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/* Subroutines needed for unwinding stack frames for exception handling. */
/* Copyright (C) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2009
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Jason Merrill <>.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.
Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
<>. */
#pragma GCC visibility push(default)
struct fde_vector
const void *orig_data;
size_t count;
const struct dwarf_fde *array[];
struct object
void *pc_begin;
void *tbase;
void *dbase;
union {
const struct dwarf_fde *single;
struct dwarf_fde **array;
struct fde_vector *sort;
} u;
union {
struct {
unsigned long sorted : 1;
unsigned long from_array : 1;
unsigned long mixed_encoding : 1;
unsigned long encoding : 8;
/* ??? Wish there was an easy way to detect a 64-bit host here;
we've got 32 bits left to play with... */
unsigned long count : 21;
} b;
size_t i;
} s;
char *fde_end;
struct object *next;
/* This is the original definition of struct object. While the struct
itself was opaque to users, they did know how large it was, and
allocate one statically in crtbegin for each DSO. Keep this around
so that we're aware of the static size limitations for the new struct. */
struct old_object
void *pc_begin;
void *pc_end;
struct dwarf_fde *fde_begin;
struct dwarf_fde **fde_array;
size_t count;
struct old_object *next;
struct dwarf_eh_bases
void *tbase;
void *dbase;
void *func;
extern void __register_frame_info_bases (const void *, struct object *,
void *, void *);
extern void __register_frame_info (const void *, struct object *);
extern void __register_frame (void *);
extern void __register_frame_info_table_bases (void *, struct object *,
void *, void *);
extern void __register_frame_info_table (void *, struct object *);
extern void __register_frame_table (void *);
extern void *__deregister_frame_info (const void *);
extern void *__deregister_frame_info_bases (const void *);
extern void __deregister_frame (void *);
typedef int sword __attribute__ ((mode (SI)));
typedef unsigned int uword __attribute__ ((mode (SI)));
typedef unsigned int uaddr __attribute__ ((mode (pointer)));
typedef int saddr __attribute__ ((mode (pointer)));
typedef unsigned char ubyte;
/* Terminology:
CIE - Common Information Element
FDE - Frame Descriptor Element
There is one per function, and it describes where the function code
is located, and what the register lifetimes and stack layout are
within the function.
The data structures are defined in the DWARF specification, although
not in a very readable way (see LITERATURE).
Every time an exception is thrown, the code needs to locate the FDE
for the current function, and starts to look for exception regions
from that FDE. This works in a two-level search:
a) in a linear search, find the shared image (i.e. DLL) containing
the PC
b) using the FDE table for that shared object, locate the FDE using
binary search (which requires the sorting). */
/* The first few fields of a CIE. The CIE_id field is 0 for a CIE,
to distinguish it from a valid FDE. FDEs are aligned to an addressing
unit boundary, but the fields within are unaligned. */
struct dwarf_cie
uword length;
sword CIE_id;
ubyte version;
unsigned char augmentation[];
} __attribute__ ((packed, aligned (__alignof__ (void *))));
/* The first few fields of an FDE. */
struct dwarf_fde
uword length;
sword CIE_delta;
unsigned char pc_begin[];
} __attribute__ ((packed, aligned (__alignof__ (void *))));
typedef struct dwarf_fde fde;
/* Locate the CIE for a given FDE. */
static inline const struct dwarf_cie *
get_cie (const struct dwarf_fde *f)
return (const void *)&f->CIE_delta - f->CIE_delta;
static inline const fde *
next_fde (const fde *f)
return (const fde *) ((const char *) f + f->length + sizeof (f->length));
extern const fde * _Unwind_Find_FDE (void *, struct dwarf_eh_bases *);
static inline int
last_fde (struct object *obj __attribute__ ((__unused__)), const fde *f)
return (char *)f == obj->fde_end || f->length == 0;
return f->length == 0;
#pragma GCC visibility pop
#endif /* unwind-dw2-fde.h */