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/* plugin-api.h -- External linker plugin API. */
/* Copyright (C) 2009-2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Written by Cary Coutant <ccoutant@google.com>.
This file is part of binutils.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor, Boston,
MA 02110-1301, USA. */
/* This file defines the interface for writing a linker plugin, which is
described at < http://gcc.gnu.org/wiki/whopr/driver >. */
#ifndef PLUGIN_API_H
#define PLUGIN_API_H
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#elif defined(HAVE_INTTYPES_H)
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif
#include <sys/types.h>
#if !defined(HAVE_STDINT_H) && !defined(HAVE_INTTYPES_H) && \
!defined(UINT64_MAX) && !defined(uint64_t)
#error cannot find uint64_t type
#endif
/* Detect endianess based on __BYTE_ORDER__ macro. */
#if defined(__BYTE_ORDER__) && defined(__ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN__) && \
defined(__ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__) && defined(__ORDER_PDP_ENDIAN__)
#if __BYTE_ORDER__ == __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
#define PLUGIN_LITTLE_ENDIAN 1
#elif __BYTE_ORDER__ == __ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN__
#define PLUGIN_BIG_ENDIAN 1
#elif __BYTE_ORDER__ == __ORDER_PDP_ENDIAN__
#define PLUGIN_PDP_ENDIAN 1
#endif
#else
/* Older GCC releases (<4.6.0) can make detection from glibc macros. */
#if defined(__GLIBC__) || defined(__GNU_LIBRARY__) || defined(__ANDROID__)
#include <endian.h>
#ifdef __BYTE_ORDER
#if __BYTE_ORDER == __LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define PLUGIN_LITTLE_ENDIAN 1
#elif __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
#define PLUGIN_BIG_ENDIAN 1
#endif
#endif
#endif
/* Include all necessary header files based on target. */
#if defined(__SVR4) && defined(__sun)
#include <sys/byteorder.h>
#endif
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__NetBSD__) || \
defined(__DragonFly__) || defined(__minix)
#include <sys/endian.h>
#endif
#if defined(__OpenBSD__)
#include <machine/endian.h>
#endif
/* Detect endianess based on _BYTE_ORDER. */
#ifdef _BYTE_ORDER
#if _BYTE_ORDER == _LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define PLUGIN_LITTLE_ENDIAN 1
#elif _BYTE_ORDER == _BIG_ENDIAN
#define PLUGIN_BIG_ENDIAN 1
#endif
#endif
/* Detect based on _WIN32. */
#if defined(_WIN32)
#define PLUGIN_LITTLE_ENDIAN 1
#endif
/* Detect based on __BIG_ENDIAN__ and __LITTLE_ENDIAN__ */
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN__
#define PLUGIN_LITTLE_ENDIAN 1
#endif
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN__
#define PLUGIN_BIG_ENDIAN 1
#endif
#endif
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C"
{
#endif
/* Status code returned by most API routines. */
enum ld_plugin_status
{
LDPS_OK = 0,
LDPS_NO_SYMS, /* Attempt to get symbols that haven't been added. */
LDPS_BAD_HANDLE, /* No claimed object associated with given handle. */
LDPS_ERR
/* Additional Error codes TBD. */
};
/* The version of the API specification. */
enum ld_plugin_api_version
{
LD_PLUGIN_API_VERSION = 1
};
/* The type of output file being generated by the linker. */
enum ld_plugin_output_file_type
{
LDPO_REL,
LDPO_EXEC,
LDPO_DYN,
LDPO_PIE
};
/* An input file managed by the plugin library. */
struct ld_plugin_input_file
{
const char *name;
int fd;
off_t offset;
off_t filesize;
void *handle;
};
/* A symbol belonging to an input file managed by the plugin library. */
struct ld_plugin_symbol
{
char *name;
char *version;
/* This is for compatibility with older ABIs. The older ABI defined
only 'def' field. */
#if PLUGIN_BIG_ENDIAN == 1
char unused;
char section_kind;
char symbol_type;
char def;
#elif PLUGIN_LITTLE_ENDIAN == 1
char def;
char symbol_type;
char section_kind;
char unused;
#elif PLUGIN_PDP_ENDIAN == 1
char symbol_type;
char def;
char unused;
char section_kind;
#else
#error "Could not detect architecture endianess"
#endif
int visibility;
uint64_t size;
char *comdat_key;
int resolution;
};
/* An object's section. */
struct ld_plugin_section
{
const void* handle;
unsigned int shndx;
};
/* Whether the symbol is a definition, reference, or common, weak or not. */
enum ld_plugin_symbol_kind
{
LDPK_DEF,
LDPK_WEAKDEF,
LDPK_UNDEF,
LDPK_WEAKUNDEF,
LDPK_COMMON
};
/* The visibility of the symbol. */
enum ld_plugin_symbol_visibility
{
LDPV_DEFAULT,
LDPV_PROTECTED,
LDPV_INTERNAL,
LDPV_HIDDEN
};
/* The type of the symbol. */
enum ld_plugin_symbol_type
{
LDST_UNKNOWN,
LDST_FUNCTION,
LDST_VARIABLE
};
enum ld_plugin_symbol_section_kind
{
LDSSK_DEFAULT,
LDSSK_BSS
};
/* How a symbol is resolved. */
enum ld_plugin_symbol_resolution
{
LDPR_UNKNOWN = 0,
/* Symbol is still undefined at this point. */
LDPR_UNDEF,
/* This is the prevailing definition of the symbol, with references from
regular object code. */
LDPR_PREVAILING_DEF,
/* This is the prevailing definition of the symbol, with no
references from regular objects. It is only referenced from IR
code. */
LDPR_PREVAILING_DEF_IRONLY,
/* This definition was pre-empted by a definition in a regular
object file. */
LDPR_PREEMPTED_REG,
/* This definition was pre-empted by a definition in another IR file. */
LDPR_PREEMPTED_IR,
/* This symbol was resolved by a definition in another IR file. */
LDPR_RESOLVED_IR,
/* This symbol was resolved by a definition in a regular object
linked into the main executable. */
LDPR_RESOLVED_EXEC,
/* This symbol was resolved by a definition in a shared object. */
LDPR_RESOLVED_DYN,
/* This is the prevailing definition of the symbol, with no
references from regular objects. It is only referenced from IR
code, but the symbol is exported and may be referenced from
a dynamic object (not seen at link time). */
LDPR_PREVAILING_DEF_IRONLY_EXP
};
/* The plugin library's "claim file" handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_claim_file_handler) (
const struct ld_plugin_input_file *file, int *claimed);
/* The plugin library's "all symbols read" handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_all_symbols_read_handler) (void);
/* The plugin library's cleanup handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_cleanup_handler) (void);
/* The linker's interface for registering the "claim file" handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_register_claim_file) (ld_plugin_claim_file_handler handler);
/* The linker's interface for registering the "all symbols read" handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_register_all_symbols_read) (
ld_plugin_all_symbols_read_handler handler);
/* The linker's interface for registering the cleanup handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_register_cleanup) (ld_plugin_cleanup_handler handler);
/* The linker's interface for adding symbols from a claimed input file. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_add_symbols) (void *handle, int nsyms,
const struct ld_plugin_symbol *syms);
/* The linker's interface for getting the input file information with
an open (possibly re-opened) file descriptor. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_file) (const void *handle,
struct ld_plugin_input_file *file);
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_view) (const void *handle, const void **viewp);
/* The linker's interface for releasing the input file. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_release_input_file) (const void *handle);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving symbol resolution information. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_symbols) (const void *handle, int nsyms,
struct ld_plugin_symbol *syms);
/* The linker's interface for adding a compiled input file. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_add_input_file) (const char *pathname);
/* The linker's interface for adding a library that should be searched. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_add_input_library) (const char *libname);
/* The linker's interface for adding a library path that should be searched. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_set_extra_library_path) (const char *path);
/* The linker's interface for issuing a warning or error message. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_message) (int level, const char *format, ...);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving the number of sections in an object.
The handle is obtained in the claim_file handler. This interface should
only be invoked in the claim_file handler. This function sets *COUNT to
the number of sections in the object. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_section_count) (const void* handle, unsigned int *count);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving the section type of a specific
section in an object. This interface should only be invoked in the
claim_file handler. This function sets *TYPE to an ELF SHT_xxx value. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_section_type) (const struct ld_plugin_section section,
unsigned int *type);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving the name of a specific section in
an object. This interface should only be invoked in the claim_file handler.
This function sets *SECTION_NAME_PTR to a null-terminated buffer allocated
by malloc. The plugin must free *SECTION_NAME_PTR. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_section_name) (const struct ld_plugin_section section,
char **section_name_ptr);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving the contents of a specific section
in an object. This interface should only be invoked in the claim_file
handler. This function sets *SECTION_CONTENTS to point to a buffer that is
valid until clam_file handler returns. It sets *LEN to the size of the
buffer. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_section_contents) (const struct ld_plugin_section section,
const unsigned char **section_contents,
size_t* len);
/* The linker's interface for specifying the desired order of sections.
The sections should be specifed using the array SECTION_LIST in the
order in which they should appear in the final layout. NUM_SECTIONS
specifies the number of entries in each array. This should be invoked
in the all_symbols_read handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_update_section_order) (const struct ld_plugin_section *section_list,
unsigned int num_sections);
/* The linker's interface for specifying that reordering of sections is
desired so that the linker can prepare for it. This should be invoked
before update_section_order, preferably in the claim_file handler. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_allow_section_ordering) (void);
/* The linker's interface for specifying that a subset of sections is
to be mapped to a unique segment. If the plugin wants to call
unique_segment_for_sections, it must call this function from a
claim_file_handler or when it is first loaded. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_allow_unique_segment_for_sections) (void);
/* The linker's interface for specifying that a specific set of sections
must be mapped to a unique segment. ELF segments do not have names
and the NAME is used as the name of the newly created output section
that is then placed in the unique PT_LOAD segment. FLAGS is used to
specify if any additional segment flags need to be set. For instance,
a specific segment flag can be set to identify this segment. Unsetting
segment flags that would be set by default is not possible. The
parameter SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT when non-zero will override the default. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_unique_segment_for_sections) (
const char* segment_name,
uint64_t segment_flags,
uint64_t segment_alignment,
const struct ld_plugin_section * section_list,
unsigned int num_sections);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving the section alignment requirement
of a specific section in an object. This interface should only be invoked in the
claim_file handler. This function sets *ADDRALIGN to the ELF sh_addralign
value of the input section. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_section_alignment) (const struct ld_plugin_section section,
unsigned int *addralign);
/* The linker's interface for retrieving the section size of a specific section
in an object. This interface should only be invoked in the claim_file handler.
This function sets *SECSIZE to the ELF sh_size
value of the input section. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_input_section_size) (const struct ld_plugin_section section,
uint64_t *secsize);
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_new_input_handler) (const struct ld_plugin_input_file *file);
/* The linker's interface for registering the "new_input" handler. This handler
will be notified when a new input file has been added after the
all_symbols_read event, allowing the plugin to, for example, set a unique
segment for sections in plugin-generated input files. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_register_new_input) (ld_plugin_new_input_handler handler);
/* The linker's interface for getting the list of wrapped symbols using the
--wrap option. This sets *NUM_SYMBOLS to number of wrapped symbols and
*WRAP_SYMBOL_LIST to the list of wrapped symbols. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_get_wrap_symbols) (uint64_t *num_symbols,
const char ***wrap_symbol_list);
enum ld_plugin_level
{
LDPL_INFO,
LDPL_WARNING,
LDPL_ERROR,
LDPL_FATAL
};
/* Contract between a plug-in and a linker. */
enum linker_api_version
{
/* The linker/plugin do not implement any of the API levels below, the API
is determined solely via the transfer vector. */
LAPI_V0,
/* API level v1. The linker provides get_symbols_v3, add_symbols_v2,
the plugin will use that and not any lower versions.
claim_file is thread-safe on the plugin side and
add_symbols on the linker side. */
LAPI_V1
};
/* The linker's interface for API version negotiation. A plug-in calls
the function (with its IDENTIFIER and VERSION), plus minimal and maximal
version of linker_api_version is provided. Linker then returns selected
API version and provides its IDENTIFIER and VERSION. The returned value
by linker must be in range [MINIMAL_API_SUPPORTED, MAXIMAL_API_SUPPORTED].
Identifier pointers remain valid as long as the plugin is loaded. */
typedef
int
(*ld_plugin_get_api_version) (const char *plugin_identifier,
const char *plugin_version,
int minimal_api_supported,
int maximal_api_supported,
const char **linker_identifier,
const char **linker_version);
/* Values for the tv_tag field of the transfer vector. */
enum ld_plugin_tag
{
LDPT_NULL,
LDPT_API_VERSION,
LDPT_GOLD_VERSION,
LDPT_LINKER_OUTPUT,
LDPT_OPTION,
LDPT_REGISTER_CLAIM_FILE_HOOK,
LDPT_REGISTER_ALL_SYMBOLS_READ_HOOK,
LDPT_REGISTER_CLEANUP_HOOK,
LDPT_ADD_SYMBOLS,
LDPT_GET_SYMBOLS,
LDPT_ADD_INPUT_FILE,
LDPT_MESSAGE,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_FILE,
LDPT_RELEASE_INPUT_FILE,
LDPT_ADD_INPUT_LIBRARY,
LDPT_OUTPUT_NAME,
LDPT_SET_EXTRA_LIBRARY_PATH,
LDPT_GNU_LD_VERSION,
LDPT_GET_VIEW,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_SECTION_COUNT,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_SECTION_TYPE,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_SECTION_NAME,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_SECTION_CONTENTS,
LDPT_UPDATE_SECTION_ORDER,
LDPT_ALLOW_SECTION_ORDERING,
LDPT_GET_SYMBOLS_V2,
LDPT_ALLOW_UNIQUE_SEGMENT_FOR_SECTIONS,
LDPT_UNIQUE_SEGMENT_FOR_SECTIONS,
LDPT_GET_SYMBOLS_V3,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_SECTION_ALIGNMENT,
LDPT_GET_INPUT_SECTION_SIZE,
LDPT_REGISTER_NEW_INPUT_HOOK,
LDPT_GET_WRAP_SYMBOLS,
LDPT_ADD_SYMBOLS_V2,
LDPT_GET_API_VERSION,
};
/* The plugin transfer vector. */
struct ld_plugin_tv
{
enum ld_plugin_tag tv_tag;
union
{
int tv_val;
const char *tv_string;
ld_plugin_register_claim_file tv_register_claim_file;
ld_plugin_register_all_symbols_read tv_register_all_symbols_read;
ld_plugin_register_cleanup tv_register_cleanup;
ld_plugin_add_symbols tv_add_symbols;
ld_plugin_get_symbols tv_get_symbols;
ld_plugin_add_input_file tv_add_input_file;
ld_plugin_message tv_message;
ld_plugin_get_input_file tv_get_input_file;
ld_plugin_get_view tv_get_view;
ld_plugin_release_input_file tv_release_input_file;
ld_plugin_add_input_library tv_add_input_library;
ld_plugin_set_extra_library_path tv_set_extra_library_path;
ld_plugin_get_input_section_count tv_get_input_section_count;
ld_plugin_get_input_section_type tv_get_input_section_type;
ld_plugin_get_input_section_name tv_get_input_section_name;
ld_plugin_get_input_section_contents tv_get_input_section_contents;
ld_plugin_update_section_order tv_update_section_order;
ld_plugin_allow_section_ordering tv_allow_section_ordering;
ld_plugin_allow_unique_segment_for_sections tv_allow_unique_segment_for_sections;
ld_plugin_unique_segment_for_sections tv_unique_segment_for_sections;
ld_plugin_get_input_section_alignment tv_get_input_section_alignment;
ld_plugin_get_input_section_size tv_get_input_section_size;
ld_plugin_register_new_input tv_register_new_input;
ld_plugin_get_wrap_symbols tv_get_wrap_symbols;
ld_plugin_get_api_version tv_get_api_version;
} tv_u;
};
/* The plugin library's "onload" entry point. */
typedef
enum ld_plugin_status
(*ld_plugin_onload) (struct ld_plugin_tv *tv);
#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif /* !defined(PLUGIN_API_H) */