The value here must match line_header.num_file_names. */
unsigned int num_symtabs = 0;
/* The symbol tables for this TU (obtained from the files listed in
WARNING: The order of entries here must match the order of entries
in the line header. After the first TU using this type_unit_group, the
line header for the subsequent TUs is recreated from this. This is done
because we need to use the same symtabs for each TU using the same
DW_AT_stmt_list value. Also note that symtabs may be repeated here,
there's no guarantee the line header doesn't have duplicate entries. */
struct symtab **symtabs = nullptr;
/* Collection of data recorded per objfile.
This hangs off of dwarf2_objfile_data_key.
Some DWARF data cannot (currently) be shared across objfiles. Such
data is stored in this object. */
struct dwarf2_per_objfile
dwarf2_per_objfile (struct objfile *objfile, dwarf2_per_bfd *per_bfd)
: objfile (objfile), per_bfd (per_bfd)
~dwarf2_per_objfile ();
/* Return pointer to string at .debug_line_str offset as read from BUF.
BUF is assumed to be in a compilation unit described by CU_HEADER.
Return *BYTES_READ_PTR count of bytes read from BUF. */
const char *read_line_string (const gdb_byte *buf,
const struct comp_unit_head *cu_header,
unsigned int *bytes_read_ptr);
/* Return true if the symtab corresponding to PER_CU has been set,
false otherwise. */
bool symtab_set_p (const dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu) const;
/* Return the compunit_symtab associated to PER_CU, if it has been created. */
compunit_symtab *get_symtab (const dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu) const;
/* Set the compunit_symtab associated to PER_CU. */
void set_symtab (const dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu, compunit_symtab *symtab);
/* Get the type_unit_group_unshareable corresponding to TU_GROUP. If one
does not exist, create it. */
type_unit_group_unshareable *get_type_unit_group_unshareable
(type_unit_group *tu_group);
struct type *get_type_for_signatured_type (signatured_type *sig_type) const;
void set_type_for_signatured_type (signatured_type *sig_type,
struct type *type);
/* Find an integer type SIZE_IN_BYTES bytes in size and return it.
UNSIGNED_P controls if the integer is unsigned or not. */
struct type *int_type (int size_in_bytes, bool unsigned_p) const;
/* Get the dwarf2_cu matching PER_CU for this objfile. */
dwarf2_cu *get_cu (dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu);
/* Set the dwarf2_cu matching PER_CU for this objfile. */
void set_cu (dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu, dwarf2_cu *cu);
/* Remove/free the dwarf2_cu matching PER_CU for this objfile. */
void remove_cu (dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu);
/* Free all cached compilation units. */
void remove_all_cus ();
/* Increase the age counter on each CU compilation unit and free
any that are too old. */
void age_comp_units ();
/* Back link. */
struct objfile *objfile;
/* Pointer to the data that is (possibly) shared between this objfile and
other objfiles backed by the same BFD. */
struct dwarf2_per_bfd *per_bfd;
/* Table mapping type DIEs to their struct type *.
This is nullptr if not allocated yet.
The mapping is done via (CU/TU + DIE offset) -> type. */
htab_up die_type_hash;
/* Table containing line_header indexed by offset and offset_in_dwz. */
htab_up line_header_hash;
/* The CU containing the m_builder in scope. */
dwarf2_cu *sym_cu = nullptr;
/* Hold the corresponding compunit_symtab for each CU or TU. This
is indexed by dwarf2_per_cu_data::index. A NULL value means
that the CU/TU has not been expanded yet. */
std::vector<compunit_symtab *> m_symtabs;
/* Map from a type unit group to the corresponding unshared
structure. */
typedef std::unique_ptr<type_unit_group_unshareable>
std::unordered_map<type_unit_group *, type_unit_group_unshareable_up>
/* Map from signatured types to the corresponding struct type. */
std::unordered_map<signatured_type *, struct type *> m_type_map;
/* Map from the objfile-independent dwarf2_per_cu_data instances to the
corresponding objfile-dependent dwarf2_cu instances. */
std::unordered_map<dwarf2_per_cu_data *, dwarf2_cu *> m_dwarf2_cus;
/* Get the dwarf2_per_objfile associated to OBJFILE. */
dwarf2_per_objfile *get_dwarf2_per_objfile (struct objfile *objfile);
/* A partial symtab specialized for DWARF. */
struct dwarf2_psymtab : public partial_symtab
dwarf2_psymtab (const char *filename,
psymtab_storage *partial_symtabs,
objfile_per_bfd_storage *objfile_per_bfd,
dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu)
: partial_symtab (filename, partial_symtabs, objfile_per_bfd, 0),
per_cu_data (per_cu)
void read_symtab (struct objfile *) override;
void expand_psymtab (struct objfile *) override;
bool readin_p (struct objfile *) const override;
compunit_symtab *get_compunit_symtab (struct objfile *) const override;
struct dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu_data;
/* Return the type of the DIE at DIE_OFFSET in the CU named by
PER_CU. */
struct type *dwarf2_get_die_type (cu_offset die_offset,
dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu,
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile);
/* Given an index in .debug_addr, fetch the value.
NOTE: This can be called during dwarf expression evaluation,
long after the debug information has been read, and thus per_cu->cu
may no longer exist. */
CORE_ADDR dwarf2_read_addr_index (dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu,
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile,
unsigned int addr_index);
/* Return DWARF block referenced by DW_AT_location of DIE at SECT_OFF at PER_CU.
Returned value is intended for DW_OP_call*. Returned
dwarf2_locexpr_baton->data has lifetime of
struct dwarf2_locexpr_baton dwarf2_fetch_die_loc_sect_off
(sect_offset sect_off, dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu,
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile,
gdb::function_view<CORE_ADDR ()> get_frame_pc,
bool resolve_abstract_p = false);
/* Like dwarf2_fetch_die_loc_sect_off, but take a CU
offset. */
struct dwarf2_locexpr_baton dwarf2_fetch_die_loc_cu_off
(cu_offset offset_in_cu, dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu,
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile,
gdb::function_view<CORE_ADDR ()> get_frame_pc);
/* If the DIE at SECT_OFF in PER_CU has a DW_AT_const_value, return a
pointer to the constant bytes and set LEN to the length of the
data. If memory is needed, allocate it on OBSTACK. If the DIE
does not have a DW_AT_const_value, return NULL. */
extern const gdb_byte *dwarf2_fetch_constant_bytes
(sect_offset sect_off, dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu,
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile, obstack *obstack,
LONGEST *len);
/* Return the type of the die at SECT_OFF in PER_CU. Return NULL if no
valid type for this die is found. If VAR_NAME is non-null, and if
the DIE in question is a variable declaration (definitions are
excluded), then *VAR_NAME is set to the variable's name. */
struct type *dwarf2_fetch_die_type_sect_off
(sect_offset sect_off, dwarf2_per_cu_data *per_cu,
dwarf2_per_objfile *per_objfile,
const char **var_name = nullptr);
/* When non-zero, dump line number entries as they are read in. */
extern unsigned int dwarf_line_debug;
/* Dwarf2 sections that can be accessed by dwarf2_get_section_info. */
enum dwarf2_section_enum {
extern void dwarf2_get_section_info (struct objfile *,
enum dwarf2_section_enum,
asection **, const gdb_byte **,
bfd_size_type *);
#endif /* DWARF2READ_H */