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// Written in the D programming language
/*
Copyright (C) 2004-2011 Christopher E. Miller
Boost Software License - Version 1.0 - August 17th, 2003
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person or organization
obtaining a copy of the software and accompanying documentation covered by
this license (the "Software") to use, reproduce, display, distribute,
execute, and transmit the Software, and to prepare derivative works of the
Software, and to permit third-parties to whom the Software is furnished to
do so, all subject to the following:
The copyright notices in the Software and this entire statement, including
the above license grant, this restriction and the following disclaimer,
must be included in all copies of the Software, in whole or in part, and
all derivative works of the Software, unless such copies or derivative
works are solely in the form of machine-executable object code generated by
a source language processor.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR ANYONE DISTRIBUTING THE SOFTWARE BE LIABLE
FOR ANY DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
socket.d 1.4
Jan 2011
Thanks to Benjamin Herr for his assistance.
*/
/**
* Socket primitives.
* Example: See $(SAMPLESRC listener.d) and $(SAMPLESRC htmlget.d)
* License: $(HTTP www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt, Boost License 1.0).
* Authors: Christopher E. Miller, $(HTTP klickverbot.at, David Nadlinger),
* $(HTTP thecybershadow.net, Vladimir Panteleev)
* Source: $(PHOBOSSRC std/_socket.d)
*/
module std.socket;
import core.stdc.stdint, core.stdc.stdlib, core.stdc.string, std.conv, std.string;
import core.stdc.config;
import core.time : dur, Duration;
import std.exception;
import std.internal.cstring;
@safe:
version (Windows)
{
pragma (lib, "ws2_32.lib");
pragma (lib, "wsock32.lib");
import core.sys.windows.windows, std.windows.syserror;
public import core.sys.windows.winsock2;
private alias _ctimeval = core.sys.windows.winsock2.timeval;
private alias _clinger = core.sys.windows.winsock2.linger;
enum socket_t : SOCKET { INVALID_SOCKET }
private const int _SOCKET_ERROR = SOCKET_ERROR;
private int _lasterr() nothrow @nogc
{
return WSAGetLastError();
}
}
else version (Posix)
{
version (linux)
{
enum : int
{
TCP_KEEPIDLE = 4,
TCP_KEEPINTVL = 5
}
}
import core.sys.posix.arpa.inet;
import core.sys.posix.fcntl;
import core.sys.posix.netdb;
import core.sys.posix.netinet.in_;
import core.sys.posix.netinet.tcp;
import core.sys.posix.sys.select;
import core.sys.posix.sys.socket;
import core.sys.posix.sys.time;
import core.sys.posix.sys.un : sockaddr_un;
import core.sys.posix.unistd;
private alias _ctimeval = core.sys.posix.sys.time.timeval;
private alias _clinger = core.sys.posix.sys.socket.linger;
import core.stdc.errno;
enum socket_t : int32_t { init = -1 }
private const int _SOCKET_ERROR = -1;
private enum : int
{
SD_RECEIVE = SHUT_RD,
SD_SEND = SHUT_WR,
SD_BOTH = SHUT_RDWR
}
private int _lasterr() nothrow @nogc
{
return errno;
}
}
else
{
static assert(0); // No socket support yet.
}
version (unittest)
{
static assert(is(uint32_t == uint));
static assert(is(uint16_t == ushort));
import std.stdio : writefln;
// Print a message on exception instead of failing the unittest.
private void softUnittest(void delegate() @safe test, int line = __LINE__) @trusted
{
try
test();
catch (Throwable e)
{
writefln(" --- std.socket(%d) test fails depending on environment ---", line);
writefln(" (%s)", e);
}
}
}
/// Base exception thrown by $(D std.socket).
class SocketException: Exception
{
mixin basicExceptionCtors;
}
/*
* Needs to be public so that SocketOSException can be thrown outside of
* std.socket (since it uses it as a default argument), but it probably doesn't
* need to actually show up in the docs, since there's not really any public
* need for it outside of being a default argument.
*/
string formatSocketError(int err) @trusted
{
version (Posix)
{
char[80] buf;
const(char)* cs;
version (CRuntime_Glibc)
{
cs = strerror_r(err, buf.ptr, buf.length);
}
else
{
auto errs = strerror_r(err, buf.ptr, buf.length);
if (errs == 0)
cs = buf.ptr;
else
return "Socket error " ~ to!string(err);
}
auto len = strlen(cs);
if (cs[len - 1] == '\n')
len--;
if (cs[len - 1] == '\r')
len--;
return cs[0 .. len].idup;
}
else
version (Windows)
{
return sysErrorString(err);
}
else
return "Socket error " ~ to!string(err);
}
/// Retrieve the error message for the most recently encountered network error.
@property string lastSocketError()
{
return formatSocketError(_lasterr());
}
/**
* Socket exceptions representing network errors reported by the operating
* system.
*/
class SocketOSException: SocketException
{
int errorCode; /// Platform-specific error code.
///
this(string msg,
string file = __FILE__,
size_t line = __LINE__,
Throwable next = null,
int err = _lasterr(),
string function(int) @trusted errorFormatter = &formatSocketError)
{
errorCode = err;
if (msg.length)
super(msg ~ ": " ~ errorFormatter(err), file, line, next);
else
super(errorFormatter(err), file, line, next);
}
///
this(string msg,
Throwable next,
string file = __FILE__,
size_t line = __LINE__,
int err = _lasterr(),
string function(int) @trusted errorFormatter = &formatSocketError)
{
this(msg, file, line, next, err, errorFormatter);
}
///
this(string msg,
int err,
string function(int) @trusted errorFormatter = &formatSocketError,
string file = __FILE__,
size_t line = __LINE__,
Throwable next = null)
{
this(msg, file, line, next, err, errorFormatter);
}
}
/// Socket exceptions representing invalid parameters specified by user code.
class SocketParameterException: SocketException
{
mixin basicExceptionCtors;
}
/**
* Socket exceptions representing attempts to use network capabilities not
* available on the current system.
*/
class SocketFeatureException: SocketException
{
mixin basicExceptionCtors;
}
/**
* Returns:
* $(D true) if the last socket operation failed because the socket
* was in non-blocking mode and the operation would have blocked.
*/
bool wouldHaveBlocked() nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
return _lasterr() == WSAEWOULDBLOCK;
else version (Posix)
return _lasterr() == EAGAIN;
else
static assert(0);
}
private immutable
{
typeof(&getnameinfo) getnameinfoPointer;
typeof(&getaddrinfo) getaddrinfoPointer;
typeof(&freeaddrinfo) freeaddrinfoPointer;
}
shared static this() @system
{
version (Windows)
{
WSADATA wd;
// Winsock will still load if an older version is present.
// The version is just a request.
int val;
val = WSAStartup(0x2020, &wd);
if (val) // Request Winsock 2.2 for IPv6.
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to initialize socket library", val);
// These functions may not be present on older Windows versions.
// See the comment in InternetAddress.toHostNameString() for details.
auto ws2Lib = GetModuleHandleA("ws2_32.dll");
if (ws2Lib)
{
getnameinfoPointer = cast(typeof(getnameinfoPointer))
GetProcAddress(ws2Lib, "getnameinfo");
getaddrinfoPointer = cast(typeof(getaddrinfoPointer))
GetProcAddress(ws2Lib, "getaddrinfo");
freeaddrinfoPointer = cast(typeof(freeaddrinfoPointer))
GetProcAddress(ws2Lib, "freeaddrinfo");
}
}
else version (Posix)
{
getnameinfoPointer = &getnameinfo;
getaddrinfoPointer = &getaddrinfo;
freeaddrinfoPointer = &freeaddrinfo;
}
}
shared static ~this() @system nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
{
WSACleanup();
}
}
/**
* The communication domain used to resolve an address.
*/
enum AddressFamily: int
{
UNSPEC = AF_UNSPEC, /// Unspecified address family
UNIX = AF_UNIX, /// Local communication
INET = AF_INET, /// Internet Protocol version 4
IPX = AF_IPX, /// Novell IPX
APPLETALK = AF_APPLETALK, /// AppleTalk
INET6 = AF_INET6, /// Internet Protocol version 6
}
/**
* Communication semantics
*/
enum SocketType: int
{
STREAM = SOCK_STREAM, /// Sequenced, reliable, two-way communication-based byte streams
DGRAM = SOCK_DGRAM, /// Connectionless, unreliable datagrams with a fixed maximum length; data may be lost or arrive out of order
RAW = SOCK_RAW, /// Raw protocol access
RDM = SOCK_RDM, /// Reliably-delivered message datagrams
SEQPACKET = SOCK_SEQPACKET, /// Sequenced, reliable, two-way connection-based datagrams with a fixed maximum length
}
/**
* Protocol
*/
enum ProtocolType: int
{
IP = IPPROTO_IP, /// Internet Protocol version 4
ICMP = IPPROTO_ICMP, /// Internet Control Message Protocol
IGMP = IPPROTO_IGMP, /// Internet Group Management Protocol
GGP = IPPROTO_GGP, /// Gateway to Gateway Protocol
TCP = IPPROTO_TCP, /// Transmission Control Protocol
PUP = IPPROTO_PUP, /// PARC Universal Packet Protocol
UDP = IPPROTO_UDP, /// User Datagram Protocol
IDP = IPPROTO_IDP, /// Xerox NS protocol
RAW = IPPROTO_RAW, /// Raw IP packets
IPV6 = IPPROTO_IPV6, /// Internet Protocol version 6
}
/**
* $(D Protocol) is a class for retrieving protocol information.
*
* Example:
* ---
* auto proto = new Protocol;
* writeln("About protocol TCP:");
* if (proto.getProtocolByType(ProtocolType.TCP))
* {
* writefln(" Name: %s", proto.name);
* foreach (string s; proto.aliases)
* writefln(" Alias: %s", s);
* }
* else
* writeln(" No information found");
* ---
*/
class Protocol
{
/// These members are populated when one of the following functions are called successfully:
ProtocolType type;
string name; /// ditto
string[] aliases; /// ditto
void populate(protoent* proto) @system pure nothrow
{
type = cast(ProtocolType) proto.p_proto;
name = to!string(proto.p_name);
int i;
for (i = 0;; i++)
{
if (!proto.p_aliases[i])
break;
}
if (i)
{
aliases = new string[i];
for (i = 0; i != aliases.length; i++)
{
aliases[i] =
to!string(proto.p_aliases[i]);
}
}
else
{
aliases = null;
}
}
/** Returns: false on failure */
bool getProtocolByName(in char[] name) @trusted nothrow
{
protoent* proto;
proto = getprotobyname(name.tempCString());
if (!proto)
return false;
populate(proto);
return true;
}
/** Returns: false on failure */
// Same as getprotobynumber().
bool getProtocolByType(ProtocolType type) @trusted nothrow
{
protoent* proto;
proto = getprotobynumber(type);
if (!proto)
return false;
populate(proto);
return true;
}
}
// Skip this test on Android because getprotobyname/number are
// unimplemented in bionic.
version (CRuntime_Bionic) {} else
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
Protocol proto = new Protocol;
assert(proto.getProtocolByType(ProtocolType.TCP));
//writeln("About protocol TCP:");
//writefln("\tName: %s", proto.name);
// foreach (string s; proto.aliases)
// {
// writefln("\tAlias: %s", s);
// }
assert(proto.name == "tcp");
assert(proto.aliases.length == 1 && proto.aliases[0] == "TCP");
});
}
/**
* $(D Service) is a class for retrieving service information.
*
* Example:
* ---
* auto serv = new Service;
* writeln("About service epmap:");
* if (serv.getServiceByName("epmap", "tcp"))
* {
* writefln(" Service: %s", serv.name);
* writefln(" Port: %d", serv.port);
* writefln(" Protocol: %s", serv.protocolName);
* foreach (string s; serv.aliases)
* writefln(" Alias: %s", s);
* }
* else
* writefln(" No service for epmap.");
* ---
*/
class Service
{
/// These members are populated when one of the following functions are called successfully:
string name;
string[] aliases; /// ditto
ushort port; /// ditto
string protocolName; /// ditto
void populate(servent* serv) @system pure nothrow
{
name = to!string(serv.s_name);
port = ntohs(cast(ushort) serv.s_port);
protocolName = to!string(serv.s_proto);
int i;
for (i = 0;; i++)
{
if (!serv.s_aliases[i])
break;
}
if (i)
{
aliases = new string[i];
for (i = 0; i != aliases.length; i++)
{
aliases[i] =
to!string(serv.s_aliases[i]);
}
}
else
{
aliases = null;
}
}
/**
* If a protocol name is omitted, any protocol will be matched.
* Returns: false on failure.
*/
bool getServiceByName(in char[] name, in char[] protocolName = null) @trusted nothrow
{
servent* serv;
serv = getservbyname(name.tempCString(), protocolName.tempCString());
if (!serv)
return false;
populate(serv);
return true;
}
/// ditto
bool getServiceByPort(ushort port, in char[] protocolName = null) @trusted nothrow
{
servent* serv;
serv = getservbyport(port, protocolName.tempCString());
if (!serv)
return false;
populate(serv);
return true;
}
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
Service serv = new Service;
if (serv.getServiceByName("epmap", "tcp"))
{
// writefln("About service epmap:");
// writefln("\tService: %s", serv.name);
// writefln("\tPort: %d", serv.port);
// writefln("\tProtocol: %s", serv.protocolName);
// foreach (string s; serv.aliases)
// {
// writefln("\tAlias: %s", s);
// }
// For reasons unknown this is loc-srv on Wine and epmap on Windows
assert(serv.name == "loc-srv" || serv.name == "epmap", serv.name);
assert(serv.port == 135);
assert(serv.protocolName == "tcp");
}
else
{
writefln("No service for epmap.");
}
});
}
private mixin template socketOSExceptionCtors()
{
///
this(string msg, string file = __FILE__, size_t line = __LINE__,
Throwable next = null, int err = _lasterr())
{
super(msg, file, line, next, err);
}
///
this(string msg, Throwable next, string file = __FILE__,
size_t line = __LINE__, int err = _lasterr())
{
super(msg, next, file, line, err);
}
///
this(string msg, int err, string file = __FILE__, size_t line = __LINE__,
Throwable next = null)
{
super(msg, next, file, line, err);
}
}
/**
* Class for exceptions thrown from an `InternetHost`.
*/
class HostException: SocketOSException
{
mixin socketOSExceptionCtors;
}
/**
* `InternetHost` is a class for resolving IPv4 addresses.
*
* Consider using `getAddress`, `parseAddress` and `Address` methods
* instead of using this class directly.
*/
class InternetHost
{
/// These members are populated when one of the following functions are called successfully:
string name;
string[] aliases; /// ditto
uint[] addrList; /// ditto
void validHostent(in hostent* he)
{
if (he.h_addrtype != cast(int) AddressFamily.INET || he.h_length != 4)
throw new HostException("Address family mismatch");
}
void populate(hostent* he) @system pure nothrow
{
int i;
char* p;
name = to!string(he.h_name);
for (i = 0;; i++)
{
p = he.h_aliases[i];
if (!p)
break;
}
if (i)
{
aliases = new string[i];
for (i = 0; i != aliases.length; i++)
{
aliases[i] =
to!string(he.h_aliases[i]);
}
}
else
{
aliases = null;
}
for (i = 0;; i++)
{
p = he.h_addr_list[i];
if (!p)
break;
}
if (i)
{
addrList = new uint[i];
for (i = 0; i != addrList.length; i++)
{
addrList[i] = ntohl(*(cast(uint*) he.h_addr_list[i]));
}
}
else
{
addrList = null;
}
}
private bool getHostNoSync(string opMixin, T)(T param) @system
{
mixin(opMixin);
if (!he)
return false;
validHostent(he);
populate(he);
return true;
}
version (Windows)
alias getHost = getHostNoSync;
else
{
// posix systems use global state for return value, so we
// must synchronize across all threads
private bool getHost(string opMixin, T)(T param) @system
{
synchronized(this.classinfo)
return getHostNoSync!(opMixin, T)(param);
}
}
/**
* Resolve host name.
* Returns: false if unable to resolve.
*/
bool getHostByName(in char[] name) @trusted
{
static if (is(typeof(gethostbyname_r)))
{
return getHostNoSync!q{
hostent he_v;
hostent* he;
ubyte[256] buffer_v = void;
auto buffer = buffer_v[];
auto param_zTmp = param.tempCString();
while (true)
{
he = &he_v;
int errno;
if (gethostbyname_r(param_zTmp, he, buffer.ptr, buffer.length, &he, &errno) == ERANGE)
buffer.length = buffer.length * 2;
else
break;
}
}(name);
}
else
{
return getHost!q{
auto he = gethostbyname(param.tempCString());
}(name);
}
}
/**
* Resolve IPv4 address number.
*
* Params:
* addr = The IPv4 address to resolve, in host byte order.
* Returns:
* false if unable to resolve.
*/
bool getHostByAddr(uint addr) @trusted
{
return getHost!q{
auto x = htonl(param);
auto he = gethostbyaddr(&x, 4, cast(int) AddressFamily.INET);
}(addr);
}
/**
* Same as previous, but addr is an IPv4 address string in the
* dotted-decimal form $(I a.b.c.d).
* Returns: false if unable to resolve.
*/
bool getHostByAddr(in char[] addr) @trusted
{
return getHost!q{
auto x = inet_addr(param.tempCString());
enforce(x != INADDR_NONE,
new SocketParameterException("Invalid IPv4 address"));
auto he = gethostbyaddr(&x, 4, cast(int) AddressFamily.INET);
}(addr);
}
}
///
@safe unittest
{
InternetHost ih = new InternetHost;
ih.getHostByAddr(0x7F_00_00_01);
assert(ih.addrList[0] == 0x7F_00_00_01);
ih.getHostByAddr("127.0.0.1");
assert(ih.addrList[0] == 0x7F_00_00_01);
if (!ih.getHostByName("www.digitalmars.com"))
return; // don't fail if not connected to internet
assert(ih.addrList.length);
InternetAddress ia = new InternetAddress(ih.addrList[0], InternetAddress.PORT_ANY);
assert(ih.name == "www.digitalmars.com" || ih.name == "digitalmars.com",
ih.name);
assert(ih.getHostByAddr(ih.addrList[0]));
string getHostNameFromInt = ih.name.dup;
assert(ih.getHostByAddr(ia.toAddrString()));
string getHostNameFromStr = ih.name.dup;
assert(getHostNameFromInt == getHostNameFromStr);
}
/// Holds information about a socket _address retrieved by $(D getAddressInfo).
struct AddressInfo
{
AddressFamily family; /// Address _family
SocketType type; /// Socket _type
ProtocolType protocol; /// Protocol
Address address; /// Socket _address
string canonicalName; /// Canonical name, when $(D AddressInfoFlags.CANONNAME) is used.
}
/**
* A subset of flags supported on all platforms with getaddrinfo.
* Specifies option flags for $(D getAddressInfo).
*/
enum AddressInfoFlags: int
{
/// The resulting addresses will be used in a call to $(D Socket.bind).
PASSIVE = AI_PASSIVE,
/// The canonical name is returned in $(D canonicalName) member in the first $(D AddressInfo).
CANONNAME = AI_CANONNAME,
/**
* The $(D node) parameter passed to $(D getAddressInfo) must be a numeric string.
* This will suppress any potentially lengthy network host address lookups.
*/
NUMERICHOST = AI_NUMERICHOST,
}
/**
* On POSIX, getaddrinfo uses its own error codes, and thus has its own
* formatting function.
*/
private string formatGaiError(int err) @trusted
{
version (Windows)
{
return sysErrorString(err);
}
else
{
synchronized
return to!string(gai_strerror(err));
}
}
/**
* Provides _protocol-independent translation from host names to socket
* addresses. If advanced functionality is not required, consider using
* $(D getAddress) for compatibility with older systems.
*
* Returns: Array with one $(D AddressInfo) per socket address.
*
* Throws: $(D SocketOSException) on failure, or $(D SocketFeatureException)
* if this functionality is not available on the current system.
*
* Params:
* node = string containing host name or numeric address
* options = optional additional parameters, identified by type:
* $(UL $(LI $(D string) - service name or port number)
* $(LI $(D AddressInfoFlags) - option flags)
* $(LI $(D AddressFamily) - address family to filter by)
* $(LI $(D SocketType) - socket type to filter by)
* $(LI $(D ProtocolType) - protocol to filter by))
*
* Example:
* ---
* // Roundtrip DNS resolution
* auto results = getAddressInfo("www.digitalmars.com");
* assert(results[0].address.toHostNameString() ==
* "digitalmars.com");
*
* // Canonical name
* results = getAddressInfo("www.digitalmars.com",
* AddressInfoFlags.CANONNAME);
* assert(results[0].canonicalName == "digitalmars.com");
*
* // IPv6 resolution
* results = getAddressInfo("ipv6.google.com");
* assert(results[0].family == AddressFamily.INET6);
*
* // Multihomed resolution
* results = getAddressInfo("google.com");
* assert(results.length > 1);
*
* // Parsing IPv4
* results = getAddressInfo("127.0.0.1",
* AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST);
* assert(results.length && results[0].family ==
* AddressFamily.INET);
*
* // Parsing IPv6
* results = getAddressInfo("::1",
* AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST);
* assert(results.length && results[0].family ==
* AddressFamily.INET6);
* ---
*/
AddressInfo[] getAddressInfo(T...)(in char[] node, T options)
{
const(char)[] service = null;
addrinfo hints;
hints.ai_family = AF_UNSPEC;
foreach (option; options)
{
static if (is(typeof(option) : const(char)[]))
service = option;
else
static if (is(typeof(option) == AddressInfoFlags))
hints.ai_flags |= option;
else
static if (is(typeof(option) == AddressFamily))
hints.ai_family = option;
else
static if (is(typeof(option) == SocketType))
hints.ai_socktype = option;
else
static if (is(typeof(option) == ProtocolType))
hints.ai_protocol = option;
else
static assert(0, "Unknown getAddressInfo option type: " ~ typeof(option).stringof);
}
return () @trusted { return getAddressInfoImpl(node, service, &hints); }();
}
@system unittest
{
struct Oops
{
const(char[]) breakSafety()
{
*cast(int*) 0xcafebabe = 0xdeadbeef;
return null;
}
alias breakSafety this;
}
assert(!__traits(compiles, () {
getAddressInfo("", Oops.init);
}), "getAddressInfo breaks @safe");
}
private AddressInfo[] getAddressInfoImpl(in char[] node, in char[] service, addrinfo* hints) @system
{
import std.array : appender;
if (getaddrinfoPointer && freeaddrinfoPointer)
{
addrinfo* ai_res;
int ret = getaddrinfoPointer(
node.tempCString(),
service.tempCString(),
hints, &ai_res);
enforce(ret == 0, new SocketOSException("getaddrinfo error", ret, &formatGaiError));
scope(exit) freeaddrinfoPointer(ai_res);
auto result = appender!(AddressInfo[])();
// Use const to force UnknownAddressReference to copy the sockaddr.
for (const(addrinfo)* ai = ai_res; ai; ai = ai.ai_next)
result ~= AddressInfo(
cast(AddressFamily) ai.ai_family,
cast(SocketType ) ai.ai_socktype,
cast(ProtocolType ) ai.ai_protocol,
new UnknownAddressReference(ai.ai_addr, cast(socklen_t) ai.ai_addrlen),
ai.ai_canonname ? to!string(ai.ai_canonname) : null);
assert(result.data.length > 0);
return result.data;
}
throw new SocketFeatureException("Address info lookup is not available " ~
"on this system.");
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
if (getaddrinfoPointer)
{
// Roundtrip DNS resolution
auto results = getAddressInfo("www.digitalmars.com");
assert(results[0].address.toHostNameString() == "digitalmars.com");
// Canonical name
results = getAddressInfo("www.digitalmars.com",
AddressInfoFlags.CANONNAME);
assert(results[0].canonicalName == "digitalmars.com");
// IPv6 resolution
//results = getAddressInfo("ipv6.google.com");
//assert(results[0].family == AddressFamily.INET6);
// Multihomed resolution
//results = getAddressInfo("google.com");
//assert(results.length > 1);
// Parsing IPv4
results = getAddressInfo("127.0.0.1", AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST);
assert(results.length && results[0].family == AddressFamily.INET);
// Parsing IPv6
results = getAddressInfo("::1", AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST);
assert(results.length && results[0].family == AddressFamily.INET6);
}
});
if (getaddrinfoPointer)
{
auto results = getAddressInfo(null, "1234", AddressInfoFlags.PASSIVE,
SocketType.STREAM, ProtocolType.TCP, AddressFamily.INET);
assert(results.length == 1 && results[0].address.toString() == "0.0.0.0:1234");
}
}
private ushort serviceToPort(in char[] service)
{
if (service == "")
return InternetAddress.PORT_ANY;
else
if (isNumeric(service))
return to!ushort(service);
else
{
auto s = new Service();
s.getServiceByName(service);
return s.port;
}
}
/**
* Provides _protocol-independent translation from host names to socket
* addresses. Uses $(D getAddressInfo) if the current system supports it,
* and $(D InternetHost) otherwise.
*
* Returns: Array with one $(D Address) instance per socket address.
*
* Throws: $(D SocketOSException) on failure.
*
* Example:
* ---
* writeln("Resolving www.digitalmars.com:");
* try
* {
* auto addresses = getAddress("www.digitalmars.com");
* foreach (address; addresses)
* writefln(" IP: %s", address.toAddrString());
* }
* catch (SocketException e)
* writefln(" Lookup failed: %s", e.msg);
* ---
*/
Address[] getAddress(in char[] hostname, in char[] service = null)
{
if (getaddrinfoPointer && freeaddrinfoPointer)
{
// use getAddressInfo
auto infos = getAddressInfo(hostname, service);
Address[] results;
results.length = infos.length;
foreach (i, ref result; results)
result = infos[i].address;
return results;
}
else
return getAddress(hostname, serviceToPort(service));
}
/// ditto
Address[] getAddress(in char[] hostname, ushort port)
{
if (getaddrinfoPointer && freeaddrinfoPointer)
return getAddress(hostname, to!string(port));
else
{
// use getHostByName
auto ih = new InternetHost;
if (!ih.getHostByName(hostname))
throw new AddressException(
text("Unable to resolve host '", hostname, "'"));
Address[] results;
foreach (uint addr; ih.addrList)
results ~= new InternetAddress(addr, port);
return results;
}
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
auto addresses = getAddress("63.105.9.61");
assert(addresses.length && addresses[0].toAddrString() == "63.105.9.61");
if (getaddrinfoPointer)
{
// test via gethostbyname
auto getaddrinfoPointerBackup = getaddrinfoPointer;
cast() getaddrinfoPointer = null;
scope(exit) cast() getaddrinfoPointer = getaddrinfoPointerBackup;
addresses = getAddress("63.105.9.61");
assert(addresses.length && addresses[0].toAddrString() == "63.105.9.61");
}
});
}
/**
* Provides _protocol-independent parsing of network addresses. Does not
* attempt name resolution. Uses $(D getAddressInfo) with
* $(D AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST) if the current system supports it, and
* $(D InternetAddress) otherwise.
*
* Returns: An $(D Address) instance representing specified address.
*
* Throws: $(D SocketException) on failure.
*
* Example:
* ---
* writeln("Enter IP address:");
* string ip = readln().chomp();
* try
* {
* Address address = parseAddress(ip);
* writefln("Looking up reverse of %s:",
* address.toAddrString());
* try
* {
* string reverse = address.toHostNameString();
* if (reverse)
* writefln(" Reverse name: %s", reverse);
* else
* writeln(" Reverse hostname not found.");
* }
* catch (SocketException e)
* writefln(" Lookup error: %s", e.msg);
* }
* catch (SocketException e)
* {
* writefln(" %s is not a valid IP address: %s",
* ip, e.msg);
* }
* ---
*/
Address parseAddress(in char[] hostaddr, in char[] service = null)
{
if (getaddrinfoPointer && freeaddrinfoPointer)
return getAddressInfo(hostaddr, service, AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST)[0].address;
else
return parseAddress(hostaddr, serviceToPort(service));
}
/// ditto
Address parseAddress(in char[] hostaddr, ushort port)
{
if (getaddrinfoPointer && freeaddrinfoPointer)
return parseAddress(hostaddr, to!string(port));
else
{
auto in4_addr = InternetAddress.parse(hostaddr);
enforce(in4_addr != InternetAddress.ADDR_NONE,
new SocketParameterException("Invalid IP address"));
return new InternetAddress(in4_addr, port);
}
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
auto address = parseAddress("63.105.9.61");
assert(address.toAddrString() == "63.105.9.61");
if (getaddrinfoPointer)
{
// test via inet_addr
auto getaddrinfoPointerBackup = getaddrinfoPointer;
cast() getaddrinfoPointer = null;
scope(exit) cast() getaddrinfoPointer = getaddrinfoPointerBackup;
address = parseAddress("63.105.9.61");
assert(address.toAddrString() == "63.105.9.61");
}
assert(collectException!SocketException(parseAddress("Invalid IP address")));
});
}
/**
* Class for exceptions thrown from an $(D Address).
*/
class AddressException: SocketOSException
{
mixin socketOSExceptionCtors;
}
/**
* $(D Address) is an abstract class for representing a socket addresses.
*
* Example:
* ---
* writeln("About www.google.com port 80:");
* try
* {
* Address[] addresses = getAddress("www.google.com", 80);
* writefln(" %d addresses found.", addresses.length);
* foreach (int i, Address a; addresses)
* {
* writefln(" Address %d:", i+1);
* writefln(" IP address: %s", a.toAddrString());
* writefln(" Hostname: %s", a.toHostNameString());
* writefln(" Port: %s", a.toPortString());
* writefln(" Service name: %s",
* a.toServiceNameString());
* }
* }
* catch (SocketException e)
* writefln(" Lookup error: %s", e.msg);
* ---
*/
abstract class Address
{
/// Returns pointer to underlying $(D sockaddr) structure.
abstract @property sockaddr* name() pure nothrow @nogc;
abstract @property const(sockaddr)* name() const pure nothrow @nogc; /// ditto
/// Returns actual size of underlying $(D sockaddr) structure.
abstract @property socklen_t nameLen() const pure nothrow @nogc;
// Socket.remoteAddress, Socket.localAddress, and Socket.receiveFrom
// use setNameLen to set the actual size of the address as returned by
// getsockname, getpeername, and recvfrom, respectively.
// The following implementation is sufficient for fixed-length addresses,
// and ensures that the length is not changed.
// Must be overridden for variable-length addresses.
protected void setNameLen(socklen_t len)
{
if (len != this.nameLen)
throw new AddressException(
format("%s expects address of length %d, not %d", typeid(this),
this.nameLen, len), 0);
}
/// Family of this address.
@property AddressFamily addressFamily() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return cast(AddressFamily) name.sa_family;
}
// Common code for toAddrString and toHostNameString
private string toHostString(bool numeric) @trusted const
{
// getnameinfo() is the recommended way to perform a reverse (name)
// lookup on both Posix and Windows. However, it is only available
// on Windows XP and above, and not included with the WinSock import
// libraries shipped with DMD. Thus, we check for getnameinfo at
// runtime in the shared module constructor, and use it if it's
// available in the base class method. Classes for specific network
// families (e.g. InternetHost) override this method and use a
// deprecated, albeit commonly-available method when getnameinfo()
// is not available.
// http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa450403.aspx
if (getnameinfoPointer)
{
auto buf = new char[NI_MAXHOST];
auto ret = getnameinfoPointer(
name, nameLen,
buf.ptr, cast(uint) buf.length,
null, 0,
numeric ? NI_NUMERICHOST : NI_NAMEREQD);
if (!numeric)
{
if (ret == EAI_NONAME)
return null;
version (Windows)
if (ret == WSANO_DATA)
return null;
}
enforce(ret == 0, new AddressException("Could not get " ~
(numeric ? "host address" : "host name")));
return assumeUnique(buf[0 .. strlen(buf.ptr)]);
}
throw new SocketFeatureException((numeric ? "Host address" : "Host name") ~
" lookup for this address family is not available on this system.");
}
// Common code for toPortString and toServiceNameString
private string toServiceString(bool numeric) @trusted const
{
// See toHostNameString() for details about getnameinfo().
if (getnameinfoPointer)
{
auto buf = new char[NI_MAXSERV];
enforce(getnameinfoPointer(
name, nameLen,
null, 0,
buf.ptr, cast(uint) buf.length,
numeric ? NI_NUMERICSERV : NI_NAMEREQD
) == 0, new AddressException("Could not get " ~
(numeric ? "port number" : "service name")));
return assumeUnique(buf[0 .. strlen(buf.ptr)]);
}
throw new SocketFeatureException((numeric ? "Port number" : "Service name") ~
" lookup for this address family is not available on this system.");
}
/**
* Attempts to retrieve the host address as a human-readable string.
*
* Throws: $(D AddressException) on failure, or $(D SocketFeatureException)
* if address retrieval for this address family is not available on the
* current system.
*/
string toAddrString() const
{
return toHostString(true);
}
/**
* Attempts to retrieve the host name as a fully qualified domain name.
*
* Returns: The FQDN corresponding to this $(D Address), or $(D null) if
* the host name did not resolve.
*
* Throws: $(D AddressException) on error, or $(D SocketFeatureException)
* if host name lookup for this address family is not available on the
* current system.
*/
string toHostNameString() const
{
return toHostString(false);
}
/**
* Attempts to retrieve the numeric port number as a string.
*
* Throws: $(D AddressException) on failure, or $(D SocketFeatureException)
* if port number retrieval for this address family is not available on the
* current system.
*/
string toPortString() const
{
return toServiceString(true);
}
/**
* Attempts to retrieve the service name as a string.
*
* Throws: $(D AddressException) on failure, or $(D SocketFeatureException)
* if service name lookup for this address family is not available on the
* current system.
*/
string toServiceNameString() const
{
return toServiceString(false);
}
/// Human readable string representing this address.
override string toString() const
{
try
{
string host = toAddrString();
string port = toPortString();
if (host.indexOf(':') >= 0)
return "[" ~ host ~ "]:" ~ port;
else
return host ~ ":" ~ port;
}
catch (SocketException)
return "Unknown";
}
}
/**
* $(D UnknownAddress) encapsulates an unknown socket address.
*/
class UnknownAddress: Address
{
protected:
sockaddr sa;
public:
override @property sockaddr* name()
{
return &sa;
}
override @property const(sockaddr)* name() const
{
return &sa;
}
override @property socklen_t nameLen() const
{
return cast(socklen_t) sa.sizeof;
}
}
/**
* $(D UnknownAddressReference) encapsulates a reference to an arbitrary
* socket address.
*/
class UnknownAddressReference: Address
{
protected:
sockaddr* sa;
socklen_t len;
public:
/// Constructs an $(D Address) with a reference to the specified $(D sockaddr).
this(sockaddr* sa, socklen_t len) pure nothrow @nogc
{
this.sa = sa;
this.len = len;
}
/// Constructs an $(D Address) with a copy of the specified $(D sockaddr).
this(const(sockaddr)* sa, socklen_t len) @system pure nothrow
{
this.sa = cast(sockaddr*) (cast(ubyte*) sa)[0 .. len].dup.ptr;
this.len = len;
}
override @property sockaddr* name()
{
return sa;
}
override @property const(sockaddr)* name() const
{
return sa;
}
override @property socklen_t nameLen() const
{
return cast(socklen_t) len;
}
}
/**
* $(D InternetAddress) encapsulates an IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4)
* socket address.
*
* Consider using $(D getAddress), $(D parseAddress) and $(D Address) methods
* instead of using this class directly.
*/
class InternetAddress: Address
{
protected:
sockaddr_in sin;
this() pure nothrow @nogc
{
}
public:
override @property sockaddr* name()
{
return cast(sockaddr*)&sin;
}
override @property const(sockaddr)* name() const
{
return cast(const(sockaddr)*)&sin;
}
override @property socklen_t nameLen() const
{
return cast(socklen_t) sin.sizeof;
}
enum uint ADDR_ANY = INADDR_ANY; /// Any IPv4 host address.
enum uint ADDR_NONE = INADDR_NONE; /// An invalid IPv4 host address.
enum ushort PORT_ANY = 0; /// Any IPv4 port number.
/// Returns the IPv4 _port number (in host byte order).
@property ushort port() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return ntohs(sin.sin_port);
}
/// Returns the IPv4 address number (in host byte order).
@property uint addr() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return ntohl(sin.sin_addr.s_addr);
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D InternetAddress).
* Params:
* addr = an IPv4 address string in the dotted-decimal form a.b.c.d,
* or a host name which will be resolved using an $(D InternetHost)
* object.
* port = port number, may be $(D PORT_ANY).
*/
this(in char[] addr, ushort port)
{
uint uiaddr = parse(addr);
if (ADDR_NONE == uiaddr)
{
InternetHost ih = new InternetHost;
if (!ih.getHostByName(addr))
//throw new AddressException("Invalid internet address");
throw new AddressException(
text("Unable to resolve host '", addr, "'"));
uiaddr = ih.addrList[0];
}
sin.sin_family = AddressFamily.INET;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(uiaddr);
sin.sin_port = htons(port);
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D InternetAddress).
* Params:
* addr = (optional) an IPv4 address in host byte order, may be $(D ADDR_ANY).
* port = port number, may be $(D PORT_ANY).
*/
this(uint addr, ushort port) pure nothrow @nogc
{
sin.sin_family = AddressFamily.INET;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(addr);
sin.sin_port = htons(port);
}
/// ditto
this(ushort port) pure nothrow @nogc
{
sin.sin_family = AddressFamily.INET;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = ADDR_ANY;
sin.sin_port = htons(port);
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D InternetAddress).
* Params:
* addr = A sockaddr_in as obtained from lower-level API calls such as getifaddrs.
*/
this(sockaddr_in addr) pure nothrow @nogc
{
assert(addr.sin_family == AddressFamily.INET);
sin = addr;
}
/// Human readable string representing the IPv4 address in dotted-decimal form.
override string toAddrString() @trusted const
{
return to!string(inet_ntoa(sin.sin_addr));
}
/// Human readable string representing the IPv4 port.
override string toPortString() const
{
return std.conv.to!string(port);
}
/**
* Attempts to retrieve the host name as a fully qualified domain name.
*
* Returns: The FQDN corresponding to this $(D InternetAddress), or
* $(D null) if the host name did not resolve.
*
* Throws: $(D AddressException) on error.
*/
override string toHostNameString() const
{
// getnameinfo() is the recommended way to perform a reverse (name)
// lookup on both Posix and Windows. However, it is only available
// on Windows XP and above, and not included with the WinSock import
// libraries shipped with DMD. Thus, we check for getnameinfo at
// runtime in the shared module constructor, and fall back to the
// deprecated getHostByAddr() if it could not be found. See also:
// http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa450403.aspx
if (getnameinfoPointer)
return super.toHostNameString();
else
{
auto host = new InternetHost();
if (!host.getHostByAddr(ntohl(sin.sin_addr.s_addr)))
return null;
return host.name;
}
}
/**
* Compares with another InternetAddress of same type for equality
* Returns: true if the InternetAddresses share the same address and
* port number.
*/
override bool opEquals(Object o) const
{
auto other = cast(InternetAddress) o;
return other && this.sin.sin_addr.s_addr == other.sin.sin_addr.s_addr &&
this.sin.sin_port == other.sin.sin_port;
}
///
@system unittest
{
auto addr1 = new InternetAddress("127.0.0.1", 80);
auto addr2 = new InternetAddress("127.0.0.2", 80);
assert(addr1 == addr1);
assert(addr1 != addr2);
}
/**
* Parse an IPv4 address string in the dotted-decimal form $(I a.b.c.d)
* and return the number.
* Returns: If the string is not a legitimate IPv4 address,
* $(D ADDR_NONE) is returned.
*/
static uint parse(in char[] addr) @trusted nothrow
{
return ntohl(inet_addr(addr.tempCString()));
}
/**
* Convert an IPv4 address number in host byte order to a human readable
* string representing the IPv4 address in dotted-decimal form.
*/
static string addrToString(uint addr) @trusted nothrow
{
in_addr sin_addr;
sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(addr);
return to!string(inet_ntoa(sin_addr));
}
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
const InternetAddress ia = new InternetAddress("63.105.9.61", 80);
assert(ia.toString() == "63.105.9.61:80");
});
softUnittest({
// test construction from a sockaddr_in
sockaddr_in sin;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(0x7F_00_00_01); // 127.0.0.1
sin.sin_family = AddressFamily.INET;
sin.sin_port = htons(80);
const InternetAddress ia = new InternetAddress(sin);
assert(ia.toString() == "127.0.0.1:80");
});
softUnittest({
// test reverse lookup
auto ih = new InternetHost;
if (ih.getHostByName("digitalmars.com"))
{
const ia = new InternetAddress(ih.addrList[0], 80);
assert(ia.toHostNameString() == "digitalmars.com");
if (getnameinfoPointer)
{
// test reverse lookup, via gethostbyaddr
auto getnameinfoPointerBackup = getnameinfoPointer;
cast() getnameinfoPointer = null;
scope(exit) cast() getnameinfoPointer = getnameinfoPointerBackup;
assert(ia.toHostNameString() == "digitalmars.com");
}
}
});
version (SlowTests)
softUnittest({
// test failing reverse lookup
const InternetAddress ia = new InternetAddress("127.114.111.120", 80);
assert(ia.toHostNameString() is null);
if (getnameinfoPointer)
{
// test failing reverse lookup, via gethostbyaddr
auto getnameinfoPointerBackup = getnameinfoPointer;
getnameinfoPointer = null;
scope(exit) getnameinfoPointer = getnameinfoPointerBackup;
assert(ia.toHostNameString() is null);
}
});
}
/**
* $(D Internet6Address) encapsulates an IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6)
* socket address.
*
* Consider using $(D getAddress), $(D parseAddress) and $(D Address) methods
* instead of using this class directly.
*/
class Internet6Address: Address
{
protected:
sockaddr_in6 sin6;
this() pure nothrow @nogc
{
}
public:
override @property sockaddr* name()
{
return cast(sockaddr*)&sin6;
}
override @property const(sockaddr)* name() const
{
return cast(const(sockaddr)*)&sin6;
}
override @property socklen_t nameLen() const
{
return cast(socklen_t) sin6.sizeof;
}
/// Any IPv6 host address.
static @property ref const(ubyte)[16] ADDR_ANY() pure nothrow @nogc
{
const(ubyte)[16]* addr;
static if (is(typeof(IN6ADDR_ANY)))
{
addr = &IN6ADDR_ANY.s6_addr;
return *addr;
}
else static if (is(typeof(in6addr_any)))
{
addr = &in6addr_any.s6_addr;
return *addr;
}
else
static assert(0);
}
/// Any IPv6 port number.
enum ushort PORT_ANY = 0;
/// Returns the IPv6 port number.
@property ushort port() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return ntohs(sin6.sin6_port);
}
/// Returns the IPv6 address.
@property ubyte[16] addr() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr;
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D Internet6Address).
* Params:
* addr = an IPv6 host address string in the form described in RFC 2373,
* or a host name which will be resolved using $(D getAddressInfo).
* service = (optional) service name.
*/
this(in char[] addr, in char[] service = null) @trusted
{
auto results = getAddressInfo(addr, service, AddressFamily.INET6);
assert(results.length && results[0].family == AddressFamily.INET6);
sin6 = *cast(sockaddr_in6*) results[0].address.name;
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D Internet6Address).
* Params:
* addr = an IPv6 host address string in the form described in RFC 2373,
* or a host name which will be resolved using $(D getAddressInfo).
* port = port number, may be $(D PORT_ANY).
*/
this(in char[] addr, ushort port)
{
if (port == PORT_ANY)
this(addr);
else
this(addr, to!string(port));
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D Internet6Address).
* Params:
* addr = (optional) an IPv6 host address in host byte order, or
* $(D ADDR_ANY).
* port = port number, may be $(D PORT_ANY).
*/
this(ubyte[16] addr, ushort port) pure nothrow @nogc
{
sin6.sin6_family = AddressFamily.INET6;
sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr = addr;
sin6.sin6_port = htons(port);
}
/// ditto
this(ushort port) pure nothrow @nogc
{
sin6.sin6_family = AddressFamily.INET6;
sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr = ADDR_ANY;
sin6.sin6_port = htons(port);
}
/**
* Construct a new $(D Internet6Address).
* Params:
* addr = A sockaddr_in6 as obtained from lower-level API calls such as getifaddrs.
*/
this(sockaddr_in6 addr) pure nothrow @nogc
{
assert(addr.sin6_family == AddressFamily.INET6);
sin6 = addr;
}
/**
* Parse an IPv6 host address string as described in RFC 2373, and return the
* address.
* Throws: $(D SocketException) on error.
*/
static ubyte[16] parse(in char[] addr) @trusted
{
// Although we could use inet_pton here, it's only available on Windows
// versions starting with Vista, so use getAddressInfo with NUMERICHOST
// instead.
auto results = getAddressInfo(addr, AddressInfoFlags.NUMERICHOST);
if (results.length && results[0].family == AddressFamily.INET6)
return (cast(sockaddr_in6*) results[0].address.name).sin6_addr.s6_addr;
throw new AddressException("Not an IPv6 address", 0);
}
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
const Internet6Address ia = new Internet6Address("::1", 80);
assert(ia.toString() == "[::1]:80");
});
softUnittest({
// test construction from a sockaddr_in6
sockaddr_in6 sin;
sin.sin6_addr.s6_addr = [ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1]; // [::1]
sin.sin6_family = AddressFamily.INET6;
sin.sin6_port = htons(80);
const Internet6Address ia = new Internet6Address(sin);
assert(ia.toString() == "[::1]:80");
});
}
version (StdDdoc)
{
static if (!is(sockaddr_un))
{
// This exists only to allow the constructor taking
// a sockaddr_un to be compilable for documentation
// on platforms that don't supply a sockaddr_un.
struct sockaddr_un
{
}
}
/**
* $(D UnixAddress) encapsulates an address for a Unix domain socket
* ($(D AF_UNIX)), i.e. a socket bound to a path name in the file system.
* Available only on supported systems.
*
* Linux also supports an abstract address namespace, in which addresses
* are independent of the file system. A socket address is abstract
* iff `path` starts with a _null byte (`'\0'`). Null bytes in other
* positions of an abstract address are allowed and have no special
* meaning.
*
* Example:
* ---
* auto addr = new UnixAddress("/var/run/dbus/system_bus_socket");
* auto abstractAddr = new UnixAddress("\0/tmp/dbus-OtHLWmCLPR");
* ---
*
* See_Also: $(HTTP http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man7/unix.7.html, UNIX(7))
*/
class UnixAddress: Address
{
private this() pure nothrow @nogc {}
/// Construct a new $(D UnixAddress) from the specified path.
this(in char[] path) { }
/**
* Construct a new $(D UnixAddress).
* Params:
* addr = A sockaddr_un as obtained from lower-level API calls.
*/
this(sockaddr_un addr) pure nothrow @nogc { }
/// Get the underlying _path.
@property string path() const { return null; }
/// ditto
override string toString() const { return null; }
override @property sockaddr* name() { return null; }
override @property const(sockaddr)* name() const { return null; }
override @property socklen_t nameLen() const { return 0; }
}
}
else
static if (is(sockaddr_un))
{
class UnixAddress: Address
{
protected:
socklen_t _nameLen;
struct
{
align (1):
sockaddr_un sun;
char unused = '\0'; // placeholder for a terminating '\0'
}
this() pure nothrow @nogc
{
sun.sun_family = AddressFamily.UNIX;
sun.sun_path = '?';
_nameLen = sun.sizeof;
}
override void setNameLen(socklen_t len) @trusted
{
if (len > sun.sizeof)
throw new SocketParameterException("Not enough socket address storage");
_nameLen = len;
}
public:
override @property sockaddr* name()
{
return cast(sockaddr*)&sun;
}
override @property const(sockaddr)* name() const
{
return cast(const(sockaddr)*)&sun;
}
override @property socklen_t nameLen() @trusted const
{
return _nameLen;
}
this(in char[] path) @trusted pure
{
enforce(path.length <= sun.sun_path.sizeof, new SocketParameterException("Path too long"));
sun.sun_family = AddressFamily.UNIX;
sun.sun_path.ptr[0 .. path.length] = (cast(byte[]) path)[];
_nameLen = cast(socklen_t)
{
auto len = sockaddr_un.init.sun_path.offsetof + path.length;
// Pathname socket address must be terminated with '\0'
// which must be included in the address length.
if (sun.sun_path.ptr[0])
{
sun.sun_path.ptr[path.length] = 0;
++len;
}
return len;
}();
}
this(sockaddr_un addr) pure nothrow @nogc
{
assert(addr.sun_family == AddressFamily.UNIX);
sun = addr;
}
@property string path() @trusted const pure
{
auto len = _nameLen - sockaddr_un.init.sun_path.offsetof;
// For pathname socket address we need to strip off the terminating '\0'
if (sun.sun_path.ptr[0])
--len;
return (cast(const(char)*) sun.sun_path.ptr)[0 .. len].idup;
}
override string toString() const pure
{
return path;
}
}
@safe unittest
{
import core.stdc.stdio : remove;
import std.file : deleteme;
immutable ubyte[] data = [1, 2, 3, 4];
Socket[2] pair;
auto names = [ deleteme ~ "-unix-socket" ];
version (linux)
names ~= "\0" ~ deleteme ~ "-abstract\0unix\0socket";
foreach (name; names)
{
auto address = new UnixAddress(name);
auto listener = new Socket(AddressFamily.UNIX, SocketType.STREAM);
scope(exit) listener.close();
listener.bind(address);
scope(exit) () @trusted { if (name[0]) remove(name.tempCString()); } ();
assert(listener.localAddress.toString == name);
listener.listen(1);
pair[0] = new Socket(AddressFamily.UNIX, SocketType.STREAM);
scope(exit) listener.close();
pair[0].connect(address);
scope(exit) pair[0].close();
pair[1] = listener.accept();
scope(exit) pair[1].close();
pair[0].send(data);
auto buf = new ubyte[data.length];
pair[1].receive(buf);
assert(buf == data);
}
}
}
/**
* Class for exceptions thrown by $(D Socket.accept).
*/
class SocketAcceptException: SocketOSException
{
mixin socketOSExceptionCtors;
}
/// How a socket is shutdown:
enum SocketShutdown: int
{
RECEIVE = SD_RECEIVE, /// socket receives are disallowed
SEND = SD_SEND, /// socket sends are disallowed
BOTH = SD_BOTH, /// both RECEIVE and SEND
}
/// Flags may be OR'ed together:
enum SocketFlags: int
{
NONE = 0, /// no flags specified
OOB = MSG_OOB, /// out-of-band stream data
PEEK = MSG_PEEK, /// peek at incoming data without removing it from the queue, only for receiving
DONTROUTE = MSG_DONTROUTE, /// data should not be subject to routing; this flag may be ignored. Only for sending
}
private mixin template FieldProxy(string target, string field)
{
mixin(`
@property typeof(`~target~`) `~field~`() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return `~target~`;
}
/// ditto
@property typeof(`~target~`) `~field~`(typeof(`~target~`) value) pure nothrow @nogc
{
return `~target~` = value;
}
`);
}
/// Duration timeout value.
struct TimeVal
{
_ctimeval ctimeval;
alias tv_sec_t = typeof(ctimeval.tv_sec);
alias tv_usec_t = typeof(ctimeval.tv_usec);
version (StdDdoc) // no DDoc for string mixins, can't forward individual fields
{
tv_sec_t seconds; /// Number of _seconds.
tv_usec_t microseconds; /// Number of additional _microseconds.
}
else
{
// D interface
mixin FieldProxy!(`ctimeval.tv_sec`, `seconds`);
mixin FieldProxy!(`ctimeval.tv_usec`, `microseconds`);
}
}
/**
* A collection of sockets for use with $(D Socket.select).
*
* $(D SocketSet) wraps the platform $(D fd_set) type. However, unlike
* $(D fd_set), $(D SocketSet) is not statically limited to $(D FD_SETSIZE)
* or any other limit, and grows as needed.
*/
class SocketSet
{
private:
version (Windows)
{
// On Windows, fd_set is an array of socket handles,
// following a word containing the fd_set instance size.
// We use one dynamic array for everything, and use its first
// element(s) for the count.
alias fd_set_count_type = typeof(fd_set.init.fd_count);
alias fd_set_type = typeof(fd_set.init.fd_array[0]);
static assert(fd_set_type.sizeof == socket_t.sizeof);
// Number of fd_set_type elements at the start of our array that are
// used for the socket count and alignment
enum FD_SET_OFFSET = fd_set.fd_array.offsetof / fd_set_type.sizeof;
static assert(FD_SET_OFFSET);
static assert(fd_set.fd_count.offsetof % fd_set_type.sizeof == 0);
fd_set_type[] set;
void resize(size_t size) pure nothrow
{
set.length = FD_SET_OFFSET + size;
}
ref inout(fd_set_count_type) count() @trusted @property inout pure nothrow @nogc
{
assert(set.length);
return *cast(inout(fd_set_count_type)*)set.ptr;
}
size_t capacity() @property const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return set.length - FD_SET_OFFSET;
}
inout(socket_t)[] fds() @trusted inout @property pure nothrow @nogc
{
return cast(inout(socket_t)[])set[FD_SET_OFFSET .. FD_SET_OFFSET+count];
}
}
else
version (Posix)
{
// On Posix, fd_set is a bit array. We assume that the fd_set
// type (declared in core.sys.posix.sys.select) is a structure
// containing a single field, a static array.
static assert(fd_set.tupleof.length == 1);
// This is the type used in the fd_set array.
// Using the type of the correct size is important for big-endian
// architectures.
alias fd_set_type = typeof(fd_set.init.tupleof[0][0]);
// Number of file descriptors represented by one fd_set_type
enum FD_NFDBITS = 8 * fd_set_type.sizeof;
static fd_set_type mask(uint n) pure nothrow @nogc
{
return (cast(fd_set_type) 1) << (n % FD_NFDBITS);
}
// Array size to fit that many sockets
static size_t lengthFor(size_t size) pure nothrow @nogc
{
return (size + (FD_NFDBITS-1)) / FD_NFDBITS;
}
fd_set_type[] set;
void resize(size_t size) pure nothrow
{
set.length = lengthFor(size);
}
// Make sure we can fit that many sockets
void setMinCapacity(size_t size) pure nothrow
{
auto length = lengthFor(size);
if (set.length < length)
set.length = length;
}
size_t capacity() @property const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return set.length * FD_NFDBITS;
}
int maxfd;
}
else
static assert(false, "Unknown platform");
public:
/**
* Create a SocketSet with a specific initial capacity (defaults to
* $(D FD_SETSIZE), the system's default capacity).
*/
this(size_t size = FD_SETSIZE) pure nothrow
{
resize(size);
reset();
}
/// Reset the $(D SocketSet) so that there are 0 $(D Socket)s in the collection.
void reset() pure nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
count = 0;
else
{
set[] = 0;
maxfd = -1;
}
}
void add(socket_t s) @trusted pure nothrow
{
version (Windows)
{
if (count == capacity)
{
set.length *= 2;
set.length = set.capacity;
}
++count;
fds[$-1] = s;
}
else
{
auto index = s / FD_NFDBITS;
auto length = set.length;
if (index >= length)
{
while (index >= length)
length *= 2;
set.length = length;
set.length = set.capacity;
}
set[index] |= mask(s);
if (maxfd < s)
maxfd = s;
}
}
/**
* Add a $(D Socket) to the collection.
* The socket must not already be in the collection.
*/
void add(Socket s) pure nothrow
{
add(s.sock);
}
void remove(socket_t s) pure nothrow
{
version (Windows)
{
import std.algorithm.searching : countUntil;
auto fds = fds;
auto p = fds.countUntil(s);
if (p >= 0)
fds[p] = fds[--count];
}
else
{
auto index = s / FD_NFDBITS;
if (index >= set.length)
return;
set[index] &= ~mask(s);
// note: adjusting maxfd would require scanning the set, not worth it
}
}
/**
* Remove this $(D Socket) from the collection.
* Does nothing if the socket is not in the collection already.
*/
void remove(Socket s) pure nothrow
{
remove(s.sock);
}
int isSet(socket_t s) const pure nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
{
import std.algorithm.searching : canFind;
return fds.canFind(s) ? 1 : 0;
}
else
{
if (s > maxfd)
return 0;
auto index = s / FD_NFDBITS;
return (set[index] & mask(s)) ? 1 : 0;
}
}
/// Return nonzero if this $(D Socket) is in the collection.
int isSet(Socket s) const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return isSet(s.sock);
}
/**
* Returns:
* The current capacity of this $(D SocketSet). The exact
* meaning of the return value varies from platform to platform.
*
* Note:
* Since D 2.065, this value does not indicate a
* restriction, and $(D SocketSet) will grow its capacity as
* needed automatically.
*/
@property uint max() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return cast(uint) capacity;
}
fd_set* toFd_set() @trusted pure nothrow @nogc
{
return cast(fd_set*) set.ptr;
}
int selectn() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
{
return count;
}
else version (Posix)
{
return maxfd + 1;
}
}
}
@safe unittest
{
auto fds = cast(socket_t[])
[cast(socket_t) 1, 2, 0, 1024, 17, 42, 1234, 77, 77+32, 77+64];
auto set = new SocketSet();
foreach (fd; fds) assert(!set.isSet(fd));
foreach (fd; fds) set.add(fd);
foreach (fd; fds) assert(set.isSet(fd));
// Make sure SocketSet reimplements fd_set correctly
auto fdset = set.toFd_set();
foreach (fd; fds[0]..cast(socket_t)(fds[$-1]+1))
assert(cast(bool) set.isSet(fd) == cast(bool)(() @trusted => FD_ISSET(fd, fdset))());
foreach (fd; fds)
{
assert(set.isSet(fd));
set.remove(fd);
assert(!set.isSet(fd));
}
}
@safe unittest
{
softUnittest({
enum PAIRS = 768;
version (Posix)
() @trusted
{
enum LIMIT = 2048;
static assert(LIMIT > PAIRS*2);
import core.sys.posix.sys.resource;
rlimit fileLimit;
getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &fileLimit);
assert(fileLimit.rlim_max > LIMIT, "Open file hard limit too low");
fileLimit.rlim_cur = LIMIT;
setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &fileLimit);
} ();
Socket[2][PAIRS] pairs;
foreach (ref pair; pairs)
pair = socketPair();
scope(exit)
{
foreach (pair; pairs)
{
pair[0].close();
pair[1].close();
}
}
import std.random;
auto rng = Xorshift(42);
pairs[].randomShuffle(rng);
auto readSet = new SocketSet();
auto writeSet = new SocketSet();
auto errorSet = new SocketSet();
foreach (testPair; pairs)
{
void fillSets()
{
readSet.reset();
writeSet.reset();
errorSet.reset();
foreach (ref pair; pairs)
foreach (s; pair[])
{
readSet.add(s);
writeSet.add(s);
errorSet.add(s);
}
}
fillSets();
auto n = Socket.select(readSet, writeSet, errorSet);
assert(n == PAIRS*2); // All in writeSet
assert(writeSet.isSet(testPair[0]));
assert(writeSet.isSet(testPair[1]));
assert(!readSet.isSet(testPair[0]));
assert(!readSet.isSet(testPair[1]));
assert(!errorSet.isSet(testPair[0]));
assert(!errorSet.isSet(testPair[1]));
ubyte[1] b;
testPair[0].send(b[]);
fillSets();
n = Socket.select(readSet, null, null);
assert(n == 1); // testPair[1]
assert(readSet.isSet(testPair[1]));
assert(!readSet.isSet(testPair[0]));
testPair[1].receive(b[]);
}
});
}
@safe unittest // Issue 14012, 14013
{
auto set = new SocketSet(1);
assert(set.max >= 0);
enum LIMIT = 4096;
foreach (n; 0 .. LIMIT)
set.add(cast(socket_t) n);
assert(set.max >= LIMIT);
}
/// The level at which a socket option is defined:
enum SocketOptionLevel: int
{
SOCKET = SOL_SOCKET, /// Socket level
IP = ProtocolType.IP, /// Internet Protocol version 4 level
ICMP = ProtocolType.ICMP, /// Internet Control Message Protocol level
IGMP = ProtocolType.IGMP, /// Internet Group Management Protocol level
GGP = ProtocolType.GGP, /// Gateway to Gateway Protocol level
TCP = ProtocolType.TCP, /// Transmission Control Protocol level
PUP = ProtocolType.PUP, /// PARC Universal Packet Protocol level
UDP = ProtocolType.UDP, /// User Datagram Protocol level
IDP = ProtocolType.IDP, /// Xerox NS protocol level
RAW = ProtocolType.RAW, /// Raw IP packet level
IPV6 = ProtocolType.IPV6, /// Internet Protocol version 6 level
}
/// _Linger information for use with SocketOption.LINGER.
struct Linger
{
_clinger clinger;
version (StdDdoc) // no DDoc for string mixins, can't forward individual fields
{
private alias l_onoff_t = typeof(_clinger.init.l_onoff );
private alias l_linger_t = typeof(_clinger.init.l_linger);
l_onoff_t on; /// Nonzero for _on.
l_linger_t time; /// Linger _time.
}
else
{
// D interface
mixin FieldProxy!(`clinger.l_onoff`, `on`);
mixin FieldProxy!(`clinger.l_linger`, `time`);
}
}
/// Specifies a socket option:
enum SocketOption: int
{
DEBUG = SO_DEBUG, /// Record debugging information
BROADCAST = SO_BROADCAST, /// Allow transmission of broadcast messages
REUSEADDR = SO_REUSEADDR, /// Allow local reuse of address
LINGER = SO_LINGER, /// Linger on close if unsent data is present
OOBINLINE = SO_OOBINLINE, /// Receive out-of-band data in band
SNDBUF = SO_SNDBUF, /// Send buffer size
RCVBUF = SO_RCVBUF, /// Receive buffer size
DONTROUTE = SO_DONTROUTE, /// Do not route
SNDTIMEO = SO_SNDTIMEO, /// Send timeout
RCVTIMEO = SO_RCVTIMEO, /// Receive timeout
ERROR = SO_ERROR, /// Retrieve and clear error status
KEEPALIVE = SO_KEEPALIVE, /// Enable keep-alive packets
ACCEPTCONN = SO_ACCEPTCONN, /// Listen
RCVLOWAT = SO_RCVLOWAT, /// Minimum number of input bytes to process
SNDLOWAT = SO_SNDLOWAT, /// Minimum number of output bytes to process
TYPE = SO_TYPE, /// Socket type
// SocketOptionLevel.TCP:
TCP_NODELAY = .TCP_NODELAY, /// Disable the Nagle algorithm for send coalescing
// SocketOptionLevel.IPV6:
IPV6_UNICAST_HOPS = .IPV6_UNICAST_HOPS, /// IP unicast hop limit
IPV6_MULTICAST_IF = .IPV6_MULTICAST_IF, /// IP multicast interface
IPV6_MULTICAST_LOOP = .IPV6_MULTICAST_LOOP, /// IP multicast loopback
IPV6_MULTICAST_HOPS = .IPV6_MULTICAST_HOPS, /// IP multicast hops
IPV6_JOIN_GROUP = .IPV6_JOIN_GROUP, /// Add an IP group membership
IPV6_LEAVE_GROUP = .IPV6_LEAVE_GROUP, /// Drop an IP group membership
IPV6_V6ONLY = .IPV6_V6ONLY, /// Treat wildcard bind as AF_INET6-only
}
/**
* $(D Socket) is a class that creates a network communication endpoint using
* the Berkeley sockets interface.
*/
class Socket
{
private:
socket_t sock;
AddressFamily _family;
version (Windows)
bool _blocking = false; /// Property to get or set whether the socket is blocking or nonblocking.
// The WinSock timeouts seem to be effectively skewed by a constant
// offset of about half a second (value in milliseconds). This has
// been confirmed on updated (as of Jun 2011) Windows XP, Windows 7
// and Windows Server 2008 R2 boxes. The unittest below tests this
// behavior.
enum WINSOCK_TIMEOUT_SKEW = 500;
@safe unittest
{
version (SlowTests)
softUnittest({
import std.datetime;
import std.typecons;
enum msecs = 1000;
auto pair = socketPair();
auto sock = pair[0];
sock.setOption(SocketOptionLevel.SOCKET,
SocketOption.RCVTIMEO, dur!"msecs"(msecs));
auto sw = StopWatch(Yes.autoStart);
ubyte[1] buf;
sock.receive(buf);
sw.stop();
Duration readBack = void;
sock.getOption(SocketOptionLevel.SOCKET, SocketOption.RCVTIMEO, readBack);
assert(readBack.total!"msecs" == msecs);
assert(sw.peek().msecs > msecs-100 && sw.peek().msecs < msecs+100);
});
}
void setSock(socket_t handle)
{
assert(handle != socket_t.init);
sock = handle;
// Set the option to disable SIGPIPE on send() if the platform
// has it (e.g. on OS X).
static if (is(typeof(SO_NOSIGPIPE)))
{
setOption(SocketOptionLevel.SOCKET, cast(SocketOption) SO_NOSIGPIPE, true);
}
}
// For use with accepting().
protected this() pure nothrow @nogc
{
}
public:
/**
* Create a blocking socket. If a single protocol type exists to support
* this socket type within the address family, the $(D ProtocolType) may be
* omitted.
*/
this(AddressFamily af, SocketType type, ProtocolType protocol) @trusted
{
_family = af;
auto handle = cast(socket_t) socket(af, type, protocol);
if (handle == socket_t.init)
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to create socket");
setSock(handle);
}
/// ditto
this(AddressFamily af, SocketType type)
{
/* A single protocol exists to support this socket type within the
* protocol family, so the ProtocolType is assumed.
*/
this(af, type, cast(ProtocolType) 0); // Pseudo protocol number.
}
/// ditto
this(AddressFamily af, SocketType type, in char[] protocolName) @trusted
{
protoent* proto;
proto = getprotobyname(protocolName.tempCString());
if (!proto)
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to find the protocol");
this(af, type, cast(ProtocolType) proto.p_proto);
}
/**
* Create a blocking socket using the parameters from the specified
* $(D AddressInfo) structure.
*/
this(in AddressInfo info)
{
this(info.family, info.type, info.protocol);
}
/// Use an existing socket handle.
this(socket_t sock, AddressFamily af) pure nothrow @nogc
{
assert(sock != socket_t.init);
this.sock = sock;
this._family = af;
}
~this() nothrow @nogc
{
close();
}
/// Get underlying socket handle.
@property socket_t handle() const pure nothrow @nogc
{
return sock;
}
/**
* Get/set socket's blocking flag.
*
* When a socket is blocking, calls to receive(), accept(), and send()
* will block and wait for data/action.
* A non-blocking socket will immediately return instead of blocking.
*/
@property bool blocking() @trusted const nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
{
return _blocking;
}
else version (Posix)
{
return !(fcntl(handle, F_GETFL, 0) & O_NONBLOCK);
}
}
/// ditto
@property void blocking(bool byes) @trusted
{
version (Windows)
{
uint num = !byes;
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == ioctlsocket(sock, FIONBIO, &num))
goto err;
_blocking = byes;
}
else version (Posix)
{
int x = fcntl(sock, F_GETFL, 0);
if (-1 == x)
goto err;
if (byes)
x &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
else
x |= O_NONBLOCK;
if (-1 == fcntl(sock, F_SETFL, x))
goto err;
}
return; // Success.
err:
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to set socket blocking");
}
/// Get the socket's address family.
@property AddressFamily addressFamily()
{
return _family;
}
/// Property that indicates if this is a valid, alive socket.
@property bool isAlive() @trusted const
{
int type;
socklen_t typesize = cast(socklen_t) type.sizeof;
return !getsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_TYPE, cast(char*)&type, &typesize);
}
/// Associate a local address with this socket.
void bind(Address addr) @trusted
{
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .bind(sock, addr.name, addr.nameLen))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to bind socket");
}
/**
* Establish a connection. If the socket is blocking, connect waits for
* the connection to be made. If the socket is nonblocking, connect
* returns immediately and the connection attempt is still in progress.
*/
void connect(Address to) @trusted
{
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .connect(sock, to.name, to.nameLen))
{
int err;
err = _lasterr();
if (!blocking)
{
version (Windows)
{
if (WSAEWOULDBLOCK == err)
return;
}
else version (Posix)
{
if (EINPROGRESS == err)
return;
}
else
{
static assert(0);
}
}
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to connect socket", err);
}
}
/**
* Listen for an incoming connection. $(D bind) must be called before you
* can $(D listen). The $(D backlog) is a request of how many pending
* incoming connections are queued until $(D accept)ed.
*/
void listen(int backlog) @trusted
{
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .listen(sock, backlog))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to listen on socket");
}
/**
* Called by $(D accept) when a new $(D Socket) must be created for a new
* connection. To use a derived class, override this method and return an
* instance of your class. The returned $(D Socket)'s handle must not be
* set; $(D Socket) has a protected constructor $(D this()) to use in this
* situation.
*
* Override to use a derived class.
* The returned socket's handle must not be set.
*/
protected Socket accepting() pure nothrow
{
return new Socket;
}
/**
* Accept an incoming connection. If the socket is blocking, $(D accept)
* waits for a connection request. Throws $(D SocketAcceptException) if
* unable to _accept. See $(D accepting) for use with derived classes.
*/
Socket accept() @trusted
{
auto newsock = cast(socket_t).accept(sock, null, null);
if (socket_t.init == newsock)
throw new SocketAcceptException("Unable to accept socket connection");
Socket newSocket;
try
{
newSocket = accepting();
assert(newSocket.sock == socket_t.init);
newSocket.setSock(newsock);
version (Windows)
newSocket._blocking = _blocking; //inherits blocking mode
newSocket._family = _family; //same family
}
catch (Throwable o)
{
_close(newsock);
throw o;
}
return newSocket;
}
/// Disables sends and/or receives.
void shutdown(SocketShutdown how) @trusted nothrow @nogc
{
.shutdown(sock, cast(int) how);
}
private static void _close(socket_t sock) @system nothrow @nogc
{
version (Windows)
{
.closesocket(sock);
}
else version (Posix)
{
.close(sock);
}
}
/**
* Immediately drop any connections and release socket resources.
* Calling $(D shutdown) before $(D close) is recommended for
* connection-oriented sockets. The $(D Socket) object is no longer
* usable after $(D close).
* Calling shutdown() before this is recommended
* for connection-oriented sockets.
*/
void close() @trusted nothrow @nogc
{
_close(sock);
sock = socket_t.init;
}
/**
* Returns: the local machine's host name
*/
static @property string hostName() @trusted // getter
{
char[256] result; // Host names are limited to 255 chars.
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .gethostname(result.ptr, result.length))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to obtain host name");
return to!string(result.ptr);
}
/// Remote endpoint $(D Address).
@property Address remoteAddress() @trusted
{
Address addr = createAddress();
socklen_t nameLen = addr.nameLen;
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .getpeername(sock, addr.name, &nameLen))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to obtain remote socket address");
addr.setNameLen(nameLen);
assert(addr.addressFamily == _family);
return addr;
}
/// Local endpoint $(D Address).
@property Address localAddress() @trusted
{
Address addr = createAddress();
socklen_t nameLen = addr.nameLen;
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .getsockname(sock, addr.name, &nameLen))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to obtain local socket address");
addr.setNameLen(nameLen);
assert(addr.addressFamily == _family);
return addr;
}
/**
* Send or receive error code. See $(D wouldHaveBlocked),
* $(D lastSocketError) and $(D Socket.getErrorText) for obtaining more
* information about the error.
*/
enum int ERROR = _SOCKET_ERROR;
private static int capToInt(size_t size) nothrow @nogc
{
// Windows uses int instead of size_t for length arguments.
// Luckily, the send/recv functions make no guarantee that
// all the data is sent, so we use that to send at most
// int.max bytes.
return size > size_t(int.max) ? int.max : cast(int) size;
}
/**
* Send data on the connection. If the socket is blocking and there is no
* buffer space left, $(D send) waits.
* Returns: The number of bytes actually sent, or $(D Socket.ERROR) on
* failure.
*/
ptrdiff_t send(const(void)[] buf, SocketFlags flags) @trusted
{
static if (is(typeof(MSG_NOSIGNAL)))
{
flags = cast(SocketFlags)(flags | MSG_NOSIGNAL);
}
version (Windows)
auto sent = .send(sock, buf.ptr, capToInt(buf.length), cast(int) flags);
else
auto sent = .send(sock, buf.ptr, buf.length, cast(int) flags);
return sent;
}
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t send(const(void)[] buf)
{
return send(buf, SocketFlags.NONE);
}
/**
* Send data to a specific destination Address. If the destination address is
* not specified, a connection must have been made and that address is used.
* If the socket is blocking and there is no buffer space left, $(D sendTo) waits.
* Returns: The number of bytes actually sent, or $(D Socket.ERROR) on
* failure.
*/
ptrdiff_t sendTo(const(void)[] buf, SocketFlags flags, Address to) @trusted
{
static if (is(typeof(MSG_NOSIGNAL)))
{
flags = cast(SocketFlags)(flags | MSG_NOSIGNAL);
}
version (Windows)
return .sendto(
sock, buf.ptr, capToInt(buf.length),
cast(int) flags, to.name, to.nameLen
);
else
return .sendto(sock, buf.ptr, buf.length, cast(int) flags, to.name, to.nameLen);
}
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t sendTo(const(void)[] buf, Address to)
{
return sendTo(buf, SocketFlags.NONE, to);
}
//assumes you connect()ed
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t sendTo(const(void)[] buf, SocketFlags flags) @trusted
{
static if (is(typeof(MSG_NOSIGNAL)))
{
flags = cast(SocketFlags)(flags | MSG_NOSIGNAL);
}
version (Windows)
return .sendto(sock, buf.ptr, capToInt(buf.length), cast(int) flags, null, 0);
else
return .sendto(sock, buf.ptr, buf.length, cast(int) flags, null, 0);
}
//assumes you connect()ed
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t sendTo(const(void)[] buf)
{
return sendTo(buf, SocketFlags.NONE);
}
/**
* Receive data on the connection. If the socket is blocking, $(D receive)
* waits until there is data to be received.
* Returns: The number of bytes actually received, $(D 0) if the remote side
* has closed the connection, or $(D Socket.ERROR) on failure.
*/
ptrdiff_t receive(void[] buf, SocketFlags flags) @trusted
{
version (Windows) // Does not use size_t
{
return buf.length
? .recv(sock, buf.ptr, capToInt(buf.length), cast(int) flags)
: 0;
}
else
{
return buf.length
? .recv(sock, buf.ptr, buf.length, cast(int) flags)
: 0;
}
}
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t receive(void[] buf)
{
return receive(buf, SocketFlags.NONE);
}
/**
* Receive data and get the remote endpoint $(D Address).
* If the socket is blocking, $(D receiveFrom) waits until there is data to
* be received.
* Returns: The number of bytes actually received, $(D 0) if the remote side
* has closed the connection, or $(D Socket.ERROR) on failure.
*/
ptrdiff_t receiveFrom(void[] buf, SocketFlags flags, ref Address from) @trusted
{
if (!buf.length) //return 0 and don't think the connection closed
return 0;
if (from is null || from.addressFamily != _family)
from = createAddress();
socklen_t nameLen = from.nameLen;
version (Windows)
{
auto read = .recvfrom(sock, buf.ptr, capToInt(buf.length), cast(int) flags, from.name, &nameLen);
from.setNameLen(nameLen);
assert(from.addressFamily == _family);
// if (!read) //connection closed
return read;
}
else
{
auto read = .recvfrom(sock, buf.ptr, buf.length, cast(int) flags, from.name, &nameLen);
from.setNameLen(nameLen);
assert(from.addressFamily == _family);
// if (!read) //connection closed
return read;
}
}
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t receiveFrom(void[] buf, ref Address from)
{
return receiveFrom(buf, SocketFlags.NONE, from);
}
//assumes you connect()ed
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t receiveFrom(void[] buf, SocketFlags flags) @trusted
{
if (!buf.length) //return 0 and don't think the connection closed
return 0;
version (Windows)
{
auto read = .recvfrom(sock, buf.ptr, capToInt(buf.length), cast(int) flags, null, null);
// if (!read) //connection closed
return read;
}
else
{
auto read = .recvfrom(sock, buf.ptr, buf.length, cast(int) flags, null, null);
// if (!read) //connection closed
return read;
}
}
//assumes you connect()ed
/// ditto
ptrdiff_t receiveFrom(void[] buf)
{
return receiveFrom(buf, SocketFlags.NONE);
}
/**
* Get a socket option.
* Returns: The number of bytes written to $(D result).
* The length, in bytes, of the actual result - very different from getsockopt()
*/
int getOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, void[] result) @trusted
{
socklen_t len = cast(socklen_t) result.length;
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .getsockopt(sock, cast(int) level, cast(int) option, result.ptr, &len))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to get socket option");
return len;
}
/// Common case of getting integer and boolean options.
int getOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, out int32_t result) @trusted
{
return getOption(level, option, (&result)[0 .. 1]);
}
/// Get the linger option.
int getOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, out Linger result) @trusted
{
//return getOption(cast(SocketOptionLevel) SocketOptionLevel.SOCKET, SocketOption.LINGER, (&result)[0 .. 1]);
return getOption(level, option, (&result.clinger)[0 .. 1]);
}
/// Get a timeout (duration) option.
void getOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, out Duration result) @trusted
{
enforce(option == SocketOption.SNDTIMEO || option == SocketOption.RCVTIMEO,
new SocketParameterException("Not a valid timeout option: " ~ to!string(option)));
// WinSock returns the timeout values as a milliseconds DWORD,
// while Linux and BSD return a timeval struct.
version (Windows)
{
int msecs;
getOption(level, option, (&msecs)[0 .. 1]);
if (option == SocketOption.RCVTIMEO)
msecs += WINSOCK_TIMEOUT_SKEW;
result = dur!"msecs"(msecs);
}
else version (Posix)
{
TimeVal tv;
getOption(level, option, (&tv.ctimeval)[0 .. 1]);
result = dur!"seconds"(tv.seconds) + dur!"usecs"(tv.microseconds);
}
else static assert(false);
}
/// Set a socket option.
void setOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, void[] value) @trusted
{
if (_SOCKET_ERROR == .setsockopt(sock, cast(int) level,
cast(int) option, value.ptr, cast(uint) value.length))
throw new SocketOSException("Unable to set socket option");
}
/// Common case for setting integer and boolean options.
void setOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, int32_t value) @trusted
{
setOption(level, option, (&value)[0 .. 1]);
}
/// Set the linger option.
void setOption(SocketOptionLevel level, SocketOption option, Linger value) @trusted
{
//setOption(cast(SocketOptionLevel) SocketOptionLevel.SOCKET, SocketOption.LINGER, (&value)[0 .. 1]);
setOption(level, option, (&value.clinger)[0 .. 1]);
}
/**
* Sets a timeout (duration) option, i.e. $(D SocketOption.SNDTIMEO) or
* $(D RCVTIMEO). Zero indicates no timeout.
*
* In a typical application, you might also want to consider using
* a non-blocking socket instead of setting a timeout on a blocking one.
*
* Note: While the receive timeout setting is generally quite accurate